12.15 嘉成作文修改
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There has long been a fierce debate on whether or not people should opt to have a job with more vacation but less salary. In spite of the popular belief that employees usually tend to favor a job which can pay large salaries without too many holidays, the other instead hold that a job with less vacation is not appealing no matter how well it is paid. In my point of view, I firmly believe that going on a holiday is indispensable to an employee.

To begin with, holidays can provide one with a while to take a restafter stressful work. After long term of working, people are weary and they want to take a break to recover. Accordingly, spending an appropriate span of time taking a rest as well as going on a holiday is obviously a wise choice since it can help one boost their efficiency. My brother Tom started to work this year and the most satisfying part of this job is the long and regular vacation provided for the employees. To be honest, the payment is so low that he does not have much left after a year of working. But, according to Tom, holiday arrangements such as climbing the mountains, going swimming and reading books completely keep him relaxed and later on, help increase his working speed. However tiring the job is, holidays for taking a rest is always the best way to recover from hectic lives.

Furthermore, jobs with more holidays are beneficial for individuals’ physical conditions. Scientific research proved that if a person continually working for too long, his physical condition will get worse. A period for taking a rest is able to prevent this effectively. My father used to work in a company which gave employees only one a week to go on a holiday. Consequently, my father often got seriously ill. He resigned from the company and chose another job with lower salary but longer time to take a rest. He worked only four days a week and have the regular holidays. He really enjoys working in the new company since it greatly improves his physical condition by offering him long time for relaxation.

In conclusion, a job with more vacations but less money is a favorable choice for individuals. Taking a job with more time to take a rest can offer individuals periods to recover from the tiring work as well as helping improve their heath conditions. For all those benefits one can get from a work with longer holidays, individuals should choose them.

Since teamwork spirit is extremely common in the modern society, there has always been a fierce debate on whether or not one should accept others’ criticisms during cooperation. In spite of the popular belief that one can still succeed without critical remarks in teamwork, the other hold that taking criticisms can lead to one’s success. I utterly assert that people should accept others’ remarks on cooperation in order to achieve remarkable success.

To begin with, taking criticism of other members in the team can provide individuals with the opportunity to make progress. Since a team consists people of different life experience, everybody in the group may give out some unique suggestions. If a person can accept these constructive criticisms and try to develop himself, he will make an extremely progress. Take me as an example. I once joined a basketball team in order to develop a sense of cooperation. After joining the team, other members of the team criticized me for my playing along as well as not working hard. I took others useful pieces of advice into account and tried to develop myself. I overcame many many difficulties by continually thought to myself that I cannot succ eed if I don’t take others suggestions into account. Nowadays, my team members praise me for my accepting their advice and I really agree that I made a lot of progress during that time.

Not only can accepting other’s criticism during cooperation help improve a person, but it can also strengthen the bonds between individuals and other team members. The process of managing to accept others criticism is actually to understand one another. Individuals will know why others criticize them and how tofit in the group more successfully. When my father first joined the research group to do the scientific project, others in the team gave him many criticism informing him that his ways of doing experiments was wrong, and his ways of thinking was not critical at all, his coworkers complained about his drawbacks a lot. My father modestly accepted all those criticisms and showed other members his progress. Others team members were all extremely willing to do experiments with my father. He won the confidence of doing experiments as well as respect from others.

To sum up, the criticisms of other members are critical for one’s success . If one is willing to accept the suggestion and assault of others, he will make progress while winning others’ respect. A person is on the way to success if he or she can accept other members’ criticisms.

People these days tend to debate fiercely onwhether or not an influential leader should permit all parts of the teamto take part in the discussion. Despite some popular believes that the only thing a successful leader should do is to guide the team to success regardless of the participation of other members, the other hold the opposite side. I firmly hold it is crucial for a successful leader to cover all the participants in making the decisions.

To begin with, including everybody in the decision making will help the leader develop the ability of leading a team or a project. Because people have different life experience, thoughts and ways of acting, taking decisions or determinations made by them into account can help the leader know about different options for the solution to the problems. Accordingly, the ability of the leader to guide the team will be strengthened. Once I was the leader of the basketball team. My group members offered many choices of playing. I considered many of their ideas and concluded that many of those options are strategically well-arranged. After long time of thinking, I made a set of complete playing strategy mostly relying on other members’ decisions. We applied the plan to the real competition and received great success. From that experience, I learned a lot about arranging ways of playing and this really helped me to further develop ability of leading and become a successful leader.

