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1 People have different opinions on the effect of television on children. Some think that it is good for children to watch "IV while others believe that television is bad for children. In my opinion, most of the effect TV has on children is bad. By the time children reach school, they have spent up to one-third of their waking hours in front of the television. Because they just sit back and let thing happen to them while watching TV, they become passive. As we all

know, children are inventive and they have the ability to imagine a whole world of their own. But what happens when their imagination is not needed, when TV does all the imagination for them? Obviously, these kids are not going to grow up as inventive and imaginative as their parents, for they have been robbed of creative impulses by television watching.

On one hand, TV watching also forces kids into becoming consumers and then tricks them. They are surrounded by ads for dangerous toys, mind-less games, and unhealthy foods. They force their parents to buy them, for the children themselves are not wise enough to detect the falsity of so much advertising. On the other hand, by watching too much TV, children are over ex-posed to violence. They watch programs like murders, fights and many other crimes for hours every week, with no adult

around to tell them that life is not like that. The effect of the heavy dose of violence is to suggest kids that violence is an ordinary way of life ,and that slugging, shooting and cheating are ways to succeed.

The total effect of TV on children is dangerous. It is time for parents to take charge and supervise their children’s play instead of parking them by the tube and hoping it will act as a baby-sitter. The influence of TV is so important that parents will have to be on their guard to make sure that their children are not being harmed by exposure to it.


With the widespread computers.there is an increase in the number of people making use of Internet.Some people believe that Internet will bring great benefits to people while others think Internet may cause depression .

Write an article about it to clarify your own points of view towards this issue.

You should write no less than 250 words.Write your article on ANSWER SHEET 2.

One possible version:

As computers are increasingly popular,we can have more access to Internet.It is true that Interact can bring us a lot of benefits.With Internet we can connect with the rest of the world.We can build relationships with people who are in places we cannot go.We can enjoy services offered on the net.

Internet ,however ,also brings us some side effects .Internet use may cause a decline in psychological well —being .According to the research done in an American university,even people who spent just a few hours a week on the Internet experienced more depression and loneliness than those who logged on less frequently.It wasn’t that people who were already feeling bad spent more time on the Internet,but that using the Net actually appeared to cause the bad feelings.

The fact that Internet use reduces time available for family and friends may account for me drop in well .being .Faceless .bodiless “virtual” communication may less psychologically satisfying than actual conversation ,and relationships formed through it may be shallower.What’s more,exposure to the wider world via

2 the Net makes users less satisfied with their lives.

Though Internet use may cause some side effects,we must remember that this is not about the technology itself ;it’s about how it is used.If it can be used properly,Internet call be more beneficial to our life. (二)

It is often said that the subjects taught in schools are too academic in orientation and that it would be more useful for children to learn about practical matters such as home management,work and interpersonal skills.To what extent do you agree or disagree?

You should write no less than 250 words.Write your article on ANSWER SHEET 2.

One possible version:

A criticism often heard these days is that the subjects taught in schools tend to be too academic ,and contribute little to preparing a young person for the real .1ife tasks he or she will have to perform after graduation .They say that academic subjects are rooted in the past ,and are not useful for solving modem problems .I disagree with this point of view for three reasons.

My first reason is that it is the duty of parents,not teachers,to prepare their children to deal with the practical affairs of life.The home.not the the ideal place to learn about home management and interpersonal skills .As for work abilities and attitudes,they are best learned “on the job” and under the supervision of an experienced older worker.

My second reason is that academic subjects have withstood the test of time.They represent the accumulated wisdom of our ancestors down through the ages ,and far from being impractical ,they equip US with the knowledge and confidence to make sound judgments about any problems which may crop up .In addition ,academic subjects are good for training us in mental discipline,while practical subjects are weak in this regard. My third reason is based on the saying “Man does not live by bread alone .”schooldays devoted solely to instruction in down-to-earth practical matters would be dull indeed! Lessons in the best literature of the world and the epoch—making scientific and geographical discoveries of the past enrich our lives and make US feel that we are part of the great family of mankind.

