高三英语作文一轮复习学生版
高三 其它 13553字 1020人浏览 阿葡萄神灯

1

2

3

高考英语图表作文写作

图表式作文是说明文的一种。一般可分三个层次(或四个层次)来写: 第一按照题目要求描述图表反映的总情况,即概括大意。(也可以在第一段前加入几句引入正文,如下面的练习1,3部分)

第二对数字进行仔细的比较,抓住特点进行分析、归纳并找出产生变化的原因。

第三可写读图表后的想法、结论、评论或针对反映出的问题的解决措施。 二图表分类:

1 数字表,函数关系图:曲线图 graph 2 表格 table

3 几何图形 figure 4 图形表:饼状图 pie chart 5 条状图、柱状图bar chart 6 平面图, 示意图, 外形图 diagram 三图表作文写作常用的描述用法

1. 句型

The table/graph/chart shows (that )

According to the table/chart diagram/graph

As is shown in the table/chart, ……

As can be seen from the table/chart/diagram/graph/figures……,… It can be seen from the figures/statistics that

It is clear / apparent from the figures/statistics(that )……

The table/chart/diagram/graph shows/describes/illustrates how ……

2. 图表中的数据(Data )具体表达法:

A 数据(Data )在某一个时间段固定不变:在一系列的时间段中转变:changesover time

B 持续变化的data 在不同情况下:

增加:increase / raise / rise / go up ……

减少:decrease / grow down / drop / fall ……

稳定:remain stable / steady/ level / stabilize

波动:fluctuate / rebound / undulate / wave ……

C 表示数据变化的单词或者词组

迅速的,飞快的,险峻的rapid/rapidly

戏剧性的,生动的dramatic/dramatically

意义重大的,重要的significant/significantly

明显的,急剧的sharp/sharply

急剧升降的steep/steeply

稳固的,坚定不移的steady/steadily

渐进的,逐渐的 gradual/gradually

缓慢的,不活跃的slow/slowly

4

轻微的、略微地slight/slightly

稳定的stable/stably

D 其它在描述中常用到的词

noticeable / obvious trend 明显的趋势

a downward trend in sth在。。。方面下降的趋势

a general trend in sth在。。。方面一般的趋势

show an upward tendency表现出上升的趋势

distribute 分布,区别

unequally 不相等地

in the case of adv. 在……的情况下

in terms of / in respect of / regarding 在……方面

in contrast to 与。。。相比

government policy政府政策

forecast n. 先见,预见v. 预测

70 percent / 70% of the students

X times as large as

X times larger than

20 percent more / less than

3、图表写作套句精选

1).The table shows the changes in the number of……over the period from……to …… 该表格描述了在……年之……年间……数量的变化。

2).The graph provides some interesting data regarding……

该图为我们提供了有关……有趣数据。

3).This is a graph which describes the trend of……

这个曲线图描述了……的趋势。

4).The data/statistics/figures lead us to the conclusion that……

这些数据资料令我们得出结论……

5).The graph,presented in a pie chart,shows the general trend in……

该图以圆形图形式描述了……总的趋势

6) ……(year )witnessed/saw a sharp rise in……

……年……急剧上升

7) The number sharply went up to……

数字急剧上升至……

8).The figures peaked at……in (month/year)

……的数目在……月(年)达到顶点,为……

9).The percentage of„„is slightly larger/smaller than that of……

……的比例比……的比例略高(低)

10). „„decreased year by year ,while „„increased steadily.

……逐年减少,而……逐步上升。

11).The situation reached a peak(a high point at) of[%].

……的情况(局势)到达顶(高)点,为……百分点

12).The figures/situation bottomed out in……

数字(情况)在……达到底部

13). The figures reached the bottom/a low point/hit a trough.

5

数字(情况)达到底部(低谷)。

14). from„„to „„the rate of decrease slow down.

