剑4-8雅思大作文-分数序列
高三 散文 32767字 199人浏览 shynie018

剑8 Test 1

Argumentation 教育类

Some people think that parents should teach children how to be good members of society. Others, however, believe that school is the place to learn this.

Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

MODEL ANWSER

A child's education has never been about learning information and basic skills only. It has always included teaching the next generation how to be good members of society. Therefore, this cannot be the responsibility of the parents alone.

In order to be a good member of any society the individual must respect and obey the rules of their community and share their values. Educating children to understand the need to obey rules and respect others always begins in the home and is widely thought to be the responsibility of parents. They will certainly be the first to help children learn what is important in life, how they are expected to behave and what role they will play in their world.

However, learning to understand and share the value system of a whole society cannnot be achieved just in the home. Once a child goes to school they are entering a wider community where teachers and peers will have just as much influence as their parents do at home. At school, children will experience working and living with people from a whole variety of backgrounds from the wider society. This experience should teach them how to co-operate with each other and how to contribute to the life of their community.

But to be a valuable member of any community is not like learning a simple skill. It is something that an individual goes on learning throughout life and it is the responsibility for every member of a society to take responsibility for helping the younger generation to become active and able members of that society.

剑8 Test 3

Report 社会类

Increasing the price of petrol is the best way to solve growing traffic and pollution problems. To what extent do you agree or disagree? What other measures do you think might be effective?

MODEL ANWSER

There is no doubt that traffic and pollution from vehicles have become huge problems, both in cities and on motorways everywhere. Solving these problems is likely to need more than a simple rise in the price of petrol.

While it is undeniable that private car use is one of the main causes of the increase in traffic and pollution, higher fuel costs are unlikely to limit the number of drivers for long. As this policy would also affect the cost of public transport, it would be very unpopular with everyone who needs to travel on the roads. But there are various other measures that could be implemented that would have a huge effect on these problems.

I think to tackle the problem of pollution, cleaner fuels need to be developed. The technology is already available to produce electric cars that would be both quieter and cleaner to use. Persuading manufacturers and travellers to adopt this new technology would be a more effective strategy for improving air quality, especially in cities.

However, traffic congestion will not be solved by changing the type of private vehicle people can use. To do this, we need to improve the choice of public transport services available to travellers. For example, if sufficient sky trains and underground train systems were built and effectively maintained in our major cities, then traffic on the roads would be dramatically reduced. Long-distance train and coach services should be made attractive and affordable alternatives to driving your own car for long journeys.

In conclusion, I think that long-term traffic and pollution reductions would depend on educating the public to use public transport more, and on governments using public money to construct and run efficient systems.

剑8 Test B

Argumentation 教育类

Some people think that it is better to educate boys and girls in separate schools. Others, however, believe that boys and girls benefit more from attending mixed schools.

Discuss both these views and give your opinion.

MODEL ANWSER

Some countries have single-sex education models, while in others both single sex and mixed schools co-exist and it is up to the parents or the children to decide which model is preferable.

Some educationalists think it is more effective to educate boys and girls in single-sex schools because they believe this environment reduces distractions and encourages pupils to concentrate on their studies. This is probably true to some extent. It also allows more equality among pupils and gives more opportunity to all those at school to choose subjects more freely without gender prejudice. For example, a much higher proportion of girls study science to a high level when they attend girls schools than their counterparts in mixed schools do. Similarly, boys in single-sex schools are more likely to take cookery classes and to study languages, which are often thought of as traditional subjects for girls.

On the other hand, some experts would argue that mixed schools prepare their pupils better for their future lives. Girls and boys learn to live and work together from an early age and are consequently not emotionally underdeveloped in their relations with the opposite sex. They are also able to learn from each other, and to experience different types of skill and talent than might be evident in a single gender environment.

Personally, I think that there are advantages to both systems. I went to a mixed school, but feel that I myself missed the opportunity to specialise in science because it was seen as a natural domain and career path for boys when I was a girl. So because of that, I would have preferred to go to a girls school. But hopefully, times have changed and both genders of student can have equal chance to study what they want to in whichever type of school they attend.

剑7 Test 1

Argumentation

It is generally believed that some people are born with certain talents, for instance sports or music, and others are not. However, it is sometimes claimed that any child can be taught to become a good sports person or musician.

Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

MODEL ANWSER

The relative importance of natural talent and training is a frequent topic of discussion when people try to explain different levels of ability in, for example, sport, art or music.

Obviously, education systems are based on the belief that all children can effectively be taught to acquire different skills, including those associated with sport, art or music. So from our own schools experience, we can find plenty of evidence to support the view that a child can acquire these skills with continued teaching and guided practice.

However, some people believe that innate talent is what differentiates a person who has been trained to play a sport or an instrument, from those who become good players. In other words, there is more to the skill than a learned technique, and this extra talent cannot be taught, no matter how good the teacher is or how frequently a child practices.

I personally think that some people do have talents that are probably inherited via their genes. Such talents can give individuals a facility for certain skills that allow them to excel, while more hard-working students never manage to reach a comparable level. But, as with all questions of nature versus nurture, they are not mutually exclusive. Good musicians of artists and exceptional sports stars have probably succeeded because of both good training and natural talent. Without the natural talent, continuous training would be neither attractive nor productive, and without the training, the child would not learn how to exploit and develop their talent.

In conclusion, I agree that any child can be taught particular skills, but to be really good in areas such as music, art or sport, then some natural talent is required.

剑7 Test 3

Report 社会类

As most people spend a major part of their adult life at work, job satisfaction is an important element of individual wellbeing.

What factors contribute to job satisfaction? How realistic is the expectation of job satisfaction for all workers?

MODEL ANWSER

Nowadays many adults have full-time jobs and the proportion of their lives spent doing such jobs is very high. So feeling about one‟s job must reflect how an individual feels about his or her life as a whole, and because of this, job satisfaction is indeed very important for the wellbeing of that person.

Employees get job satisfaction in a number of ways. Firstly, a person needs to feel that they are doing valued and valuable work, so positive feedback from superiors is very important in this respect. A sense of fulfillment is also encouraged if a worker feels the job is worth doing because it contributes to the society or the economy as a whole. Secondly, when someone feels they are improving or developing their skills through training opportunities, for example, then there is a sense of progression and purpose that rewards a worker. The sense of belonging to a team or a working community also contributes to job satisfaction because colleagues help each other to enjoy their working lives. Satisfaction is also increased by a sense of responsibility for and loyalty to a team.

Of course not everyone enjoys their work. Hard economic realities mean that many people have little choice in the kind of job they can get. In some cases an employee is working in a job that suits neither their skills nor their personality. Some jobs are repetitive and boring, and labour relations may be poor and lead to resentment and insecurity rather than to job satisfaction.

However, even though it is unlikely that all workers do feel happy in their work, I think it is not unrealistic to promote more job satisfaction in any job. If the factors identified above are implemented, then any job can be improved and more workers can feel greater degrees of job satisfaction.

剑6 Test 2

Argumentation 社会类

Successful sports professionals can earn a great deal more money than people in other important professions. Some people think this is fully justified while others think it is unfair.

Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

MODEL ANWSER

As a result of constant media attention, sports professionals in my country have become stars and celebrities, and those at the top are paid huge salaries. Just like movie stars, they live extravagant lifestyles with huge houses and cars.

Many people find their rewards unfair, especially when comparing these super salaries with those of top surgeons or research scientists, or even leading politicians who have the responsibility of governing the country. However, sports salaries are not determined by considering the contribution to society a person makes, or the level of responsibility he or she holds. Instead, they reflect the public popularity of sport in general and the level of public support that successful stars can generate. So the notion of „fairness‟ is not the issue.

Those who feel that sports stars‟ salaries are justified might argue that the number of professionals with real talent are very few, and the money is a recognition of the skills and dedication a person needs to be successful. Competition is constant and a player is tested every time they perform. in their relatively short career. The pressure from the media is intense and there is little privacy out of the spotlight. So all of these factors may justify the huge earnings.

Personally, I think that the amount of money such sports stars make is more justified than the huge earnings of movie stars, but at the same time, it indicates that our society places more value on sport than on more essential professions and achievements.

剑6 Test 4

Argumentation

Some people prefer to spend their lives doing the same things and avoiding change. Others, however, think that change is always a good thing.

Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

MODEL ANWSER

Over the last half century the pace of change in the life of human beings has increased beyond our wildest expectations. This has been driven by technological and scientific breakthroughs that are changing the whole way we view the world on an almost daily basis. This means that change is not always a personal option, but an inescapable fact of life, and we need to constantly adapt to keep pace with it.

Those people who believe they have achieved some security by doing the same, familiar things are living in denial. Even when people believe they are resisting change themselves, they cannot stop the world around them from changing. Sooner or later they will find that the familiar jobs no longer exist, or that the „safe‟ patterns of behaviour are no longer appropriate.

However, reaching the conclusion that change is inevitable is not the same as assuming that „change is always for the better.‟ Unfortunately, it is not always the case that new things are promoted because they have good impacts for the majority of people. A lot of innovations are made with the aim of making money for a few. This is because it is the rich and powerful people in our society who are able to impose changes (such as in working conditions or property developments ) that are in their own interests.

In conclusion, I would say that change can be stimulating and energising for individuals when they pursue it themselves, but that all change, including that which is imposed on people, does not necessarily have good outcomes.

剑6 Test B

Argumentation 社会类

Using a computer every day can have more negative than positive effects on young children. Do you agree or disagree?

MODEL ANWSER

I tend to agree that young children can be negatively affected by too much time spent on the computer every day. This is partly because sitting in front of a screen for too long can be damaging to both the eyes and the physical posture of a young child, regardless of what they are using the computer for.

However, the main concern is about the type of computer activities that attract children. These are often electronic games that tend to be very intense and rather violent. The player is usually the „hero‟ of the game and too much exposure can encourage children to be self-centred and insensitive to others.

Even when children use a computer for other purposes, such as getting information or emailing friends, it is no substitute for human interaction. Spending time with other children and sharing non-virtual experiences is and important part of a child‟s development that cannot be provided by a computer.

In spite of this, the obvious benefits of computer skills for young children cannot be denied. Their adult world will be changing constantly in terms of technology and the Internet is the key to all the knowledge and information available in the world today. Therefore it is important that children learn at an early age to use the equipment enthusiastically and with confidence as they will need these skills throughout their studies and working lives.

I think the main point is to make sure that young children do not overuse computers. Parents must ensure that their children learn to enjoy other kinds of activity and not simply sit at home, learning to live in a virtual world.

剑5 Test 4

Report

Research indicates that the characteristics we are born with have much more influence on our personality and development than any experiences we may have in our life.

Which do you consider to be the major influence?

MODEL ANWSER

Today the way we consider human psychology and mental development is heavily influenced by the genetic sciences. We now understand the importance of inherited characteristics more than ever before. Yet we are still unable to decide whether an individual‟s personality and development are more influenced by genetics factors (nature) or by the environment (nurture).

Research, relating to identical twins, has highlighted how significant inherited characteristics can be for an individual‟s life. But whether these characteristics are able to develop within the personality of an individual surely depends on whether the circumstances allow such a development. It seems that the experiences we have in life are so unpredictable and so powerful, that they can boost or over-ride other influences, and there seems to be plenty of research findings to confirm this.

My own view is that there is no one major influence in a person‟s life. Instead, the traits we inherit from our parents and the situations and experiences that we encounter in life are constantly interacting. It is the interaction of the two that shapes a person‟s personality and dictates how that personality develops. If this were not true, then we would be able to predict the behaviour and character of a person from the moment they were born.

In conclusion, I do not think that either nature or nurture is the major influence on a person, but that both have powerful effects. How these factors interact is still unknown today and they remain largely unpredictable in a person‟s life.

剑5 Test 2

Report 社会类

In some countries young people are encouraged to work or travel for a year between finishing high school and starting university studies.

Discuss the advantages and disadvantages for young people to do this.

MODEL ANWSER

It is quite common these days for young people in many countries to have a break from studying after graduating from high school. This trend is not restricted to rich students who have the money to travel, but is also evident among poorer students who choose to work and become economically independent for a period of time.

The reasons for this trend may involve the recognition that a young adult who passes directly from school to university is rather restricted in terms of general knowledge and experience of the world. By contrast, those who have spent some time earning a living or traveling to other places have a broader view of life and better personal resources to draw on. They tend to be more independent, which is a very important factor in academic study and research, as well as giving them an advantage in terms of coping with the challenges of student life.

However, there are certainly dangers in taking time off at that important age. Young adults may end up never returning to their studies or finding it difficult to readapt to an academic environment. They may think that it is better to continue in a particular job, or to do something completely different from a university course. But overall, I think this is less likely today, when academic qualifications are essential for getting a reasonable career.

My view is that young people should be encouraged to broaden their horizons. That is the best way for them to get a clear perspective of what they are hoping to do with their lives and why. Students with such a perspective are usually the most effective and motivated ones and taking a year off may be the best way to gain this.

剑5 Test B

Report 政府类

Nowadays we are producing more and more rubbish. Why do you think this is happening?

What can governments do to help reduce the amount of rubbish produced?

MODEL ANWSER

I think it is true that in almost every country today each household and family produces a large amount of waste every week. Most of this rubbish comes from the packaging from the things we buy, such as processed food. But even if we buy fresh food without packaging, we still produce rubbish from the plastic bags used everywhere to carry shopping home.

The reason why we have so much packaging is that we consume so much more on a daily basis than families did in the past. Convenience is also very important in modern life, so we buy packaged or canned food that can be transported from long distances and stored until we need it, first in the supermarket, and then at home.

However, the amount of waste produced is also a result of our tendency to use something once and throw it away. We forget that even the cheapest plastic bag has used up valuable resources and energy to produce. We also forget that it is a source of pollution and difficult to dispose of.

I think, therefore, that governments need to raise this awareness in the general public. Children can be educated about environmental issues at school, but adults need to take action. Governments can encourage such action by putting taxes on packaging, such as plastic bags, by providing recycling services and by fining households and shops that do not attempt to recycle their waste.

With the political will, such measures could really reduce the amount of rubbish we produce. Certainly nobody wants to see our resources used up and our planet poisoned by waste.

剑4 Test 2

Report 生活类

Happiness is considered very important in life.

Why is it difficult to define? What factors are important in achieving happiness?

MODEL ANWSER

Happiness is very difficult do define, because it means so many different things to different people. While some people link happiness to wealth and material success, others think it lies in emotions and loving personal relationships. Yet others think that spiritual paths, rather than either the material world or relationships with people, are the only way to true happiness. 59

Because people interpret happiness for themselves in so many different ways, it is difficult to give any definition that is true for everyone. However, if there are different kinds of happiness for different individuals then the first step in achieving it would be to have a degree of self-knowledge. A person needs to know who he or she is before being able to know what it is that makes him or her happy.

Of course, factors such as loving relationships, good health, the skills to earn a living and a peaceful environment all contribute to our happiness too. But this does not mean that people without these conditions cannot be happy.

Overall, I think an ability to keep clear perspectives in life is a more essential factor in achieving happiness. By that I mean an ability to have a clear sense of what is important in our lives (the welfare of our families, the quality of our relationships, making other people happy, etc.) and what is not (a problem at work, getting annoyed about trivial things, etc.).

Like self-awareness, this is also very difficult to achieve, but I think these are the two factors that may be the most important for achieving happiness.

剑4 Test B

Argumentation 教育类

Some people believe that children should be allowed to stay at home and play until they are six or seven years old. Others believe that it is important for young children to go to school as soon as possible.

What do you think are the advantages of attending school from a young age?

MODEL ANWSER

In many places today, children start primary school at around the age of six or seven. However, because it is more likely now that both parents work, there is little opportunity for children to stay in their own home up to that age. Instead, they will probably go to a nursery school when they are much younger.

While some people think this may be damaging to a child‟s development, or to a child‟s relationship with his or her parents, in fact there are many advantages to having school experience at a young age.

Firstly, a child will learn to interact with a lot of different people and some children learn to communicate very early because of this. They are generally more confident and independent than children who stay at home with their parents and who are not used to strangers or new situations. Such children find their first day at school at the age of six very frightening and this may have a negative effect on how they learn.

Another advantage of going to school at an early age is that children develop faster socially. They make friends and learn how to get on with other children of a similar age. This is often not possible at home because they are the only child, or because their brothers or sisters are older or younger.

So overall, I believe that, attending school from a young age is good for most children. They still spend plenty of time at home with their parents, so they can benefit from both environments.

剑4 Test 4

Report 教育类

In many countries schools have severe problems with student behaviour.

What do you think are the causes of this? What solutions can you suggest?

MODEL ANWSER

Poor student behaviour seems to be an increasingly widespread problem and I think that modern lifestyles are probably responsible for this.

In many countries, the birth rate is decreasing so that families are smaller with fewer children. These children are often spoilt, not in terms of love and attention because working parents do not have the time for this, but in more material ways. They are allowed to have whatever they want, regardless of price, and to behave as they please. This means that the children grow up without consideration for others and without any understanding of where their standard of living comes from.

When they got to school age they have not learnt any self-control or discipline. They have less respect for their teachers and refuse to obey school rules in the way that their parents did.

Teachers continually complain about this problem and measures should be taken to combat the situation. But I think the solution to the problem lies with the families, who need to be more aware of the future consequences of spoiling their children. If they could raise them to be considerate of others and to be social, responsible individuals, the whole community would benefit.

Perhaps parenting classes are needed to help them to do this, and high quality nursery schools could be established that would support families more in terms of raising the next generation. The government should fund this kind of parental support, because this is no longer a problem for individual families, but for society as a whole.

剑5 Test 1

Argumentation 教育类

Universities should accept equal numbers of male and female students in every subject.

To what extent do you agree of disagree?

SAMPLE ANSWER Band 4 score

(TP )It is difficult to find the main arguments in this answer. There are long, formulaic introductions, not many ideas that deal with the actual issues and the writer‟s point of view is not consistent. The prompt is copied directly three times in the response and the remainder is underlength at 181 words, so marks are lost for this.

(CC )The response is organized into sections, but the relationship between is not always clear and the linking expressions are sometimes inaccurate, as in the opening paragraph, or used in a mechanical way, as in the second paragraph.

(LR )The dependence on formulaic language and the input material indicates a limited range of vocabulary and there is a lot of repetition and inaccuracy.

(GRA )A range of structures is attempted, but control is weak. Errors in grammar and punctuation are frequent and cause problems for the reader.

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According to universities should accept equal numbers of male and female students in every subject. Therefore, this essay will show some reasons of argument for and argument against.

Firstly, I will discuss about two reasons of argument for to begin with universities should accept equal numbrs of male and female students in every subject because it will be balance of idea while studying. In general, there usually are different ideas between man and woman. These lead to new ideas from different vision will happen. Another reason is it display that have equal of society not eccept in each side. In addition, nowadays, the most societies become to accept ability of both in any way.

Secondly, I will discuss about one reason of arguments against that is some subjects not suitable for each other. for example, some subjects of sports such as weight putting. It is not suitable for female because there are different of body between male and female.

In conclusion, I agree with universities should accept equal numbers of male an female students in every subject. Moreover, it depend on what the subjects that the students want to study, they can choose by themselves because I believe that if the students like to study their subjects, they will do it well so that I strongly agree with this topic.

剑4 Test 1

Report 新闻媒体类

Compare the advantages and disadvantages of three of the following as media for communicating information. State which you consider to be the most effective.

● Comics

● Books

● Radio

● Television

● Film

● Theatre

SAMPLE ANSWER Band 4 score.

(TP )This answer describes some relevant advantages and disadvantages of books, TV and films, although these are sometimes unclear or not sufficiently developed. The script loses marks, however, because it doesn‟t answer the question about „which medium is most effective‟ and also because it is under the minimum length (only 230 words).

(CC )The writer has tried to organize ideas and uses paragraphing to structure the response. However, the message is confused at times and the answer is incomplete. Some ideas are linked appropriately, but there is a lot of repetition across sentences.

(LR )The writer uses a limited range of language quite repetitively and there are only simple sentences. (GRA )However, these are often quite accurate, although there are many examples of basic errors in grammar and punctuation.

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In our daily life, we always communicate information through the media, such as television, radio, film, These media have different advantages and disadvantages for us. Now, I am going to compare the advantages and disadvantages of books, television and film.

Books bring us different knowledge. It bases on what Book we read. A famous Chinese traditional verse which described books is a treasure. We can find a golden house in there. Moreover, when we want to read it, we can find it easily, such as bookstore, library. We can also learn a lot of words from books. And it can improve our reading and writing skills.

However, books always are not attractive for children or youngster. It is because books are quite boring. A lot of words and less pictures inside the books, compare to television, television has pictures and sound, we don't have to read a lot of words in television. But some artist in television programme or film, bring a bad image to us. Then some children or youngers will imitate their behaviour. Some film also bring a wrong message to us, For example, they are always smoking in films. It seems that smoking is good and smart. It caused many youngers imitate them smoking.

In conclusion, books, television and film have many advantages and disadvantages. I cannot write all in here. And we have choose the media carefully.

剑6 Test 3

Argumentation 文化传统类

Some people believe that visitors to other countries should follow local customs and behaviors. Others disagree and think that the host country should welcome cultural differences.

Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

SAMPLE ANSWER Band 4

(TP )This answer is considerably underlength at 186 words and it loses marks for this. The writing tries to address the two points of view in the question, but it is so underlength that main ideas are not developed enough. The writer expresses a point of view, but this is not always clear for the reader.

(CC )There is a certain logic to the way the ideas are organized, and a range of logical connectors is used. However, these connectives are often inaccurate and at times it is difficult to understand the relationship between the points.

(LR )Control of vocabulary is weak and the errors in word form and spelling make it hard for the reader to understand the message at times. Phrases from the question are copied directly, even when inappropriate, and this reveals the limitations in the writer‟s vocabulary.

(GRA )Similarly, there is poor control of grammatical structures, with mistakes in even simple sentences. Although there are occasional accurate structures, the number of mistakes causes great strain for the reader. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

In the recent years, between the different countries, a lot of people keen on visit to other countries. These peope like to learn the different cultural and reconize different things from the other countries.

In my opinion, every host country should welcome cultural differences. Because the visitors were stay a short time for their journey. They will travel and shopping in the cities. Sometime, they can bring up the cultural and enconomoic were development. Althought, the language and the lifestyle are different, but we shall learn from their language.

Some people cannot accept the visitors. I think they afair to effect the local customs. And... the don't the visitors behaviour were effect to their countries saft. Therefore the cannot accept. The visitors might be the crime and escept from their countries. However, they afaird the visitors whose will destronye their countries.

In summerise, the people should accept the host country and welcome cultural differences. They will earn a lot for other countries. such as cultural, religious, knowledge, Arts, etc, If they can accept the other countries visitors. They might be benefit a lot than they needs.

剑7 Test 4

Argumentation 教育类

Some people think that universities should provide graduates with the knowledge and skills needed in the workplace. Others think that the true function of a university should be to give access to knowledge for its own sake, regardless of whether the course is useful to an employer.

What, in your opinion, should be the main function of a university?

SAMPLE ANSWER Band 5 score.

(TR )This answer is less than 250 words and it does not address all parts of the question, so it loses marks. Nevertheless, some relevant ideas and a position on the issue are presented. Ideas are organized and the structure of the answer is clearly signaled.

(CC&LR)Paragraphing is not always logical, however. There is some good use of linkers, but there is also a lot of repetition [„knowledge and skills‟ is repeated nine time] also indicates limitations in the range of vocabulary although, apart from language given in the rubric, there is just sufficient additional vocabulary for the task.

(GRA )The answer includes attempts at complex sentence forms, but these are generally awkwardly phrased and tend to require some re-reading to understand. Nevertheless, there are examples of accurate complex structures.

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What knowledge and skills should universities provide has been argued for many years. Some people think that the true function of universities provide knowledge for their own purpose, but nowadays, more and more people point out that universities should provide graduates with the knowledge and skills according to the workplace.

The first reason for universities should provide these knowledge and skill is the students‟ needs. Obviously, the most of the students go to university purpose of is to get some knowledge and skills which could make them have the ability to get a job. If a university does not provide these knowledge and skills, the students might not get a job and they would be very disappointed. As a result, the university would lose its students.

Moreover, providing knowledge and skills needed in the workplace makes a university progress. The new skills and information always are initiated in the workplace, so focusing on the needs of the workplace the university could get sound strategies to do research and make it more modernization.

Lastly, providing these knowledge and skills could benefit our country which usually gives a financial support to universities. Having these knowledge and skills, students are more easy to get a job, and this can make our countries‟ economy strong.

In conclusion, it can be said that providing the knowledge and skills which the workplace needs is every university‟s basic function.

剑8 Test 2

Argumentation 社会类

Nowadays the way many people interact with each other has changed because of technology.

In what ways has technology affected the types of relationships people make?

Has this become a positive or negative development?

SAMPLE ANSWER Band 5.5

(TR )The topic introduction has been copied from the task and is educated from the word count. This leaves the answer underlength at 236 words, so the candidate loses marks for this. This answer addresses both questions, but the first is not well covered in terms of how actual relationships have changed. Nevertheless, there is a clear opinion that the effects have been positive and relationships have improved, with some relevant ideas to support this.

(CC )There is a general progression to the argument, with some effective use of time markers and linkers. There is also some repetition, however. Paragraphing is not always logical, and ideas are not always well linked.

(LR )A range of vocabulary that is relevant to the topic is used, including some precise and natural expressions. There are quite a lot of mistakes in word form, word choice or spelling, but these do not usually reduce understanding.

(GRA )A variety of sentence types is used, but not always accurately. Errors in grammar and punctuation are distracting at times, but only rarely cause problems for the reader.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Nowadays the way people interact with each other has changed because of technology.

Yes, the technology has changed the people‟s interaction in very enhanced manner. Earlier people use to wait and try to find easy way to contact their friends or relatives leaving far. In past there was no quick technology to contact or to establish any communication between one person to another person. The drawback with past communication systems was that it were very slow and were time taking process such as telegrams, letter etc. People used to afraid to write their personal feedbacks or things to their love ones due to insecure medium of communication. When it comes to professional level, the privacy and accuracy should be maintain but, to that time there were no secure communications.

Now the things have changed around, people from far distance contact their loves one in an easy and quick ways which improves the interaction level between two person. Quality the level of the interaction between people to people, has improved because the people are equipped with high-tec technology which enhances the communication. There are many many medium which are available now such as internet, called cards etc.

The technology has provided the mobility faster which help people to talk or to interact at any time anywhere in the world.

People can contact their friend or relatives any time they want. It has become so easier and feriendly to be in touch with your feriends, relatives even with the unknown people.

剑6 Test A

Argumentation 教育类

Some people think it would be a good idea for schools to teach every young person how to be a good parent. Do you agree or disagree with this opinion? Describe the skills a person needs to be a good parent.

SAMPLE ANSWER Band 6 score

(TP )This answer has a clear focus and presents a very definite point of view about the general topic area. However, the second question is not directly addressed and no identifiable parenting skills are described. This means the task is only partially answered and this limits the Band score.

(CC )The argument is quite easy to follow and a range of devices is used to connect the ideas. However, some of these connectives are not appropriate and paragraphing in not always logical, especially at the beginning of the answer. The closing statement in the conclusion is relevant to the argument but it is not well integrated into the writing.

(LR )A range of vocabulary is used with flexibility and a good level of control. There are examples of appropriate idiomatic expressions that suggest that the writer has a good active resource. There are some lapses and some minor spelling mistakes, but these do not reduce communication.

(GRA )The writer uses a range of structures effectively and accurately, with examples of sophisticated phrasing. However, there are quite a lot short, simple sentences too, and there are lapses and omissions in some structures, although these do not prevent the reader from understanding the message.

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Every young person, male or female should know more about being a good parent before having children. There are many cases in which very young women give birth to little babies, without having a clue what means to be a parent.

In addition, school should provide courses, teaching young persons to be good parents. It might seem as something very easy. Every woman can be a mother, the problem is what kind of mother she is.

It is said that human instinct develops after giving birth to a child and every mother-father instinctually feels what to do for the baby. But, there are some things that ought to be known before.

A child is not a simple toy. A child is a big responsibility, love and care. A mother should know if she is ready or not to have a child, and a couple should prepare before having children.

We can see many cases with families behaving badly – in real life, on TV , reading newspapers, when children are very bad, when parents abuse their olnly chillren, screaming and shouting, smacking them. Who is guilty then? The – here – parents and not the children – don‟t learn how to behave themselves, how to handle their children, how and when to give them support.

In addition to all the things written above, it would be a very good idea for schools to teach young persons become good parents, as this can help young people how to to handle their own problems and above all their children‟s problems.

A child is the mirror of the parents.

剑5

Test 3

Argumentation

教育类

Some people think that a sense of competition in children should be encouraged. Others believe that children who are taught to co-operate rather than compete become more useful adults.

Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

SAMPLE ANSWER Band 6 score

(TP )Although the answer considers the main issues in the question, it deals much more with the aspect of “competition” than it does with “co-operation”. Some of the supporting examples are overdeveloped and divert the reader away from the argument. However, the main points are relevant and the writer‟s point of view is generally clear.

(CC )The argument has a logical progression and there is some good use of linking expressions, though the use of rhetorical questions to signal topic changes is not very skillful. There are also examples of overusing markers, and of errors in referencing.

(LR )The candidate tries to use a range of language, but there are regular errors in word choice and word form, and this occasionally causes problems for the reader.

(GRA )Similarly, a range of structures is attempted, but not always with good control of punctuation or grammar. However, the meaning is generally clear.

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Nowadays, purpose of education being changed in Korea. There are some people who think that competition in children should be made, also others believe that children who are taught to co-operate as well as become more useful adults. There are advantages and disadvantages for both of the arguments.

To begin with, what is good if a sense of competition in children is made? They could develop themselves more and more as they learn and study a lot to win from the competition. To prove this, in Korea, it is popular- even common now- to have a tutor who come to student‟s house to teach extra pieces of study with paying a lot of money. They learn faster than what they learn at school. Furthermore, during the vocations, students study abroad to learn English for a month instead of revise school work. If they have experiments such as study abroad, it is one of the greatest plus point to go to the famous well-known high school. Moreover, there are four big school exam and two national examinations to test students‟ level of studies. Generally, only the highest 40% can go to the good quality highschools and colleges children learn as much as they can, to win the competition to obtain good quality schools.

On the other hand, as they are busy to enter the schools and study individually with their own tutors, there are problems. They become selfish. They become careless and don‟t help others a lot if it is about studies. There will be no co-operations for them. Then, why are there companies for many people to work in? each of them are clever, however, there are weak parts and strong parts for each person. To co-operate is to improve this part. People talk and listen to what others thinking of and learn. That could also be a great opportunity to learn instead of learning alone with one teacher.

In conclusion, I strongly agree with that children should be taught to co-operate rather than compete. Nobody is perfect. People learn together, work together to develop each other. therefore, I want parents and teachers to educate children concentrating on co-operation, not compete and ranking them.

剑4 Test A

Report 文化传统类

In the past, many people had skills such as making their own clothes and doing repairs to things in the house. In many countries, nowadays, skills like these are disappearing.

Why do you think this change is happening? How far is this situation true in your country?

SAMPLE ANSWER Band 6 score.

(TP )The writing focuses on the first question but does not address the second one directly. The candidate loses marks for this. However, the writer's point of view is clear and there are some relevant ideas that are communicated effectively.

(CC )Ideas are generally supported, and the argument is organised with some clear linking, although paragraphing is not always used appropriately.

(LR&GRA)A fairly wide range of language is attempted with mixed success. There are some good idiomatic expressions and some accurate complex sentences, but the writer misuses quite basic words and grammatical structures as well. The errors are quite frequent, but the writer's message can still be followed throughout the response.

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In the past the people used to make clothes and doing repairs on things in the house more than nowadays. This is caused for many aspects that are present in our days like the quantity of other activities available to do, the differences in jobs and in lifestyle.

When in the past days the people finished their workday, it was still early and they had not too many other activities to do, so they spended their free time doing some of the repairs. While in the other hand most of the women used to make clothes.

Nowadays is bigger the number of women that works, in addition to that, the work is normally longer and more stressing for everybody, so the people is getting used to live as fast as possible.

Another element that is pushing to this situation is that as the people is having less and less time for a hobby, any hobby will require more and more time. Because everything that you want to try to repair is more technical and complicated than before, and to do some repair the people almost have to be a qualified technician.

On top of all that the tradition is being lost because the people learn the traditions when they are young and from their parents, but nowadays the young people have too many distractions and hobbies like sports, going to shopping malls, video games, computers, cinema, amusement parks, e-mail and chat rooms, instead of spending their free time with their parents.

This situation is happening in the entire world, and it's caused in part by the globalisation and the advance of the technology in the home.

So the situation is that when the people need more Konwledge to their hobbies, they have less time to acquire it because of their work. And that to transmit the traditions to other generations the adults need the young's people attention which they don't have because of new distractions the youngs have.

剑8 Test 4

Report 社会类

In some countries the average weight of people is increasing and their levels of health and fitness are decreasing.

What do you think are the causes of these problems and what measures could be taken to solve them?

SAMPLE ANSWER Band 6.5

(TR )This script answers both parts of the task and presents a clear opinion on the issues. There are relevant main ideas, although the supporting examples are sometimes less appropriate.

(CC )The answer is organized with some good use of connectives and time-marker giving an overall progression to the argument. There are also mistakes, however, and some lack of linking between sentences. Paragraphing is used, but is not always logical, and the concluding paragraph is confused.

(LR )The range of vocabulary is the best feature of this script, and includes some good use of natural expressions and idiomatic language. There is some inappropriate use of a less formal style at time, but control is generally good. There are few word choices that are inaccurate, and errors in word form and spelling are only occasional.

(GRA )A variety of sentence forms is used with accuracy and fluency, but there are a lot of short, simple sentences that reduce the range of complex structures. There are grammatical errors and omissions, but these are not frequent.

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In some countries the average weight of people is increasing and their levels of health and fitness are decreasing. I think that the causes of these problems are due to unhealthy lifestyle and the lack of exercise.

Nowadays, people are getting more and more lazy. They want convience in everything when they come home from work, they will have microwaved dinner or fast food so that they do not have to take the trouble to prepare a meal or wash up after dinner. The introduction of fast-food is also the main cause of unhealthy living. People are opting a fast-food restaurant meal rather than a simple home-cooked meal. Yes, your burgers and pizzas tasted better than a home-cooked meal but think of all the calories you are swallowing. The oil they used to fry your fries. It is literally black. Eating too much fast-food will also lead to health problems. Sugary drinks , pacheted chips ,candies and chocolate are also some of the causes that contributes to unhealthy lifestyle. Heavy consumption can lead to weight gain and diabeties.

I think that the main cause is the lack of exercise. As you grow older, your metabolism rate drops. Even if you are eating the same amount as before, you will still gain weight. The one and only solution to this is exercise. The recommended exercise per day is as least 30 minutes of brisk walking. This target can be easily achieved if people do not drive to work. They can take a bus or a train and comes home from work, you can play with your kids or bring the dog for a walk. Anything to get your attention away from the couch. More exercise will surpass your cravings for sugary stuffs.

People should also balance their diet. For example, by eating more vegetables and fruits. Eat less meat and drink plenty of water throughout the day. Organize time with your family to take a walk outdoors to enjoy the sceneries rather than cooping yourself in the house. This is healthy living for the body, heart and the soul. It is also less likely to fall sick if you do plenty of exercise as your body is strong enough to fight off illness and diseases.

剑8 Test A

Report 文化类

Today more people are travelling than ever before.

Why is this the case? What are the benefits of travelling for the traveller?

SAMPLE ANSWER Band 7 score

This script is from a very high-level candidate who does not read the task carefully and who loses marks for this and for a lack of paragraphing.

(TR )This answer is a sophisticated response to the first question in the task. Reasons for increases in both long-distance and local travel are analysed and argued. However, the second question on the benefits for the traveler is not addressed at all, so the task in only partially answered and this limits the rating.

(CC )Although the answer is logically organized and ideas are well linked, unfortunately there is no attempt at paragraphing. This makes it more difficult for the reader to identify the main points in the argument.

(LR&GRA)A wide range of language is used naturally and accurately. There are no noticeable mistakes in the use of vocabulary or grammar and only rare lapses in the use of punctuation and spelling. Otherwise, the writer has full control of the language used.

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Today more people are travelling than ever before. The reasons for this increase are many and varied. On a simplistic level, there are larger numbers of means of transportation – there are more cars, buses and trains in operation. The cost of travelling, even though it is at present increasing due to an economic slow-down globally, is still relatively affordable to many people. This affordability is further enhanced by the use of credit cards and loans in order to fund travel, especially for holiday purposes. An increase of travel companies in competition with each other has also helped bring package prices down. At the same time, an increase in the number of operating flights globally has also increased, giving rise to falling air-fare prices. In addition, people now have more leisure time and disposable incomes. The combination of these two variables with unrelenting advertising campaigns from travel companies and cruise ship operators arguably leads to an increase in the number of people travelling, in this case for holiday purposes. Another reason why people travel is going to work. More than ever before, people are travelling greater distances to get to be located outside city areas. This invariably leads to increases in the number of people travelling locally. In conclusion, there are many reason why more people are travelling both internationally and locally, for business and for leisure. What is sure is that this increase is likely to continue until travelling at current rates is no longer economically viable.

剑7 Test A

Argumentation 社会类

Some people prefer to live in a house, while others feel that there are more advantages to living in an apartment.

Are there more advantages than disadvantages of living in a house compared with living in an apartment?

SAMPLE ANSWER Band 7 score

(TP )The response looks at the advantages of living in apartments and houses then briefly considers some disadvantages before giving the candidate‟s own opinion. Fuller development of the disadvantages would raise the candidate‟s score here.

(CC )The ideas are clearly organized and paragraphing is logical. There is some under-use of cohesive devices and some incorrect referencing, but links between sentences and paragraphs can be clearly followed. (LR )The range of vocabulary used is varied and there is some good use of collocation, but there are occasional examples of inappropriate word choice, and better control of spelling would help to raise the candidate‟s score.

(GRA )The range of complex structures could be wider, but there is sufficient variation in sentence forms and sufficient control of grammar and punctuation to reach this band. Some errors occur, but most are minor and do not reduce communication.

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In big business cities there are two options available for the type of accommodation: houses and apartments. Some people prefer to live in a apartments and some like to live in houses.

In big business cities, where almost everyone is going out daily for work or study, apartment provide a much more comfortable and safe way of living. The advantages include the fact that there is one key and lock they have to take care of, and also the sense of being a part of a big family. Usually a guard sits at the main gate, so children can play around in the compound with their next door friends. In addition, not much daily cleaning is required in apartment as no staircase has to be clean, which is a difficult task- all housewives know it very well. But a key advantage is that it is safe to go on vocation for a long trip.

On the other hand, houses have their own attraction for its inhabitants. Garden lovers usually prefer houses as they can have their own garden. It is also easy to keep a pet, especially a dog in a house because dog can play around the garden. If someone is interest in maintain cars himself, it can only be possible in houses where one can have his own garage.

Where people are sometimes much more concerned about their privacy, living in apartments can be a very difficult for them. It may also be the case that someone is not able to deal with other people, for instance next door neighbours, and then house can be a best choice for such people.

However, sometimes houses can be a bad choice for low income people. Maintaining a big house and running it properly can be a problem for such cases.

At the end, I must say both options can be good or bad, depending on the personal considerations. But from my part of view, I must say apartments seem a gift of modern way of life which is not common in my home town.

剑4 Test 3

Report 政府类

Creative artists should always be given the freedom to express their own ideas (in words, pictures, music or film) in whichever way they wish. There should be no government restrictions on what they do.

To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?

SAMPLE ANSWER Band 7 score

(TP )This answer considers the main issues raised by the question and presents a definite opinion about the statement. However, the response tends to over-generalise and sometimes the example used to support ideas seem rather confusing.

(CC )Ideas are generally clearly organized, and paragraphing is clear but the argument is difficult to follow in places. A range of linking words and expressions is used, but there are occasional mistakes.

(LR )The candidate uses an ambitious range of vocabulary and sentence patterns, but has some problems with word choice and collocations.

(GRA )There are very few spelling errors and only minor grammar mistakes, but there are many examples of expression used inappropriately.

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I agree with the statement that there should be no government restriction on creative artists who express themselves in the way they do and that they must be given freedom for the same. Expression has always been the keynote in a person‟s life. It is the result of mere expression of our thoughts that we are able to communicate. Restrictions on how we present our thoughts is senseless.

Creative artists play a major role in our society, be it the government, old peolple, the youth or the children. Their works enlighten our minds, no matter if is sactual or entertainment based. It is diserving that after a days‟ work when we want to take some time off for ourselves, we look out for some leisure. For instance: either pleasant music or a family movie which soothes the mind. Entertainment give us an overview of a new side of life which every individual respects. There is almost everything good in what is given to us through the media world which is made up of artists.

On the contrary sometimes these artists tend to be unscrupuous. They convert rumours into facts and present them before us. This might im pair the reputation of some illustrious people in today‟s society. On such occasions, certain restrictions are understandable. Nevertheless we all do know what is right or wrong. Rules and regulations not always are the solution to how artists present their own ideas. Hence it is doltish to be impetuous and the government should enforce alternative ways to control the media.

Respect for ones ideas is not only hypothetical but must be practised. It is through respect that each one of us can be recognised as a unique person in the world. This can be achieved by looking at the bright side of what media i.e. the creative artists display for us. Not a day can go by when we don‟t look out for colourful dreams and a beautiful life which we can find either through music, poetry, films, pictures; everything that the creative artist offer us.

剑5 Test A

Argumentation 教育类

Some people believe that children are given too much free time. They feel that this time should be used to do more school work.

To what extent do you agree?

SAMPLE ANSWER Band 7 score

(TP )The answer addresses both ideas put forward in the task, and the writer‟s point of view is clearly stated throughout. He presents relevant main ideas and draws appropriate conclusions from these. However, the response is unfinished and this means that some of the ideas are rather generalized and would need more support. The opening sentence is copied and the whole answer is underlength, so it loses marks for this.

(CC )The writing has clear organization and some sophisticated use of link words and referencing. However, paragraphing is not always logical as it is organized by sentences rather than topics.

(LR )The range of vocabulary and structures is very good with a high level of control and precision.

(GRA )Complex ideas are expressed in a sophisticated way and most sentences are accurate. There are only rare errors, e.g. in spelling and subject/verb agreement.

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To a large extent, I believe that children are given too much free time.

Free time, in my opinion, refers to time not spent under the direct supervision of a parent, a teacher or a person entrusted with the responsibility of bringing up the child. Such time is often spent on several things such as watching television, playing with friends, going to parties, doing home work, playing games on their own among others.

Among all of the above, a child could either be influenced by his or her peer group especially when left without attention or be influenced by what he or she watched on TV most of which are those not meant to be viewed by the child‟s age group.

In my opinion, most of the formative years of a child should be spent doing school work , engaging in recreational activities that would develop the child emotionally and mentally, I believe this strongly because at a young age , a child is quick to grasp most of what is seen or heard .

For instance, a child who is not used to doing more school work lusually referred to as house work

剑7 Test 2

Argumentation 政府类

Some people believe that there should be fixed punishment for each type of crime. Others, however, argue that the circumstances of an individual crime, and the motivation for committing it, should always be taken into account when deciding on the punishment.

Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

SAMPLE ANSWER Band 7.5 score.

(TR )This is a thoughtful and well-argued response to the task. The candidate examines the opposing views of the topic and gives a clear opinion that is well developed and supported. To reach the highest band a more clearly-signalled conclusion would be needed.

(CC )The argument is well organized and linking is well managed throughout. The development of the answer is not helped, however, by poor control of paragraphing which sometimes confuses the links across different sections. This is a weak feature of the script which limits the overall rating.

(LR )In contrast, an excellent range of vocabulary is used with a sophisticated level of control and only rare slips.

(GRA )The range of structures is also wide and most sentences are accurate and precise, but there are some errors and omissions. These, however, are only minor and do not affect communication.

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Fixing punishments for each type of crime has been a debatable issue. There are many arguments supporting both views, those for and those against fixed punishments.

On the one hand, fixed punishments will have a deterring effect on society. Individuals knowing that they will be subject to a certain punishment if they are convicted with a given crime, will reconsider committing this act in the first place. This deterring effect also leads to social stability and security, through minimizing the number of crime committed. If people knew they would be able to convince the court or the jury of a reason for having committed the crime they are accused of, penal decisions would be largely arbitrary. This would result into criminals getting away with their crimes and into a high level of injustice caused by the subjective approach of different courts.

On the other hand, taking the circumstances of a crime and its motivation into consideration is a prerequisite for establishing and ensuring justice and equity. A person killing in self-defense cannot be compared to a serial killer, moving from one victim to the next.

In my opinion and intermediary position between both solutions is the perfect way to establish and ensure justice and equity. There have to be fixed punishments for all crimes. however, criminal laws have to provide for a minimum and a maximum for the punishment and the laws also have to foresee certain cases of exemptions. An example for setting minimum and maximum penalties is Completion Law where a person being held liable of a crime under this law will be convicted to pay a fine, according to the harm caused by the violation and the profit gained by the violator through committing the crime.As for the exemptions, in some countries the law exempts thiefs stealing food during a period of famine taking into consideration the distress and hunger. Also a person killing in self-defense will be exempted from punishment.

剑6 Test 1

Argumentation 社会类

Today, the high sales of popular consumer goods reflect the power of advertising and not the real needs of the society in which they are sold.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

SAMPLE ANSWER Band 7.5 score.

(TP )The way in which the candidate has responded to the task is a strong point of this script. It is a well-developed answer that addresses the issues relevantly and at length. The writer introduces the topic, examines both sides of the argument and expresses a clear position. Points are well-argued and supported with examples.

(CC )The answer is well-organized and the message is easy to follow with clear paragraphing and linking of ideas. There are too many errors in cohesion, however, and some linkers are not always fully appropriate, so this limits the rating for this criterion.

(LR )A wide range of vocabulary is used accurately and precisely, in spite of one or two awkward expressions and some rare errors.

(GRA )Similarly, a sophisticated range of structures is used but there are too many minor errors and omissions (such as in the use of prepositions and basic subject/verb agreement) to reach Band 8. Nevertheless these mistakes do not reduce the clarity of the answer and overall a wide range of language is used with a high level of proficiency.

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Nowadays, there are lots of advertisements on television or on the streets. Some people think that the advertising boosts the sales of goods and it encourages people to buy things unnecessarily. This arguments may be true. In my country, many advertising companies produce advertisements with famous and popular actors or singers. People, especially youngsters, buy goods that their favourite singer advertise, although they do not really need the products.

Also, on the television screen, a product may look gorgeous and good quality. As a result of it, people often buy goods without enough consideration. Consumers may not actually need it but they buy goods impulsively soon after they watch the advertising. Furthermore, as many customers buy a particular product due to its advertising campaign, the other people may be affected by the trend, even if the product is not of the real needs of the society.

On the other hand, there are various aspects against thesen arguments. Moreover, it is people's choice to make a decision to buy goods. Advertising may be not a cause of customers' buying habits. Individuals have their own spending habits. If they have got enough disposable income, then the right to make a decision is given to them. No one actually can judge whether the goods sold are the real needs of the society or not.

In addition, as there should be a limited amount of disposable income consumers are able to spend, people try to allocate their budgets. They cannot be simply swayed by those advertisements.

In conclusion, as customers have their own strong opinions and standard of good quality goods, it is better to leave them to make their own decision in buy goods. It is fairly difficult to say everyone is swayed by advertising and buy good impulsively. However, in sensitive area of businesses such as toy industries, it may be necessary to band advertising to those children as children have not got enough ability to control themselves or to know what they need.