2016年高考英语作文写作技巧
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1 高考英语作文写作技巧

2016.4.28 iEnse Van整编

第一步:审题---考虑 ①体裁 ②时态 ③人称 ④要点

第二步:草拟提纲—简单列出要点句的关键词语或句型 第三步:扩展成句---连句成篇---合理发挥 注意前后连贯,适当使用过渡词

第四步:检查修改—主要检查语法及粗心错误,注意书写规范,卷面整洁

(同时注意:文章结尾要精彩,可适当使用一些表示情感因素的句式使文章更自然、得体)

第一讲:高级词汇和句式结构一(并列句,状语从句)

一、高级词汇

当我们对写作的信息要点已经确定和掌握之后,首先,我们要把这些信息要点变成简单的小句子。然后,给这些句子添加定语,状语和高级词汇的名词,或者将这些句子中的动词,形容词用高级词汇替换掉。

我们应当掌握的高级词汇:(主要是形容词,动词和名词)

severe 替换掉serious (严重的)a severe water shortage严重缺水

wealthy 替换掉rich (富裕的)

※beneficial 替换good(有益的) It is good/beneficial for sb. to do sth. I think this activity is beneficial. undesirable [ˌʌnd ɪˈza ɪər əbl ] 替换掉 bad (不好的,不受欢迎的)

nevertheless 替换掉 however/but(然而,不过)

※fundamental / significant/vital [ˈva ɪtl ] /crucial [ˈkru:ʃl ]替换掉 important (重要的)

※play an important role in 扮演一个重要的角色在... 中A play an increasingly significant role in B ※relevant 替换掉 related (有关的)....is highly relevant to.......与.... 有着紧密的联系 ※extraordinary/amazing 替换掉 surprising (惊人的,非凡的)

provided/providing (that )替换掉 if (如果..... )

on condition that替换掉 as long as

※promote /strengthen/enhance替换掉 improve (提高,加强)

2

※cope [k əʊp ] with 替换掉 solve (解决) ※motivate 替换掉 encourage (激励)

*地道pros and cons

替换掉 advantages and disadvantages(好处和坏处)

--You must consider all the pros and cons of the matter before you make a decision.在你做决定之前,必须考虑这个问题的正反两个方面.

※approach / method 替换掉 way (方法,方案) ※adopt 替换掉 use (采用,采取) the aged 替换掉 old people(老人) adolescents 替换掉 the young (青少年) employment/occupation 替换掉 job (就业, 工作) affair 替换掉 thing (事情,东西) catastrophe [k əˈtæstrəfi ]替换掉(disaster 灾难) ※subscribe [s əbˈskraɪb ] to 替换掉 agree with(同意) acquire 替换掉 gain (获得(尤指知识上的)) administration 替换掉 government (政府部门) ※extremely/desperately['desp ər ətl ɪ]替换掉 very/hard (非常地,极度地/拼命地, 勤奋地) ※for instance 替换掉 for example (例如) ※advocate 倡导 替换掉suggest, propose ※compensate for替换掉make up弥补..... Hence 替换掉so 因此

A vast amount of 大量的 替换掉 a lot of ※sustainable development 可持续发展 be abundant in 富有... 替换掉 be rich in on one’s own account 为了某人自己的利益 on account of/ in view of 鉴于, 由于 by no means 绝不 arise from 由.... 引起 assess 评估,评价

authentic 替换掉true 真实的,可信的 trend 趋势,趋向,潮流 ※emphasize 强调,重视 devote 替换spend

--He devotes all his spare time to reading. nothing but替换very

--The film we saw last night was nothing but interesting. ※be supposed to 替换should

※take responsibilities to do sth.承担责任去做.... ※appreciate 替换thank (表示感谢)

3 ※effect/impact 替换 influence [ˈɪmpækt] n. 碰撞,冲击,撞击

冲击力;

On+名词/doing, No sooner…than…/Hardly…when…/The moment 替换as soon as

--As soon as he arrived, he began his research. →

--On his arrival, he began his research.

