对比作文
二年级 记叙文 4977字 877人浏览 宝饭一枚

作文 (Comparison and contrast)

对比和比较型结构的论说文是英语考试作文中的一种常见的命题方式。即要求对两个或两个以上的事物、事件、观点作比较,通过它们之间相同或相异之处的比较,看出它们各自的特点或优缺点。

两种基本方法:

1. 事物与事物整体对比(Subject-by-Subject )

eg. Where to Buy House

In the last few years cities dwellers have begun to choose to live in the suburbs. It is estimated that by the year 2010, nearly one third of people in Shanghai will buy houses in the less heavily populated areas at the edge of the city. Why is there a change in the attitudes toward the central city? What are the advantages of living in the suburbs?(用数据引出许多城市人到郊区买房子的倾向。为什么?为倾向性的比较作好准备)

It is obvious that living in the city center is becoming less attractive. (主题句)For one thing, the soaring prices of housing in the city center force more and more people to move to the periphery. For another, the city centers--now full of petrol fumes and toxic gases, and torn by the roar of buses and lorries--are increasingly perceived as among the least desirable areas to live in despite the social and cultural advantages city life can offer.(揭示人们不原住市中心的原因:房价高,环境污染)

On the other hand, suburbs are no longer suburbs in a traditional sense. (过渡句) These areas have combined advantages of both urban and rural living, and have blurred the dividing line between city and countryside. (这一段和下一段的主题句) The obvious advantage is still there: living in the suburban rings one can fulfill the desire to be close to nature, to enjoy the clean air and a quiet, peaceful life, and to be free of the limitations imposed by overcrowding. (转向市郊生活的优点:空气新鲜,接近自然)

And what is significant now is that all these can be enjoyed with no old worries about inconvenience. For highways and subways have been constructed to make travel from suburb to city much easier. The provision of social services such as supermarkets and big hospitals has been extended too. The result is that living in a suburb is nearly as convenient as living in a city.(同时享受市中心生活的各种便利)

As many of urban dwellers have moved to the suburban rings in search of cleaner air, greater privacy and a higher quality of life, a new pattern of urban living has emerged in most big cities. With the growing evidence of its superiority over city life, it will gain more and more popularity among city dwellers.(预测市郊生活会更加繁荣)

2. 事物中各点之间进行对比(Point-by-Point )

eg. Chinese Children and American Children

All young children, whatever their culture, are alike in their charm and innocence--in being a clean slate on which the wonders and ways of the world are yet to be written. But during the years I study in a college near Chicago, I learnt that American children and Chinese children are different in several ways. (引出要比较的主题:美国小孩和中国小孩)

First, young American children tend to be active, enthusiastic and direct. They express themselves openly whatever they want to say. Chinese children, on the other hand, tend to be passive, quiet and to beat around the bush when voicing their demand. They usually wait to be asked and are lacking in initiative spirit.(美国孩子主动\直率; 中国孩子被动\婉转)

Second, American children show their independence. They pride themselves on making

their own decision and being responsible for it. Their Chinese counterparts, however, are still looking to their parents and grandparents to tell them what to do in terms of which school they should select and which jib they should accept. (美国孩子独立性强; 中国孩子依赖性强)

Third, American children tend to be more self-reliant. They are taught to believe that money is earned not given, They buy things with their own money. Every piece of work--washing the dishes and mowing the lawn--has a price. But their Chinese counterparts don't have any knowledge of earning money through housework. They take it for granted that their parents will pay for anything they fancy. (美国孩子做家务为了钱; 中国孩子没有做家务挣钱的观念)

Children growing up in a particular culture share certain values and assumption. It is not surprising that in a society where individualism and self-reliance are stressed, children behave more confidently and independently, while in a culture which places value on respectfulness and moderation, children are more quiet and passive.(最后归纳:中美两国的孩子多方面的不同反映了两国价值观念的不同)

套路

选择--对比--结论

Buy a House in the City or in the Suburb

When we _________, we will be frequently faced with the choice between _____ and ____. Before making the right choice, we had better make a close comparison and contrast of them.

Both ___ offer ____. For example, ___. Despite their similarities, their differences are also obvious. First, _____. Besides, ______. Moreover, _____.

Therefore, it is hard to say which is better. If______, you ______. But if you appreciate the benefits of ______, you ________.

Homework

1. Modes of Travelling (join package tour // individual travel)

2. Movie Goers and TV Viewers

3. Knowledge or Experience

4. Ways of Studies (pursue individual studies // attend lectures)

5. Where to Buy Houses

6. Big Company or Small Company

7. Chinese Children or American Children

.............