四级写作高级词汇(网络)
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英语四级写作高级词汇

1. very: pretty, much, quite, greatly, highly, extremely 2. important: vital, critical, essential, influential, meaningful, prominent, significant 3. more and more: an increasing number of, increasingly, on a rise 4. think: believe, argue, maintain, hold the view that 5. like: enjoy, be fond of, be in favor of, prefer 6. first/second/third: 第一: To start/begin with, on one hand, initially 第二: Furthermore, in addition, besides, on the other hand, moreover, next 第三: Last but not least; then, thus, hence, consequently 7. many/some: most, few, more than, less than, no more than, no less than, the majority of, the minority of, an overwhelming number of 8. and/but: not only…but also, as well as, however, nevertheless, otherwise, whereas, on the contrary, conversely 9. in my opinion: personally, as far as I am concerned, as to me, from my angle, from my point of view, from my perspective, from my way

of thinking 10. Every coin has two sides. / How time flies. a two-edged sword (双刃剑) Happiness takes no account of time. (欢乐不觉时光过) 1. 越来越:be increasingly +adj.,be on the rise,a growing number 2. 人们认为:it is generally/widely believed/held/agreed that 3. 许多问题:a host/ number of problem 4. 引起人们注意:claim call/attract general/public/world attention to sth. 5. 意识到:there is a growing awareness(知道)/realization of/that,awaken sb. To the fact/danger 6. 适应的形势/变化:adapt/adjust/accommodate(使适应) oneself to new environment/ change 7. 接触各种思想/经历:be exposed to new ideas/experiences/problems 8. 接触社会:come into frequent/close contact with the world/society 9. 获得成功:achieve/accomplish success 10. 提出观点/建议:advance/put forward/come up with the arguments/ideas/suggestions 11. 作出努力:make tremendous(极大的)/persistent(持久固的)/sustained(持续不变的)effort to do sth.,take great pains to do(with work/study) 12. 影响学习:interfere with studies/work

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13. 产生影响:have/exert a profound(刻的) influence on life/personality,have a dramatic/ undesirable (令人不快的) effect on 14. 较好地驾驭生活:be a better pilot of one’s life 15. 剥夺机会/权力:deprive oneself of the chance/right/opportunity 16. 取代:substitute (替代) for/take the place of the old way 17. 采取措施:take effective steps/measures to 18. 控制我们的环境:take/gain increasing control over our own environment 19. 躲避危险/挑战:shy (躲避)/run away from the dangers/challenge 20. 满足要求:meet/satisfy/accommodate the demand of 21. 补偿损失:compensate for / make up for the loss/damage 22. 解释某现象:account for / explain the phenomenon 23. 对……很好的了解:have a better undrstanding/appreciation of,have a new perspective(观点) on ,provide/gain an insight into 24. 把某因素考虑进去:take sth. into account (consideration ),give much thought to 25. 品位人生/自由青春:savor the life/freedom/youth 26. 培养对……的信心:develop/foster one’s interest/confidence in 27. 经历变化/困难/艰险:undergo/experience great changes/hardships/experience 28. 表现出自信心等: project one’s confidence/feeling/image 29. 生活充满不公正的地方:life is full of minor irritation/injustice 30. 追求学习/职业:pursue one’s academic(理论的)interest/professional career 31. 学习知识/技术:pursue/acquire knowledge/technology/skill 32. 被看作学习的……榜样:be held up as a good example 33. 交流经验/知识:share experience/ideas/problems/knowledge 34. 发挥/起到重要作用:play an (important/active/great)role/part 35. 逃学/缺课:skip school/a class/a meeting/a lecture 36. 知识/经验丰富:rich in knowledge/experience 37. 确立/追求目标:set/pursue a goal/higher standard 38. 到达目标:achieve/accomplish/stain the goal/aim/object 39. 克服困难:overcome obstacles/difficulty 40.

