专四写作范文模板
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2012 英语专业四级写作讲义

英语专四写作项目有两个子项目. 其一是要求学生能根据作文题目、提纲或图表、数据等,在35分钟内写出长度为200个单词左右的作文。其二是要求学生能根据提示在10分钟内写出长度为50-60个单词左右的便条。

自2009年开始,英语专业四级考试的主观题改为计算机辅助评阅。评分员可以在自己的评分终端给随机分发的试卷打分。而专家评分员在后台可以通过一定的技术手段更有效的监控质量。同时修改了评分量表。新评分量表要求评分员对考生在思想与表达、语言运用能力和写作规范三个维度的表现分别评价,按照5分等级赋分。优秀5分,良好4分,一般3分,较差2分,极差1分,空白卷或者无关内容0分。

1)思想与表达包括: 7分

思想内容:内容切题,充实,观点明确,论据支持论点,有独到见解 表达效果: 表达清晰流畅 有说服力

篇章组织结构:每段有主题句,句间衔接自然,段间过渡自然,第一部分提出观点,最后一部分得出结论,段落排列自然合理

2)语言运用能力 6分

准确性

丰富性

得体性

流利度

3)写作规范 2分

便条评分细则: 格式 内容 语言 语言得体性

四级考试写作的题型大致分为五类:自由发挥型、问题解决型、立场选择型、给定观点型、比较

模式框架

自由发挥型模式框架

给定明确观点型模式框架

1. When asked about..., most people say... But many other people regard...as... I personally think...

当被问及对...... 有什么看法时,大多数人认为...... 但是,还有很多人认为...... 我个人认为......

2. When it comes to..., some people think that... Others argue that the opposite is true. There is probably some truth to both arguments, but...

涉及...... 这一问题,有的人认为应该...... 另一些人持相反意见。也许双方的观点都有一定道理,但是......

3. It is widely acknowledged that...contributed to... Experts argue that China must introduce... But I doubt whether...alone will solve the problem。

人们普遍认为...... 专家认为中国必须推行...... 但我对仅仅...... 就能解决问题表示怀疑。

4. An increasing number of people are joining... In reaction to the phenomenon, some say... But do they realize that...can also lead to...

越来越多的人...... 进入了...... 针对这一现象,一些人认为...... 但是,他们有没有意识到...... 也能导致......

5. A growing number of people are beginning to realize that...is not the sole prerequisite for happiness。

越来越多的人开始意识到...... 并不是幸福的唯一条件。

6. There has been undesirable trend in recent years towards... A recent survey showed that...percent of respondents ranked...as their top priority, compared to...percent only a few years ago. Why do people fail to realize that...?

近年来出现了对社会有害的...... 倾向。最近的一项调查表明,...... 的调查对象把...... 作为他们的首选,相比之下,就在几年前,只有...... 的人这样想。为什么人们没能意识到...... 不一定带来幸福呢?

7. I recently read a newspaper article on... The deplorable problem of...has aroused public concern nationwide。

最近,我在报纸上读到一篇关于...... 的文章。...... 的问题令人深感遗憾,它已经引起了全国公众的关注。

8. Judging from the reams of evidence presented, we can safely conclude that... 根据现有的大量证据,我们可以有把握地得出这样的结论:......

9. The ample evidence presented enables us to reasonably conclude that...

提出的充分证据使我们能够合理地得出这样的结论:......

10. With the fantastic spur both in industry and its economy in China, the number of...is

on the rise

随着中国工业经济的迅猛发展,...... 的数目不断上升。

11. It is commonly believed that the rise in...is the inevitable result of economic development 。

人们普遍认为,...... 的增长是经济发展的必然结果。

二、文章开头段、中间段和结尾段写作经典句型

(一)开头段

开头段一定要语言精练,并且直接切入主题。开头段一般不对主题进行深入的探讨,具体的论证或叙述应该在扩展段进行。

开头段的常用核心句型:

1.The arguer may be right about…, but he seems to neglect (fail ) to mention (takes into account) the fact that….

2.As opposed to (Contrary to) widely (commonly / generally) held (accepted ) belief (ideas / views), I believe (argue ) that…

3.Although a great number of people believe that…, I doubt (wonder )whether the argument bears much analysis (close examination).

4.The advantages of B outweigh any benefit we gained from (carry more weight than those of / are much greater than)A.

5.Although it is commonly (widely / generally) held (felt / accepted / agreed) that…, it is unlikely to be true that….

6.There is an element of truth in this argument (statement ), but it ignores a deeper and more basic (important / essential) fact (reason ) that….

7.It is true that (True, / To be sure, / Admittedly,)…, but this is not to say (it is unlikely / it doesn’t follow / it doesn’t mean / it won’t be the case) that….

8.The main (obvious / great) problem (flaw / drawback) with (in ) this argument (view / remark) is that it is ignorant of (blind to) the basic (bare ) fact that….

(三) 结尾段

结尾段的核心句型:

1.From what has been discussed above (Taking into account all these factors / Judging from all evidence offered ), we may safely draw (reach / come to / arrive at ) the conclusion that….

2.All the evidence (analysis ) supports (justifies / confirms / warrants / points to) a (n ) unshakable (unmistakable / sound / just) conclusion that….

3.It is high time that we place (lay / put) great (special / considerable) emphasis on the improvement (development / increase / promotion) of….

.No easy method (solution / recipe / remedy) can be at hand (found / guaranteed) to solve (resolve / tackle ) the problem of…, but the common (general / public ) recognition of (realization of / awareness of / commitment to ) the necessity (importance / significance) of…might be the first step towards change (on the right way / in the right direction).

8.Following these methods (suggestions ) may not guarantee the success in (solution to )…, but the pay-off will be worth the effort.

9.Unless there is a common realization of (general commitment to)…, it is very likely (the chances are good) that….

10.It is necessary (essential / fundamental) that effective (quick / proper) action (steps /measures / remedies) should be taken to prevent (correct /check / end / fight) the situation (tendency / phenomenon).