学为贵雅思:雅思写作常见语法错误
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雅思写作常见的8种语法错误

1 语序

从句不使用疑问句语序,而使用陈述句语序,即主语在前,谓语在后的顺序排列。

错例1

Canyou tell me how many students are there in this class?

正解:

Can you tell me howmany students there are inthis class?

错例2

Theywere more worried about how far did they have to walk to get t o the trainstation and could they catch the train before it left. 正解:

They were moreworried about how far they had to walk to get to the train station and if they could catch the train before it left.

改错练习:

1. It ’

s hard to decide when and where will we hold the sports meeting.

2. If you want to learn about the latest developments and discoveriesfrom around the world, you will read about them in jo urnals and researchreports published in English, no matter whether are the scientists who wrotethem from China or Norway.

2 主谓一致和冠词的用法

注意主谓一致和冠词的用法

错例1

Apart-time job offers you chance to demonstrate your ability and appl ywhat you have learned in school.

正解:

Apart-time job offers you a chance to demonstrate your ability and a pply what you have learned in school.

错例2

Booksare of the various kinds and have different contents.

正解:

Booksare of various kinds and have different contents.

改错练习:

1. The problemsthat are created by environmental contamination is very hard to resolve.

2. The governmentsof all countries on this planet is beginning to re alize the severity of watershortage.

3 固定搭配

对“to ”的错觉

1、介词“to ”

错例

In addition to give a generalintroduction to computer, the course als o provides practical experience.

正解:

In addition to giving a general introduction to computer, the course alsoprovides practical experience.

课程除了一般介绍电脑知识外,还提供实际操作的机会。

类似词组:

adapt to

due to

pay attention to

attach importance to

2、不定式“to ”

错例

People should bedetermined to holding on to this job whatever difficu lties he might runinto.

正解:

People should be determinedto hold on to this

job whatever difficulti es hemight run into.

他下定决心,不管碰到什么困难,都要坚持做这工作。

类似词组:

in order to

agree to

decide to

pretend to

3、搭配混淆

cannot help

I cannot help wondering about that girl.

我不免对那个女孩感到惊奇。

cannot help but

Due to the present price level, we cannothelp

but adjust our offer. 由于目前的价格情况,我方不得不调整报价。

类似词组:

be strict with sb. 对~人要求严格

be strict in sth. 对~事要求严格

take (make) a stand for 捍卫

take (make) a stand against 反对

behind time 迟到,过期

behind thetimes 落在时代后面

at present=at the present time 目前

for the present 暂时

out of the question 绝不可能

without question 毫无疑问

改错练习:

1. You must adapt to livein international society.

2. We should be strict with (doing) our work.

3. The failure of the scheme was due to manage badly.

4. In order to maintaining physical well being, a person should eat wholesome food and get sufficient exercise.

5. We hope you will pay attention to educateyour children.

6. The policy is beneficial to reinforce schooldiscipline.

4 双谓语

确保一句中有且仅有一个谓语动词

错例

It is unclear recyclingcan control pollution.

正解:

It is unclear whether recycling can control pollution.

改错练习:

1. It isadvertising makes us buy something impulsively.

2. There are twoline charts show the unemployment rate fluctuates in China.

3. The percentageof families have one car increased greatly.

5 词性(主语,动名词)

注意主语、动名词

错例

Alongwith the rapid growth of tourism industry, some scenic spots hav e successful attracted a large numberof visitors.

正解:

Alongwith the rapid growth of tourism industry, some scenic spots hav e successfully attracteda large number of visitors.

改错练习:

1. Nowaday, the economic of our country grows more and more faster.

2. Pollution will effect the citizens ’ living standards negatively.

3. There was a considerably growth in the amount of people becoming UK citizensfrom 1962 to 2002.

4. Sit in front of the screen for a long time will pose a threat tochildren's health.

5. Only when everyone is aware of the importance of environmentpreser vation can the pollution be alleviated.

6 单复数,冠词

注意名词的单复数和冠词

错例

Oneof the most challenging problem iswho should be responsible for lo oking after the elderly people.

正解:

Oneof the most challenging problems is who should be responsible for looking after the elderly people.

改错练习:

1. What our modernsociety values are the personality and creativity.

2. Private car willexert adverse impacts on the environment and traff ic of the whole society.

3. Long-distance education provides students interesting way to learn.

7 时态

注意句子的时态

错例1

Itis obvious that comparing with its drawbacks, the rise of English as aglobal language can bring us a lot of benefits.

很明显的是,相对于它的弊端,英语作为全球性语言的崛起会带给我们更多的益处。(被动) 正解:

Itis obvious that compared with itsdrawbacks, the rise of English as a global language can bring us a lot ofbenefits.

错例2

Evidencesuggests that the poor are fail to seek medical treatment bec ause of the cost.

证据表明穷人因为费用的问题而不能得到治疗。(进行时)

正解:

Evidencesuggests that the poor are failing to seek medical treatment because of the cost.

错例3

Airpollution and other kinds of pollution become worse as a result o f theincreasing traffic.

空气污染和其他污染的恶化是交通流量加大的结果。

Become 一般用完成时或进行时

正解:

Airpollution and other kinds of pollution have become worse as a res ult of the increasing traffic.

错例4

Alack of job opportunities restrict school leaver's independence, eithe r forcingthem to remain at home and forcing them to move back home. 缺乏工作机会限制了离校生的独立性,迫使他们留在家里或者搬回家里住。

用将来时态,将会,表意愿

正解:

Alack of job opportunities will restrict school leaver's independence, either forcing themto remain at home and forcing them to move back home.

改错练习:

1. The increasingviolence showing in films or on television has spark ed public outcry, and somecritics have shown their concern on the in terplay of social violence and mediaviolence.

8 标点

注意句子中的标点符号

逗号表示句子内部的一般性停顿。两个具有独立含义的句子,在没有连词的情况下简单地被一个逗号隔开是不正确的。改正这样的错误须用句号或分号代替逗号,或用并列连词(and, but, or, so, nor, yet) 连接两个句子,或用从属连词

(because,as, although 等) ,否则会导致句子出现语法错误。

错例

Some people believe children in secondaryschool should study internatio nal news as a subject, others think that ’sa waste of time. 正解:

Some people believe children in secondaryschool should study internatio nal news as a subject. However, others think that ’

s a waste of time.

或:

Some people believe children in secondaryschool should study internatio nal news as a subject, but others think that ’s a waste of time.

改错练习:

1. Students should do some housework, it is goodfor them to be inde pendent.

2. They are far away from parents and friends, theycan deal with ev erything by themselves.