面临危险/困难:be confronted/faced with/in the face of danger/difficulty 41. 阻碍了成功:stand in the way of success,be an obstacle(障碍)/barrier to success/ growth 42. 阻碍了发展:hamper/impede/stunt the development of 43. 持传统的看法:hold conventional wisdom 44. 发表看法:voice/express one’s opinion 45. 持相反/合理的观点:take the opposite/fresh view 46. 揭穿某种一贯的说法:shatter the myth of 47. 求得帮助:enlis t one’s support/help 48. 缩小差别:bridge/narrow/fell the gap/gulf(between city and country ) 49. 把成功/错误归咎于:attribute/own the success/failure to 50. 对……重要:be indispensable/important/vital to 经典的替换词: 1.individuals,characters, folks 代替(people ,persons) 2 : positive, favorable, rosy(美好的) ,promising(有希望的) ,perfect, pleasurable , excellent,

outstanding 代替good 3:dreadful, unfavorable, poor, adverse(有害的) 代替bad 如果bad 做表语,可以有be less impressive代替 4.(an army of, an ocean of, a sea of, a multitude of ,many, if not most)代替many. 注:用many, if not most 一定要小心,many 后一定要有词。 Eg. Many individuals, if not most, harbor the idea that….同理 用most, if not all ,代替most. 5: a slice of, quite a few , several代替some 6: harbor the idea that, take the attitude that; hold the view that, it is widely shared that, it is universally acknowledged that)替think(因为是书面语,所以要加that) 7:affair ,business ,matter 代替thing 8: shared 代 common 9.reap huge fruits 代替get much benefit ) 10:for my part ,from my own perspective 代替in my opinion 11:Increasing(ly),growing 代替more and more( 注意没有growingly 这种形式。所以当修饰名词时用increasing/growing.修饰形容词,副词用increasingly. 12.little if anything, 或little or nothing 代替hardly 13..benefitial rewarding 代替helpful; be beneficial of

14.shopper,client,consumer,purchaser, 代替customer 15.exceedingly,extremely 代替very 16. hardly unnecessary, hardly inevitable ... 代替 necessary, inevitable 17.sth appeals to sb, sth exerts a tremendous fascination on sb 代替sb take interest in 18.capture one's attention 代替attract one's attention. 19.facet,demension,sphere 代aspect 20.be indicative of ,be suggestive of ,be fearful of代 indicate, suggest ,fear 21.give rise to, lead to, result in, trigger 代替cause.

22. There are several reasons behind sth 代替..reasons for sth 23.desire 代替want. 24.pour attention into 代替pay attention to 25.bear in mind that 代替remember 26. enjoy, possess 代替have(注意process 是过程的意思) 27. interaction代替communication 28.frown on sth代替 be against , disagree with sth 29.to name only a few, as an example代替 for example 30. next to/virtually impossible, 代替nearly impossible 通用特点 1, offer a sense of job satisfaction and security(提供就业安全与保障) 2, lay a solid professional working experience(打下坚实的专业工作经验) 3, reduce / cut down expenditure(减少开支) 4, increase job opportunities (增加就业机会) 5, meet personalized meets(满足个性化需求) 6, promote talent introduction and exchange(促进人才的引进与交流) 7, keep skills fresh and up-to-date(保持技术更新) 8, better / promote / enhance / further human resource development(促进人力发展)

9, lay a solid foundation for (为….打下坚实基础) 10, pave the way for the future / development (为未来发展铺平道路) 11, foster a sense of competition and cooperation(培养竞争与合作意识) 12, cultivate the spirit of teamwork(培养团队合作精神) 13, widen one’s knowledge (扩展知识) 14, enrich one’s social and life experience(丰富社会经验以及个人阅历) 15, enlarge one’s view / broaden one’s horizon(拓宽视野) 16, realize the value of life(认识到生命的价值所在) 17, speed up technical innovation(加速科技更新) 18, release people from hard work(从繁重的工作中解脱出来) 19, improve education conditions(改善

教育环境) 20, simulate one’s imagination and interest in sth.(即发想象力与兴趣) 帮助联想的理由 1, team-work spirit(团队合作精神) 2, cooperation and competition (合作与竞争) 3, working experience (工作经验) 4, interpersonal skills (人际关系) 5, communication skills (沟通能力 ) 6, a broader view (更为辽阔的视野) 7, courage to overcome difficulties(克服困难的勇气) 8, the sense of independence(独立能力) 9, put theory into practice(将理论付诸实践) 10, get to know the society(了解社会) 11, meet new friends (结识新的朋友 ) 12, develop one’s potential(开发潜能) 13, gain confidence(获得自信) 14, ambition(野心) 15, ease one’s burden(减轻负担) 16, idea(观念) 17, characteristics (个性) 弊端 1, be a serious setback for the career development(职业生涯当中的严重阻碍) 2, be lack of a sense of job security(缺乏工作保障) 3, distract sb from doing sth(从…中分心) 4, impose/put a heavy strain on(施与….沉重负担) 5, be a root of all evil(万恶之源) 6, contaminate environment(污染环境) 7, be harmful to our physical and mental health(危害身心健康) 8, be detached from(从…中分离) 9, make… in disorder/ chaos (使….陷入混乱) 10, break the ecological balance (打破生态平衡)

