作文笔记汇总
初二 记叙文 15254字 449人浏览 yxd4906787

作文笔记汇总

句子逻辑关系:

并列:and

因果:because 、so

转折:but

递进:not only..but also..

并列:

那支黑色的铅笔很大程度上象征着老人,1他们正经历着难忘的一生而且取得了很多成就。2跟年轻人比,这些人在处理一些棘手的问题的时候更有经验。3比如年轻人比较有活力而老年人在遇到风雨的时候一般会比较镇定。总之,学习和欣赏别人的优点

是成长过程中不可或缺的一部分。

The black pencil, to a large extent , symbolizes the senior people who have been living a memorable life and achieving many goals throughout all his life. Compared with the adolescent, these people are more experienced when dealing with challenges and problems. For instance, young people tend to be more energetic while the senior are likely to keep calm regardless of wind and rain; as a result , learning through others’ merits is an essential part of growing.

因果:

前因后果:

ensure/guarantee/lead to/result in/ contribute to/end up with

前果后因:

Require/need/demand/rely on/depend on/come from

遇到困难,我们必须要坚持,要有信心,这样才能取得最后的成功。

Our persistence and confidence contribute to the final accomplishment against the difficulties in our daily practice.

这是一个常见的现象,很多人在做事情的时候不注意周围的环境,选择了错误的方法,最后发现费了很大力气却失败了。

It is a common phenomenon that the ignorance to the environment results in the choice to a wrong method , which ends up with more efforts but less effect .

转折:

这个现象在我们生活里很常见,对别人不正确的态度会导致对自我认识的不足,最终以失败而告终。然而如果年轻人能对老人有合适的尊敬和谦虚的态度,他们的未来一定充

满光明。

The phenomenon is not uncommon in our daily practice. An incorrect attitude towards others always leads to an improper self-evaluation, which ends up with a failure in their development. However, if younger generation can possess appropriate respect and a modest attitude to the elderly people, their future will be lightened.

递进:

1, 阅读原文

Away from home, eating is more than just a way to keep your stomach full. It

distance among people, which brings warmth to this so-called indifferent society.

2, 阅读原文

Our discomfort comes not so much from the thing itself; it comes from our unfamiliarity with it.

仿写:

失败的原因不是困难本身, 而是由我们面对困难时的态度造成的。

Our failure come not so much from the difficulty itself; it comes from our

attitude towards the challenging situation.

不是只要努力就能取得我们理想中的成绩,对于周围情况的正确判断以及有效的方法发挥着更重要的作用。

Our ideal success comes not so much from the effort itself; it comes from a proper judgment to the circumstance as well as a practical and effective solution.

3原文:

not …but …/as well as

仿写:

决定成功与否的并不是事情本身的难度。我们选择的方法是否灵活实际,有没有信心坚持下去,都是成功不可或缺的元素。

Success is not determined by the difficult level of the situation itself, but by a flexible and practical method, a strong confidence and a constant persistence.

随着年龄的增长,老年人的身体变得越来越虚弱,他们发挥的作用也越来越少。但是实际情况并非如此。无论什么时候,老人们的第一手经验和知识都是我们生活中不可或缺的一笔宝贵财富。

The senior people are becoming less

important because of their growing age and weakness. But this does not reveal the truth. Their firsthand knowledge and experience is as valuable today as it ever has been.

好的书写不但能为我们带来好的学习成绩,同时也能增强一个人的自信。

A proper handwriting helps strengthen our academic performance as well as our self-confidence.

情景作文

@作文:

04 说明文

06应用文

主体:记叙文(15‘)+议论文(15’) 考场时间分配:

20+10+15(看表)

+25+10(看表)+15+15+10(机动)

写作基本原则:

信:信息—遣词

达:通顺—造句

雅:高级—谋篇

@情景作文

1, 基本要求

@人称:I/we

@时态:过去

Did —主体时态

Was/were doing—

点缀时态

外部,内心

The sun was shining upon the ground. I was wondering….

Had done 设计

山很漂亮。

The hill was beautiful.

The beauty of the hill was beyond my imagination.

The beauty of the hill was far beyond what we had expected.

@段落和字数

4段,120字以上

2, 中文定档

@时间,地点,人物等

4w+1h(审题)

@总结图画的要点

@起因,经过(外部+内部),结果。 2012朝阳期末情景作文

仿写2012海淀期末完形

自从中学开始,志愿者活动就成为了我的一个梦想。因此,当我们知道我们要参加这个

活动的时候内心非常兴奋。

From the time middle school started, voluntary activity was our dream . Therefore,

this explained our excitement when we won the opportunity to participate in this meaningful activity.

