英语作文
初二 记叙文 6977字 752人浏览 10323747

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初中英语作文写作技巧

一、掌握常用过渡性词语 叙事文常用的句子间连接词

at first首先; at last最后; in the end…在最后 then 然后 / next/ after that在那之后…

when / while当….的时候/as soon as 一…..就/not… until…直到….才

at the same time同时; at times有时,偶尔; once in a while一会儿;

so that以便于

To one’s surprise/joy另某人惊奇/高兴的是

Luckily 幸运地/fortunately幸运地/unluckily不幸运地/unfortunately不幸运地… in a word/in all总之 议论文常用连接词

表示并列:either…or; neither…nor; both…and; not only…but also; 表示递进的:besides 并且,另外; what’s more更重要的是,另外; what’s worse更糟糕的是; (moreover此外,而且); 表示原因的:because; for…; because of…; thanks to…; (for the reason that…因为,由于);

表示结果的:so; as a result; so…that…; therefore因此,所以;

表示目的的:so that…; in order that…; (in order) to…; for…;

表示对比的:while 然而; on the one hand一方面 + on the other hand另一方面; Each coin has two sides.硬币都有两面性; prefer…to…喜欢.. 胜于.. ; would rather do…than do…宁愿做什么…不愿做什么..;

表示转折的:however; but然而;

表示举例的:for example; for instance列如; such as…; like…; that is to say…

表示总结的:in all/short; in a word; in brief/ total; last but not least最后但不是最差的; last; 表示利弊的:be good/bad for sb.; be harmful to sb.; do harm to sb.; …have great/much influence on sb.; have an effect on sb.;

表示喜爱的:love/like/enjoy…; be fond of…; be interested in…; show great interest in…; lose oneself in…沉醉于,陶醉于; put one’s heart into…把某人的心思放在什么上; be good at; be poor at在什么方面弱; be weak in在什么方面弱;

表达个人想法的:

I think/believe…; (as) for me; in my opinion/view; as a student; from the bottom of my heart从我的内心出发; personally 个人地; 其他:

in general总之; generally speaking总而言之; to be short简言之; to tell the truth; as we know众所周知; make up one’s mind to do下定某人的决心做某事; in a way在某种程度上,一点;

二、记住作文万能句式

I will work hard to make my dream come true. 我将努力学习来实现我的梦想

I hope your dream will come true one day.我希望你的梦想某一天能实现

It takes sb. +时间+to do…做某事花了某人多少时间

Sb. spend(某种人称时态)+时间/钱+on sth./ (in) doing sth.某人花费多少时间或金钱在某物或某事上

It’s important/necessary/useful/useless/common…(for sb.) to v 原…做某事对某人来说是重要的/必要的/有用的/无用的/平常的

It’s nice/kind of sb. to v原.. 做某事某人是友好的或者善良的

It’s time for sb. to do sth. 对某人来说该做某事的时间到了

It’s a waste of time to…做什么是浪费时间

It’s great fun to do=sb. have great fun doing某人高兴做什么;做某事很快乐

It’s a pity that…遗憾的是什么

It’s an honor to… 做什么是一种荣幸

I’m/We’re not allowed to …我/我们不被允许做什么 I’m afraid of making mistakes…我害怕犯错误 There be …doing… 有某人/某物正在做什么

Great changes have taken place in…在... 发生了巨大改变 sth is/are well worth v-ing.值得做某事 It seems/seemed that…似乎是 It seems (im)possible to v… It is said that…据说

As the saying goes, …俗话说

…and …. are different in many ways. …和…在很多方面是不同的

too + adj./adv. to do太…而不能做某事

There are many differences between … and …有许多不同在…和…之间

I have made up my mind to …我已经下定决心做… I am sure that…我确定…

I am not sure whether/if…我不确定是否… I would rather …. than …

It doesn’t matter if…如果…没关系 Thank you for v-ing.为…感谢你

If everyone can make a contribution to the earth/ nature/ society, our life will be better and better.如果每个人都能为地球/自然/社会做出一点贡献,我们的生活将会越来越好。 have/look for a chance to do有/寻找机会做某事 do outdoor activities做户外运动

be/get used to (doing) sth.习惯于做某事 learn…from…从…学到…

be proud of/ take pride in…以.. 为自豪

play an important/active part/role in… 在…中扮演一个重要的/积极的角色

agree with sb. to do sth.同意某人做某事

with the help of sb.=with one’s help 在某人的帮助下 (反义:without one’s help)如果没有某人的帮助

be/get ready to do sth.= be/ get ready for sth.为什么事做准备

pay attention to… 注意;专心于 take good care of …好好的照顾 make friends with… 和.. 做朋友

get on/along well with … 与什么相处的融洽 wish you successful/success 祝你成功 as time goes by… 随着时间的流逝 graduate from… 毕业于

