初一 散文 17395字 660人浏览 爱笑的杨迪

2017年6月作文 作文一:国内国外上大学

Directions: Suppose you are asked to give advice on whether to attend college at home or abroad, write an essay to state your opinion. You are required to write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.


Nowadays, there has been a heated discussion as to a better choice between attending college at home and abroad. Views on the topic vary greatly among

people from different walks of life. Some believe that it is a better choice to study in domestic colleges, but others consider it better to study abroad. I totally agree with the latter idea for the reasons presented below. To begin with, it harms the society in that the greater the competition is, the higher the recruitment requirements will become. Therefore, with experiences of studying abroad, graduates will become more competitive in job hunting. Furthermore, it is beneficial to the students themselves to study abroad. Without the choice to pursue overseas study, many great scholars today would never have achieved such great success. From my perspective, it is crucial that the government should encourage people to pursue overseas study. Also it is crucial that people should understand the meaning and value of attending college abroad. Only in this way can we achieve greater success. 作文二:文科还是理科

Directions: Suppose you are asked to give advice on whether to major in humanities or science, write an essay to state your opinion. You are required to write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.


Living in a world which is full of changes and challenges,we are confronted with new problems every single day. Of all the issues, one might concern the high school graduates the most, and it is if there are two options: to major in science or humanities. As for me, I prefer the latter.

Why,you may wonder, should I prefer to major in humanities. The reasons responsible for it can be listed as follows .

Among the most important reasons cited by people is that to major in

humanities ,directly or indirectly,can not only enrich our basic knowledge about the diversified culture but also sharpen one’s insight in daily routine,which is of great importance in one’s growth.

What ’s more, to study humanities can give us an independent personality and a deeper vision towards the world, if it were not for those two attributes, how could we achieve great goals in this dog-eat-dog world.

Above all, in such a society where emphasis,more often than not,is laid on the depth of one’s thought, to choose humanities as one’s major, must be the best way .

To major humanities, so at least it seems to me, is preferable for college students, if they had the chance, in the process of which we will develop an innovative thought mode.

As a proverb goes ,there is no difficulty that an innovative thought mode can not solve, no door that an innovative thought mode can not open, no mountain that an innovative thought mode can not surmount.



Directions: Suppose you are asked to give advice on whether to attend a vocational college or a university, write an essay to state your opinion. You are required to write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.


With the flourish of education industry, modern students are faced with more alternatives to continue their further education. Both attending a vocational college or a university serves as two main options for the high school graduates. In terms of which to choose and what to be taken into consideration, I shall advise as follows: Primarily, self-orientation matters the most when it comes to a issue like this. Obviously, the main task of vocational college is cultivating human resource with practical capability. Instead, university serves as the cradle of academic researchers

in different areas. Therefore, being aware of your self-expectation with a clear future blueprint lays a foundation for this important decision.

Apart from what has been mentioned above, personal interest also plays a key role in it. For both passion and motivation are derived from interest, which not only decide how far you can reach academically and professionally but also how happy and fulfilled you will be .

To sum up, a clear recognition of self orientation and personal interest will decide whether you will tick the box of vocational college or university. Only in this way can we get the most out of the further education.


According to a series of experiments published in the Quarterly Journal of

Experimental Psychology by professors Gary Lupyan and Daniel Swignley, the act of using verbal clues to ___27___ mental pictures helps people function quicker.

In one experiment, they showed pictures of various objects to twenty ___28___ and asked them to find just one of those, a banana. Half were ___29___ to repeat out loud what they were looking for and the other half kept their lips ___30___ . Those who talked to themselves found the banana slightly faster than those who didn’t, the researchers say. In other experiments, Lupyan and Swignley found that ___31___ the name of a common product when on the hunt for it helped quicken someone’

s pace, but talking about uncommon items showed no advantage and slowed you down.

Common research has long held that talking themselves through a task helps children learn, although doing so when you’ve ___32___ matured is not a great sign of ___33___The two professors hope to refute that idea, ___34___ that just as when kids walk themselves through a process, adults can benefit from using language not just to communicate, but also to help “augment thinking”.

Of course, you are still encouraged to keep the talking at library tones and, whatever you do, keep the information you share simple, like a grocery list. At any ___35___ , there’s still such a thing as too much information.

