图画作文
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图画作文

As is vividly shown/described in the picture/drawing, _______(图表内容概括). ② ________(进一步详细阐述图表内容). ③ The caption indicates that ________(提示语翻译). (Simple as the picture is, the symbolic meaning is as deep as ocean.) ④ By carefully examining this picture, we find a deeper social message is transmitted to us. (结尾套话).

Apparently/ Obviously/ undoubtedly, the cartoon arouses our deep concern over the issue of„ ② (两方面) The message conveyed in it, I suppose, is twofold. ③ (第一层次) On the one hand„ ④ (第二层次) On t he other hand„(Last but not least) 或者Apparently, the purpose of the picture is to„ ② (举例论证) A good case in point is that„(对比论证)On the one hand„ on the other hand„ (谚语名言) As the old saying goes, “„” ③ (反面论证) On the contrary„ ④ (综合归纳) All in all„

On the bas is of the analysis above, we may draw a conclusion that„„ ② Therefore, it is of great importance for us to„/ it is high time that we„(2-3个建议) (on the one hand, on the other hand)„ ③ (末尾结论句) Only by our joint effort can we„

图表作文

图表作文的篇章结构

写图表作文时,常采用三段式的谋篇方式。文章的第一段往往分析图表中的数据变化反映什么问题或趋势,概述图表所揭示的信息。第二段分析造成这一问题或趋势的原因。第三段则展望未来的情况或提出解决问题的办法或建议。这一结构可以简单地表述为:

第一段:概述图表反映的主题思想

第二段:分析产生的原因

第三段:展望未来或提出方法或建议

开头:According to the table (表格)/pie chart(圆饼图)/line graph (线性图)/bar graph(柱状图), we can see/conclude that „

描述增减变化常用的句型

① Compared with „ is increased by „

② The number of „ grew/rose from „ to „

③ An increase is shown in „; then came a sharp increase of „ ④ In „ the number remains the same/drops to „

⑤ There was a very slight (small/slow/gradual) rise/increase in 1990. ⑥There was a very steady (marked/sharp/rapid/sudden/ dramatic) drop (decrease/ decline/ fall/ reductio n) in 1998/ compared with that of last year.

范文一

⑴From the graph, we can see that the number of car accidents in Walton city fluctuated dur ing the year of 1990. ⑵The first two months of 1990 showed an increasing trend. ⑶The rate rose to 32 in March but fell to 26 in June. ⑷From June on, the rate was rising again and reached the peak point 39 in August. ⑸After August the rate began to decline

remarkably , and eventually dropped to the lowest point 16 at the end of the year. ⑹Therefore, it’s obvious that car accident in Walton city declined in 1990.⑴主题句/概述表格反映的内容⑵—(5)反映交通事故的变化情况(6)小结:总结表格数据反映的总趋势

⑺There are several reasons for the decline. ⑻First, a new traffic law was made and came into force . ⑼It provided that in summer every car must be air-conditioned. ⑽As a result, the highest rate in August, when humidity and high temperature make drivers impatient and easily lead to car accidents, dropped steadily. ⑾Second, new roads were built and some narrow streets were widened, which quickened the flow of traffic. ⑿Finally, the city administration made great efforts to heighten people’s awareness of observing traffic rules.⑺主题句⑻原因/措施一⑼解释措施一/次要辅助⑽采取措施一后的结果⑾原因/措施二⑿原因/措施三

⒀With all these new measures, I’m sure the rate of car accidents in Walton city will go on falling this year.⒀总结:展望未来的情况

范文二

⑴As is shown in the table, there have been great changes in people's diet between 1986 and 1990. ⑵From the table, we can find that grain, formerly the main food of most Chinese people, is now playing a less important role in people's diet. ⑶And the same goes for fruit and vegetables. ⑷On the other hand, the consumption of high -nutrition food such milk and meat has increased rapidly.

⑸What has caused these changes? There are mainly three reasons (主题句) . (6) First, people are much wealthier than before. (7) With higher income, they can afford to buy nutritious foods. (8) Second, people have realized the importance of a balanced diet to their health. (9) Lack of certain amount of meat or milk, for example, will result in poor health.

(10) Finally, owing to the economic reform, meat and milk, which were scarce in the past, are produced in large quantities.

(11) Although milk and meat are important to one's health, eating too much rich food may result in obesity and may other diseases.