12月5日的一大早我们就准备好我们所有的东西,手里拿着志愿者大旗出发了。在一番详细的安排下我们就开始干活。有人打水、有人擦窗户、有人拖地板不管大家有多累。最后公交车焕然一新,一种成就感油然而生。

On the morning of Dec. 5th , we

prepared what it took to clean the bus and departed with the voluntary flag flying in the sky. After careful arrangement, we had a deep breath and started our duty. Some students brought buckets of water, while others cleaned the windows and floor regardless of our tiredness. The automobile was totally new and a feeling of completeness and dignity surrounded us and lifted us up.

除了清洁的工作我们还做了其他好事。在上车之前,我们让人们排队上车。有人还帮助老人先上车。为了纪念这次有意义的活动,

我们最后拍照留念。

Apart from the cleaning, we performed other meaningful deeds in people’s favor. Before boarding the bus, we led the passengers into a queue. Some students also offered extra concerns to the elderly people by helping them get on the bus in advance. In order to record this unforgettable experience, we took a photograph in the end.

从这次志愿者活动中我意识到我们取得了很大成就感。不仅赢得了别人的信任和尊重,而且也照亮了别人的生活。

From this voluntary activity, we realized that we had accomplished much more than we had dreamed of. Not only did we win the acceptance and respect of other people, but also we put a smile on their faces and brightened their day.

3,英文定分

@核心动词和名词

@4+4+5升级句子

@段落结构

@要点全面和细节展开

@小注意:避免重复

2012年西城期末情景作文

从小开始,助人为乐一只是我的梦想。因此,当我们有机会参与到“寻找雷锋”这样的活动和有机会去发现生活中的善良的时候内心非常兴奋。

From the time when I was a child , voluntary service was my dream. Therefore, this explained my

excitement when we finally won the opportunity to participate in such an event as “Looking For Lei Feng” and discover the kindness in our daily practice.

一大早我们就准备好参加活动的东西并且带着相机出发了。献血车是我们的第一站。我们记录了志愿者献血的点点滴滴。虽然他们感觉非常害怕,但是仍然在别人的鼓励之下深吸了一口气并且上了献血车。献血后一种成就感油然而生。

In the morning, we prepared what it took for the activity and took off with our cameras in experience of the gentle

breeze and warm sunshine of nature . Blood donation bus was our first stop. We recorded every aspect of volunteer blood donation. Afraid as they felt at first, they still took a deep breath and boarded the bus

with other’s encouragement. A feeling

of completeness and dignity surrounded them and lifted them up.

除了献血,我们还记录了其他的好人好事。一个年轻人帮助盲人下楼梯,还有小朋友给公车上的老人让座。第二天我们举行了个画展来纪念这一系列助人为乐的活动。

Aside from blood donation, we also recorded other deeds in people’s favor. An adolescent helped blind people downstairs, while two pupils offered available seats to elderly people on the bus. As a consequence, the blind man and the senior people expressed their appreciation to the young people. The next day, we organized a photograph exhibition in memory of the series of voluntary activities.

从这次发现之旅中,我们意识到我们已经完成了我们期待的。不仅发现了和谐社会的方方面面,而且也照亮了我们自己的生活。

From this journey of discovery, we realized we had accomplished much more than we had expected. Not only had we discovered every aspect of harmonious society, but also we had put a smile on our faces and brightened our day.

作文:

1, 任务和目的。

2, 内容和细节。

3, 语言和句式。

4, 字迹和错误。

5, 逻辑和段落。

2012年海淀一模情景作文

上周五我和我的同学非常开心和激动地参加了拓展训练。如果要不是学校给我们这次机会,我们就不会有机会参加这么有意义的活动。

Last Friday, I, together with my classmates , participated in the Outward Bound merrily and excitedly. Had we not been given the opportunity by our

mother school, we would not have had the chance to take part in the meaningful activity.

早晨我们准备好了参加活动所需的东西,并且坐校车去我们的目的地。一到那里,我们就在教练的指导下分成了两队。第一个有挑战的任务就是越过一座断桥。因为我们是第一次参加,所以我特别的害怕。但是,在教练和朋友的鼓励下我最终做到了。

In the morning, we prepared what it took for the activity and headed for our final destination on our school bus. Upon arrival, we were divided into two groups under the guidance of our

coach. The first challenging task was to conquer the broken bridge. Owing to the fact that we were new to it, I was extremely frightened. However, I took a deep breath and finally made it with the encouragement of the coach and my friends.

