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六年级 记叙文 14963字 190人浏览 李宗玉life

考研英语写作范文100篇之经典短文背诵 环境保护类(1) 作者:新东方 来源:新东方 评论:1 划词:已启用 收藏

(1)2000年真题。Directions:

Study the following set of pictures carefully and write an essay in no less than 150 words.

Your essay must be written clearly on ANSWER SHEET 2.

Your essay should cover all the information provided and meet the requirements below:

1. Describe the pictures

2. Deduce the purpose of the artist of the pictures.

3. Suggest counter-measures.

真题分析:

订阅收藏《考研英 语写作范文100篇》系列文章

本题的题目是一组图,其中上下两幅图形成了鲜明的对比。考生需要抓住的细节包括年代的差别(分别是1900年和1995年,相隔约一个世纪)、渔船数量的差别、海洋中鱼的数量差别。这时只要简单地加以分析就可以发现,画图者的意图是警告人们,如果人类继续无节制地开发自然资源,那么总有一天自然资源将会彻底枯竭,最终威胁到人类自己的生存。考生需要分析画图者的本意,并提出相应的解决措施。

这里需要再次提醒的一点是,在第一段描述图中内容时,要用过去时来说明两个不同年代的情况。

思路拓展:

环境问题是一个涉及内容十分广泛的话题,包括环境污染、沙漠化、森林退化、资源枯竭、全球变暖、生态失衡,同时还与人口增长、经济发展、能源开发等一系列社会问题紧密相连。从根本上来说,这都是由于人类无休止地向地球索取、而没有采取合适的方法来回报地球,造成地球的产能已经无法承受如此巨大的负担。考生在文章中可以提出,要彻底解决环境问题,需要各国政府和全世界每一个人的通力合作,需要唤醒所有人的环境保护意识,用所有可能的措施,包括政治和经济上的合作、全社会的大力倡导、法律的介入等一系列措施来治理这一问题。

范文:

The picture unveils a drastic change of ocean ecology during the

past century due to the expanding scale of world commercial fishing. There were few fishing ships on the sea in 1900 when an enormous number of fish swam freely; in contrast, in 1995 a large fleet of ships were endeavoring to search for the only fish in the sea.

The tremendous contrast presented by the drawing alarmingly

reminds us of the detrimental deterioration of oceanic ecosystem by the greediness of mankind. The industry of commercial fishing had undergone a booming expansion along with the growing public awareness of the merits of

seafood, which made fishing unusually profitable . Lacking knowledge

regarding the significance of ecological balance, businessmen sent out ships that insatiably chased fishes and thus posed a severe threat to all life in the sea. However, this trend may in turn endanger humankind.

To prevent the exhaustion of ocean resources, governments should unite to work out effective measures against commercial fishing. For instance, there should be limitations on fishing time and location so as to reduce the

exploitation of the sea. Moreover, people also call for laws and regulations that are responsible for punishing excessive fishing. Last but not the least, the public attachment to the importance of balance preservation would play a decisive role in saving ocean species from extinction.

译文:

该图显示出20世纪以来由于全球商业捕鱼业的大规模扩张而导致海洋生态系统的巨大变化。1900年的时候海上只有一艘船,而海里有许许多多鱼儿在自由地遨游;相反,到了1995年,海上有许多渔船,它们都在努力寻找海里仅剩的一条鱼。

该图所显示出来的巨大反差使我们警醒地意识到人们的贪婪给海洋生态系统造成了巨大的破坏。随着公众意识到了海鲜食品的价值,商业捕鱼也在不断扩张,而且有着十分高的利润率。由于商人们缺少对于生态平衡的认识,他们的渔船无休止地捕鱼,给海洋生物的生存造成了巨大的威胁。但是,这个趋势可能最终会反过来威胁到人类自己的生存。

为了防止海洋资源的枯竭,各个政府必须联合起来,对商业捕鱼采取有效的措施。例如,为了防止过度捕捞,可以限制捕鱼的时间和地点。此外,人们还呼吁制定更多的法律法规来惩罚过度捕捞。最后,公众对于保持生态平衡重要性的认识对于拯救濒临灭绝的海洋生物起到了决定性的作用。

闪光词汇及词组:

expanding : adj. 扩张的

scale : n. 规模

enormous : adj. 巨大的,庞大的

search for: 寻找

detrimental : adj. 有害的

deterioration : n. 退化,变坏

along with: 与...... 一起

profitable : adj. 有利可图的

insatiably : adv. 不知足地

pose a threat to: 对...... 造成威胁

endanger : v. 危及

exploitation : n. 开发,开采

call for: 要求

excessive : adj. 过多的,过分的

万能句型:

The picture unveils a drastic change of...