(12)Therefore, people should not only eat a lot of milk and meat, but also enough grain, fruit and vegetable for the sake of their health.

范文三

From these graphs, we can draw a conclusion that, with the growth of human population, the number of species has decreased rapidly in America, and some species have even vanished from our planet.

There are numerous reasons accounting for the phenomenon and I would like to explore a few of the most important ones here. Above all, as the human population grows rapidly, a growing number of people came to live where some wild species have been living. Then these species have to move to other places. Some of them probably can not adapt to the new environment and die. In addition, although many people look on the wildlife as their friends, some people may not think so. They catch a lot of wild animals

and sell them in order to get more money. Consequently, the natural balance and the ecologic environment are destroyed. The clear cutting has become increasingly serious. So some of the wildlife become homeless and extinct.

In order to protect the wildlife, I have some suggestions. First, the governments should make laws to prevent them from being caught and killed. Second, the governments should educate people to love nature and protect it. Third, as for ourselves, we should take practical actions to protect our living environment. (210 words)

【参考范文四】

The two charts show that the increase in the U.S. population has been accompanied by a corresponding decline in the number of wildlife species. Far too many species have been lost already. This poses a danger to the ecological balance.

As the human population expands, wild animals in mounting numbers are hunted for food, or because they are thought to present a threat to man. But studies show that one of the primary causes of the disappearance of wildlife is pollution, which is one of the consequences of population growth and economic development. This makes us wonder if men are able to share this planet in harmony with other life forms.

In my opinion, it is imperative for us to take steps to reverse the disturbing trend illustrated in the charts. One measure would be to forbid the building of cities in areas where wild life is threatened with extinction. But, more importantly, men must learn to stop polluting the environment, or he himself will be extinct. (167 words)

【参考范文五】

As is seen from the two graphs, it is clear that with the rapid growth of U.S. population from 1800 to 1990, the number of its wildlife species no longer existing soared during the same period. Naturally, we can draw the conclusion that the sharp decline of wildlife species resulted from the population growth.

Several reasons may account for this phenomenon. To begin with, as the population grows, people consume much more natural resources. Second, with the increase of human activities, modern people take up more and more space which exerts a great influence on other species. Finally, the problem of pollution becomes more and more serious with the development of modern industry. More and more animals have to adapt themselves to the decaying environment or move to a totally different place, but not all of them are fortunate enough to survive the changes.

Solving this problem calls for, above all, the government’s efforts to control population growth, to decrease industrial pollution and to enhance the laws to forbid wildlife hunting. Moreover, common citizens should be aware of this ecological crisis and take on the responsibility of wildlife protection. In a word, only when the government and the common

people make joint efforts can we hope to find a satisfactory solution to this problem. (216 words)

范文六

The line graph illustrates how the number of people using a London underground station fluctuates over the course of 16 hours (6am to 10pm). As we can see from the graph, at 6am the number of people at the station stands at only 100. The number shoots up over the next two hours, peaking at 400 at 8am. Then the number descends drastically for two hours, bottoming out at 180 at 10am. The period between 10o'clock and 12o'clock witnesses a moderate growth in the number of people in the station, with the number reaching 280 at midday. Numbers in the following two hours stabilize at just under 300 people. Then the number plummets to only 100 from 2pm to 4pm. Then the next two hours see a dramatic rise again, with 6pm registering 380 people. After 6pm, the number dips again, reaching the lowest point of 130 at 8pm. The period from 8pm to 10pm experiences a slight rise, but then the number of people declines again from 180 at 9pm to 135 at 10pm.

This line graph clearly demonstrates that rush hours in the early morning and the early evening are periods when the station is used by the most people.

范文七

The diagram illustrates in four stages the recovery of the forests in Yellowstone National Park after a devastating forest fire.

In the first picture, while the old forests still exist, they drop bad wood to the soil under them, which renders the soil more fertile. Then lightning and fire strike, destroying the forests completely. And the growth of new forests starts right at this point. The second picture demonstrates that in the first 50 years after the devastating fire, saplings grow in build while descend in overall number. In the next two centuries, the young trees continue to thrive in Yellowstone, because of the fertile soil and the ample sunlight. Then, three hundred years after the fire, the number of trees decline to roughly the same as the old forests.

These five pictures show us that it takes as long as three centuries for a destroyed forest to fully recover. Further, they vividly explain to us the natural law of "survival of the fittest". The number of trees that a region can support is not limitless, which means the forests on earth wil l not be an inexhaustible resource.