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looking back to the past three years,…(用现在完成时态) 回顾过去的三年

pass the (final) exam 通过【最后的】考试 stick to doing 坚持做某事

keep you mind on your goals 永不放弃,一如既往的朝着你的目标前进

make up one’s mind to do sth. (on sth.)下定决心做某事 make a decision to do 下决心去做…

work hard at English 在英语方面努力学习

once in a while/ at times/ now and then 有时,偶尔 from then on 从那时起

in the future(将来)/ in future(从今以后) increase our knowledge 增加我们的知识 in fact/as a matter of fact 事实上 in the beginning/ at first 首先/起初 feel like giving up 想要放弃 have trouble/difficulty in (doing) sth. have (no) time to do 没有时间做某事

have experience in (doing) sth.做……..有经验 follow one’s advice/suggestions 听从某人的建议 be required to do被要求做……. ask sb. for help向某人求助 can ’t wait to do迫不及待做….

be supposed to do应该做….;被期望做……. encourage sb. to do鼓励某人做….. deal/do with …处理….. all sorts/kinds of…各种各样 at home and abroad be full of… 充满…..

learn sth. by oneself自学…….

come up with good ideas想出好主意 be surprised at sth.(to do sth.) in order to

keep healthy/fit 保持健康 a good way to v… 做…的好

in one’s spare/free time在某人业余空闲时间 be kind/friendly to 对….友善 be strict with 对…..严厉 help others 帮助他人

have fun/enjoy oneself/have a good time玩得高兴 plenty of +可数名/不可数名 大量的….

ask sb. for help/ turn to sb. for help/call sb. for help向某人求职

be popular with… 受…欢迎

share sth. with sb. 与某人分享……

know little/much about … 对…..不了解/了解很多 作文万能短语

do/try one’s best to v原… 尽某人最大努力做….. be/feel sorry for… 对…感到抱歉

help sb. (to) do sth./ with sth.帮助某人做某事 teach sb. to do sth. 教某人做…..

have trouble/difficulty in (doing) sth. 做…有麻烦/困难 have (no) time to do 有(没)时间做…. 三、熟悉写作步骤:

1 审题:审清作文体裁(类型)时态、人称等细节; 2 列提纲(文章结构框架):分几段(一般三段),以及每段大体内容;

3 写作:在提纲的基础上补充要点;

4 复查:2遍——1遍看查拼写、语法、标点等问题;2遍不出声读查,靠语感检查语句是否通顺、连贯等;

5 誊抄:不允许做任何的更改。 总之做到三审:体裁、时态、人称; 三思:词汇—>短语—>句式; 三查:要点、拼写和语法、连贯。 作文一般框架:文章分3段:

(1)综述:概括性强,最多2-3句话引入主题;

(2)正文——主要内容:层次性强,一定要有过渡型连

接词。最多展开3 个方面;

(3)结尾:紧扣主题,2句话内结束,尽量升华。 四、学会列作文提纲:

例一:利弊型作文——computer 的利与弊 Para1: (综述)with the development of internet… more and more popular…

Para2: (利)First, convenient方便, anywhere, any time; Second, share… with…; Last,…

Para3: (弊)However, one coin has two faces. On the one hand, a waste of time——affect study; On the other hand, not safe——stolen, hurt feelings

Para4: (个人)As a student, make good use of it. 例二:计划安排型作文——谈假期安排

Para1: (综述)graduate from…, holiday is coming, plan for this holiday

Para2: (正文)Firstly, study comes first. make preparations for the first senior year; Secondly, visit tourist attractions; Last but not least, do sports to build up my body.

Para3: I am sure I’ll have a meaningful holiday. (I’m looking forward to the coming holiday.) (I can’t wait to enjoy my summer vocation.)

例三:图表、数字比例型作文

(提出讨论或调查的事实)Last week, our class had a class meeting on (how to)… Here are the results. (表达出不同看法或观点)Most students think … While … 20% of them choose to…. Another 15 believe… There are also some… saying that… (表达个人看法) As a student, I agree to…

例四: 说明利弊型作文

Nowadays … is becoming more and more popular.

It has many advantages . First, 优点1… Besides, 优点2… However, every coin has two sides. It also brings us bad influences.

On the one hand, 缺点1… On the other hand, 缺点2… In my opinion,个人观点 … 例五:不同观点型

We made a survey about whether we should …提出矛盾问题. Different people hold different ideas.

Some believe …正方观点. First, 原因1… Besides, 原因2…

While others don’t agree. They think…反方观点. On the one hand, 原因1… On the other hand, 原因2… As for me,个人观点 … 例六: 解决问题型

Recently, the … problem has been more and more serious. …should do something to solve it.

Firstly, 方法1… Secondly, 方法2… Finally, 方法3… I am sure if everyone can make a contribution to …, the … will become better and better.

掌握了以上的写作方法和技巧,经过反复的写作磨练,我相信,参加中考的学子们一定会在中考中写出一篇能够展示内心世界的美丽的英语作文。