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2012考研强化阶段英语二图表作文复习建议

2011年08月30日 13:44 来源:万学海文

图表类作文是考研英语二中一个重要的写作模式之一,万学海文英语考研辅导专家们建议2012年考研的同学们在开始动笔之前,应该对图表所提供的信息要有所了解。对于此类题目,前期的工作有:

(一)审清题目

1. 分析题目包含的内容和信息(写作提示、主题句、图表、字数要求等);

2. 判断命题者的意图;

3. 把握题目的中心思想;

(二)构思选材

构思是行文的基础。构思时要充分发挥想象力,但是要围绕文章的主题思想和具体要求,对文章进行整体布局,确保文章逻辑思路清晰,切题达意,首尾连贯,结构合理。

万学海文英语考研辅导专家们在此,主要为广大的2012年的考生们介绍一下图表作文的类型以及描图的几种表达方式和常用的描图句型。

(1). 图表的几种常见形式

曲线图(curve graph),柱状图(bar chart),饼状图(pie chart),表格(table ),图表(diagram )

(2). 图表/数据描述必备词

1). 图/表类型:table; chart; diagram; graph; bar chart; pie chart

2). 图/表内容:figure; statistic; number; percentage; proportion

3). 整体描述的动词:show; describe; depict; illustrate; present; indicate; reveal

4). 数据:

①最值:reach/arrive at the bottom/peak/highest point/lowest point

②数据趋势(增、减、上下浮动、持平):increase, soar, rocket, ascend, mount, climb,

jump, rise, grow; fall, drop, decline, reduce, decrease, descend, go down; fluctuate; remain steady/stable, stay the same, keep to the same level, little/hardly any/no change.

③变化程度:

noticeable ,considerable ,suddenly ,rapidly ,dramatically ,significantly ,sharply ,steeply ,steadily ,gradually ,slowly ,slightly ,stably

④程度副词:

almost ;nearly ;approximately ;about ;just over;over ;exactly ;precisely

⑤范围:change/expand from to, range from, scale, between…and

⑥倍数表达:

as …as …; the same as; 倍数+形容词比较级+than; 倍数+the+计量名词(length, width, height, weight, size)+of; 倍数(twice/double/triple/quadruple)+一般名词; …by+percentage

(3). 常用句型表达

? According to the figures shown in the table/graph we can see/conclude that...

例句:According to the figures shown in the table, we can see that great changes have been taking place in people's diet over the period from 1988 to 1998.

? We can see/We have noted/It can be seen from the table/chart/graph that...

例句:We have noted from the graph that there is a wide gap between the top ten universities both of China and of the world.

? The graph/table/chart shows/indicates/reveals/points out that...

例句:The chart reveals that the number of road accidents is spiraling upward every year as more and more highways are constructed all over China.

? As is shown/can be seen in the chart/graph/diagram released by the government...

例句:As we can see in the diagram released by the government, the rapid growth of population has resulted in the extinction of many wildlife species.

? After considering the information in the graph/table/chart, we might conclude that...

例句:After considering the information in the graph, we might conclude that the energy structure in rural areas has been greatly improved over the past 15 years.

? The chart/graph/table shows a minimal/slight/slow/steady/marked/

dramatic/sharp/sudden increase/rise/decline/reduction/fall/drop in...compared with those of last year/10 years ago/last century...

例句:The graph shows a marked decline in the number of wildlife species compared with that of last century.

? This year, the products of...dropped to half/was cut in half/doubled/tripled.

例句:This year, the products of cotton doubled.

? The number of ... grew/rose/dropped from...to...

例句:The number of car accidents grew from 3691 in 1985 to 8245 in 1995.

? No increase is shown in ...; then came a sharp increase of ...

例句:No increase is shown in 1988; then came a sharp increase of 8 million.

? Sth. is twice/three/half as large/high/much as sth. else.

? The table/chart/graph represents the development and changes in ...