11, suffer heavy losses (遭受严重损失) 12, undermine local culture (削弱地方文化) 13, go astray (误入歧途) 14, be incompatible with the present work (于现有工作相斥) 15, be very orthodox in one’s behavior (合乎传统行为) 16, restrain sb from doing (阻止…做….) 17, endanger social stability and safety (危害社会稳定与安全) 18, be the invasion of privacy (侵犯隐私) 19, be exaggerated and cheating (夸大、欺骗) 20, arouse resistance in the public (呼吁公众抵制…) 解决措施 1, strengthen the regulation and monitoring (加强监控与监督) 2, give sb a comprehensive person-to-person service (给予人性化服务) 3, enhance the government intrusion (增强宏观调控) 4, place severe restrictions on (严格限制) 5, promote legislative regulations (宣传法律法规) 6, set down/ lay down effective laws/ regulations (制定法律法规) 7, increase the involvement of …and… (促进…和….的参与) 8, impose heavier penalty on (给予严惩) 9, work out a framework of development (规划发展蓝图) 10, arouse people’s awareness of (唤起公众的…意识) 11, increase interaction between government and the public (增进政府与公众之间的互动) 12, establish and perfect the social security system (建立并完善社会保障体系) 13, give special care to (给予特殊关怀) 14, optimize social resources allocation (优化资源配置) 15, take proper guidance and support (采取适当的引导与支持)

十大功能段落句型

1)话题引出段 Nowadays, there is a growing concern over the issue of …… People in growing numbers are direc ting their attention to …… With the development of ……, the problem of …has become increasingly serious. When it comes to ……, people’s notions may vary from one to another. Recently, a heated discussion has sprung up as to …… Traditional virtue/value has it that……, yet people are……currently.

2)图画图表描述段 As is vividly shown in the picture,…… It is clearly depicted in the picture that…… This picture depicts a thought -provoking scene of …… ………………………………………………………………………………………… According to the figures given in the chart,….. The chart above provides a series of essential figures, illustrating the changes taking place in a time span of …years.

3) 观点对比段 Opposite voices are now rising in the debate. Some people firmly believe

that……. On the contrary, quite a few people argue that…… The controversial issue has aroused opposite opinions. One focuses on …….. the other opinion revolves around……

4)利弊列举段 Every coin has two sides, and this issue is no exception. Above all, …In addition…More importantly… However , the negative influence it renders should not be neglected. ..not only …but also Is this phenomenon a blessing or a curse.? The following list of advantages and disadvantages can explain everything.

5)举例说明段 For instance; Take…for an example; A case in point is…… The following illustrations can serve as strong evidence of the phenomenon.

6)原因列举段 Why should this phenomenon take place? There are generally three factors accounting for it. Having taken everything into consideration, we may attribute the sharp change to three aspects.

7)意义阐释段 The purpose of the picture is to show us that due attention has to be paid to…. The fact/phenomenon that…… indicates that … … Having scrutinized the details of the picture, we can discuss the implications subtly conveyed from it.

8)归纳结论段 In conclusion, In my opinion, As far as I am concerned, Taking into account all the analyses above, we may confidently come to the conclusion that……

9)预测趋势段 There is no denying that ……will continue increasing/decreasing in the better/worse direction. Undoubtedly, the tendency reflected from the chart will undergo a continuous increase/decrease in the near future.

10)建议措施段 Therefore, it is imperative that we should take some drastic measures. As far as I am concerned, two effective measures must be immediately taken to pull through the crisis.