--No sooner had we arrived at the cinema than the film started.

due to替换because of

contribute to替换 be helpful/useful/cause

--Plenty of memory work will undoubtedly contribute to English study.

round the corner 替换 coming soon/ nearby --The summer vacation is round the corner (coming). come up with替换think of

※take ...sth into consideration 替换think

※It occurs to me that…替换I realize (我意识到,认识到) It occurs to me that English is signif-icant.

set aside替换save be of + n. 替换adj. occurs [ə'k ɜ:z] v. 发生(occur的第三人称单数); 被想起; 被发现; cannot but / cannot help but替换have to do

more often than not替换usually

lest [lest]conj. 唯恐; 以免; 惟恐; 生怕; 替换so that /in order that (为了)

be long for sth. / be long to do sth. 替换want to do sth./wish for

※be crazy about/be absorbed in/be addicted to替换be interested in

perfect (ly)/fantastic/amazing 替换good/ very well

※spare no efforts to do/ make one's best endeavors to do替换try one’s best to do

※struggle for 为了... 而奋斗 [ɪn'dev əz ]n.(复)努力,尽力

※profound : [pr əˈfa ʊnd ]adj. 远的, 深刻的, 深奥的 (搭配impact )

4 frankly :adv.说实话 indifferent :adj.冷漠的 comprehensive : [ˌk ɒmpr ɪˈhens ɪv ]adj. 综合的 ※diligent : [ˈd ɪl ɪd ʒənt ]adj. 勤奋的 ※excessive : [ɪkˈsesɪv ]adj. 过多的

※conventional : [k ənˈvenʃənl ] adj.传统的, 惯例的, 常见的

prospective : [pr əˈspekt ɪv ]adj. 有前景的, 未来的, 有前途的 reach a consensus[k ənˈsensəs ]达成共识 ※prosperous : [ˈpr ɒsp ər əs ]adj. 繁荣的 (hometown, future) ultimately : [ˈʌlt ɪm ətli ] adv.最终地 dominant : [ˈd ɒm ɪn ənt ]adj. 支配的 miracle : [ˈm ɪr əkl ]n. 奇迹 ※constantly : [ˈk ɒnst əntli ] adv.不断地 ※extensive : [ɪkˈstensɪv ]adj. 广泛的 essentially : [ɪˈsen ʃəli ]adv. 本质上 drawback : [ˈdr ɔ:bæk] n.缺点 dilemma : [d ɪˈlem ə]n. 困境 globalization : [ˌgl əʊb əla ɪˈze ɪʃn ] n.全球化 stimulate: [ˈst ɪmjule ɪt ]v. 刺激 urbanization : [ˌɜ:bəna ɪ'ze ɪʃn ]n. 城市化innovation : [ˌɪn əˈve ɪʃn ]n. 发明, 创新 guarantee : [ˌgærənˈti:] v.保证 conquer :[ˈk ɒŋkə(r)]v. 克服 illustrate : [ˈɪl əstre ɪt ] v.阐述 ※circumstance : [ˈs ɜ:kəmst əns ] n. 情况 underestimate [ˌʌnd ərˈestɪme ɪt ]:v.低估 ※cultivate : [ˈk ʌlt ɪve ɪt ]v. 培养 (…的感觉) ※include: v.包含 controversial : [ˌk ɒntr əˈv ɜ:ʃl ] adj.有争议的 ※life quality:生活质量 ※a sense of happiness:幸福感 ※sincere: adj.真诚的 ※expect/look forward to:期待 ※in order to do:为了 In order to promote life quality and a sense of happiness of the old, I sincerely hope that you can come with us to nursing home.