The tremendous contrast presented by the drawing alarmingly reminds us... Lacking knowledge regarding...

(2) Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following drawing. In your essay, you should:

1) describe the drawing briefly,

2) explain its intended meaning, and then

3) suggest counter-measures. You should write on ANSWER SHEET 2.

范文:

This is a very interesting cartoon, in which two sharks are celebrating the good news that thanks to global warming, the sea water will drown a nearby island in five years where a man is fishing. Hence, the sharks are eager to enjoy a good meal of human flesh.

Though exaggerate a little, the cartoon illuminates a serious fact that the unusually rapid speed of sea-level rise, caused by global warming, is

devouring our lands, and for that matter, our lives. A recent report also

supported this view by quoting scientists' forecast that island countries like Japan and Indonesia, as well as the numerous islands on the Pacific Ocean, might disappear from our maps forever. The current greenhouse effect

remains out of control. We are sad to perceive that the threat fail to arouse enough attention, which is best exemplified by the frustration that Kyoto Protocol confronts.

In my opinion, it is high time for the whole world to form cooperation fighting global warming, because not a single government nor person is exempt from its harm. A series of down-to-earth measures need to be urgently implemented to control the output of carbon dioxide that greatly contributes to global warming.

译文:

这是一幅十分有趣的漫画,其中两只鲨鱼在庆贺一个好消息,因为全球变暖,海水五年后就会淹没附近的一个小岛,岛上有一个人在钓鱼。因此,鲨鱼们迫不及待地想吃一餐美味的人肉大餐。

尽管这幅漫画有一些夸张,但是它却指出了一个严重的事实,那就是由于全球变暖导致的海平面反常地迅速上升,海水逐渐吞噬人们生存的土地,威胁到我们的生命。在最近的一份报告中,科学家预测如果温室效应继续处于失控状态的话,那么日本、印度尼西亚等岛国和其他一些太平洋上的小岛都将从我们的地图上消失。可是,令我们心寒的是这个威胁还没有引起足够的重视,最好的一个例证就是《东京协定》一直无法顺利实施。

因此,我认为现在已经到了全世界联合起来共同抗击全球变暖的关键时刻,因为没有任何一个政府和个人能够免受其影响。我们需要尽快采取一些实实在在的措施,以期减少二氧化碳的排放,控制全球变暖的趋势。

闪光词汇及词组:

thanks to: 由于

hence : adv. 因此

devour : v. 吞噬

for that matter: 对于那件事情,因为那个原因 greenhouse effect: 温室效应

exemplify : v. 举例,例证

Kyoto Protocol: 《东京协定》

exempt : adj. 被免除的

down-to-earth : adj. 实际的,实实在在的 carbon dioxide: n. 二氧化碳

万能句型:

This is a very interesting cartoon, in which...

A recent report also supported this view by... We are sad to perceive that...

It is high time for...

考研英语作文急训:小作文“介绍信” 距离最后的考试只有近两个月的时间,最后的冲刺序幕正式拉开。英语复习到这个阶段,最重要的就是作文。要想在最后的考试成绩中脱颖而出,现阶段就必须要把精力放在分值占在30分的写作上。

考研英语中大作文的要求是内容切题、表达清楚、文字连贯、句式多变和语言规范。小作文考察点在信息点的覆盖、语言的准确性、文章组织的连贯性上。

其中小作文占10分,分为求职信、祝贺信、道歉信、询问信、推荐信、感谢信、邀请信、辞职信等等二十多种应用文。每个类别都有相对固定的语言模式,都有固定词语要求。 介绍信是社交书信中较常用的,一般是向收信人介绍第三者并希望得到他的支持、帮助或者照顾。根据介绍人、被介绍人与收信人之间的关系以及介绍的目的,可以分为普通社交介绍信和公务介绍信两种。