范文八

The table below gives information about changes in modes of travel in England between 1985 and 2000.Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

范文1

The table indicates the number of miles by the average English person in 1985 and 2000, using various means of transport.

The number of miles walked, cycled and travelled by local bus all decreased. Of these, the number of miles travelled by local bus decreased the most, from 429 miles in 1985 to 274 miles in 2000.

The number of miles travelled by car, long distance bus, train and taxi all increased.

The number of miles driven by car was 3,199 in 1985 and rose by 50% to 4,806 in 2000. The number of miles travelled by long distance bus more than doubled from 54 miles (1985)to 124 miles (2000). The number of miles driven by taxi trebled from 13 miles (1985) to 42 miles (2000). The use of other, unspecified, forms of transport also increased.

Overall, the number of miles travelled by the average English person rose from 4,740 miles in 1985 to 6,475 miles in 2000, with the increase of cars accounting for almost all of that increase. (173 words) 范文2

The table demonstrates how different modes of travel changed in England in 15 years spanning from 1985 to 2000. In general, the modes are classified into two kinds in terms of average miles travelled per person per year: one enjoyed rising popularity while the other decreasing. The travel modes which gained popularity in the period included cars, long distance buses, trains, taxis and others. Cars remained top among the modes in the 15 years, with its average miles increasing considerably from 3,199 in 1985 to 4,806 in 2000. Long distance buses and taxis seemed to be warmly welcomed by travelers, so average miles travelled in the two modes almost tripled.

Travels by walking, bicycles and local buses lost travelers’ favor in the one and a half decade. Average travelling distance by local buses suffered the biggest decrease, dropping from 429 to 274, whilst the number of miles by walking and bikes fell mildly from 255 to 237 and from 51 to 41 respectively. Despite the decreases, however, the total miles travelled grew from 4,740 to 6,475.

In brief, the total travelling distance in the country grew in 15 years when cars, long distance buses, trains, taxis and other modes of travel

were more popular and walking, bicycling and local transportation less popular. (212 words)

范文九

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition of no less than 100 words on Income Sources between Chinese and American Students. Study the following table carefully and your composition must be based on the in formation given in the table. Write three paragraphs to:

1. Describe the differences of the income sources between Chinese and American students.

2. Analyze possible reasons for these differences.

3. Predicate future tendency.

Source of income Percentage of Total Income

______________________________________________________________________________

Parents Part-time job Fellowship

or Scholarship

American students 50% 35% 15% Chinese students 90% 5% 5% _______________________________________________________________________________

范文: Income Sources Between Chinese Students and American Students

Income sources of Chinese students are quite different from those of American students. In China, students get 90% of their money from their parents while in America, only 50% of students` money is provided by parents. In addition, Chinese students earn only 5% of their money from part time jobs and 5% from fellowship or scholarship while income from these two resources for American students takes up 35% and 15% respectively of their total income.

I think there are probably three reasons for their differences. First, because of the influence of different social and family values, Chinese students have formed the habit of asking for money from their parents while American students have developed more sense of being financially independent. Second, most Chinese parents devote too much care to their children and they would rather save up to afford their children’s education rather than encourage them to take part-time jobs. But in America, many parents pay more attention to developing the students ability of self-reliance, so they encourage their children to find part-time job to earn some money by themselves. Third, since America is more developed than China, it is relatively easy for students to find part-time jobs. In China, such opportunities are rather rare.

I believe with the development of China, more and more Chinese students will realize and pay more attention to the necessity of self-dependence. In addition, more and more opportunities will be provided for them to take part-time jobs. So more students will go out of the ivory tower to broaden their knowledge and to become the master of their own lives.

范文十

For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic: Student Use of Computers. You should write at least 120 words, and base your composition on the chart and the outline given below:

1. 上图所示为1990年、1995年、2000年某大学生使用计算机的情况,请描述其变化;

2. 请说明发生这些变化的原因(可从计算机的用途、价格或社会发展等方面加以说明) ;

3. 你认为目前大学生在计算机使用中有什么困难或问题。

范文:

Student Use of Computer

Since 1990, there has been tremendous growth in the use of computers by students. While in 1990, the average number of hours a student spent on the computer was about one hour per week, this number grew to nearly four hours per week by 1995, and to approximately 20 hours per week by the year 2000.