我喜欢 ※I am fond of =※I spend most of my spare time in doing 我认为 From my point of view,=※As far as I am concerned,

=I cannot deny that

一些 ※a large number of, a great deal of, a couple of, ※a large amount of ,a quantity of ,various 得到 get obtain grab ※acquire achieve gain attain

重要的 basic ※fundamental primary elementary ※significant central 好的 good great perfect ideal ※beneficial out-standing excellent ※brilliant [ˈbr ɪli ənt ] 令人吃惊的/棒的※amazing ※fantastic extra-ordinary unbelievable incredible

5 二、句型结构(一)----并列句,状语从句

and, but, so because, if, when, as if, as, while,

你想说什么不是最重要的,你能说出来什么才是最重要的。

<十句>

实战演练

以2015全国卷为例

邀请函,李华邀请外教Lucy 一起去养老院陪老人过重阳节。

单词:nursing home the Double Ninth Festival

信息点:1,出发及返回时间 2,活动:包饺子表演节目

草稿:第一段:背景介绍(重阳节到了,去养老院)目的介绍(请您同往)

第二段:信息点介绍(开始结束时间) 活动(包饺子,唱歌,跳舞)

第三段:结尾(真诚期待,盼回复) 单句展开:1,重阳节到了,The Double Ninth Festival is coming.

2,去养老院, we plan to go to the nursing home

3,开始,结束时间 this activity will begin at 10 am and end about 8 pm on the day of Double Ninth Festival. 4,包饺子,唱歌,跳舞, we will make dumplings, sing and dance

5, 真诚期待,盼回复 we sincerely look forward to your reply.

开始添加一些简单的高大上话,添加形容词/副词,改写动词,

这活动是好的对老人和我们。老人扮演着很重要的作用在生活中。

为了提高老人的生活质量和幸福感 我相信,通过此次活动我们可以培养学生的责任感。 beneficial/fundamental/significant/vital/crucial

play an important role in扮演一个重要的角色在... 中 promote /strengthen(提高,加强)

for instance(例如) take responsibilities to do sth.承担责任去做....

In contemporary society 在当今社会 范本句:Because the Double Ninth Festival is coming, in order to promote life quality and a sense of happiness of the aged, we plan to go to the nursing home. 23.5

6

第二讲:句式结构二和修辞手法

一、句式结构(二)----定语从句、强调句

从2001年起实行的高考评分标准强调了内容要点, 语言的多样性、连贯性和得体性, 鼓励学生尝试语言表达的多样化和复杂化。因此要写成一篇较有水准的英语作文, 除了要点和语言准确度以外, 还必须在语用、语法结构以及表达的多样性和灵活性上有所表现。句子单一、缺乏生气的文章, 哪怕没有任何错误也不可能得高分, 相反, “有些许错误, 但是为了使用较复杂结构或较高级词汇所致”, 给分档次仍在最高档。

在整篇文章中, 避免只使用一两个句式, 要灵活运用诸如定语从句、强调句、主从复合句、分词短语、倒装句、省略句等。 1,定语从句

(原文) 这活动是好的对老人和我们。 我相信,通过此次活动我们可以培养学生的责任感。

This activity is beneficial for the aged and us. As far as I am concerned,through this activity we can cultivate students’ sense of responsibility.

(改写) As far as I am concerned,this activity is beneficial for the aged and us, through which (this activity) we can cultivate students’ sense of responsibility.

2,强调句

(原文) The dog has saved my little sister bravely.

(改写) It is the dog that has saved my little sister bravely.

(原文) 在当今社会,老人扮演着很重要的作用在生活中。

In contemporary society,

the aged play a significant role in life.

7 (改写)In contemporary society,It is the aged that play a significant role in life.

二、修辞手法:

一. 导入句型 ※1.As far as ...is concerned 就……而言

As far as contemporary society is concerned, more and more work needs English.

※2.It goes without saying that... 不言而喻,... {主语, 伴随状语}

※3.It can be said with certainty that... 可以肯定地说...... {主语, 伴随状语} ※4.As the proverb says, 正如谚语所说的,

5.It has to be noticed that... 它必须注意到,...

6.It's generally recognized that... 它普遍认为...

7.It's likely that ... 这可能是因为...

8.It's hard that... 这是很难的......

※10.What calls for special attention is that...需要特别注意的是 {主,宾}

11.There's no denying the fact that...毫无疑问,无可否认 {同位语从句}

※12.Nothing is more important than the fact that... 没有什么比这更重要的是… {同位语从句} Nothing is more important形容词的比较级否定表最高级

13.what's far more important is that... 更重要的是…

二. 衔接句型

1.A case in point is that... 一个典型的例子是...