从……到……,下降速率减慢。

15). From this year on,there was a gradual decline /reduction in the……,reaching a figure of……从这年起,……逐渐下降至……

即学即练

1 假如你叫Jim Lee,你最近对你们学校100名同学(男女各半)进行了上网目的的调查。现将调查结果(如下表所示)用英语给某报社的编辑写一封信,报告此事。(150词)

1. 看新闻 2、发电子邮件3、聊天 4、学习

5、玩游戏

说明文

说明文是指说明事物的情况或道理的文章,目的介绍某一方面的知识。一般来说,高考中的说明文常涉及 : 商品介绍、旅游指南、科技读物和工作总结这几类,而形式上常以图画、图表和文字提示的形式出现。考生要根据实际情况综合运用多种说明方式,以便从不同角度、不同方面把说明对象完整地介绍出来,从而增强表达效果。同时注意运用适当过渡词来体现上下文的逻辑关系:

1.表示时间顺序的:then ,now ,soon ,afterwards ,later 等。

2.表示程序、动作过程的:first ,second ,firstly ,secondly ,first of all,next ,at first,at last等。

3.表示递进的:wh at’s more,once more,what is worse,in addition,besides 等。

4.表示解释和说明:namely ,for example,for instance,actually ,believe it or not,to tell you the truth,that is(to say),according to this,for this reason等。

5.表示比较、对比的:just as,just like,more or less,sooner or later,on the contrary,on the other hand等。

0102030405012345

6

6.表示总结的: finally ,in conclusion,in a word,in general,generally speaking,in short 等。

即学即练

假设你是一所对外汉语大学的工作人员,新学期开学时,请你用英语写一段有关学校服务设施的文字介绍,张贴在新生宿舍门口,方便不懂汉语的学生熟悉环境。

其中应包括以下要点:

1.商店、邮局、银行在校园西部游泳池附近,约五分钟路程。

2.营业时间:商店——每天9∶00~22∶00。邮局——9∶00~17∶00周末休息。银行——中国银行9∶00~17∶00可兑换外币。

3.理发店在银行对面,洗衣房在宿舍楼后面一栋楼的第一层。

4.服务电话:8645336。

注意:1. 词数:100左右。

2.参考词汇:兑换外币currency exchange;洗衣房 laundry

2. 假设你是李华,准备参加学校举办的主题为“健康成长”的英语作文比赛。请按要求写一篇短文,主要内容包括:

1. 乐观的人生态度;

2. 努力学习;

3. 参加体育锻炼。

生词:态度 attitude

注意:1. 词数100左右;

2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

开放作文常见话题总结

成功与失败:

1. 面对困难,他们永不放弃而尽自己最大努力去寻找出路。

Faced with difficulties/Facing difficulties, they never give up but try their best to find a way

7

out.

2. 取得成功的关键是要有坚强的决心和意志。

The key to success is to have great determination and a strong will.

3. 通往成功的路不会平坦,充满挑战和艰辛。我们要勇敢地去面对。只要不放弃希望并付

出艰苦的努力,我们最终会实现我们的目标的。

The journey to success is not smooth , full of challenges and difficulties. We should be brave to face them. As long as we don’t give up hope and make every effort to overcome all the difficulties, we will surely achieve our goal (success)finally.

4. 只有当我们下决心并全心全意付出努力,我们才会使我们的生活充实并最终实现我们的

梦想。

It is only when we make up our minds and work heart and soul that we will live our lives to the fullest and realize our dream at last.

5. 失败是件糟糕的事情,但是却是成功之母。如果我们积极地应对失败,我们就不会被打

败,有自信有勇气,最终会赢得胜利。

Failure is really a terrible thing but it is also the mother of success. If we hold a positive attitude towards failure with self-confidence and great courage, we will not be defeated and win victory. 积极心态:

1. 这幅图想要提醒我们乐观的重要性。

The picture intends to remind us of the importance of optimism.

2. 无论我们是贫穷还是富有,我们都应该因能为社会做事而感到高兴。所以,我们了解了

给予是幸福的源泉。

Whether rich or poor, we should be happy to do something for society. Thus we can learn that giving is the source of happiness.

3. 对所发生的事持有积极的观点会帮助你发现生活中的美。

Having a positive outlook on what happens/has happened will help you realize the beauty in your life.

4. 我们应该对生活持积极态度并总是告诉自己我们不能向生活中的灾难低头,而是要珍惜

我们所拥有的,为实现理想而奋斗。

We should hold a positive attitude towards life and always tell ourselves that we should not yield to disasters in life but to cherish what we have and strive for our dreams. /spare no effort to realize our dream.

5. 态度对于我们来说比事实更重要。我们不能改变过去;我们也不能改变事实。但我们唯

一能做的就是持有积极的心态。我确信生活就是百分之十发生在我身上的事和百分之九 十我对它们的反应。

Attitude to me is more important than facts. We cannot change our past; we cannot change the fact. However, the only thing we can do is hold a positive attitude. I am convinced that life is 10 percent what happens to me and 90 percent how I react to it.