All in all,the teaching of academic subjects in schools is entirely appropriate.It is my firmly held view that practical subjects have no place in the classroom.On the contrary, the curriculum should be more academic! (三)

Write all article titled as “Knowledge Economy”.You should write it according to the following outline. Outline :

(1)A new knowledge economy age is coming near.

(2)What is “knowledge economy”.

(3)The knowledge economy age presents both opportunities and challenges to us.

You should write no less than 250 words.Write your article on ANSWER SHEET 2.

范文见下页-> One possible version:

Knowledge economy was still something unheard of just a decade a90.But today it has become a household word and is on everybody’s lips.Knowledge economy is not only a concept now,but will be a reality in near future .At the turn of the century,a new knowledge economy age is approaching us.

In the l980s,when people talked about the Third Wave and the post-in-dustrial society,knowledge economy remained a concept yet to be crystal-lized.However ,in the l990s,with knowledge playing an increasingly vital role in every sphere imaginable of our economic life ,a knowledge —based economy is gradually taking shape .Simply stated,knowledge economy is a kind of economic system based on the production,storage ,distribution and consumption of knowledge and information products ,Knowledge economy is knowledge —intensive ,energy —saving as well as environment-friendly .In the knowledge economy era ,economic development relies heavily on science and technology .For example ,the information industry in the US has already ac— counted for l0%of its gross domestic product and is expected to enjoy a further increase in the years

3 to come.

This imminent knowledge economy age presents both vast opportunities and immense challenges to every nation .Worldwide competition in knowledge and information,science and technology,inventions and patents,natural and human resources will become even more fierce.As the saying goes,“Knowledge is power”,and so the gap between countries,in the final analysis,is the gap of knowledge.To meet these challenges posed by knowledge economy,our country should raise the overall quality of her labor force and cultivate more and more specialized personnel.


Some people learn best when a classroom lesson is presented in an entertaining,enjoyable way.Other people learn best when a lesson is taught in a serious,formal way.Which of these two ways of learning do you prefer to? Write an article on the topic.

You should write no less than 250 words.Write your article on ANSWER SHEET 2.

One possible version:

Whether(or not)I would prefer a lesson to be presented in an entertaining,enjoyable fashion depends on two things :(1)my familiarity with the subject matter.and(2)what precisely is meant by “entertaining” or “enjoyable”.

One way of making the subject matter less daunting is to simplify it ,perhaps by leaving the more complicated parts out.This approach is perhaps appropriate when a new subject is being introduced.Afar all,the basics are often the hardest part of a subject to learn ,therefore it is important that they be taught in all accessible .non .threatening manner .Advanced students ,how —ever ,may grow impatient at a superficial treatment ,and will appreciate a more scholarly approach.

Another way of making a subject more approachable is to make the presentation clearer .Such a step is desirable for beginners and advanced students alike .Genius lies in simplifying a subject ,not in making it needlessly difficult.

A third way of making learning a given subject enjoyable is to approach it from a novel, creative perspective .Advanced students will profit from l00—king at old,familiar concepts in a new light.Beginners ,however ,would probably do better to study the material in the time-tested.conventional manner.In order to challenge tradition,one must first understand it.

In summary,let me give my tentative for informality under the conditions outlined above.Let it be noted,however ,that if a lesson is relevant and enlightening,it will usually command the student’s attention regardless of the teaching style.On the other hand.if the lesson is irrelevant or insubstantial,then no amount of gimmickry can save it.

5. People in modern societies are increasingly finding themselves under great pressure and having less leisure time. What do you think are the reasons for this? And give some suggestions. It is true that pace of life in modem society becomes faster and faster. Many people complain that|| they have little time to entertain themselves and it is difficult to free themselves from tremendous pressure. What factors lead to this unpleasant phenomenon and what we can do to solve this problem becomes a concern to many people.

Firstly, it is strong competition that makes people have to work hard to survive. If not, we will probably be thrown out of the game and become losers. The competition has begun since we were very young. We were sent to me best schools and then the best universities to pursue a better education so that we could succeed in our career. At our work we have to work very hard to keep the job. It is very often that someone loses his job when his performance can't make his boss satisfied.

