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A Book Report of Wuthering Heights

英语三班 王璇 20123704

Wuthering Heights is a book of Emily Bronte, published in 1847. Wuthering Heights was not well received or appreciated by the reading public, many of whom condemned it as sordid, vulgar, and unnatural--and author Emily Bronte went to her grave in 1848 believing that her only novel was a failure. It was not until 1850, when Wuthering Heights received a second printing with an introduction by Emily's sister Charlotte, that it attracted a wide readership. Today it is widely recognized as one of the great novels of English literature.

It is in my middle high school that the first time I read its Chinese version and I indulged in its intricate plot and love and hate between Catherine Earnshaw and Heathclif. Hitherto, I wander why the title of this book named Wuthering heights instead of Thrushcross Grange, or Heathclif Vengeance. As a matter of fact, when I read twice in English version and look up some information online, I seem to understand the intention of the author a bit. Wuthering is used to describe Yorkshire how bad weather it is. We can find “„Wuthering ‟ being a provincial adjective, descriptive of the atmospheric tumult to which its station is exposed in stormy weather ” in book. Meanwhile, “Wuthering ” imply author tell readers a twisting and sad story.

To return to the novel itself, I am quite curious about the gothic

elements reflected in Wuthering Heights. After finishing reading the whole story, it casts a gloom over my heart. I consider it contributes to the characters ‟ unfortunate and miserable lives and grieve for them. At present, I learn a new writing style “ the Gothic novel”.

The Gothic creates feelings of gloom, mystery, and suspense and tends to the dramatic and the sensational, like incest, diabolism, necrophilia, and nameless terrors. It crosses boundaries, mixed daylight and the dark side, life and death, consciousness and unconsciousness. Most of us immediately recognize the Gothic elements when we encounter it in novels, poetry, plays, movies and TV series. Gothic elements have made their way into mainstream writing. They are found in Charlotte Bronte‟s Jane Eyre, Samuel Coleridge‟s Christabel and so on.

In order to create a horrible and mysterious atmosphere, the story of Wuthering Heights takes place in Yorkshire moors. In addition, Emily‟ s life experience coincides with those of Gothic heroines :loss of love, struggle, and death.

The love between Heathcliff and Catherine is the main striking plot. Sunshine, sweet, and smile are not the main parts of their love, by contrast, the mixture of gloom, hatred , and misunderstanding becomes dominant tone in their love. This is why their love is being gradually developed into crazy and tragedy.

As matter of fact, Heathcliff and Catherine are the leading role in

this novel. Through Emily‟s graphic description, the images of them are vigorous. As for Heathcliff, he is a gypsy looking little boy that he was brought to Catherine‟s house by her father. However, he was bullied by Catherine‟s brother and he lives a very hard time in this house. Apart from Catherine, she is kind to him and loves him. Hence, Heathcliff grows brutal and sullen. When he is informed of Catherine marring Edgar Linton, who is richer and higher status than himself, all his power to endure abuse are impaired immediately. Afterwards, Heathcliff run away. Three years later, he returns Wuthering heights with a big sum of money. Superficially, he is gentle and cultivated; actually, he burns a fire of revenge within his heart. He revenges himself on those who has hurt him in planned, such as, prevailing on Hindley gambling so as to squander all of his money; maltreating Hindley‟ son and teaching him abused words and ordering him to do servant‟s jobs; inheriting Isabella‟s family estate by means of cheating. Everyone will grit your teeth resentfully. In additional, the author doesn‟t tell readers how Heathcliff becomes a richer and what methods used within three years to earn those money. We can imagine that he must employ the meanest of tricks due to his lack of education and know-how basing on the society.

Undeniably, it is Heathcliff that cause a serial of unfortunate things led to the misery of the two family, three households, and three generations.

As a saying goes, “a person‟s poor situation can always attribute to his own fault.” Vice versa: maybe a hateful person has to do something bad for some reasons. In Heathcliff ‟s opinion, everything he did is regarded as a sign of loving Catherine, who betrayed him and become the Edgar ‟s wife though. Therefore, Heathcliff is the most tragic figure who has to suffer from the pain of lost loved one, and experiences persistent distress and annoy in the process of revenging. Summing up his life, Heathcliff is in constant sorrow through his days. In the end, I don‟t hate him; on the contrary, the one thing I learned is tolerance and appreciation of people surrounding you.

Catherine is an innocent and kind-hearted girl. She is the only one who cares about Heathcliff when he is discriminated and ill-treated after Mr. Earnshaw‟s death. Meanwhile, she is peacockish, willful. When she is faced with choices which one she should marry, Heathcliff or Linton, she finally decides to marry a rich second generation, Edgar Linton. The reason is that marring Linton could make her become a much richer person and live a decent life while marring Heathcliff will turn out to be beggar. And all of her characteristics are closely connected with her family, and living environment and noble status.

Admittedly, it ‟s hard to say whether Heathcliff and Catherine will live a happy life or not if she waits Heathcliff‟s come and marries him; it ‟s also hard to say whether those figures in the novel has good results or

not in life. Methinks, I cannot rewrite the ending of this story. Just like a famous saying: character depends on destiny because their fate has been destined at the onset of this story.

Alexander Pope once said, “always forgives your enemies--nothing annoys them so much.” What I have learned from their story is that if you are deliberately trying to hurt others, it will hurt yourself in return, and you will be the most miserable person. Therefore, be kind to those who once hurt you. Hard as forgiveness is, it is the first step to regain the life of well-being.