A) Apparently

B) Arrogance

C) Brilliance

D) Claiming

E) Dedicated

F) Focused

G) Incur

H) Instructed

I) Obscurely

J) Sealed

K) spectators L) Trigger M) Uttering N) Volume O) Volunteers 参考答案

26. F) focused

27. L) trigger

28. O) volunteers

29. H) instructed

30. J) sealed

31. M) uttering

32. A) apparently

33. C) brilliance

34. D) claiming

35. N) volume

Open data-sharers are still in the minority in many fields,Although many

rescarechers broadly agree that public access to raw data would accelerate science- because other scientists might be able to make advances not foreseen by the data's producers -most are reluctant to post the results of their own labours online (see Nature 461, 160-163; 2009) When Wolkovich, for instance, went hunting for the data from the 50 studies in her meta-analysis, only 8 data sets were available online, and many of the researchers whom she e-mailed refused to share their work Forced to extract data from tables or flgures in publications,Wolkovich's team could conduct only limited analyses

Some communities have agreed to share online - geneticists, for example, post DNA sequences at the GenBank repository, and astronomers are accustomed to accessing images of galaxies and stars from, say,the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, a telescope that has observed some 500 million objects - but these remain the exception, not the rule Historically, scientists have objected to sharing for many reasons: it is a lot of work; until recently, good databases did not exist; grant

funders were not pushing for sharing; it has been difficult to agree on standards for formatting data and the contextual information called metadata; and there is no agreed way to assign credit for data

But the barriers are disappearing in part because journals and funding agencies worldwide are encouraging scientists to make their data public. Last year, the Royal Society in London said in its report Science as an Open Enterprise that scientists

need to shift away from a research culture where data is viewed as pricate preserve " Funding agencies note that data paid for with public money should be public information, and the scientific community is recognizing that data can now be shared digitally in ways that were not possible before To match the growing

demand, services are springing up to make it easier to publish research products online and enable other researchers to discover and cite them

Although exhortations to share data often concentrate on the moral

advantages of sharing, the practice is not purely altruistic Researchers who share get plenty of personal benefits.including more connections with

colleagues,improved visibility and increased citations The most successful sharers - those whose data are downloaded and cited the most often - get noticed, and their work gets used For example, one of the most popular data sets on multidisciplinary repository Dryad is about wood density around the world; it has been downloaded 5,700 times. Co-author Amy Zanne, a biologist at George Washington University in Washington DC, thinks that users probably range from climate-change researchers wanting to estimate how much carbon is stored in biomass, to foresters looking for information on different grades of' timber "I would much prefer to have my data used by the maximum number of people to ask their own questions," she says "It's important to allow readers and reviewers to see exactly how you arrive at your results Publishing data and code allows your science to be reproducible " 46 What do many researchers generally accept?

A It is imperative to protest scientist' patents

B Repositories are essential to scientitle research

C Open data sharing is most important to medical science

D.Open data sharing is conducive to scientific advancement

47 What is the attitude of most researchers towards making their own data public?

A Opposed

B Ambiguous

C Liberal

D Neutral

48 According to the passage, what might hinder open data sharing"

A The fear of massive copying

B The lack of a research culture

C.The belief that resacrch is private intellectual property

D. The concern that certain agencies may make a profit out of it

49 What helps lift some of the barriers to open data sharing?

A The ever-growing demand for big data

B The advantage of digital technology

C The changing attitude of journals and funders.

D The trend of social and economic development.

50 Dryad serves as an example to show how open data sharing ___

A is becoming increasingly popular

B benefits shares and users alike

C makes researchers successful

D saves both money and labor

Passage two

Question 51 t0 55 are based on the following passage.

Beginning in the late sixteenth century, it became fashionable for young aristocrats to visit Europe and above all Rome, as the culmination(终极) of their classical education Thus the idea of the Grand Tour was born, a practice which

introduced Englishmen, Germans, Scandinavians, and also Americans to the art and culture of France and Italy for the next 300 years.Travel was arduous and costly throughout the period.possible only for a privileged class the same that produced gentlemen scientists authors antique experts and patrons of the arts.

The Grand Tourist was typically a young man with a thorough background in Greek and Latin literature as well as some leisure time some means and some

interest in art.The German traveler Johann Winckelmann pioneered the field of art

history with his comprehensive study of Greek and Roman sculpture.he was portrayed by his friend Anton Raphael Mengs at the beginning of his long

residence in Rome.Most Grand Tourist however stayed for briefer periods and set out with souvenirs of their travels as well as an understanding of art and architecture formed by exposure to great masterpieces.