4 Secondly, it is our inherent biological nature that drives us to seek more opportunities and live a better life. We are always discontented with what we have. To realize our dream, some of which is very materialistic, we have to endure the pressure and sacrifice a lot of our leisure time.

A lot of pressure and little leisure time result in serious mental and physical problems. The basic way to solve this problem is to educate people that they should have a practical attitude toward competition. We should have a more relaxed mentality when we make a decision about the work we pursue. For many people, it would be wise to choose a job which is not very competitive. For others, enjoy-what-you-have is a better option. (276 words) There is an increasingly large gap between the city life and country life nowadays. Analyze the causes for it and give some suggestions.

Nowadays, the gap between the city and the countryside becomes more and more overt, which arouses colossal concern. To understand the solution, let’s take a closer look at the causes of the gap at first.

The main reason of the gap is the unequal investment between city and rural area.China is a typical example. While more and more money is being invested to the coastal areas and big cities, such as Beijing and Shanghai, the lack of investment barriers greatly the society development of rural area and western regions.The low education level partly sharps the gap. There is no doubt that the prime force of productivity is education. However, because of poverty, thousands of people go to work without graduating from primary school. The poorer, the few children go to school. This bad cycle finally leads to the dream of rich becoming a dream that is hard to realize. Moreover, the rural area is short of people with high quality. A survey proved that most of university students, whether they come from city or countryside, choose big cities instead of poor areas to work. The rural is a can that is not attractive to the talent man. No wonder the gap is increasing largely. Hence, the government ought to knock itself out(努力) to decrease the gap as soon as possible. First, balance the investment between city and rural area. In addition, the education level should be improved, especially pay attention on raising high quality people. Besides, let more people realize the latent capacity of rural area in order to attract talent and investment. The set up of CCTV channel12-western region channel is a good example.

Only when the ways mentioned above are realized step by step, can the gap between the cities and the countryside be bridged.

It is generally acknowledged that families are now not as close as they used to be. Give possible reasons and your recommendations. There is much discussion nowadays as to whether or not the relationship between family members is as close as before. Diverse contributing factors can be identified. In ^e following, I would like to present my point of view. Great changes have taken place in family life along with the development of society. One of them is that the once-extended family tends to become smaller and smaller. Many children have to leave their parents at an early age to study or work elsewhere. As time passes, children become emotionally estranged from their parents.

Compared with the past, social competition is becoming increasingly fierce. People are urged to concentrate their efforts upon work, so that they can achieve success, or at least a good standard of living. As a result, they can't afford to spend their leisure hours with their families. The importance of bonds of kinship is gradually fading from their minds.

In addition, the availability of various kinds of recreational facilities also diverts people from enjoying chats with

5 the members of their families. Their free time is mostly occupied by watching TV, surfing the Internet or playing video games. They come to lose interest in communicating with the other members of their families.

In view of such alienation within families, urgent steps must be taken, in my opinion. For member of families who live away from one another, regular contact on the phone can bring them the care that they need. Family reunions on holidays or other important occasions can make a difference as well. For those living together, it is a good idea to take some time off work for recreation periods to spend more time with each other. In the final analysis, a close family relationship can surely be maintained as long as we realize the significant role it plays in our lives and attach importance to it.

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Nowadays, young people tend to rush into independence. Many of them leave home to study or work while still in their teens. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of this. Compared to the older generation, young people nowadays tend to be more independent at an earlier age. Especially, many teenagers leave home to study or work on their own. I am of the opinion that this new trend has both advantages and disadvantages.

It goes without saying that earlier independence helps young people to better understand the people around them and the world as a whole, and to accumulate more social experiences, which are invaluable for their future life and career. Moreover, living on their own means, to a large degree, that young people have to face and overcome difficulties by themselves. Therefore, it may help to mold in them a sound and unyielding character during the crucial period in which a person’s temperament is largely formed.

However, as there is a good side and bad side to everything, we cannot turn a blind eye to the unavoidable disadvantages of early independence. First, people in their teens are generally still immature. If they are exposed without proper protection to all the temptations and evils of society, they are more likely to fall into a life of crime than people of the same age who still live with their parents. Second, they are inclined to allot[分配] their time and energy inappropriately, for they may have to spend the lion ' s share of their time earning their own living. In summary, young people are well advised to give serious thought to both the advantages and disadvantages of early independence before making the decision to leave home and face life ' s challenges alone.