例句:The table represents the development and changes in agriculture structure in the past 30 years.

? By comparison with..., it dropped/ fell/ decreased from...to.../ by...

例句:By comparison with 1990, it dropped by 15 percent.

? There appeared an even more stable/consistent/steady tendency to rise/drop.

? The curve has leveled off/stayed the same/remained unchanged for 2 years and the trend will be continuing.

总之,在复习这类作文题型的时候,一定要注意图表类型的区分,上文已经提及,图表的分类比较多。除此外,万学海文英语辅导老师还提醒大家还要知道如何用不同的方式表达不同的图表类型。上文提供的一些表达方式,考生可以在平时复习的时候作为备考的参考,同时也可以作为背诵的素材。 2011年考研英语二作文真题、范文与解析

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2011年考研英语二小作文真题:

suppose your cousin LI MING has just been admited to a university write him/her a letter to:

(1)Congratulate him/her,and

(2)give him/her suggestions on how to get prepared for university life you should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET 2. DO not sign your own name at the end of the letter,Use "zhangwe

2011年考研英语二小作文范文:

Dear friend,

I am writing to congratulate you on your being successfully admitted to Harvard University, which enjoys an international reputation for its academic excellence and give you some suggestions as to how to make preparation for the coming college life.

In order for you to adapt yourself to the university life, you are advised to get prepared physically and intellectually. First and

foremost, you need to build a strong body for the future academic pursuit, so you can take some exercises during the breaks. Secondly, since the study in university is more demanding than in your

secondary school, you are highly suggested to find some introductory books from the library so as to have a good idea of the specialty you are going to take in your college life. Given your sound ability, you are sure to have a successful college life.

Congratulate you again and wish you a fruitful college life.

Sincerely yours,

Zhang Wei

2011年考研英语二大作文真题:

write a short essay baesd on the following chart.in your writing,you should:

1)interpret the chart and

2)give your comments

you should write at least 150 wrods

write your essay on answer sheet 2(15points)

2008、2009年国内轿车市场部分【品牌份额示意图】

2011年考研英语二大作文范文

This bar chart indicates different market shares of automobiles of three types of brand affiliations between 2008 and 2009.

In 2008, cars with Japanese brands topped the three types of vehicles, accounting for 35% of the total market. What follows is the cars with Chinese brands, hitting 25% of the auto market, with the share of American brand bottomed out at 15%. In 2009, some developments are noticeable in that the cars with the largest share became those of Chinese brands, which occupied roughly 32% of the market, while cars with Japanese and American brands took 25% and 15% of the whole market respectively.

It is observed that between 2008 and 2009, cars of Chinese and Japanese brands took turns to be the No.1 in terms of market share while those with American brands ranked the last in both years. And the share of Chinese-brand cars witnessed a mild increase and that of the Japanese-brand cars saw a moderate decrease, while the American-brand cars stayed the same.

From this graph, we can come to the safe conclusion that the Chinese automakers are doing a good job in outcompeting their Japanese and American counterparts in 2009, but the gap is not so significant and if no efforts were made from the part of the Chinese auto industry, the distribution map might be rewritten in the future.

分析:

今年考研英语二的作文不是很难。小作文是常见的书信体,要求写一封祝贺信。祝贺信的写法比较简单,题目也给出了写作的思路,按照题目的要求来写就可以。首先祝贺对方被大学录取,然后给出一些建议,做好准备,迎接大学的生活。最后再次祝贺对方,表达良好的愿望。

大作文是考纲规定的图画作文。图片描述的内容是国产、日系、美系品牌汽车在2008年和2009年销售情况的变化。美系品牌汽车两年间基本没有变化,但国产汽车与日系汽车相反,前者所占的份额上升,后者所占的份额是下降的。写作的时候需要首先描述一下图片的内容,然后主要分析一下造成这种现象的原因,需要引起注意的事情等。