初三作文指导
初三 散文 5638字 66人浏览 _Shieh_丶

初三英语写作指导

一.评分标准:

作文一律按档给分,与错误个数无直接关系。

影响作文分数的因素:

1 题目要求、内容要点;

2 句子准确、通顺;

3 层次结构清晰;

4 拼写、语法等错误;

5 卷面整洁度;

二.做题步骤:

1 审题:审清作文体裁(类型)时态、人称等细节;

2 列提纲(文章结构框架):分几段,以及每段大体内容;

3 写作:在提纲的基础上补充要点;

4 复查:2遍——1遍看查拼写、语法、标点等问题;2遍不出声读查,靠语感检查语句是否通顺、连贯等;

5 誊抄:不允许做任何的更改。

*总之做到三审:体裁、时态、人称;

三思:词汇—>短语—>句式;

三查:要点、拼写和语法、连贯。

作文一般框架:

文章分3段:

(1)综述:概括性强,最多2句话引入主题;

(2)正文——主要内容:层次性强,一定要有过渡型连接词。最多展开3个方面,每个方面最多2句话;

(3)结尾:紧扣主题,2句话内结束,尽量升华。

Para2: (利)First, convenient, anywhere, any time; Second, share… with …; Last, express views free, money-free…

Para3: (弊)However, one coin has two faces. On the one hand, a waste of time——affect study; On the other hand, not safe——stolen, hurt feelings

Para4: (个人)As a student, make good use of it.

常见的作文类型模板:

1 书信

Dear ...,

I ’m glad to receive your letter…

-------------------------------------------------

--------------------------------------------------------

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Best wishes!

Y ours, Lucy a 书信开头常用语

• I am very glad to receive your letter (hear form you).

• Hello, Jane. Is everything going (on) well?

… /

• I ’m writing to you for some advice on how to…

• I ’m writing to ask if you can ...

• How time flies! It has been months/years since we last met.

• Thank you for inviting me to ….

b 书信结尾常用语

• Best wishes (to/for you).

• Wish you good luck.

• (I am) looking forward to hearing from you.

常见的作文类型提纲模板:

2 图表、数字比例型

(提出讨论或调查的事实)Last week, our class had a class meeting on (how to)… Here are the results.

(表达出不同看法或观点)Most students think … While … 20% of them choose to …. Another 15 believe… There are also some… saying that… (表达个人看法) As a student, I agree to…

3 说明利弊型

Nowadays … is becoming more and more popular.

It has many advantages . First, 优点1… Besides, 优点2…

However, every coin has two sides. It also brings us bad influences. On the one hand, 缺点1… On the other hand, 缺点2…

In my opinion,个人观点 …

4 不同观点型

We made a survey about whether we should …提出矛盾问题. Different people hold different ideas.

Some believe …正方观点. First, 原因1… Besides, 原因2…

While others don’t agree. They think…反方观点. On one hand, 原因1… On the other hand, 原因2…

As for me,个人观点 …

5 解决问题型

Recently, the … problem has been more and more serious. …should do something to solve it. Firstly, 方法1… Secondly, 方法2… Finally, 方法3…

I am sure if everyone can make a contribution to …, the … will become better and better.

常用过渡性词语

叙事文常用的句子间连接词:

At first; at last; in the end…

then/next/after that…

when/while/as soon as/not… until…

at the same time; at times; once in a while;

so that

To one’s surprise/joy

Luckily/fortunately/unluckily/unfortunately…

in a word/in all

议论文常用连接词

表示并列:either …or; neither…nor; both…and; not only…but also;

表示递进的:besides; what’s more; what’s worse; (moreover);

表示原因的:because; for…; because of…; thanks to…; (for the reason that…);

表示结果的:so; as a result; so…that …; therefore;

表示目的的:so that…; in order that…; (in order) to…; for…;

表示对比的:while; on the one hand + on the other hand; Each coin has two sides.; prefer…to …; would rather do…than do…;

作文万能句式

I will work hard to make my dream come true. It takes sb. +时间+to do…

Sb. spend(某种人称时态)+时间/钱+on sth./ (in) doing sth.

It ’s important/necessary/useful/useless/common…(for sb.) to v…

It ’s nice/kind of sb. to v..

It ’s time for sb. to do sth.

It ’s a waste of time to…

It ’s …years/days since sb. +ved

It ’s great fun to do=sb. have great fun doing

It ’s a pity that…

It ’s an honor to…

I ’m/We’re not allowed to …

I ’m afraid of making mistakes…

There be …doing …

Great changes have taken place in…

sth is/are well worth v-ing.

It seems/seemed that…

It seems (im)possible to v…

It is said that…

As the saying goes, …

…and …. are different in many ways.

too + adj./adv. to do

There are many differences between … and …

I have made up my mind to …

I am sure that…

I am not sure whether/if…

I would rather …. than …

It doesn’t matter if…

Thank you for v-ing.

If everyone can make a contribution to the earth/ nature/ society, our life will be better and better. 作文万能短语

have/look for a chance to do

do outdoor activities

be/get used to (doing) sth.

learn …from …

be proud of/ take pride in…

play an important/active part/role in…

agree with sb. to do sth.

with the help of sb.=with one’s help (反义:without one’s help) be/get ready to do sth.= be/ get ready for sth.

pay attention to…

take good care of …

make friends with…

get on/along well with …

wish you successful/success

as time goes by…

graduate from…

looking back to the past three years,…(用现在完成时态) pass the (final) exam

stick to doing

keep you mind on your goals

make up one’s mind to do sth. (on sth.)

make a decision to do

work hard at English

once in a while/ at times/ now and then

from then on

in the future(将来)/ in future(从今以后)

increase our knowledge/ enlarge our vocabulary

in fact/as a matter of fact

in the beginning/ at first

feel like giving up

have trouble/difficulty in (doing) sth.

have (no) time to do

have experience in (doing) sth.

follow one’s advice/suggestions

master some basic … skills

be required to do

ask sb. for help

can ’t wait to do

be supposed to do

encourage sb. to do

deal/do with …

work out/solve the problems

all sorts/kinds of…

at home and abroad

one of …

be full of…

learn sth. by oneself

come up with good ideas

be surprised at sth.(to do sth.)

in order to

keep healthy/fit

a good way to v…

keep (on) trying

worry about…/ be worried about…

in one’s spare/free time

be kind/friendly to

be strict with

help others

say thank you to…

have fun/enjoy oneself/have a good time plenty of +C/U

worry about/be worried about

ask sb. for help/ turn to sb. for help/call sb. for help be popular with…

share sth. with sb.

know little/much about …

do/try one’s best to v…

be/feel sorry for…

help sb. (to) do sth./ with sth.

in/during class

before/after class

teach sb. to do sth.