At present many people think that one language should be used as the common language, but others think that by doing so the cultures of different nations will be lost What do you think of these two opinions?

These days, there is an increasing number of scholars who hold the opinion that, with the development of globalization, we need a common language to be spoken by all the people in the world. However other scholars are afraid that this will weaken other languages and cultures at the same time. As for me, I am not in favor of the viewpoint that one language should replace others as the common one.

Nowadays it is universally acknowledged that language is not only a tool of communication but also a kind of art. Each language, no matter what kind of language it is, has its unique pronunciation, grammar and expressions, which contribute to the diversity of the world. So, if the diverse languages are diminished, our world will become less colorful.

6 We can say that language is a part of culture, and plays a considerably important role in it. Indeed. Some social scientists consider it the keystone of culture. Without language, so the argument goes, culture would not be possible. On the other hand, language is influenced and shaped by culture; it reflects culture. In the broadest sense, language is the symbolic representation of a people, and it comprises their historical and cultural backgrounds as well as their approach to life and their ways of living and thinking. Cultures differ from one another, and each culture is unique. There is no denying the fact that it will be a disaster for us to see the world's diverse cultures disappear one by one.

When all the factors are examined, we may safely come to the conclusion that although we are convinced that, no matter what our career choice is, a command of foreign languages is an important skill to acquire, yet we should protect our own language, the carrier of our culture. (300)

Some people say that older people should live with their adult children. Others say that they shouldn't. Which do you think is good practice?

One of the topics in daily life is whether or not the older people should live with their adult children. Some people claim that it’s the children’s responsibility to take good care of their aging parents, because it’s parents who give them birth and has brought them up. No doubt, there is some truth in their argument. But the fact is that some troubles may arise, which is neither good to the adult children nor to the aging parents. So my answer to the question is that it is better for them not to.

Firstly, people of different ages have different ways of life. The old people like a quiet, peaceful and regular life whereas the young prefer various activities and unrestrained enjoyment. If they live together, old may feel that they are always disturbed and the young may feel that they are often handicapped.

Secondly, people of different generations have different views and values. What is quite normal to the parents may seem to be old-fashioned or wrong to the children. When they live together, they may disagree on matters ranging from minor domestic matters to national and international issues. Consequently, family life may be unpleasant or even unbearable to both the old and the young.

Last but not the least, adult children, like their parents, love independence and freedom, but their parents still take them as children and unintentionally interfere in their affairs. The situation will be worse if the adult children are already married. In this case, the children have already built a new and closed world and any outside interference may lead to conflicts.

From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion that if the parents and their adult children do not live together, both the old and the young can enjoy complete independence and freedom, live a life they like, and keep intact their affections for each other.

Education is a right, not a privilege. Therefore, education should be free for everyone, regardless of wealth and social status. Do you agree or disagree? Give reasons for your answer.

Any modern economy needs well educated and trained people to operate efficiently. Therefore, I fully agree with the view that education should be free for everyone.

7 In order for people to obtain a well paid job, and to embark upon, and enhance their career, a university education is essential. However, the very fact that people need a good education to succeed in a modem economy is the reason it should be free. Indeed, companies are the backbone of any modern society because it is companies that produce the wealth that makes the nation economically strong.

In a modern company that has to operate in a globally competitive market, workers are required to have a wide range of skills; technical skills, such as computer literacy, communication skills, such as effective writing skills and team working skills, and other skills that have to be developed in an educational setting. Therefore, whilst people with a single skills base, welding, for instance, may still be needed in certain areas of work, people who still work in traditional manufacturing industries are more likely to operate computerised machines, and get involved in the decision making process which is the function of a small team. Therefore, if companies need well educated people to be profitable, then education should be provided free of charge.

The problem, however, is one of money. Indeed, school, college and university buildings have to be built. Teachers and administrative staff have to be paid, and textbooks and other equipment have to be bought. The money, however, could be raised through taxes levied on companies.