方式方法:

1. 这幅图传达这样一个信息,一些人有自己的做事方法,而其他一些人只是盲目地去模仿

别人,一事无成。

The picture conveys the message that some people go their own way in doing things, while others blindly struggle to copy others and achieve nothing.

2.为了获取知识,我们应该找到恰当的方法并为之付出长期努力,否则我们只能事倍功半。

To acquire knowledge, we should find a proper method and put constant efforts into what we

8

are doing. Otherwise, we may end up getting half the result with twice the effort.

3. 我们应该专注于取得成功的过程。只要每一步都很恰当到位,我们迟早会获得我们想得

到的。

we should focus on the process of fighting for success. As long as every step is proper, sooner or later we will gain what we long for.

4. 如果我们在追求我们所想得的过程中能更创新,别出心裁,我们就可能找到解决问题的

更容易的方法。

If we try to be more creative and think out of the box as we pursue what we want, there’s a great possibility that we find a much easier access, leading us directly to our goal.

5. 这幅图让我们思考什么是取得成功的最明智的做法。

The picture gets us to think what is the smartest way for us to achieve success.

合作:

1. 有两种做事的方法。它们是独立工作,和合作。There are basically two ways to get work

done. They are working individually and working in a team.

2. 合作给个人提供了与别人讨论与研究的机会。在这个过程中,人们能彼此帮助,进而提

升他们的交际与合作能力。

Working in a team provides the individuals with the chance to discuss and study together.

During the process, they help each other so this can improve their communication and co-operative ability.

3. 只有当全体成员都意识到他们的作用,互相尊重,互相支持,目标才能被达成。

Only when all members of a group are aware of their own roles, respect and support each other, can the goal be achieved.

4.我们都有各自的优势和劣势,然而,通过相互合作和充分利用各自的才能,我们就能

取得更好的结果。

We all have strengths and weaknesses。However, by working with each other and making the best use of each other’s talents, we can always achieve a better result.

5.我们必须认识到合作的重要性并且努力使自己尽量多的投入到这样的活动中。

In my opinion, we have to realize the importance of teamwork and try to involve ourselves in the activities as much as possible.

社会问题:

1. 作为社会成员,我们每个人应该多关心老人。

As a member of society, each of us should care more about the elderly.

2. 只有当我们彼此信任时,我们才能建成一个和谐的社会。

Only when we believe in each other can we build a harmonious society.

3. 年轻一代变得越来越以自我为中心,这将会导致与他人交流和合作上的失败。

The young generation is becoming more and more self-centered, which will lead to a failure in communicating and cooperating with others.

4. 一些学生对电脑游戏上瘾,对学习越来越不上心。

Some students get addicted to computer games and pay less attention to their study.

5. 由使用过的塑料引起的白色污染问题正变得日益严重。

The problem of “white pollution” caused by used plastic bags is becoming increasingly serious.

一、 立志、树立目标篇

9

1、(2010bjgk)第二节开放作文(15分)

请根据下面提示,写一篇短文。词数不少于50。

In your spoken English class, your teacher shows you the following picture. You are asked to describe the picture and explain how you understand it.

2、(2009-2010xwqm)第二节开放作文(15分)

请根据下面提示,写一篇短文。词数不少于50。

In your spoken English class, your teacher shows you the following picture. You are asked to describe the picture and explain how you understand it.

3、(2010 xcem)第二节开放作文(15分)

In your spoken English class , your teacher shows you the following picture .You are asked to describe the picture and explain how you understand it.

10

4、(2010cwem )In your spoken English class, your teacher shows you the following picture. You are asked to describe the picture and explain how you understand it.

5、(2011ftym )请根据下面提示,写一篇短文。词数不少于50。

In your English class, the teacher shows you the following picture and asks the class to discuss it. Look at the picture carefully and tell how you understand it.

二、心态

1、(2009-2010hdqm )第二节开放作文(15分)

请根据下面提示,写一篇短文。词数不少于50。

In your spoken English class, your teacher shows you the following picture. You are asked to

describe the picture and explain how you understand it.

11

2、(2009-2010 cyqm)第二节开放作文(15分)

请根据下面提示,写一篇短文。词数不少于50字。

In your spoken English class, your teacher shows you the following picture. You are asked to describe the picture and explain how you understand it.

3、(2010 xcym)第二节:开放作文 (15分)

请根据下面提示,写一篇短文。词数不少于50。

In your spoken English class,your teacher shows you the following picture.You are asked to describe the picture and explain how you understand it.

