图表作文写作总结
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一、图表作文写作常1、图形种类及概述法:

泛指一份数据图表:a data graph/chart/diagram/illustration/table饼图:pie chart 直方图或柱形图:bar chart / histogram

趋势曲线图:line chart / curve diagram

表格图:table

流程图或过程图:flow chart / sequence diagram

程序图:processing/procedures diagram

2、常用的描述用法

The table/chart diagram/graph shows (that)

According to the table/chart diagram/graph

As (is) shown in the table/chart diagram/graph

As can be seen from the table/chart/diagram/graph/figures,

figures/statistics shows (that)……

It can be seen from the figures/statistics

We can see from the figures/statistics

It is clear from the figures/statistics

It is apparent from the figures/statistics

table/chart/diagram/graph figures (that) ……

table/chart/diagram/graph shows/describes/illustrates how……

3、雅思考试图表中的数据(Data)具体表达法

数据(Data)在某一个时间段固定不变:fixed in time

在一系列的时间段中转变:changes over time

持续变化的data 在不同情况下:

增加:increase / raise / rise / go up ……

减少:decrease / grow down / drop / fall ……

波动:fluctuate / rebound / undulate / wave ……

稳定:remain stable / stabilize / level off ……

最常用的两种表达法:

动词+副词形式(Verb+Adverb form)

形容词+名词形式(Adjective+Noun form)

二、雅思图表作文相关常用词组

1、主章开头

图表类型:table 、chart 、diagraph 、column chart、pie graph

描述:show 、describe 、illustrate 、can be seen from、clear 、apparent 、reveal 、represent

内容:figure 、statistic 、number 、percentage 、proportion

2、表示数据变化的单词或者词组

rapid/rapidly 迅速的,飞快的,险峻的

dramatic/dramatically 戏剧性的,生动的

significant/significantly 有意义的,重大的,重要的

sharp/sharply 锐利的,明显的,急剧的

steep/steeply 急剧升降的

steady/steadily 稳固的,坚定不移的

gradual/gradually 渐进的,逐渐的

slow/slowly 缓慢的,不活跃的

slight/slightly 轻微的、略微地

stable/stably 稳定的

3、其它在描述中的常用到的词

significant changes 图中一些较大变化

noticeable trend 明显趋势

during the same period 在同一时期

grow/grew 增长

distribute 分布,区别

unequally 不相等地

in the case of adv. 在……的情况下

in terms of / in respect of / regarding 在……方面

in contrast 相反,大不相同

government policy 政府政策

market forces 市场规率

measure n. 尺寸,方法,措施v. 估量,调节

forecast n. 先见,预见v. 预

1.the table shows the changes in the number of ……over the period from ……to ……

该表格描述了在……年之……年间……数量的变化。

2.the bar chart illustrates that……

该柱状图展示了……

3.the graph provides some interesting data regarding……

该图为我们提供了有关……有趣数据。

4.the diagram shows (that)……

该图向我们展示了……

5.the pie graph depicts (that)……

该圆形图揭示了……

6.this is a cure graph which describes the trend of……

这个曲线图描述了……的趋势。

7.the figures/statistics show (that)……

数据(字) 表明……

8.the tree diagram reveals how……

该树型图向我们揭示了如何……

9.the data/statistics show (that)……

该数据(字) 可以这样理解……

10.the data/statistics/figures lead us to the conclusion that…… 这些数据资料令我们得出结论……

11.as isshown/demonstrated/exhibited in the diagram/graph/chart/table……

如图所示……

12.according to the chart/figures……

根据这些表(数字) ……

13.as is shown in the table……

如表格所示……

14.as can be seen from the diagram,great changes have taken place in ……

从图中可以看出,……发生了巨大变化。

15.from the table/chart/diagram/figure,we can see clearly that……or it is clear/apparent from the chart that……

从图表我们可以很清楚(明显) 看到……

16.this is a graph which illustrates……

这个图表向我们展示了……

17.this table shows the changing proportion of a & b from……to …… 该表格描述了……年到……年间a 与b 的比例关系。

18.the graph ,presented in a pie chart , shows the general trend in ……

该图以圆形图形式描述了……总的趋势。

19.this is a column chart showing……

这是个柱型图,描述了……

20.as can be seen from the graph,the two curves show the flutuation of ……

如图所示,两条曲线描述了……的波动情况。

21.over the period from……to ……the ……remained level.

在……至……期间,……基本不变。

22.in the year between……and ……

在……年到……期间……

23.in the 3 years spanning from 1995 through 1998……

1995年至1998三年里……

24.from then on/from this time onwards……

从那时起……

25.the number of ……remained steady/stable from (month/year) to (month/year)。

……月(年) 至……月(年) ……的数量基本不变。

26.the number sharply went up to……

数字急剧上升至……

27.the percentage of……stayed the same between……and …… ……至……期间……的比率维持不变。

28.the figures peaked at……in(month/year)

……的数目在……月(年) 达到顶点,为……

29.the percentage remained steady at……

比率维持在……

30.the percentage of……is sightly larger/smaller than that of…… ……的比例比……的比例略高(低) 。

31.there is not a great deal of difference between……and …… ……与……的区别不大。

32.the graphs show a threefold increase in the number of…… 该图表表明……的数目增长了三倍。

33……decreased year by year while……increased steadily.