Therefore, given how essential education is, everyone, regardless of social status or wealth, should be given an equal opportunity of obtaining one.

Nowadays many people think that sports stars are attracting too much public attention and earning too much money. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?

Nowadays, the incomes of many sports stars are truly astounding. Some people claim that the salaries of athletes are too high and the athletes themselves attract too much public attention. Yet, in my opinion, such benefits are well deserved.

First, sport is an important part of modern life as well as a commercialized part of modern society. In ancient times, people engaged in sports because they wanted good health. But nowadays, the addiction of millions of fans to sports results in a tremendous amount of business profits. Therefore, it is indisputable that athletes make a great contribution to modern society.

Second, people tend to focus on the huge amounts of money made by athletes. They rarely appreciate the efforts that the athletes have to make in order to become prize-winners. In order to win the first prize in a 100-metre race, an athlete has to cover hundreds of miles during training. They deserve their high salaries because they sacrifice so much.

Last but not least, sport is a symbol of peace and fairness, and athletes play very important roles in international affairs as goodwill ambassadors. They not only entertain people but also take the message of peace all over the-world. It is not unreasonable that athletes are always in the spotlight.

All in all, I would say that athletes are essential for promoting the peace and development of the world. People should pay more attention to the development of sports and be more supportive of the efforts of athletes.

Tourism is a multibillion-dollar industry that supports economic development. However, some people think that it causes too much damage to the local environment and culture. What do you think?

8 Tourism, as a multibillion-dollar business, is booming everywhere. Some people, laboring under the belief that tourism serves as an engine of economic growth, seem to ignore its negative effects on the environment and culture. But I think that these are not concerns that we can shrug off lightly.

Over the past century, with the development of new means of transportation, travel has become easier than ever. Many popular places are flooded with visitors, who spoil the beauty of nature by creating and leaving rubbish behind God-knows-how-much trash(垃圾). In addition, a lot of unsightly(难看的) artificial facilities have been and continue to be built in order to promote tourism, with disastrous effects on the environment. Another drawback of tourism is the conducted(package ) tour, which greatly restricts the exposure of tourists to local culture, contributes little to mutual understanding between nations and cultures. On the contrary, the superficial impressions tourists get during such tours only intensify their stereotyped (老调的) ideas about other cultures. What’s more, the foreign ways (外来的情形)introduced by travelers may well have an adverse impact on the local people, who tend to be susceptible to(亦受影响的) the influence of more advanced cultures. In the long run, the uniqueness of individual cultures will be "wiped out by such homogenization(同化).

But don’t get me wrong. I am not saying that the tourism industry shall be banned in any country, as it does help to shore up(支持) the economy in places which offer few sources of income. The significant point is that the unchecked (未加抑制的) growth of the travel business may render the development of an economy unsustainable (不能成立的). So steps have to be taken to prevent the local culture from being " contaminated " or even engulfed(吞没) by other cultures. It is high time that we did something to rectify(调整,矫正) this by taking the environment and cultural protection into account.

The growth of big cities is leading to the destruction of the environment. Therefore, more should be done to protect areas of natural beauty.

Do you agree or disagree? Give reasons for your answer.

I fully agree with the idea of protecting areas of natural beauty in light of the ever growing cities. However, protecting the environment is, in itself, a major problem.

With cities growing at an alarming rate, the destruction of the environment is evident. Indeed, not only are areas of natural beauty destroyed to make way for buildings, roads factories and so on, but the pollution created by cities is also a major problem. This begs the question of what should be done about pollution.

Pollution, although serious, is not unavoidable. Take, for example, the pollution produced by cars and buses that contribute greatly to the demise in air quality if more money was allocated to the research and development of a cleaner fuel that didn't pollute the environment; then this would be a major step in the right direction of protecting the environment. And the same goes for the pollution that is produced by factories that not only dispense pollutant gases in the atmosphere, but also pollute waterways. Once again, developing ways of treating pollutants would bring about major benefits.