除了断桥我们还进行了其他任务。爬逃生墙的经历让人印象深刻。是团队精神和别人的帮助让我们最后成功了。为了记录这难忘的一天,我们最后合影留念。优秀的同学还被授予了团结奖和勇气奖。

Apart from the “Broken Bridge ”, we performed other tasks as well. The

experience of climbing over the “Escaping Wall” was really impressive. It was the team spirit and the assistance of others that contributed to our final success. In order to memorize the unforgettable experience, we took a photograph in the end. The awards of “Prize for Courage ” and “Prize for Cooperation ” were sent to those who were excellent.

从这次活动中我们意识到我们完成了梦寐以求的飞跃。我们不仅赢得了别人的信任,而且还培养了勇气和合作精神。

From this activity, we realized that we

had accomplished much more than we had dreamed of. Not only did we win the trust of others, but also we build up the courage and cooperation.

作业:

2012北京卷情景作文

今天早晨,我在我们小区附近的路上慢跑的

时候,恰巧遇到了一对手里拿着城市地图的外国夫妇。他们脸上满是困惑,于是我立刻意识到他们肯定迷路了。

This morning, I was jogging along the road near my neighborhood when I came across a foreign couple with a city map. Confusion was clear on their face and immediately it dawned on me that they must have been lost.

没有一刻犹豫,我走上前去主动提供帮助。幸运的是我英语还挺流利,能让他们听懂。他们放松地笑着说他们想去参观天坛,但是在地图上找不到。

Without hesitation, I walked up to them and offered to help. Thankfully,

my English was fluent enough to make myself understood. They smiled in relief and said they wanted to visit the Heaven Temple but failed to locate it in the map.

很快我就在地图上把它指出来并且也给他们展示方向。担心他们有可能再次迷路,我走着送他们到最近的车站这样他们就会很容易到那了。

Quickly, I pointed it out on the map and showed them the direction as well. Worried by the thought that they might again get lost on their way, I walked them to a nearby bus stop so

that they could arrive there without trouble.

过了一会儿,20路公交车停到站点了,它会带他们去天坛。刚要离开,这对夫妇再次热烈的感谢了我,表达了对我帮助的感激之情。

After a while , the bus No.20 pulled at the stop which would take them to the Heaven Temple. Upon leaving , the couple thanked me warmly again, expressing their appreciation for my kind help.

看着20路汽车消失在远处,一种成就

感油然而生。给需要帮助的人帮一把手让我特别开心和骄傲,毫无疑问,我也给外国朋友展示了北京是个多么友好的城市。

Seeing the No. 20 Bus disappearing into the distance, a sense of delight filled my heart. It made me so happy and proud to offer others in need a helping hand, and in this case, I was also able to show foreigners how friendly the city of Beijing was.

(208 words) 20分

(此文为2012年北京高考英语满分作文)

作文基本功

语言—词+句+段 内容—全面+具体 结构—情景+开放 语言:词+句+段 一, 词—换

换词原则:长难短细 长词优先:

difficult —challenging pretty —

attractive/charming/ fascinating/appealing 难词优先:

important —vital/

essential/significant sad —discouraged/ depressed/

downhearted/low-spirit 短语优先:

join/attend— take part in/

participate in/ be involved in/ engage in

小必杀:

be+adj=be of+n be important=

be of great importance be difficult=

be of great difficulty be harmful=

be of great harm be valuable= be of great value be significant=

be of great significance be necessary=

be of great necessity 细节词优先:

rain —pour/shower learn —pick up/master a good teacher—

a kind, patient and knowledgeable teacher

练习:

13年海淀期中情景作文

It was raining heavily when we were going home on the school bus. Dark clouds appeared above as the bus carefully made its way along the muddy road. Suddenly, we felt the bus shake and go into a deep puddle(水坑), and the engine stopped working . After several failed attempts to start the engine , the driver asked all of us to get off and give the bus a push.

So, one by one, we got out, walking through the deep water to the back of

the bus. Some of us held up umbrellas, while the others gathered in a row, hold up their sleeves(袖子) and pushed with all their might. It didn't move at first. More people joined in. We began to chant (喊口号). We shook off(甩掉) the rain running down our faces and just kept pushing. At last, the bus sounded like a giant behemoth (河马) and started to move forward. As the tires surfaced (表面), I heard the engine started .

All of us held our strength and gave one last push. We made it! The bus was completely out of the water and the

engine came back to life. We jumped back on the bus and cheered over our victory . We even began to enjoy the sound of the rain, like fingers tapping (敲) on the windowpane(玻璃窗). We have accomplished a task impossible, and it was a meaningful experience.