2.But the problem is not so simple. Therefore 然而问题并非如此简单,所以…… ※3.But it's a pity that... 但遗憾的是…

***4.Further, we hold opinion that... 此外,我们坚持认为...

※5.However , the difficulty lies in(位于) .. (+n.)然而,困难在于…

6.Similarly, we should pay attention to... 同样,我们要注意...

7. In this respect , we may as well (say) 从这个角度上我们可以说

In this respect, we may as well say key to this problem lies in approach(方法).

8.However, we have to look at the other side of the coin(比喻) , that is... 然而我们还得看到事物的另一方面,即 …

三 .常用于引言段的句型

※1.Some people think that …. 有些人认为…

※2.To be frank, I can not agree with their opinion for the reasons below. 坦率地说,我不能同意他们的意见,理由如下。

3. I believe the statement is valid because…. 我认为这个论点是正确的,因为…

4. My argument for this view goes as follows.我对这个问题的看法如下。

※5. Along with the development of…+n., more and more….随着……的发展,越来越多… my ability ,society ,technology ,economy

常用谚语

n.

8 1. All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy. 只会用功不玩耍,聪明孩子也变傻。

2. Actions speak louder than words. 事实胜于雄辩。

3. A friend in need is a friend indeed. 患难见真情。

4. Time is money. 一寸光阴一寸金。

5. Time and tide wait for no man. 岁月无情;岁月易逝;岁月不待人。

6.Knowledge is power. 知识就是力量。

7.Practice(实践) makes perfect. 熟能生巧。

8.Where is a will, there is a way. 有志者事竟成。

9.Every coin has two sides. 凡事皆有好坏。

10.It's never too old to learn. 活到老学到老。

实战演练

以模考卷为例

建议信,你是李华收到Lucy 的一封信,信中谈到自己选择大学专业的疑虑,选择历史还是英语。历史是自己的爱好,但就业不好,英语专业就业好。

信息点:1,你的建议 2,你的理由 3,其余建议

草稿:第一段:背景介绍(收到信)目的介绍(个人建议学英语)

第二段:信息点介绍(理由1,就业2,个人发展)其余建议(历史课外爱好)

第三段:结尾(真诚地希望你仔细考虑,盼回复)

单句展开:1,收到你的信了,I received your letter.

2,信是关于大学专业的选择, The letter is about major choice in university.

3,我建议你学英语 I suggest that you learn English.

4,理由1,好就业English is beneficial for your employment.

5,理由2,个人发展 English plays a significant role in your personal development.

6, 其余建议(历史课外爱好)You could read history in spare time

7, 真诚地希望你仔细考虑,盼回复I sincerely hope you could take it into consideration and look forward to your reply.

开始添加一些简单的高大上话,添加形容词/副词,改写动词,添加修辞句,改写定语从句

为了提高自己的生活质量, 我相信,通过学英语你可以获得有前途的未来。

定语从句,强调句

1.As far as ...is concerned 就……而言

3.It can be said with certainty that... 可以肯定地说......

5. Along with the development of…, more and more…. 随着……的发展,越来越多…

范本句:

1,I received your letter ,which (The letter) is about major choice in university.

2, It is English that is beneficial for your employment.

3, It can be said with certainty that English plays a significant role in your personal development. 4, As far as university major is concerned, in order to promote life quality, I suggest that you learn English.

5, Along with the development of society, it can be said with certainty that more and more work needs English. 6,From my point of view, you can obtain a prosperous future through learning English.

9 第三讲:句式结构三和修辞手法

一、句式结构(三)---- 倒装句

Only + 状语/状语从句

主句部分倒装(1情态动词+主语+余句2系动词+主语+余句3时助+主语+余句)

(原文) 我相信,通过学英语你可以获得有前途的未来。

From my point of view, you can obtain a prosperous future through learning English. (改写)From my p(原文) 在当今社会,我们能够提高生活质量和幸福感通过共同的努力。

In contemporary society,we can promote our life quality and sense of happiness through our efforts. (改写)In contemporary society,

二、修辞手法:非谓语动词

-ing -ed to do ※ it is +adj.+ to do sth.