Nevertheless, the increasing size of cities is also a major factor in environmental damage. Indeed, as more and more land is given over to development, less and less land is available for wildlife. And because animals, plants, insects and so forth are an essential factor in maintaining the food chain, the consequences of such environmental damage can be devastating in the long term. Therefore, it is essential that areas of natural beauty are protected solely for the purpose of maintaining a balance in wildlife, regardless of the perceived consequences to economic growth. After all, if the food chain is destroyed, or diminished to the point of not being able to sustain human life,

9 then economic prosperity is of no value whatsoever.

Therefore, given the important role that the environment plays in people's lives, saving the environment from further damage is absolutely crucial. Every year thousands of highly skilled, well-educated people leave developing countries and go to live in another country, such as Canada, Australia, America or Britain. This is having a negative effect on the future development of these countries because these are the very people they need in order to develop their economy. Discuss the situation. Many developing countries are faced with the problem that highly skilled and educated people choose to leave the country of their birth to live in developed countries. However, I disagree that this is harmful to the economies of developing countries because the many who choose to return make a valuable contribution.

It can be argued that too many educated, skilled people leaving a country can be harmful to the economy of the country that they leave. Indeed, governments and taxpayers invest a lot of money in people's education. Therefore, if they leave the country the government, or the taxpayer doesn't see a return on their investment. In other words, when people live in a foreign country, the country of their birth cannot take advantage of their skills and education. Therefore, the people who choose to leave take from their country without giving anything back. However, far more people choose to study abroad than to immigrate.

It is becoming increasingly popular for people to go overseas to further their education. In fact, they are often encouraged, or even sponsored by their governments to do so. This can bring many benefits to the people themselves and the country's economy because people return with updated knowledge and skills that are needed by modern industry. This, then, can greatly benefit their own country.

Moreover, by updating their knowledge and skills, people gain control over their own destiny. By studying overseas, on their return, people are often valued highly by employers because of the skills they gain, important skills, such as teamwork, analytical thinking and creativity. Furthermore, because they acquire a greater sense of cultural awareness they are often able to communicate more effectively with people from other cultures, which is a valuable asset to any company that is involved in international trade and negotiations. This gives people a wider choice of jobs, as well as promotional opportunities.

Whilst it can be argued that developing countries are experiencing a 'brain drain', as I have argued, the realities are that developing countries benefit greatly from people going overseas because of the contribution they can make to the economy when they return.

Should a city try to preserve its old, historic buildings or destroy them and replace them with modern buildings? Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

Historic buildings present the history, culture as well as citizens` lives of a city for generations. They are also good places attracting tourists all over the world. Further more, they play important roles in public spirit. Therefore, I think that a city should preserve its historic buildings.

First, historic buildings are useful for studies. For each period of time, there are its typical architectures. Historic buildings reflect those architectures and materials that our predecessors used in construction. By studying them, researchers could get understanding about the evolution of not only construction but also society and culture.

History as well as society develops continuously, the later generation bases on and inherits from the former and so

10 on. Hence, understanding about the progress of evolution helps us to know better about humanity. This knowledge can be helpful to improve our lives now and our children’s later.

Additionally, historic buildings bring advantages of tourism. In deed, when visiting a place, tourists are always attracted by historic places such as museums, palaces, or buildings. They are fascinated in something different from their home country or different from daily modern life. By maintaining and preserving historic buildings, governments can attract many tourists to visit their city. Consequently, they can get much benefit from tourism. For example, in China, tourism brings in billions dollar benefit annually, and the government also invests a lot of money in developing tourism, especially in maintaining and caring for historic places. For many countries, tourism becomes the sharpest profession.

The last but not the least, historic buildings are spiritual places. People often go to historic places for ceremony or celebration. They come to these places to thank for what their ancestors did for them, and wish good things for them and their children. Nevertheless, people are usually proud of their well-known historic place. For instance, French are so proud of their Eiffel tower, Egypt is famous for its pyramid.

In conclusion, historic buildings are invaluable proofs for social and human development studies. They reflect the evolution of history, culture of an area. They are places of public spirit and bring people pride of their city.

Furthermore, they are good places to attract tourists and develop tourism. Hence, it is a very good idea that a city should maintain and preserve its historic buildings.