中考作文--提纲类
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1 中考作文—提纲类

1、【2015年江苏省苏州市中考英语试题】书面表达(共1题;满分20分)

为了配合“足球进校园”活动,你们班开展了一次主题班会。请你以足球迷的身份,根据

下列表格中的要点提示,用英语向同学们介绍足球这项运动并谈谈自己的梦想。

注意:1. 词数90左右。短文的开头已为你写好,不计入总词数;

2. 短文须包括所有要点,不要逐词翻译,可适当发挥,使短文连贯、通顺;

3. 短文中不得出现真实的人名、校名等相关信息。

参考词汇:梅西 Messi

Dear classmates,

I’m very excited to hear that China will build 20,000 football-themed schools by 2020.

Thank you for your attention.

2 【答案】

Football has a very long history. It is liked by people all over the world. The World Cup takes place every four years. Playing football has lots of advantages. First, both boys and girls can take part in it. Second, it helps develop team spirit. What’s more, playing football is good for our health.

I’m a football fan. Messi is my hero. He has a gift for playing football. My dream is to become a famous football player like Messi. I hope China will hold the World Cup some day.

写作亮点:本文语言精炼,像第二自然段的Football has a very long history. It is liked by people all over the world. The World Cup takes place every four years.

it helps develop team spirit. What’s more, playing football is good for our health. 等等句子,简洁,但是句意表达清楚;同时,本文用了被动语态、动名词作主语、不定式作表语等等语法形式,使表达生动;用了first, second等使得短文层次清楚。

【考点定位】考查提纲类作文写作。

3 2、【广东省2015年中考英语试题】书面表达(15分) 每年夏天,溺水事故频发。 请你

就此写一篇短文谈谈你的看法。

内容包括:

1. 我们应该如何防止此类事故发生?(两点建议)

2. 如果看到有人落水,我们应该如何施救?

3. 呼吁同学们热爱生命,注意安全。

作文要求:1. 不能照抄原文;不得在作文中提到出现的学校真实姓名。

2. 语句连贯,词数80个左右。作文的开头已经给出,不计入总词数,也不

必抄写在答题卡上。

Almost every year in summer, many people are reported dead from drowning accidents.

How to prevent such sad accidents?

4 【答案】

Almost every year in summer, many people are reported dead from drowning accidents. How to prevent such sad accidents?In my opinion, we shouldn’t go swimming in dangerous places or places we know little abou, such sa reservoies and rivers . Second , we had better not swim when we feel tired or hungry.

If we see someone fall into the water, we shouldsave him in a perpor way . For example , we can shout loudly as we can to get those with good swimming skills to help him.

Life is valuable . We should take it seriously. We must remember that safety should always come first while swimming.

【解析】

试题分析:这是一篇提纲类的作文。根据提示内容主要写两点关于如何防止溺水的建议,发现落水,我们应该怎么做,对人们发出注意安全的呼吁。我们主要用到提建议的句式:we should/ had better/we can 等等。注意if 条件状语从句的应用。

写作亮点:这篇短文内容切题,意思连贯,表达清楚、完整。词汇和句型句式运用恰当。如提建议的句式:In my opinion, we shouldn’t go…, we had better not swim….条件状语从句等。

【考点定位】提纲类作文。

5 3、【湖南省长沙市2015年中考英语试题】书面表达(计10分)

假设你是李华,现就读于某寄宿制中学。你的室友王明经常违反寝室(dormitory )规定,如不整理床铺,休息时间大声拨打电话,未经许可(permission )动用他人物品,离开寝室不关灯等。为了提醒他改正不良习惯,做个文明室友,你决定写一封电子邮件给他。

要求:(1)包含以上所有要点,可适当增加细节,使行文连贯;

(2)字数:60-80词(信得开头和结尾已给出,不介入总词数);

(3)信中不得出现你的真实姓名,学校名和地名。

From :lihua2758@sina.com

To: wangming63@sohu.com

Subject: To be a great roommate

Dear Wang Ming,

I’m writing to kindly remind you of the dormitory rules.

Best wishes,

LiHua

6 【答案】

Dear Wang Ming,

I’m writing to kindly remind you of the dormitory rules. As we live in the same room, we are like families thus we should love each other and respect each other. What’s more, we should

make our room clean and tidy. Therefore, I hope you can read the following rules and obey them. Rule No.1 When you get up in the morning, remember to make the bed. Rule No.2 Don’t make phone calls when we are sleeping. Rule No.3 Don’t use others’ things without permission. Rule No.4 Turn off the lights before you leave the room. I hope all of us can obey these rules and make our room more and more comfortable.

