英语二作文
初二 其它 10227字 175人浏览 风雨彩虹199422

1. 图表及图表类型 1) 图表:chart, graph, diagram;

2) 各类图表:表格:table ;柱形图:barchart 或column chart;饼形图:piechart ; 线形图:linechart 或curve chart;

2. 表达图表中数据动态变化的名词或动词

1) “数字数据”相关 (1) the number of sth. (2) data, statistics, figures

(3) hundred, thousand, million, billion (4) around, over, appropriately

2) 表达“上升”

(1)常见词汇 increase → (名词形式increase )

rise (不规则动词rise →rose →risen) → (名词形式rise)

grow (不规则动词grow →grew →grown) → (名词形式growth) go up 注意以下短语数量上的区别:

increase by +数字上升到... increase to +数字上升了... reach to +数字达到...

(2)其他词汇

climb : rise, usually slowly 爬升 leap : move or act quickly or suddenly 跳跃,剧增 rocket : increase very rapidly 迅速增加

(3) 地道表达 double, triple

3) 表达“下降”

(1) 常见词汇

decrease (名词形式decrease ) drop (名词形式drop)

fall (不规则动词fall →fell →fallen) → (名词形式fall) decline (名词形式decline ) go down

(2)其他词汇

plunge: fall steeply 跳水,猛跌 plummet: drop sharply 垂直落下

sink: to fall, drop, or descend gradually to a lower level 下沉,沉没

dip: decline slightly and usually temporarily 下沉

4) 表达“波动”

fluctuate (名词形式fluctuation ) go up and down rise and fall

5) 表达“保持平稳” remain stable (或 remain constant)

level off = move toward stability or consistency (趋向平稳)

3. 描述数据变化方向和幅度的形容词(配合名词) 、副词(配合动词)

1) 变化快、剧烈、明显

dramatic, drastic, sharp, steep, quick, rapid, sudden, significant, considerable

2) 变化慢、微弱、不明显

slight, moderate, modest, slow, marginal, gradually, steady

4. 常用短语:“动词配副词”和“形容词配名词”

1) v. + adv. decline slowly grow dramatically fluctuate sharply

2) adj. + n. a slow decline a dramatic growth a sharp fluctuation a slight increase a significant increase

3) on a +adj.+ n

例如:如上述柱形图所示,过去二十年间中国城镇人口已经显著上升。该句至少有以下两种表达:

1)As is revealed in the above bar chart, the urban population in China has grow dramatically in the past two decades.

2)As is revealed in the above bar chart, the urban population in China has been on a dramatic growth in the past two decades.

画图作文和图表作文是考研英语作文的命题趋势,有预测今年图表作文必考率很高,大家可要早点准备,掌握破解秘钥。下面新东方在线从五个方面:出题形式、写作要领、写作步骤、篇章结构和模板来帮大家破解图表作文。

一、出题形式

例1题目:Changes in People's Diet

Study the following table carefully and your composition must be based on the information given in the table. Write three paragraphs to:

1.state the changes in people's diet(饮食)in the past five years;

2.give possible reasons for the changes;

3.draw your own conclusions.

You should quote as few figures as possible.

例2题目:Car Accidents Declining in Walton City

Re mem ber that your composition must be written according to the following outline;

1.Rise and fall of the rate of car accidents as indicated by the graph;

2.Possible reason(s)for the decline of car accidents in the city;

3.Your predictions of what will happen this year.

Your composition should be no less than 120 words and you should quote as few figures as possible.

例3 For this part, you are allowed 30 mi nutes to write a composition on the topic Health Gain in Developing Countries. Your composition must be no less than 120 words and you should base your composition on the following

instructions(given in Chinese):

1. 以下图为依据描述发展中国家的期望寿命(life expectancy)和婴儿死亡率(infant mortality) 的变化情况

2. 说明引起变化的各种原因

从以上例子可见,图表作文一般在题目中给出作文的标题和一个或几个统计表格、圆形图、曲线图或条形图,有时还用英文或中文提纲的形式给出提示,要求我们:

1) 用文字描述图表,客观解释图表中所传递的信息,并找出某种规律或趋势;

2) 就图表中所反映的某种趋势或问题分析其原因或后果。

二、写作要领

图表作文着重说明事实,常常是通过对图表中所反映的具体数据的说明、分析、比较,对某种事物或现象的事实或变化情况等加以说明,并提出结论或看法。因此,图表作文常常采用议论文体的写作方法。写好图表作文,关键在于能否读懂图表中所提供的信息,把握各信息间的联系,用准确流畅的语言把这一信息表达出来,并就这一信息发表自己的看法。

三、写作步骤

写图表作文时,要注意遵循以下步骤:

1) 认真分析图表的含义,弄清图表中所含的信息及不同信息间的关系;

2) 确定文章的主题思想,构思出文章的基本框架,筛选出能说明图表主题思想的典型数据;

3) 编列文章的提纲;

4) 根据文章的提纲,将各段的提纲内容扩展成段落,然后将各个段落组成文章,注意段与段之间的衔接与过渡;

5) 检查与修改。

四、篇章结构

写图表作文时,常采用三段式的谋篇方式。文章的第一段往往分析图表中的数据变化反映什么问题或趋势,概述图表所揭示的信息。第二段分析造成这一问题或趋势的原因。第三段则展望未来的情况或提出解决问题的办法或建议。这一结构可以简单地表述为:

第一段:概述图表反映的主题思想

第二段:分析产生的原因

第三段:展望未来或提出方法或建议

五、作文模版(一)

问题解决型

As is shown in the picture(graph\cartoon\table),it goes without saying that the drawing aims at revealing a common problem(in China):______.Its status as the focus of public concern mainly results from its profound influence on individuals, collective and even the whole world. Each of us should attach high emphasis on solving it.