参考词汇:label 标签

4) 、(2010cyym )In your English class, your teacher shows you the following picture. You are asked to describe the picture and explain how you understand it.

提示词:放大镜:magnifier

12

5) 、(2010cyem )第二节:开放作文(15分)

请根据下面提示,写一篇短文。词数不少于50。

In your English class, your teacher shows you the following picture. You are asked to describe the picture and explain how you understand it.

6) 、(2010hdym )

In your spoken English class ,your teacher shows you the following picture You are asked to describe the picture and explain how you understand it.

提示词:放大镜magnifying glass

7) 、(2010hdem )

请根据下面提示,写一篇短文。词数不少于50。

In your spoken English class, your teacher shows you the following picture. You are asked to

describe the picture and explain how you understand it.

13

8、(2010ftem )

In your English class, your teacher shows you the following picture. You are asked to describe the picture and explain how you understand it.

9、(2009xuym)In your English class,you are asked to describe the following picture and explain to your classmates how you understand it.

10、(2010sjsym )第二节开放作文(15分)

请你根据下面的图画和画中的单词提示,写一篇短文。词数不少于50。

14

三、反映孩子与父母关系

1、(2010 xcqm)In your English class, you are asked to describe the following picture and explain to your classmates how you understand it..

2、(2010dcqm )In your English class, your teacher shows you the following picture. You’re asked

to describe the picture and explain how you understand it.

参考词汇:cactus 仙人掌(可数名词)

3、(2010dcem )In your English class, your teacher shows you he following picture. You are asked to describe the picture and explain how you understand it.

15 4、(2009xcym) In your English class.the teacher shows the picture below and asks the class to discuss it.Your classmates have different understandings.

Look at title picture carefully and tell the class how YOU undemtand it·

四、反映社会生活的某些事实及其观点

1、(2009-2010cwqm )第二节开放作文(15分)

请根据下面提示,写一篇短文。词数不少于50字。

In your spoken English class, your teacher shows you the following picture. You are asked to describe the picture and explain how you understand it.

Snail 蜗牛

Ox 公牛

2、(2010dcym )In your English class, your teacher shows you the following picture. You’re asked to describe the picture and explain how you understand it. 参考词汇:play hopscotch 跳房子

五、反映环境问题及人们的心态

1、(2010xwym )In your spoken English class, your teahcer shows you the following picture. You are asked to describe the picture and explain how you understand it.

16

2、(2009xcgeqm )书面表达 (满分15分)

请根据图片,以及中英文提示完成写作任务。

1.描述图中北极熊的现状;

2.简单分析原因;

3.提出两或三条日常生活中的合理化建议。

注意:1.字数:不少于100词

2.提示词语:lead a low-carbon (低碳) life

北极熊 polar bear

六、反映人们学习的心态

1、(2010cwem )In your spoken English class, your teacher shows you the following picture. You are asked to describe the picture and explain how you understand it.

2、(2010ftym )In your spoken English class, your teacher shows you the following picture. You are asked to deseribe the picture and explain how you understand it.(请务必将情景作文写在答题卡第二页指定区域内)

七、反映团队协作

1、(2010cwym )In your spoken English class, your teahcer shows you the following picture. You

are asked to describe the picture and explain how you understand it.

17

2013高考热点话题

中学生使用iPad

假如你是李华,是一名高中生。随着科技的发展,iPad 已成为中学生的新宠。用iPad 既可以听音乐,阅读纯文本电子书,又可玩电子游戏。请你用英语给某英语报社写一封信,谈谈中学生使用iPad 的情况。信的内容必须包括以下几点:

1、使用iPad 对学习的好处:

2、对课堂纪律和学习可能产生的负面影响:

3、提出自己的建议并说明理由。

注意:开头已经给出,不计入总数。词数120字左右

Dear Editor',

I'm a senior high school student named Li Hua. Now many students have iPads and think it's a fashion to use them.

„„

假设你是李华,从电视上看到H7N9流感仍然在上海流行,并有少部分人因此而丧生,你为你正在上海上学的笔友Anderson 的健康与安全担心。请你给他写一封信询问他的情况,并给他提出防护建议。

要点:

1、询问(他的健康状况;人们对流行疾病的反应:是否感到恐惧等)

2、建议(至少三点)

注意:词数:120左右;

Dear Anderson,

_

Yours,

Li Hua