This significant growth in the use of computers by students in the 1990’s can be attribu ted to several factors, including widespread usage, lower prices, and technological and social developments. Nowadays, computers are widely used by students for word processing, book keeping, multimedia presentations, and access to the Internet for both research and communications. Additionally, since 1990, due to competition and technological advances, computer hardware and software prices, as well as Internet usage charges have dropped significantly. Finally, technological developments and changes in social habits in the 1990’s have played a major role in this tremendous growth in the use of computers. Today’s society relies heavily on computers for immediate access to the news and for entertainment, including, listening to music, watching movies and sport events, and playing computer games.

While computers are of great assistance to the students, and therefore, are indispensable tools, they also pose some challenges. The biggest challenge that many students face is discipline in the use of this powerful device. That is, students need to have the discipline of not allowing themselves to be lured by the entertaining aspects of this wonderful tool—aspects that can result in addiction to computer games or viewing of undesirable material on the Internet. That is to say, students need to use this powerful tool with great wisdom!

小作文

1. 投诉信

Dear_______,

I am . (自我介绍) I feel bad to trouble you but I am afraid that I have to make a complaint about_______.

The reason for my dissatisfaction is ____________(总体介绍). In the first place,_____________(抱怨的第一个方面). In addition, ________(抱怨的第二个方面). Under these circumstances, I find it ___(感觉) to _______(抱怨的方面给你带来的后果)

I appreciate it very much if you could_______________________(提出建议和请求), preferably __________(进一步的要求), and I would like to have this matter settled by ______(设定解决事情最后期限).

Thank you for your consideration and I will be looking forward to your reply.

Yours sincerely, Li Ming

2. 询问信

Dear ______,

I am _________________________(自我介绍). I am writing to see if it is possible for you to provide me with information regarding_______.(要询问的内容)

First of all, what are __________________?(第一个问题) Secondly, when will______________?(第二个问题) Thirdly, ____________? (第三个问题)

I would also like to inquire _______________________(将最重要的问题单独成段). Could you be so kind as to send me some relevant booklets on the above-mentioned aspects?

Thank you for you kindness, and your prompt attention to this letter will be highly appreciated.

Yours sincerely, Li Ming

3. 请求信

Dear___________,

I am writing to formally request to___________(请求的内容)

The reason for _____________is that_____________(给出原因). I________, so I ________________________(给出细节)

I would also like to request ________________(提出进一步的要求). I am sorry for any inconvenience I have caused.

Thank you for your attention to these requests. If you have any questions, do not hesitate to contact me at____________(电话号码). I look forward to a favorable reply.

Yours sincerely, Li Ming

4. 道歉信

Dear ___________,

I am truly sorry that____________________(道歉的原因).

The reason is that ___________(介绍原因). Once again, I am sorry for any inconvenience caused. Hope you can accept my apologies and understand my situation.

Yours sincerely, Li Ming

5. 感谢信

Dear______,

I am writing to extend my sincere gratitude for __________(感谢的原因).

If it had not been for your assistance in _________ (对方给你的具体帮助), I fear that I would have been _______(没有对方帮助时的后果). Every one agrees that it was you who_____________ (给出细节). Again, I would like to express my warm thanks to you! Please accept my gratitude.

Yours sincerely, Li Ming

6. 建议信

Dear ___________,

You have asked me for my advice with regard to _______ (建议的内容), and I will try to make some conductive suggestions here.

In my humble opinion, you would be wise to take the following actions:_________________(建议的具体内容).

I hope you will find these proposals useful, and I would be ready to discuss this matter with you to further details.

Good Luck with your_______(祝愿).

Yours sincerely, Li Ming

7. 求职信

Dear Sir or Madam,

I write this letter to apply for the position that you have advertised in______(报纸名称)of______(广告发布时间).

Not only do I have the qualifications for this job, but I also have the right personality for a __________(工作名称). On the one hand,______________(第一个原因). On the other hand, _______________(另一个原因).

Should you grant me a personal interview, I would be most grateful. If you need to know more about me, please feel free to contact me at any time at _________(电话号码).

Thank you for considering my application, and I am looking forward to meeting you.

Yours sincerely,

Li Ming

8. 邀请信

Dear________,

There will a _____(内容) at/in_____(地点) on_______(时间). We would

be honored to have you there with us.