1.dangerous=perilous(very dangerous, hazardous(dangerous, especially to people's safety and health) 2.nowadays=currently 3.only=unique(the only one of its kind), distinctive;

4.stop=cease(if something ceases, it stops happening or existing) 5.part=component(the components of something are the parts that it is made of)( h 6.result=consequence(the results or effects of something) 7.obvious=apparent, manifest 8.based on=derived (fromcan see or notice them very easily) 9.so=consequently, accordingly

10.quite=fairly 11.pathetic=lamentable(very uncomfortable and disappointing)

12.field=domain(a particular field of thought, activities or interest) 13.appear=emerge(come into existence) 14.whole=entire(the whole of something)8 15.wet=moist(slightly wet), damp(slightly wet), humid(very damp and hot)! 16.wrong=erroneous(incorrect or partly correct)

17.difficult=formidable 18.change=convert(change into another form)

19.typical=quintessential(this word means represent a typical example of something)

20.careful=cautious(very careful in order to avoid danger), prudent(careful and sensible)

21.ability=capacity, capability(the same as ability) 22.strange=eccentric(if some one is eccentric, s/he behaves in a strange way, or his/her opinion is different from most people)

23.rich=affluent(if you are affluent, you have a lot of money) 24.use= utilize (the same as use)

25.dubious=skeptical(if you are skeptical about something, you have doubts on it.)

26.satisfy=gratify (if you are gratified by something, it gives you pleasure and satisfaction)

27.short=fleeting, ephemeral(if something is ephemeral, it lasts a short time)

28.scholarship=fellowship 29.angry=enraged(extremely angry) 30.smelly=malodorous(used to

describe an unpleasant smell)

四级作文中高级词汇的使用 1.occur 替换 think of Suddenly I had an idea that someone had broken into my house. → An idea occurred to me that someone had broken into my house. It occurred to me that someone had broken into my house. 2.devote 替换spend He spends all his spare time in reading. → He devotes all his spare time to reading. 3.seek 替换want / look for They sought ( wanted ) to hide themselves behind

the trees. 4.average 替换ordinary I ’m an average ( ordinary ) student. 5.but 替换very The film we saw last night was very interesting. → The film we saw last night was nothing but interesting. The film we saw last night was anything but boring. 6.seat 替换sit On his way to school, he found an old lady seated (sitting) by the road, looking worried. 7.be supposed to 替换should He is supposed to ( should ) have driven more slowly.

8.appreciate 替换thank Thank you very much for your help. → We appreciate your help very much. / Your help is much appreciated.

9.the case替换 true I don’t think it is the case ( true ). 10.on 替换as soon as As soon as he arrived, he began his research. → On his arrival, he began his research. 11.due to

替换because of He arrived late due to ( because of ) the storm. 12.cover 替换walk/read After covering (walking) 10 miles, we all felt tired. 13.contribute to替换 be helpful/useful Plenty of memory work is undoubtedly helpful to English study. → Plenty of memory work will undoubtedly contribute to English study. 14.round the corner 替换 coming soon/ nearby ① The summer vacation is round the corner ( coming). Do you have any plans? ② Li Ming studies in a school round the corner (nearby). 15.come to light 替换discover The family were so pleased when they discovered the lost jewels. → The family were so pleased

when the lost jewels came to light. 16.have a ball 替换have a good time/ enjoy oneself After visiting the workshop, we went back to school. Every one of us had a ball ( had a good time ). 17.come up with 替换think of Jack is very clever. He often comes up with ( thinks of ) new ideas. 18.set aside替换save Some students think that they should set aside some of their pocket money for books. 19.be of + n. 替换adj. The products are of high quality (very good ) and are sold everywhere in China. 20.refer to 替换talk about/of, mention The professor you referred to (talked about ) is very famous. 21.can not but / can not help but替换have to do I could not but (had to) go home. 22.more often than not替换usually More often than not (Usually), the meaning of many words can be easily guessed. 23.lest 替换so that /in order that I wrote down his telephone number so that I would not forget it. → I wrote down his telephone number lest I (should) forget it. 24.be long for sth. / be long to do sth. 替换want to do sth./wish for I want to see you very much. → I am long to see you. 25.be caught up in/be crazy about/be absorbed in/be addicted to 替换be interested in He is caught up in ( very interested in ) collecting stamps. 26.more than 替换very I’m very glad to learn that you are coming in September. → I’m more than glad to learn that you are coming in September. If there is anything I can do for you, I would be more than glad to help. 27.perfect (ly) 替换good/ very well He speaks perfect ( good ) English./ He speaks English perfectly ( very well ). 28.do sb a/the favor 替换help