As a matter of fact, the symbolic meaning the picture conveys is deep and profound. Naturally and necessarily, there are two major ways coping with this problem. The first way to tackle it is to appeal to authorities to take measures. Once achieving the success of solving the problem, the whole society also thrives/makes progress. Solving the problem can accelerate better individuals'development. The other way that is worth adopting is to work out new laws. Where there are better laws, there are more hopes, vitality and development. These advisable laws eventually brings economic prosperity and social harmony. Finally, I can safely come to the conclusion that it is high time we enhanced the awareness of people that is every vital to us. Only by these means can we succeed in solving the problem in the near future.(1 Therefore, measures should be taken to terminate the ridiculous affair. First and foremost, governments should establish some

regulations to prohibit enterprises and people from making such misdeeds. What's more, people should get ready to pass criticism upon such misdeeds anytime and anywhere. After all, it is necessary to develop our society by performing hard work instead of talking nonsense.

In my opinion, it is imperative that we should take some drastic actions. On the one hand, we should appeal to our authorities to enact concrete laws to control commercial fishing. On the other hand, we should enhance people's awareness that ocean resources are vital to us and the ecological balance will be guaranteed with the strategy of sustainable development. Only by doing so can we effectively

protect our natural resources. Also I am convinced that we humans can overcome this difficulty and we will have a bright future.)

To conclude, we should not yield to mediocrity regardless of seemingly

insurmountable obstacles. So the prospect we are looking forward to will be bright and encouraging.

作文模版(二)

正面现象歌颂型1

As is shown in the picture(graph\cartoon\table), it goes without saying that the drawing aims at revealing a common problem(in China):______. It has attracted extensive attention of the society. Nowadays, increasingly more argumentations about it can be found in TV programs,newspapers,university classes and many aspects of our everyday life.Its status as the focus of public concern mainly results from its profound influence on individuals, collective and even the whole world. First of all, ______________is crucial for every individual.With its seemingly magic power, it can not only accelerate better individuals'development, but serve as an efficient instrument for individuals to change the world. Those equipped with it are always admired and respected, because it may endow them with more competence, chances, self-confidence to overcome difficulties and handle problems.Those people appear to possess a special charm,bringing to others hope, passion and surprise,and,thus winning others'favor and trust.It can directly promote the rapid progress of the organization with its energy and indirectly spurs continuous

development with the good culture it generates.Through continuously promoting the social productivity, unceasingly improving the productive relationship, and gradually enriching human material and spiritual wealth, ______________eventually brings economic prosperity and social harmony.In short, where there is

better______________, there are more hopes, vitality and development. When we are benefiting from it, we shall also do our utmost to maintain its vitality to ensure ourselves a brighter future.

正面现象歌颂型2

As is vividly in the picture(s),it is a contemporary social issue in China of common interests and permanent value. The picture(s)does reflect a

thought-provoking social phenomenon which is not uncommon nowadays.When weighing in the mind,we find an apparent tendency underlying this

sight:_______________.Simple as it is,what the picture conveys to us is

thought-provoking.With the development of economy and society, competition is becoming increasingly fierce.It is impossible for anyone to finish a task

without .Hence, people in mounting numbers put great emphasis on .In fact, it has been universally acknowledged that the ability of s the most essential qualification that anyone who wants to achieve success should possess. Numerous examples can be given, but this will suffice. A case in point is the successful host of Beijing

2008 Olympic Games and the deadly earthquake in Si Chuan province.These cases effectively clarify that really counts in this competition society.

Accordingly, it is imperative for us to take some measures to enhance the sense of in our society. We should bear in mind that is of great significance to both our society and ourselves. Everyone should have the ability of______. Only in this way can we achieve success and only in this way can our society become more harmonious to live in.

反面现象批评型

How enlightening and compelling the above drawing is!It is so funny that

whoever sees it cannot help thinking:_____.(这句自己加完整,从宏观上描述一下图画就可以,笼统的,大体的)______while_______.(这句从微观上具体说明一下图画要描述的矛盾点,必须找到矛盾点,用到while 这个单词)Simple as it looks,its intended meaning goes far deeper what on earth does the drawer really aim to convey.第二段:What the image above vividly mirrors goes far more than a simple image,instead,it carries a thought provoking social phenomenon:____.(本文的主旨)There are upsetting(如文章不是讽刺性的,就把upsetting 删除)parallels today in our contemporary community. For example,______.(举2个例子,如果字数够就举1个) 第三段:Much can be done. To begin with the schools and the mass media should develop,guide and cultivate noble and worthy values and qualities among people,doing their utmost to awaken people of the growing threat of this worsening situation.(of this worsening

situation 自己可以换成主旨的词,如果不换,这样也可以。如文章不是讽刺性的,就把worsening 删除)What is more,the authorities concerned should play a dominant role in taking nationwide actions to curb(如文章不是讽刺性的,就把curb 换成promote)such practices.In conclusion,all the society should make actively more sustained and concerted efforts.Although we still have a long way to go,a

promising start has begun,and a happy,healthy and harmonious society may be not be far behind.