公务介绍信往往比较正式,有一定的规律可循。介绍信一般都包括:第一部分详细叙述被介绍人的情况,如姓名、年龄、学历等;第二部分说明情由,即被介绍人此行的目的;第三部分写明被介绍人希望得到哪方面的帮助并向收信人致谢。

写作" 三步曲"

说明被介绍人的身份→提出希望收信人做的事情→像收信人表示感谢或者表示希望能合作愉快。

注意:

语言上介绍信应措辞礼貌得体,对被介绍人的说明应简洁明了、重点突出。 范文解析:

Directions: Your close friend in college, Li Ming, is going to pursue his postgraduate study in the foreign university where you studied before.

Write a letter of no less than 100 words to your former teacher Professor Smith to introduce Li Ming's characters and so on, expressing your hope for help from Prof. Smith. Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use "Wang Hua" instead. Do not write the address. Dear Prof. Smith, I take great pleasure in introducing to you Mr. Li Ming, my classmate and best friend. He is going to pursue his studies as a postgraduate in your university after his graduation here. We've lived and studied together for almost four years. No friend deserves so much love and respect as he does. His performance in the school years was outstanding. In addition, he has a very pleasant personality and staying with him is always pleasant. Will you please give him some guidance regarding the postgraduate entrance examination? If it is convenient, could you introduce him to the future tutor? It would be appreciated if you can give him some help. Yours truly, Wang Hua 考研英语作文急训:小作文“介绍信”

◆ 常用句式

1、Please allow me to introduce one of my best friends to you.

请允许我向您推荐我最好的朋友。

2、I am writing to introduce Li Ming, one of my college classmates in Beijing.

我写信是要介绍我在北京时的大学同学李明。

3、I am very glad to have this chance to write to you to ...

很高兴能有这次机会向您写信......

4、I take pleasure in introducing to you the bearer Mr. Li.

很高兴能向您介绍这封信的持有者李先生。

5、The bearer of this letter is Mr. Li whom I personally know to be a most deserving person for your position.

这里介绍的这封信的持有者李先生,我个人认为是这个职位的最佳人选。

6、Thanks for your attention and hope to receive your reply.

多谢您的关注,希望能收到您的回复。

7、It would be appreciated of you can give her some help.

如果您能给他提供帮助,我将不胜感激。

8、I would be most grateful of you could lend due attention to this letter and contact me at...

如您能对此信给予一定的关注并通过...... 和我联系,我将非常感谢。

9、In addition, I want to express my sincere thanks for your attention. 另外,真诚地感谢您的关注。

考研英语作文急训:小作文“建议信” 距离最后的考试只有近两个月的时间,最后的冲刺序幕正式拉开。英语复习到这个阶段,最重要的就是作文。要想在最后的考试成绩中脱颖而出,现阶段就必须要把精力放在分值占在30分的写作上。

考研英语中大作文的要求是内容切题、表达清楚、文字连贯、句式多变和语言规范。小作文考察点在信息点的覆盖、语言的准确性、文章组织的连贯性上。

其中小作文占10分,分为求职信、祝贺信、道歉信、询问信、推荐信、感谢信、邀请信、辞职信等等二十多种应用文。每个类别都有相对固定的语言模式,都有固定词语要求。 建议信是向别人提出合理性的建议,以便使对方接受自己的想法、主张,解决有关问题,因此要求建议信要写得简明扼要,目的明确,理由充足,具有合理性和说服力。 写作" 三步走"

自我介绍,说明写信目的→提出建议以及改进措施,忠告→表达希望采纳建议,或者期盼回复。

注意:

语言要委婉、礼貌,顾及对方感受。在提出缺点之前,最好先肯定其优点。 范文解析:

Directions: Your friend Lucy asked you for some information about successful interview.

Write a letter of no less than 100 words to give her some advice. Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use "Wang Hua" instead. Do not write the address.

Dear Lucy,

You asked me for some advice on how to prepare for a successful interview and I will try to offer some useful suggestions。

First of all, find out all the information you can about the company before you go to the interview. Secondly, practice your answers to common questions and make a list of questions to ask, too. It will make you feel more confident and relaxed. Thirdly, try to make the best impression: dress appropriately, sell your strengths, arrive early, be enthusiastic, shake hands firmly, be an active

listener, sit up straight and maintain eye contact. Finally, do not forget to say "thank you" after the interview。

I hope you will find these suggestions helpful. Good Luck!

Sincerely yours,

Wang Hua

◆ 常用句式

1、 You have asked me for some advice on/with regard to...and I will try to give some useful suggestions.

您问及我有关...... 的事情,我会尽量给出一些有用的建议。

2、As a staff member of Sales Department/regular customer/student of Management School, I am writing to you to present my suggestions on... 作为销售部的职员/老主顾/管理学院的学生,我写信向您建议......

3、I would like to suggest that...

我建议......

4、If I were you, I would...

如果我是您,我会......

5、I think it would be more beneficial if you could... 我认为您可以...... 6、I think it would be more beneficial if you could... 我想如果您能...... ,可能会更好。 7、I believe you will take seriously my advice into account. 我想您会认真考虑我的建议的。 8、I hope you will find these proposals/suggestions/recommendations practical/useful/helpful. 我希望这些建议/意见对您有用。 9、I will be more than happy to see improvements in this regard. 如果这方面有所改善我会非常开心的。 10、 I hope that my suggestions are helpful for your decision-making. 希望我的建议能对您的决定有所帮助。 考研英语作文急训:小作文" 投诉信"

距离最后的考试只有近两个月的时间,最后的冲刺序幕正式拉开。英语复习到这个阶段,最重要的就是作文。要想在最后的考试成绩中脱颖而出,现阶段就必须要把精力放在分值占在30分的写作上。

考研英语中大作文的要求是内容切题、表达清楚、文字连贯、句式多变和语言规范。小作文考察点在信息点的覆盖、语言的准确性、文章组织的连贯性上。

其中小作文占10分,分为求职信、祝贺信、道歉信、询问信、推荐信、感谢信、邀请信、辞职信等等二十多种应用文。每个类别都有相对固定的语言模式,都有固定词语要求。 投诉信是当人们对某机构的工作人员或其服务不满时,向有关机构的主管或监督人员所做出的书面表述。其内容往往包括对被投诉事件的回忆,投诉人的心里伤害、经济损失,以及投诉人对被投诉方提出的合理补偿要求等。

写作" 三步曲"

自我介绍,交代投诉内容,表明本信的目的和要求→说明情况,讲清利害,分析利弊。告诉对方你因此受到的伤害或不便,提出解决问题的建议,表明希望如何处理→表达希望问题得到迅速恰当解决的强烈愿望,希望尽快得到满意的答复。

注意:

写投诉信时语气要冷静、郑重、克制,不必过于礼貌。但也要就事论事,不能进行人身攻击。同时,在描述问题时尽量采用被动句式,使描述更加客观合理。

范文解析:

Directions: Write a letter to a store, making a complaint about its delivery. You should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET

Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use “Wang Hua” instead. Do not write the address.

Dear Sir or Madam,

I am writing to make a complaint against your bad delivery service.

I’m afraid that the enclosed CD player doesn’t work. It is the third one I’ve got to return this month.

Other than the three I’ve had to return recently, I’ve always found your

products to be excellent. I would be grateful if you could send a replacement and refund my postage.

I look forward to your reply and proper resolution of my problem, and will until the end of this week before seeking help from a consumer protection agency or the Better Business Bureau. Please contact me by the address on the envelope or by phone at 6668888.

Sincerely,

Wang Hua

◆ 常用句式

1、I venture to write a letter to you about…

恕我冒昧,我写信是想告诉你……

2、One annoying aspect of your service is…

你们服务中不尽人意的地方是……

3、I am writing this letter to tell you how disappointed I have been with the after-sale service at your shop.

我写信是想告诉贵店,我对你们的售后服务非常失望。

4、I would like to draw your attention to the problem…

希望引起贵方对……问题的注意。

5、I am writing to inform you that I find…unsatisfactory / I am dissatisfied with your…

我写信是为了告诉你我非常不满意……

6、I trust you will take my complaints seriously and… 相信贵方会认真对待我的投诉,并且…… 7、I hope you will give due attention to this matter. 希望贵方能对此事给予足够重视。 8、I would be very grateful of you could look into the matter as soon as possible. And I am looking forward to an early reply. 如果贵方能尽快调查此事,我将万分感激。望早日做出答复。 9、I am not blaming anyone, but… 我不是指责某个人,但是…… 10、I am sure this is a rare problem. 我相信这类问题不会经常发生。 考研英语作文急训:小作文" 求职信"

距离最后的考试只有近两个月的时间,最后的冲刺序幕正式拉开。英语复习到这个阶段,最重要的就是作文。要想在最后的考试成绩中脱颖而出,现阶段就必须要把精力放在分值占在30分的写作上。

考研英语中大作文的要求是内容切题、表达清楚、文字连贯、句式多变和语言规范。小作文考察点在信息点的覆盖、语言的准确性、文章组织的连贯性上。

其中小作文占10分,分为求职信、祝贺信、道歉信、询问信、推荐信、感谢信、邀请信、辞职信等等二十多种应用文。每个类别都有相对固定的语言模式,都有固定词语要求。 求职信是申请信的一种,是写信人就某一职位向收信人提出请求。求职信一般包括以下几个方面的内容:首先要阐述清楚招聘信息的来源,以及所申请的职位;其次简述个人信息;然后进一步强调自己的能力,表达抱负,并请求给予面试机会;最后提出自己的希望,希望得到面试的机会,并且告诉对方你的联系方式。

求职信的语言属于正式用语,在写作过程中一定要注意用词简洁准确,语气礼貌自信,态度不卑不亢,所给信息具有一定的可信度。尤其是在强调自身经历和优点的时候,更应把握尺度。

写作" 三步走"

自我介绍,说明求职目的—>展示个人能力、经历及求职动机—>希望面试机会、表示感谢 注意:

由于篇幅较短,而申请者需要尽可能地向用人单位推销自己,所以在求职信中宜笼统概说自己的求学和工作经历,突出一至两个吸引眼球的闪光点即可。

范文解析:

Directions: You are a Business English major due to graduate from Beijing University in June 2010. Write a letter of no less than 100 words to apply for a position of secretary in a company which requires the candidate master fluent English and good computer skills. Introduce yourself, ask for an interview and give you contact information in the end.

Dear Sir or Madam,

I am applying for the position of secretary advertised in Beijing Today. I majored in Business English. My training in Business English and Secretarial English will definitely meet your qualifications.

I’ll graduate form Beijing University in June 2010. In addition to the required courses of my major, I’ve studied Computer as my second major. I’ve also had a part-time job as a secretary in a company for 2 years. I am confident that my qualifications and experience make me suitable for this position.

I have enclosed a complete resume for detailed information. I hope you will consider me for this position. Please reach me by telephone 139……

Yours sincerely,

Wang Hua

◆ 常用句式

1、I am applying for the position of secretary advertised in……

我想申请……招聘广告中的秘书一职。

2、I am writing in response to your advertisement in…of April 6.

我看到了4月6日贵公司……上的招聘广告,于是写信申请。

3、The requirement outlined in your ad in…for a general manager assistant appear to mesh almost exactly with my own.

我本人的条件与你们刊登在……上的招聘广告中的所要求的总经理助理的条件完全吻合。

4、I think I am the right person for the job you advertised.

相信我是你们招聘的职位的最佳人选。

5、The key strengths that I possess for success in this position include… 我能胜任此职位的实力包括……

6、I am writing this letter to recommend myself as a qualified candidate for the job of…

我认为我是……工作的合格人选,所以我写信自荐。

7、Should you grant me a personal interview, I would be most grateful. 如果能给我面试的机会,我将不胜感激。

8、Thanks for considering my application and I am looking forward to your reply. 谢谢考虑我的申请,期待您的回复。

9、I have enclosed my resume.

简历附上。

10、I can be reached by telephone…

可以通过……这个电话联系我。

11、If you need to know any more about me, please contact me at… 如果您想了解更多关于我的信息,请通过……和我联系。