The occasion will start at ______(具体时间). This will be followed

by a _______(进一步的安排). At around______(时间) ,_______(另一个安排)

I really hope you can make it. If you do not have any prior appointment

on_______(时间), we look forward to the pleasure of your company(陪伴).

Yours sincerely,

Li Ming

April 7th , 2012 April 7, 2012

April 7th April 7

7/4/2011 (英-日/月/年) 4/7/2011 (美-月/日/年)

常使用缩略形式

月份: Jan., Feb., Mar., Apr., May, June (Jun.), July (Jul.), Aug., Sept.,

Oct., Nov., and Dec.

星期: Mon., Tues., Wed., Thurs., Fri., Sat., Sun.

上午: a.m./AM 下午: p.m./PM

例:约会

便条日期

称呼,

I’d like to discuss with you 1. when and where the meeting for the whole staff is to be held. Could we see each other 2. at the gate of the auditorium at 3:00 p.m. today? Please 3. ring me if you find the

time (place) not convenient to you.

署名

9. 备忘录:备忘录是一种主要用于组织或单位内部传递信息的文件。它有约定

俗成的结构格式。

备忘录的构成:

1) 收阅人(To„):一般不需加Mr., Miss, Dr„等称呼,如收阅人职务高,正式

场合通常要加上如(Vice) President一类的称呼。

2) 撰写人(From„):一般不加头衔,如果公司人员多,可注明撰写人所在的部

门。

3) 日期(Date):注明具体时间(年、月、日) 。

4) 主题(subject):通常用名词词组表示。告诉读者此文件的主要内容。

5) 正文:备忘录正文部分比较灵活,但应简洁易懂。

备忘录practice

例:

Date: Aug. 13, 2007

To: The leader of student service department

From: Li Ming

Subject: Telephone

I would like to remind you that we are in need of a telephone for each dormitory. As university students, we need to cope with the daily increasing communications with teachers, friends and people outside the campus.

We need a telephone to get and send message, which is important for us. Though most of us have mobile phones and e-mail address, a telephone in the dormitory is after all the most convenient and cheapest tool of communication.

I hope that you will pay attention to this problem and solve it as soon as possible.

2. 报告(Report)

报告Practice 例 :

Date: August 13, 2006

To: Prof. Wang

From: Li Ming

Subject: buying computer and connecting the network

After working for the past year, I find that the present condition of the lab is unsatisfactory to my study and work. In order to improve the effect of the study and work, I make this report to buy a new computer and connect the network.

I would like to report you that the computer is not available any longer and a new computer is needed. On the other hand, there is no network in the office and this brings me a lot of difficulties, for it is not convenient when I want to search for information on the Internet. I hope that you will pay attention to this problem and solve it as soon as possible.

表示并列:and, also, as well as, too, or, not only„but also, both„and, either„or, neither„nor

表示递进:first of all, to begin with / besides / next / in addition / furthermore / moreover / what’s more / last but not least, finally / on the one hand, on the other hand / for one thing, for another

表示比较:similarly, be similar to, (just) like, the same as, in the same way, compared with (to), whereas, while, on the contrary, by contrast, by comparison

写作技巧

表示原因:because, because of, as, for, since, now that, due to, owing to, thanks to, on account of, in that

表示结果: so, therefore, as a result, thus, hence, consequently, accordingly, so that„

表示条件:if, unless, on condition that, as long as/ so long as

表示目的:so that, so as to, in order that, in order to, for this reason, for this purpose

写作技巧

表示时间:when, while, before, after, until, as soon as, recently, lately, since, from now on, from then on, at the same time, in the meantime, currently, at present, nowadays

表示空间:in front of, behind, on, under, above, below, between, among, near, around, inside, outside, next to, close to, to the left/right 表示举例:for example, for instance, such as, like, take„for example, take„as an example, to name a few, say, one example is, a case in point is

等等:etc., and so on, and so forth„

写作技巧

表示转折:but, however, nevertheless, while, whereas, otherwise, in spite of, despite the fact that

表示强调:indeed, truly, absolutely, surely, definitely, certainly, no doubt, without any doubt, obviously, in fact

表示观点: I think, I believe, personally, in my opinion, in my view, in my eyes, according to me, as for me, as far as I am concerned„ 表示总结:In brief, in short, in conclusion, in a word, on the whole, all in all, to sum up, to conclude, to summarize, in summary