……逐年减少,而……逐步上升。

34.the situation reached a peak(a high point at) of[%].

……的情况(局势) 到达顶(高) 点,为……百分点。

35.the figures/situation bottomed out in……

数字(情况) 在……达到底部。

36.the figures reached the bottom/a low point/hit a trough. 数字(情况) 达到底部(低谷) 。

37.a is ……times as much/many as b.

a 是b 的……倍。

38.a increased by……

a 增长了……

39.a increased to……

a 增长到……

40.high/low/great/small/ percentage.

比低高(低)

41.there is an upward trend in the number of……

……数字呈上升趋势。

42.a considerable increase/decrease occurred from……to …… ……到……发生急剧上升。

43.from ……to ……the rate of decrease slow down.

从……到……,下降速率减慢。

44.from this year on ,there was a gradual declinel reduction in the ……,reaching a figure of……

从这年起,……逐渐下降至……

45.be similar to……

与……相似

46.be the same as……

与……相同

47.there are a lot similarities/differences between……and …… ……与……之间有许多相似(不同) 之处

48.a has something in common with b

a 于b 有共同之处。

49.the difference between a and b lies in……

a 与b 之间的差别在于……

50……(year)witnessed/saw a sharp rise in……

……年……急剧上升

1930-1980五十年间五个国家囚禁犯人的数据情况

The chart below shows the figures for imprisonment in five

countries between 1930 and 1980. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.

该图表对比的是1930-1980五十年间五个国家囚禁犯人的数据情况。

The chart compares the figures for criminal imprisonment in five countries over a span of 50 years from 1930 to 1980.

总的来看,美国、加拿大、新西兰数据最为突出,而50年里,各国在这方面的数据都呈现了很大的波动性。

As can be seen from the chart, the figures for the United States, Canada and New Zealand stood out as being really significant and all the designated

countries revealed rather dramatic changes in the imprisonment figures across the board over the 50 years.

首先,英国的监禁数据一直处于上升中。从1930年的30,000例逐渐增至1980年的85,000例,其中1940-1970年间增长最快。

Firstly, the imprisonment figures of UK were on a steady rise. We see that in 1930, there were 30,000 cases, but in 1980, it became 85,000 cases. The period during 1940-1970 saw the fastest increase.

第二,澳大利亚和新西兰的状况有点相似,但没有新西兰起落幅度那么大。这里,我们看到1930年时,澳大利亚的数据是70,000例,而新西兰则高达近100,000例。接下来的1940年两国的数据都出现了很大的下降,特别是新西兰下降了接近45,000例。1950年,新西兰数据继续小幅度下降,澳大利亚则小幅上扬。之后的1960年里两国数据都大幅上扬,分别达到70,000例和78,000例。1970年出现了很有趣的一面:英国、澳大利亚、新西兰三国的数据持平在79,000例,接下来的1980年我们看到的则是澳大利亚的大幅下跌与新西兰的继续增长。

Second, the situation of Australia was quite similar to that of New Zealand, but not as dramatic. Here we see that in 1930, the cases for Australia was 70,000 while New Zealand had a very high number of 100,000 cases. Then in 1940, the figures for the two countries both dropped substantially, with New Zealand dropping by almost 45,000 cases. In 1950, New Zealand went on with its trend of slight decrease while Australia showed a minor increase. Later, in 1960, both countries experienced great rises and reached 70,000 cases and 78,000 cases respectively. The year 1970 saw an interesting scene: the

figures for UK, Australia and New Zealand drew even at 79,000 cases. Then in 1980, we see that Australia dropped substantially while New Zealand continued its upward trend.

第三,美国和加拿大起点非常高,1930年分别是100,000例和120,000例。1940年,美国大幅攀升至130,000例,而加拿大则出现了约10,000的下降。1950年,情况又发生戏剧性变化,美国降低了约20,000例,而加拿大则上升到大约115,000例。1960年,美国上升,加拿大下降,两国数据分别是118,000例和102,000例。1970年两国同时大幅下降,美国跌至95,000例,加拿大跌至83,000例。1980年美国的增长幅度大得惊人,迅猛攀升至138,000例,加拿大也上升至90,000例。

Third, U.S. and Canada both had very big starting figures in 1930,

100,000 cases and 120,000 cases respectively. In 1940, U.S. rose rapidly to 130,000 cases while Canada decreased by 10,000 cases. In 1950, things changed dramatically, with US dropping by about 20,000 cases while Canada rising to 115,000 cases. In 1960, U.S. rose while Canada fell and the figures for both countries were 118,000 cases and 102,000 cases respectively. The two countries both saw substantial decreases in 1970, with US falling to 95,000 cases and Canada dropping to 83,000 cases. 1980 witnessed an

astounding increase margin with US and the figure rose with great momentum to 138,000 cases and Canada climbed up to 90,000 cases.

由此,我们看出,这五个国家的监禁情况在50年间确实发生了很多的变化。 Thus we see that imprisonment in the five countries underwent many changes across the 50 years