(原文)你意识到英语的重要性。你会知道选英语是明智的。

(改写)

实战演练

(2012)假定你是李华,从互联网((the Internet)上得知一个国际中学生组织将在新加坡(Singapore)举办夏令营,欢迎各国学生参加。请写一封电子邮件申请参加。

内容主要包括:

1. 自我介绍(包括英语能力);

2. 参加意图(介绍中国、了解其他国家);

3. 希望获准。

范本句:意识到英语的重要性,我觉得参加此次夏令营是很必要的。 在现代社会,只有通过交流我们才能结交更多朋友/更了解外国文化。

In contemporary society,more about foreign culture .

第四讲:段落结构、有效连词和过渡词

一、高考英语文章主体段落三大杀手锏

10 (一)背景介绍,目的介绍(亮点:语法长难句,词汇)

(二)信息点展开(亮点:内容充实,逻辑清晰,语法体现)

(三)目的强调,格式表达,(亮点:语法展示)

二、 写作中常用逻辑顺序词

逻辑词的使用可避免结构松散,层次不明,表意不清等,使文章条理清楚,文字连贯流畅。 初级顺序型(1-2-3-4)

first...next...and then...finally,first...then...after that...finally;

中级顺序词(1-2-3-4)

to begin with...then...furthermore…finally,

To start with…next…in addition …finally

Firstly…besides…last but not least

on the one hand,on the other hand/for one thing, for another thing(适用于两点) 高级顺序词:

首先:to begin with, to start with, firstly

其次,第二:besides ,what’s more,let alone,worse still,moreover ,even ,furthermore ; 最后:finally ,last but not least, above all(最重要的)

列举型:There are following reasons(suggestions/advantages). I have following reasons/feelings/realization.

转折型:however ,but ,yet ,although ,otherwise ,instead ,on the contrary; 举例型:for example,for instance,such as,that is,like ,take...for example; 因果型:because (of),since ,therefore ,as a result,thanks to,thus ,due to; 总结型:in conclusion,in a word,to sum up,in short,on the whole; 见解型:in my opinion,personally speaking,as far as I am concerned.

实战演练

假设你叫李华,在2008年暑假期间成为了北京奥运会的一名志愿者,请你用英语给美国的笔友Tom 写一封100字左右的信,谈谈你当志愿者的心得体会。要点如下:

1.志愿者工作艰辛而快乐;

2.锻炼了英语口语;

3.增强了合作精神和责任感;

4.你感到很骄傲,并将珍藏这份记忆。

范本句:我有以下感受:首先,为了去提高服务质量,志愿者的工作很累,然而,我们能够获得快乐和友谊。其次,认识到英语学习的重要性,我认为这是非常有益的机会去练习口语。最重要的是,此次活动增强了合作精神和责任感。

我很骄傲,会珍藏这份记忆。只有通过我们共同的努力我们的祖国才能更繁荣。

I have following realization. To begin with, in order to promote the service quality, our work is tiring. However, we could obtain happiness and friendship. What’s more, the significance of English, I believe it is beneficial chance to practice English. The last but

11 not the least, it is this activity that strengthens our teamwork and sense of responsibility. I am so proud and will keep this precious memory forever. Only with our joint efforts can our motherland be more prosperous.

第五讲:各种文体结构和特殊句型

主要文体:记叙文,议论文,应用文

(一)记叙文:时态,逻辑,主题

(二)议论文:观点,论据

常用表达:

1,表示事实、现状

1)We cannot ignore the fact that...

2)No one can deny the fact that...

3)There is no denying the fact that...

4)This is a phenomenon that many people are interested in.... 2,表示数量

1)It has increased(decreased )from ...to ...

2)The population in this city has now increased (decreased )to 800,000.

3)The output of July in this factory increased by 15% compared with that of January. 3,表示看法

1)People have(take ,adopt ,assume )different attitudes towards sth.

12 2)People have different opinions on this problem.

3)People take different views of(on )the question.

4)Some people believe that...Others argue that...

4,表示结论

1)In short,it can be said that ...

2)It may be briefly summed up as follows.

3)From what has been mentioned above,we can come to the conclusion that ...