Best wishes,

Li Hua

【解析】

试题分析:此次考查的是“应用文---书信体裁”,难度为中等。根据题目要求,我们需要以李华的身份告知室友必须遵守寝室规矩,而题目中恰好给出了足够的提示,并不需要学生再花时间去思考,例如:1. 不整理床铺2. 休息时间大声拨打电话3. 未经许可(permission )动用他人物品4. 离开寝室不关灯等。基本只要能够把这四个点用正确的句型翻译出来并稍加修饰,加上连接词,整篇文章就成形了。通过分析可知,这篇短文我们应主要使用一般现在时态,在叙述规则的时候,可以使用一些祈使句,句式简洁,也能起到好的效果。

写作亮点:这是一篇优秀的范文,短文中作者按照题目要求给自己的室友王明写一封信,告诉他寝室的一些规则。作者根据题目的提示,将这些内容用英语表达出来,内容完整,没有遗漏要点。在叙述规则之前,作者先简单介绍了遵守这些规则的原因,As we live in the same room, we are like families thus we should love each other and respect each other. What’s more, we should make our room clean and tidy. Therefore, I hope you can read the following rules and obey them,这几句话中使用了较丰富的短语和句型,如as, thus, therefore, what’ more,等等。接下来在叙述这些规则的时候,作者主要使用了祈使句,如remember to make the bed、Don’t make phone calls when we are sleeping.、Don’t use others’ things without permission、Turn off the lights before you leave the room.等。

【考点定位】提纲类作文。

7 4、【天津市2015年中考英语试题】书面表达(本大题共15分)

假如你即将在学校英语兴趣小组的活动中发言,请你用英语写一篇发言稿。要点提示如下:

(1) 几个月前,奶奶晚饭后去跳广场舞。

(2) 从那时起,奶奶喜欢上了广场舞。

(3) 现在,奶奶比以前健康了,有了很多朋友。

(4) 有些邻居有意见,认为音乐很吵,无法入睡。

(5) 你认为人们可以跳广场舞,但……

参考词汇:跳广场舞 do square dancing (对某人)有意见 have a complaint (against sb.) 要求:

(1) 词数:80~100个。

(2) 开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。

(3) 要点齐全,行文连贯,可适当发挥。

Boys and girls,

I’m very happy to speak here and I’d like to talk about my grandma.

_______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ That’s all. Thank you!

8 【答案】

One possible version:

Boys and girls,

I’m very happy to speak here and I’d like to talk about my grandma.

A few months ago, my grandma went to do square dancing after supper. Since then, she has been in love with square dancing. Now, she is much healthier than before. What’s more, she has a lot of friends. However, some neighbors have a complaint against the people who do square dancing. They think that the music is so loud that they can’t fall asleep at night.

In my opinion, people can do square dancing because it is a good way to keep healthy. But they should think about the feelings of others and they shouldn’t make a lot of noise.

That’s all. Thank you!

【解析】

写作亮点:本文结构紧凑,语言简练。开头介绍了发言稿的主题,要介绍自己的祖母,接下来介绍祖母现在和过去的比较,以及邻居们对广场舞的态度,最后阐述自己对人们跳广场舞的观点。此处

be in love with, have a complaint against, a good way to do sth, keep healthy等这些词组的运用以及 状语从句so loud that they can’t fall asleep at night.的运用也让文章增色不少。

【考点定位】提纲作文。

9 5、【山东省泰安市2015年中考英语试题】 写作(共1题,满分20分)

假如你是某中学初三(1)班班长李华, 请你为校报“英语园地”写一篇短文;记述前天

主题班会“To be sent to school or not”的讨论情况。

内容要点:

1. 部分学生认为上学应该接送,省时又安全。

2. 部分学生认为步行或骑自行车是最好的方式,环保又健身。

3. 你的看法和建议。

注意: 1. 词数:80-100;

2. 可是当发挥,以使行文连贯;

3. 文中不要出现真实校名和人名。

To Be Sent To School Or Not

10

【答案】

We had a discussion about whether we should be sent to school or not. We have two main

ideas.

Some students think that it can save the students’ time if parents send them to school. And parents want to make sure the students are safe, especially when the weather is terrible.

However, our city is more and more crowded and polluted, so other students think going to

school on foot or by bike is the best way . First of all, walking to school is a wonderful way to

exercise and it’s good for our health. What’s more, if we walk,or ride a bike, There will be fewer cars in the city. More walking and less driving help make our city cleaner. The streets won’t be as crowded as they are now.

I hope more and more students will go to school on foot or by bike.

【解析】

试题分析:这是一篇提纲作文。本文要求按照讨论的结果描述并发表自己的看法,我们要用恰当的语言把所列举的内容准确地表达出来。写作中要包含父母开车送学生上学的优缺点、走路(骑车)去上学的优点、并表达出你自己的观点等,语言要诚恳、有说服力,表达出自己的希望。根据材料内容可知本文主要是一般现在时态,人称主要是第一、三人称,注意并列连词的使用及主谓一致问题。写作中注意上下文的衔接和过度,要符合句子间的逻辑关系。 写作亮点:这篇短文系统、全面地阐明了自己对于家长开车送孩子上学和步行上学的利弊,表达出了自己的最终倡议,文中包含了提纲的基本信息,并发挥了适当的想象。其中使用了一些固定句式和短语,包含形容词比较级和非谓语动词的准确使用为文章增色不少. 文中句与句和段与段的衔接和过度更加自然,如First of all What’s more,学习中再注意总结, 牢记一些固定句式及短语, 写作时就可以适当引用, 使文章的表达更有逻辑性, 更富有条理。

【考点定位】提纲作文。