Since there were few museums anywhere in Eurpe before the end of the 18th century Grand Tourists often saw paintings and sculptures by gaining admission to private collections. and many were eager to acquire examples of Greco-Roman and Italian art for their own collections In England, where

architecture was increasingly seen as an aristocratic pursuit, noblemen often applied what they learned from the villas of Palladio in Veneto and the evocative ruins of Rome to their own country houses and gardens

51 What is said about the Grand Tour?

A)It was fashionable among young people of the time

B)It was unaffordable for ordinary people

C)It produced some famous European artists

D)It made a compulsory part of college education

52 What did Grand Tourists have in common?

A)They had much geographic knowledge

B)They were courageous and venturesome

C)They were couragcous and venturesome

D)They had enough travel and outdoor-life experience

53 How did Grand Tourists benefit from their travel?

A)They found inspiration in the world's greatest masterpieces

B)They got a better understanding of early human civilization

C)They developed an interest in the origin of modern art forms

D)They gained some knowledge of classical art and architecture 54 Why did many Grand Tourists visit the private collections?

A)They could buy unique souvenirs there to take back home

B)Europe hardly had any museums before 19th century

C)They found the antiques there more valuable

D)Private collections were of greater variety

55 How dis the Grand Tour influence the architecture in England?

A)There appeared more and more Roman-style buildings

B)Many aristocrats began to move into Roman-style villas

C)Aristocrats' country houses all had Roman-style gardens

D)Italian architects were hired to design houses and gardens 参考答案

46. D) Open data sharing is conducive to scientific advancement.

47. A) Opposed.

48. C) The belief that research data is private intellectual property.

49. C) The changing attitude of journals and funders.

50. B) benefits sharers and users alike

51. [B] It was unaffordable for ordinary people.

52. [C] They were versed in literature and interested in art.

53. [D] They gained some knowledge of classical art and architecture.

54. [B] Europe hardly had any museums before the 19th century.

55. [A] There appeared more and more Roman-style buildings.




• Tang Dynasty started in 618 and ended in 907. It was the most glorious time in Chinese history. After developing for 300 years, Tang became the most

prosperous country in the world. Its capital, Chang’An, was the biggest city in the world. At this time, economy was developed. Commerce was prosperous. Social order was stable. Even the borders were open to other countries. With urbanization

and growing wealth, art and literature also thrived. Li Bai and Du Fu were famous poets. They were famous for their concise and natural works. Their poems touched the hearts of scholars and ordinary people. Even today, many children and adults are still reading and reciting their poems.


• Initiated from AD 618 to AD 907, the Tang dynasty was regarded as the most glorious period of Chinese history. After developing for 300 years, China in Tang dynasty became the most prosperous country in the world, and its capital Chang’an the biggest metropolis. China in this period enjoyed a splendid era with overwhelmingly developed economy and commerce, and the social order also remained stable, even the borders were open to other countries. With the

development of urbanization and the accumulation of wealth, art and literature also thrived. Famous poets like Li Bai and Du Fu were known for the concise and neat language in their works. Their poems touched everyone, ranging from

scholars to ordinary people. Even today, their poems are still being read and recited by both children and adults.



The Song dynasty began from 960 and ended in 1279. During the period, China had witnessed huge growth in the economy, making it the most advanced

economy in the world. Science and technology, philosophy and mathematics also flourished at that time. In the Song dynasty, China was the first country in the world to issue paper money, use gunpowder and invent movable-type printing. With rapidly increasing population, more and more people moved into the city, in which entertainment venues were very busy. People could enjoy various social life,

getting together to appreciate and trade precious artworks. The Song dynasty also enjoyed an advanced government system in the world. All of the government officials were selected and appointed through the competitive examination.




The Ming dynasty ruled China for 276 years, which is depicted as one of the feudal dynasties that are governed orderly and stabilized in the history. In this period, the development of handicraft promoted the market economy and

urbanization. An ocean of commodities, including wine and silk, were sold on the market. Meanwhile, numerous exotic products were imported, such as clocks and tobacco. Commercial centers like Beijing, Nanjing, Yangzhou, Suzhou formed in succession. It was also in Ming dynasty that the fleet of ships led by

ZhengHeexpedited for seven times to the Indian Ocean on a large scale. What’s more, three of the four classical novels are written in the Ming dynasty.