(三) 应用文

类型:

书信、通知、日记、海报、便条、启事、欢迎词、欢送词、告别词、广告

书信类型:

事务书信和私人信件 (求职信、投诉信、慰问信、建议信、说明信、感谢信…)

高考重点考查的几类书信:

建议信、求职信/申请信、抱怨信/投诉信

几种书信常用的表达式

①建议信

You have asked me for my advice with/ regard to/on… and I will try to make some suggestions.

I would like to suggest that…

It is important to…

It helps to …

It should be a good idea to…

I think it would be a good idea/ more beneficial if you could…

Why not…?/ Why don’t you…?

I hope you will find these suggestions helpful. ②求职信/申请信

I learned from…/ I read…in (the newspaper ) …

I am thinking I am suitable for the job/position.

13 I graduated from …/ I have rich experience in doing…

I will devote myself to it if I can get it. / I would appreciate it if you can give a chance. I’m looking forward to your reply (interview )./ Hope for an early reply. ③抱怨信/投诉信

I am writing to make a complaint /to express my dissatisfaction about…

I would like to get this matter settled by the end of this month.

I hope you can give me a satisfying reply and deal with this matter seriously. I trust you will take my complaint seriously and do something to this matter.

I must warn you that unless you do something about the situation, I will be forced to take legal action.

实战演练

例文1

假定你是李华,你的英国朋友Peter 来信向你咨询如何才能学好中文。请你根据要点写封回信。 要点:1. 参加中文学习班

2. 看中文书刊、电视

3. 学唱中文歌曲

4. 交中国朋友

注意:1. 词数100左右

2. 可适当增加细节

3. 开头语已为你写好

Dear Peter,

I ’m glad to receive your letter asking for my advice on how to learn Chinese

well._______________________________

Best wishes,

Li Hua

【写作指导】

信件类型:建议信

内容: 写信人就某事或某问题提出建议

主体时态:一般现在时

正文部分:必须给对方问题明确答复;建议的内容要层次清楚,目的明确,具有合理性和说服力;语言要正确、清晰、礼貌、体贴,易于对方接受。

【范文】

Dear Peter,

14 What’s more, it also helps to watch TV and be more beneficial if you could learn and sing Chinese songs, , time.

Best wishes,

Li Hua

第六讲 满分作文 词组奉送

1. 经济的快速发展 the rapid development of economy

2. 人民生活水平的显著提高/ 稳步增长the remarkable improvement/ steady growth of people’s living standard

3. 先进的科学技术 advanced science and technology

4. 面临新的机遇和挑战 be faced with new opportunities and challenges

5. 人们普遍认为 It is commonly believed/ recognized that…

6. 社会发展的必然结果 the inevitable result of social development

7. 引起了广泛的公众关注 arouse wide public concern/ draw public attention

8. 不可否认 It is undeniable that…/ There is no denying that…

9. 热烈的讨论/ 争论 a heated discussion/ debate

10. 有争议性的问题 a controversial issue

11. 完全不同的观点 a totally different argument

12. 一些人 …而另外一些人 … Some people… while others…

13. 就我而言/ 就个人而言 As far as I am concerned, / Personally,

15 14. 就…达到绝对的一致 reach an absolute consensus on…

15. 有充分的理由支持 be supported by sound reasons

16. 双方的论点 argument on both sides

17. 发挥着日益重要的作用 play an increasingly important role in…

18. 对…必不可少 be indispensable to …

19. 正如谚语所说 As the proverb goes:

20.…也不例外 …be no exception

21. 对…产生有利/不利的影响 exert positive/ negative effects on…

22. 利远远大于弊 the advantages far outweigh the disadvantages。

23. 导致,引起 lead to/ give rise to/ contribute to/ result in

24. 复杂的社会现象 a complicated social phenomenon

25. 责任感 / 成就感 sense of responsibility/ sense of achievement

26. 竞争与合作精神 sense of competition and cooperation

27. 开阔眼界 widen one’s horizon/ broaden one’s vision

28. 学习知识和技能 acquire knowledge and skills

29. 经济/心理负担 financial burden / psychological burden

30. 考虑到诸多因素 take many factors into account/ consideration

31. 从另一个角度 from another perspective

32. 做出共同努力 make joint efforts

33. 对…有益 be beneficial / conducive to…

34. 为社会做贡献 make contributions to the society

35. 打下坚实的基础 lay a solid foundation for…

36. 综合素质 comprehensive quality

16 37. 无可非议 blameless / beyond reproach

39. 致力于/ 投身于 be committed / devoted to…

40. 应当承认 Admittedly,

41. 不可推卸的义务 unshakable duty

42. 满足需求 satisfy/ meet the needs of…

43. 可靠的信息源 a reliable source of information

44. 宝贵的自然资源 valuable natural resources

45. 因特网 the Internet (一定要由冠词,字母I 大写)

46. 方便快捷 convenient and efficient

47. 在人类生活的方方面面 in all aspects of human life

48. 环保(的) environmental protection / environmentally friendly

49. 社会进步的体现 a symbol of society progress

50. 科技的飞速更新 the ever-accelerated updating of science and technology

51. 对这一问题持有不同态度 hold different attitudes towards this issue

52. 支持前/后种观点的人 people / those in favor of the former/ latter opinion

53. 有/ 提供如下理由/ 证据 have/ provide the following reasons/ evidence

54. 在一定程度上 to some extent/ degree / in some way

55. 理论和实践相结合 integrate theory with practice

56. …必然趋势 an irresistible trend of…

57. 日益激烈的社会竞争 the increasingly fierce social competition

58. 眼前利益 immediate interest/ short-term interest

59. 长远利益. interest in the long run

60.…有其自身的优缺点 … has its merits and demerits/ advantages and disadvantages

17 61. 扬长避短 Exploit to the full one’s favorable conditions and avoid unfavorable ones

62. 取其精髓,取其糟粕 Take the essence and discard the dregs。

63. 对…有害 do harm to / be harmful to/ be detrimental to

64. 交流思想/ 情感/ 信息 exchange ideas/ emotions/ information

65. 跟上…的最新发展 keep pace with / catch up with/ keep abreast with the latest development of …

66. 采取有效措施来… take effective measures to do sth

67.…的健康发展 the healthy development of …

68. 有利有弊 Every coin has its two sides./No garden without weeds.

69. 对…观点因人而异 Views on …vary from person to person.

70. 重视 attach great importance to…

71. 社会地位 social status

72. 把时间和精力放在…上 focus time and energy on…

73. 扩大知识面 expand one’s scope of knowledge

74. 身心两方面 both physically and mentally

75. 有直接/间接关系 be directly / indirectly related to…

76. 提出折中提议 set forth a compromise proposal

77. 可以取代 “think”的词 believe, claim, maintain, argue, insist, hold the opinion/ belief that

78. 缓解压力/ 减轻负担 relieve stress/ burden

79. 优先考虑/发展… give (top) priority to sth.

80. 与…比较 compared with…/ in comparison with

81. 相反 in contrast / on the contrary.

82. 代替 replace/ substitute / take the place of

83. 经不起推敲 cannot bear closer analysis / cannot hold water

18 84. 提供就业机会 offer job opportunities

85. 社会进步的反映 mirror of social progress

86. 毫无疑问 Undoubtedly, / There is no doubt that…

87. 增进相互了解 enhance/ promote mutual understanding

88. 充分利用 make full use of / take advantage of

89.承受更大的工作压力 suffer from heavier work pressure

90.保障社会的稳定和繁荣 guarantee the stability and prosperity of our society

91.更多地强调 put more emphasis on…

92.适应社会发展 adapt oneself to the development of society

93.实现梦想 realize one’s dream/ make one’s dream come true

94. 主要理由列举如下 The main reasons are listed as follows:

95. 首先 First , Firstly , In the first place, To begin with

96.其次 Second, Secondly, In the second place

97. 再次 BesidesIn addition, Additionally, Moreover, Furthermore

98. 最后 Finally, Last but not the least, Above all, Lastly,

99. 总而言之 All in all, To sum up, In summary, In a word,

100.我们还有很长的路要走 We still have a long way to go.