清华附海淀期中范文19分

It was showering (倾盆大雨) heavily when we were heading(回家) home on the school bus. Dark inky (漆黑的) clouds loomed(隐约出现) above as the bus carefully made its way along the slippery (滑的) road. Suddenly, we felt

the bus tilt(倾斜) and sink(陷入) into a deep puddle(泥坑), and the engine died out (熄火). After several failed attempts at ignition(点火), the driver asked all of us to get off and give the automobile (机动车) a push.

So, one by one, we got out, wading(涉水) through knee-deep(齐膝的) water to the rear (后面) of the bus. Some of us propped (支撑) up umbrellas, while the others gathered in a row, rolled(卷起) up their sleeves(袖子) and pushed with all their might. It didn't budge (挪动) at first. More people joined in. We began to chant(颂

歌). We shook off (甩掉) the rain trickling (向下流) down our faces and just kept pushing. At last, the bus grunted (咕噜) like a giant behemoth(河马) and started to inch (挪动) forward. As the tires surfaced(表面), I heard the engine sputter(噼里啪啦). All of us mastered (掌握) our strength and gave one last push. We made it! The bus was completely out of the water and the engine came roaring(怒吼) back to life. We jumped back on the bus and rejoiced(庆祝) over our glory (荣誉). We even began to enjoy the pitter-patter(噼噼啪啪) of the rain,

like fingers tapping (敲) on the windowpane (玻璃窗). We have accomplished a mission (任务) impossible, and it was a rewarding(值得的) experience.

常用部分高级词汇替换:

*chance—opportunity

*take the opportunity=

possess the opportunity

=be in possession of the opportunity *glad—

pleased/delighted/have

great fun/merry

*I hope that…

=my expectation is…

*pay attention to

*draw one’s attention

*The that …draws our

The that some medicine causes side effects draws our attention

*It is + adj. + for sb. + to do sth. 重要的— important

非常重要的— vital

必要的— necessary

非常必要的,不可缺少的—indispensable 艰难的—

tough/painstaking

有用的— useful

有帮助的— helpful

有益的— beneficial

基本的—

basic / essential

方便的— convenient

有价值的—valuable

*It is + of + great + n + for sb + to do 重要— importance

必要— necessity

艰难—

difficulty/ a great

challenge

有用—use

有帮助— help

有益— benefit

基本—basis / essence

方便— convenience

有价值—value

*认为—

Be in possession of the opinion that /insist that/

possess the opinion that

*越来越多—

a growing/an increasing number of=more and more+n

*喜欢—

like/enjoy/favor/prefer /be keen on/

be fascinated with/ be immersed in/ be crazy about/ be addicted to *很,非常—

really/quite/rather/ awfully

*最近—

up to now/

recently/currently/

In recent years/decades /at present

练习:如今,越来越多的年轻人喜欢上网。

*Now, more and more high school students like surfing the internet very much.

*In recent decades, an increasing number of adolescents are addicted to surfing/going on the Internet . *年轻人—teenagers/Younger

generation/adolescents

*老年人—

elderly/senior people

*因为—

because/as/since/,for/in that

*所以—

so/thus/hence/ therefore/as a result/ as a consequence

*开心而且宝贵的—

pleasant and precious

*健康而且开心的—

healthy and happy

*难忘而且有意义的—

memorable and rewarding

*安然无恙的—

safe and sound

*丰富多彩的—

colorful and wonderful

*值得尊敬的—

respectable and honorable 总结:

最好的用词是小词大用。

秋天到了,枫叶变红了。

The autumn reds all the maple leaves.

二, 句—变

原则:

简单句 N + V + N

+复杂句 4 + 4 + 5

修饰N (4):形同定非

*形容词

*The experience impressed me a lot.

*The meaningful, unforgettable and

educational experience impressed me a lot.

注意:

形容词的并列结构受欢迎。

*同位语或插入语

我们高中生应该为我们自己的未来负责任。 We ,high school students , are supposed to be responsible for our own future.

*常用10个插入语

together with sb/

to one’s surprise/

that is to say/

to a certain extent/

to a large degree/

to put it in another way/

directly or indirectly/

in other words/

as a matter of fact/

for one reason or another

*定语从句

练习:我不穿奇装异服。

*I don’t wear clothes, which lead me different from others.

练习:

北京的天气太操蛋了,这让我非常怀念我的家乡。

*The weather in Beijing today is awfully terrible, which makes me miss my hometown.

练习:

周六下午将要举行party ,这会让我们非常放松。

*The party will be held on Saturday afternoon , which can make us to have a relaxation feeling.

*非谓语动词

练习: