2000年考研真题作文
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2000年考研真题作文

Directions:

A. Study the following two pictures carefully and write an essay of at least 150 words.

B. Your essay should meet the requirements below:

OUTLINE:

1. Describe the pictures.

2. Deduce the purpose of the drawer of the pictures.

3. Suggest your counter-measures.

(15 points)

[审题解题]

2000年的考研写作考察的是图画作文,它标志着真正意义上的

图画作文考察的开始。这是继1998年之后第二次考图画作文,也是之后连续考察图画作文的开始,98年的图画作文并不典型,因为包含的文字(包含图画内的和图画边的)太多;从2000年起,就变得言简意赅了。

这里给出了两张图画,形成了强烈的对比:1900年只有一艘捕鱼的船只,鱼儿却很多;到了1995年,船只成群,而鱼儿却只剩一只了。这里给人的震撼是巨大的,在多年的商业捕鱼之后,渔业资源受到了巨大的破坏。

提纲共有三点,第一点是描述图画,第二点是推断画家的意图,

第三点给出对策,也就是解决办法。我们应该根据提纲来构建文章的三个段落。

[核心词汇]

alert us to …

the diminishing fishery resources …

ensure the moderate exploration and

reasonable disposition of natural resources

destructive ecological disaster

heighten awareness

[组词成句]

第二段的首句紧紧扣住了提纲的第二点,也出了绘画者的用意:

It is most obvious that the drawer means to alert us to the diminishing fishery resources because of excessive global commercial fishing.

句中的most 表示“非常”,语气要强于very ,mean 后面加不定式时表示“意欲,想要做某事”,alert us to …表示“使得我们对…有所警觉”,diminishing fishery resources 表示“日益枯竭的渔业资源”,excessive 表示“过度的”。

The picture, “a brief history of commercial fishing”, shows us that there are less and less fish in the river within the last century. The two parts that comprise the picture display totally different scenes in 1990 and 1995. In 1990 there were a large number of fish while only one boat fished on the river. But in 1995 fishing boats increased substantially while only one fish was left in the river. Deducing accordingly, we will inevitable come to the conclusion that no fish will be left for our descendants or us in the future.

It is most obvious that the drawer means to warn us against the exhausting fish resource because of excessive commercial fishing. In fact, all natural resources are limited. Excessive exploration without preserving will cause the exhaustion of them and finally

result in destructive disaster to mankind himself.

Therefore, it is high time we took active and effective measures to solve this problem. The essential solution, in my opinion, is to combine fishing with protecting and raising fish. In addition, strict laws must be made to control commercial fishing. Last but not least, people’s awareness of protecting natural resources must be enhanced through education and publicity. In a word, we can never solve the problem until all of us take actions to protect fish resource.

The picture, “a brief history of commercial fishing”, shows us that there are less and less fish in the ocean within the last

century. The two parts that comprise the picture display totally different scenes in 1900 and 1995. In 1900 there were a large number of fish while only one boat was fishing on the ocean. But in 1995 fishing boats increased sharply while only one fish was left. We can’t help asking ourselves a disturbing question: will there be a day when no fish will be left for our descendants in the future?

It is most obvious that the drawer means to alert us to the diminishing fishery resources because of excessive global commercial fishing. If no measures are taken to ensure the moderate exploration and reasonable disposition of natural resources, a destructive ecological disaster may not be far away and the next victim will probably be man himself.

Therefore, it is high time we took effective measures to solve this problem. The essential solution, in my opinion, is to combine fishing with raising and protecting fish. In addition , strict laws must be made to control commercial fishing. Last but not least, people’s awareness of protecting natural resources must be heightened through education and publicity. In a word , we can never solve the problem until all of us take actions to protect fishery resources.

[结构点评]

第一段是描述图画,这里应将两幅图画的对比表现出来,并将重点落在渔业资源的大幅减少上面。本段共分五句话。首句先

总括性地说出上个世纪海洋中的鱼儿越来越少了这一事实。次句说两幅图画对比明显,第三句第四句分别说1900和1995年的情形,都使用了while 来表示对比。最后一句非常精彩:我们不禁问自己一个令人担忧的问题,是否未来有一天我们的子孙将一条鱼也没有了呢?此句对下面引出绘画者的意图起了很好的铺垫作用。

第二段首句说出了画家的意图是想让我们对这个严重的问题有所警觉,之后进一步说,如果不采取措施,毁灭性的生态灾难就将不远了,而下一个受害者就是人本身。

第三段是写对策,首句是常用的模板句,而后分三个方面来说,最后做结。

[妙笔生花]

首段次句中的comprise 表示“组成”;末句非常引人注目,can’t help 表示“忍不住”,之后是个问句:will there be a day when…表示“会有一天那时…吗?”,这是把问题推向极致的办法,能更容易地看清问题。

第二段的次句中的moderate exploration and reasonable

disposition of natural resources表示“自然资源的适度开采和合理配置”,使用了平行的名词词组;destructive ecological disaster表示“毁灭性的生态灾难”,may not be far away表示“可能就不远了”,victim 表示“受害者”。请大家仔细品味这句话的语气——为了获得强烈的效果,在词、词组和句型的选用和排列上都要下功夫,这里看似简单的himself 实际上就是为了加强语气来增加上去的。

第三段的首句是常用的句型it is high time we …,后面用过去时。第一点说的是将捕鱼和养鱼、护鱼结合起来,raise 就是养

的意思。第二点是说应立法控制商业捕鱼。第三点是说加强人们保护自然资源的意识,包含heighten awareness这个好词组。末句使用经典句型never…until做结,语气强烈。

[文后之思]

这次考察的图画作文在其后几年的考研写作中可谓一枝独秀,这是因为图画作文最能考察考生总结、归纳深刻含义的能力,而这种能力与遣词造句的能力一样,都是相当重要的。

[配图]

上面是一条河里很多孩子在游泳玩耍,旁边标着1978; 下面还是这条河,由于污染没有孩子来了,旁边标着2003。

The picture shows us that a river was seriously polluted within the last 25 years. The two parts that comprise the picture display totally different scenes in 1978 and 2003. In 1978 many children were enjoying themselves by swimming and playing in the river, while in 1995 the river became so dirty that we could find no child there at all. We can’t help asking ourselves a

disturbing question: will there be a day when our descendants will have no clean water to drink in the future?

It is most obvious that the drawer means to alert us to the forthcoming ecological crisis because of widespread pollution. With the development of modern science and technology, the problem of pollution has become more and more serious in many places – many people are seeking immediate profits at the price of environmental destruction. If no measures are taken to ensure the moderate exploration and reasonable allocation of natural resources such as water and coal, an ecological disaster may follow and the next victim will probably be man himself.

Therefore, it is high time we took effective measures to solve this problem. The essential solution, in my opinion, is to purify

polluted rivers and lakes under the help of modern technology. In addition , strict laws must be made to prevent further pollution of water resources. Last but not least, people’s awareness of protecting rivers and lakes must be heightened through education and publicity. In a word, we can never solve the problem until all of us take actions to change the unfavorable situation.

[结构点评]

这篇文章共分三段:第一段对两幅画作了对比式的描写。最后使用了一个语气很强的问句,突显了问题的严重性。第二段分析了绘画者的意图。这段共有三句话,第一句是主题句,引出了污染的主题。第二句说这一问题越来越严重了。第三句是条

件状语从句,说如果不采取措施,将会有灾难性的后果。第三段是写应对的措施,采用了总——分——总的结构,其中分三点来阐述:一是净化水资源;二是加强立法,防止进一步污染;三是增强大众意识,共同保护水资源。

[妙笔生花]

第一段的第三句使用while 突显了两幅图之间的对比。末句包含了一个问句,展望未来,是否会有一天我们的子孙将连洁净的饮用水了都没有了呢?

第二段的第一句中的forthcoming ecological crisis表示“即将到

来的生态危机”。第二句中的破折号后的是解释原因的部分,其中seeking immediate profits表示“追逐眼前的利益”,at the price 表示“以…代价”。第三句中的allocation 表示“配置”,请注意这个复句的构成。

第三段第二句中的purify 表示“净化”。第三句中的prevent further pollution of water resources表示“防止水资源的进一步污染”。