Moreover, presenting others with a feeling that their decisions are taken into account can earn a leader prestige and respect. Every member in the team wants to be important, they want their decisions being taken seriously into account. If a leader act as a monopoly for making decision, other members will be disappointed because they are not taken seriously. I was once a member of the community group, whenever members in the group (including me) give the leader a choice for doing volunteer tasks, the organizer will always take their decisions as trivialities. This left all members of the group with a negative impression that the leader did not involve us in the team completely and we lost our respect for him. When the time of our voting for a leader came, that previous leader lost the election. Had he taken others into the decision making process, he would not lose others’ respect.

In conclusion, an effective leader should always engage in giving others a feeling that there are involved in decision making. Offering others that feeling can not only enhance the leader’s ability in leading, but also help the leader to gain prestige. A leader can achieve success by including other members in making a

decision.

TPO25 writing based on reading and listening.

The reading passage and listening material have conflicting opinions on whether or not the copper cylinders found in a jar could be electric ancient batteries. The lecturer argues that the points in the reading passage are not convincing and provides strong evidences to rebut them.

First of all, in spite of the fact that the author of the reading claims that there were no metal wires found in the vicinity of the clay jars, the lecturer casts doubt on this point, instead. According to the lecturer, those villagers who found those jars were not specifically trained. The villagers did not know the importance of what they found. They were not interested about those metal wires and threw those wires away.

Secondly, the author states that the copper cylinders in the jars were similar to those found in the ruins of Seleucia thus indicating their use of holding scrolls of sacred texts. However, the lecturer rebuts the opinion of the author by providing strong evidence to attack it. She says that the similarity between the cylinders in Iraq and those found in Seleucia meant nothing. Those copper cylinders were originally designed for holding scrolls but were finally turned into batteries because ancient people found out that it could generate electricity after surrounding the iron rods and being put in some liquid.

Last of all, the reading passage claims that electricity had not use to those ancient people because of their lack of electric devices. By contrast, the lecturer holds that the author's opinion does not hold water because electricity could be used to shock people thus indicated one's invisible power and ability of using magic. Also, electricity could be used to heal disease by stimulating muscles to help people release pain.

TPO17 writing based reading and listening.

The reading passage and listening material have conflicting opinions about whether or not the bird's population in the United States will decrease in the future because of the increase number of people. The lecturer argues that the points in the reading passage are not convincing, and provides three evidences to

rebut them.

First of all, in spite of the fact that the author in the reading passage claims that the expanding population of human would turn birds' habitats into homes, malls and offices, the lecturer casts doubt on this point, instead. According to the lecture, it is true that some kinds of birds may lose their population, but most birds will thrive in the better and larger habitats provided by urban expansion in which even the population of hawks and falcons are increasing.

Secondly, the author states that since human population is increasing, more land will be used to grow crops for people to eat. However, the lecturer rebuts the author's opinion by providing strong evidence to attack it. she says that less land will be used to grow plants in the future since people are engaging in finding crops that are more productive. So actually there is not need for using bird's habitats for growing crops.

Last of all, the reading passage claims that the use of pesticides may not only kill those pests but also jeopardize the population of birds. By contrast, the lecturer holds that the author's opinion does not hold water because human beings have already paid attention to this negative effect of traditional pesticides so they have made two ways to solve this problem. The first way is through making new kinds of less poisonous pesticides which will do less harm to birds while the second solution is to develop the crops that can resist the pest which may reduce the need for pesticides.

TPO18 writing based on reading and listening.

The reading passage and listening material have conflicting opinions about whether or not several ways can prevent the Torreyataxifoha from extinction. The lecturer argues that the points in the reading passage are not convincing, and provides three evidences to rebut them.

First of all, in spite of the fact that the author in the reading claims that people can move the Torreya to northern parts of Florida in which Torreya once thrived, the lecturer casts the doubt on this point, instead. According to the lecture, the cool and wet microclimate in northern Florida has greatly been affected by the global warming as well as the dry wetland. As a result, the dryer conditions nowadays no longer fit the

Torreya anymore.

Secondly, the author states that human being move the Torreya further north where the temperature is lower. However, the lecturer opposes the author's opinion by providing strong evidence to attack it. Assisted migration may threaten local plant lives. The lecturer uses the example of transplanting the Black Locus. Black Locus killed local plants (even endangered ones) when being transplanted. The quickly spread and jeopardized local plant population.

Last of all, the reading passage claims that researchers are able to preserve the Torreya in research centers. By contrast, the lecturer holds that the author's opinion does not hold water because of the great loss of capability of resisting diseases. Torreya in the research center are neither large nor genetically diverse which means they are not able to resist diseases like those wild Torreya. Transplanting Torreya into the research centers may also not be an appropriate choice.