作文
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现象说明类:要求考生对某种社会现象加以解释说明或者评论的文章。 (11高考浙江卷) 假设你是高中生李越,有感于校园中存在的随意涂写(to scribble )和乱丢垃圾(to litter )的行为,请用英语给校长写一封100-120词的信。信中应包括以下内容;

1. 说明写信目的; 2. 对这些行为进行批评; 3. 提出建议。

注意:信的抬头,落款及信的第一句已给出(不计词数)

June 8, 2011

Dear Mr. Headmaster,

I am Li Yue, a student from Class 1, Senior II. I am writing to draw your attention to some improper behavior among us students: littering and scribbling. It makes our school dirty and unpleasant, and does harm to the image of our school. I always feel ashamed whenever I see this. It is clearly not appropriate for a student to litter and scribble about. I wonder if the school could place more dustbins around and set up specific rules against such behavior. At the same time, students should be encouraged to develop good habits and better behave themselves. I believe that, with the joint effort of both teachers and students, our school will become a more enjoyable place in the near future. Thank you for your consideration.

Yours faithfully

Li Yue

写作模板

1. Recently …what amazes us most is ….it is true…

There are many reasons explaining …The main reason is …What is more … Thirdly … As a result…Considering all these… For one thing…for another… In conclusion …

2. Nowadays, there are more and more …in some big cities. It is estimated

that …Why have there been so many …Maybe the reasons can be listed as follows.

The first one is that…Besides …The third reason is …To sum up, the main

cause of…is due to…It is high time that something were done upon it. On the one hand…On the other hand…All these measures will certainly reduce the number of…

观点表达类:命题者提出某一现象或某一观点,并要求考生就该现象或观

点发表自己的看法。

(13高考安徽卷)假设你校英语社团办以“讲求文明,从我做起”为主

题的征文活动,请你以“On the way to school” 为题,写一篇英语短文。 内容主要包括: 1. 遵守交通法规; 2. 注意举止文明

注意:1. 词数120左右;

2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

3. 短文中不能出现与本人相关的信息;

4. 短文的题目已为你拟好,不计入总词数。

On the Way to School

These days, breaking traffic rules and littering are not uncommon, causing

serious harm to life and the environment. Changing this situation requires considerable effort on the part of everyone. As for me, it should start on my way to school.

I will keep traffic rules in mind all the way. If I ride a bike, I’ll always

keep to the right and never cross a road until the traffic light turns green. If I walk, I ’ll never forget to use the pedestrian crossing. Meanwhile, I will regard it as my duty to help keep our environment clean and healthy. Not only will I keep from littering and spitting anywhere. I will also help clean up the roadside litter whenever possible. I hope my behavior will make a difference.

写作模板:

起始句: These days, doing sth is not uncommon, causing…

衔接句: 1.Changing this situation requires considerable effort on the part of

everyone.

2. As for me, it should…

3. If I do sth, I’ll …

结束句: 1. Not only will I…, I will also…

2. I hope…

通知

你校学生将为来访的美国朋友举办一个晚会,要在学校广播中宣布此事,并欢迎大家参加。为使美国朋友听懂,请你用英语写一篇广播通知。要点如下:

宗旨:欢迎来访的美国朋友

组织者:学生会

时间: 8月15日(星期六)晚7:30

地点:主楼屋顶花园

活动内容:音乐,跳舞,唱歌,游戏,交换礼品。(请包装好,签名并在外包装外面写上几个祝愿词)

注意:1. 广播稿约为100词。

2. 应包括以上要点,但不要逐字翻译,要组织成一篇通顺连贯的

短文。

生词:交换礼品—to exchange gifts

学生会—the Students Union

May I have your attention, please? I have an announcement to make.

The Students Union is going to hold a party on Saturday evening

August 15, to welcome our friends from the United States. The party

will be held in the roof garden of Main Building. It will begin at 7:30 p. m. . There will be music, dancing, singing, games and exchanges of gifts.

Everybody please bring along a small gift for this purpose. Remember to wrap it up, sign your name and write a few words of good wishes.

Don ’t forget 7:30, Saturday evening, roof garden, Main Building.

There ’s sure to be a lot of fun. Everybody is welcome.

写作模板

1. 口头通知

An Announcement

Comrades and friends/ Boys and girls/ Teachers and fellow students,

Attention please!/ May I have your attention, please? I have an announce- ment to make. ………

2. 书面通知

Notice

The Students Union is going to hold a party on…in/ at… …….

The Students Union

May 25th , 2014

倡议书:就某种社会现象或主题活动向社会发出倡议。

假如你是高三学生李越,发现进入高三以来不少同学开始忽视英语口语的训练,把大量的时间花在做习题上。因此你打算利用年级大会的演讲机会指出这一问题。请你用英语写一篇100-120词的演讲稿。演讲稿应包括以下内容:

1. 问题的现状;

2. 对这一问题的看法:

3. 发出倡议。

Good afternoon, honorable teachers and my fellow students. I am Li Yue from Class 1, Senior 3. I have noticed that many students are no longer fond of practicing oral English. Even in classes, they inactively join in discussions, speaking English unwillingly. Doing exercises, in their eyes, becomes the only thing worth their time.

This is definitely wrong. It ’s true that we are under much pressure because we are now senior three students. But please remember, we learn English not just for exams but for equipping ourselves for the future. It ’s shortsighted to ignore the importance of spoken English. What’s the point of getting full marks without the ability to communicate with native speakers? My fellow students, what we need to do is look forward. Exams are important but not everything. Let ’s open our mouths and enjoy speaking English.

Thank you for your listening.

写作模板:

1. 称呼:发出倡议的对象。

2. 正文

(1) 倡议的根据,原因或目的。

(2) 倡议的具体内容及要求做到的具体事项。

(3) 结尾要表示倡议者的决心和希望。

(4) T hank you for your listening

电子邮件

假设你是新华中学的学生李华,你的美国朋友一周前给你发电子邮件,

Yours

Li Hua

写作模板:

称呼 ( Dear…)

正文。。。。。。

结束句 ( Thank you/Thanks)

落款 (Yours/Yours truly/Yours sincerely)

签名:

开放作文:要求考生根据所给出的材料或写作主题,进行思考和联想,自由发挥,自由创作,写出一篇合乎逻辑的短文。开放作文是一种比传统“书面表达”限制更少的,留给考生自由发挥空间更多的考查学生书面表达能力的一种题型。

(13高考湖南卷)Directions: Write an English composition according to the instructions given below.

请以下列词语为关键词写一篇英语短文。

match winner loser result

内容: 1. 自己或他人的一次经历;

2. 你的感受.

Last Thursday afternoon, the basketball team of our class ha a match with the one of class 4. All the players did very well in the match, and the score of each team went up alternately. At last, the result was: the winner was class 4, and we were the loser..

Although we lost the match, we were also very happy. Since we all know the famous saying “Friendship is the first. Match is the second. ” After that match, we became good friends.

In my mind, life is full of failure. So long as we try our best, the result is not so important. In addition, failure is the mother of success. We need to know the reason for our failure, and try hard to succeed.

便条:便条是一种简单的书信,内容简短,大多是临时性的留言,要求等。当有急事需告诉别人而又不能面谈时,就可以写便条,如请假条,留言条等,一般不写地址,与普通书信基本相同。具有用途广泛,形式简单,文字要求不严格的特点。

(09高考宁夏,海南卷)假定你是李华,正在英国接受英语培训,住在一户英国人家里。今天你的房东Mrs Wilson 不在家,你准备外出,请给Mrs Wilson 写一个留言条,内容包括:

1. 外出购物

2. 替房东还书

3. 来电话留言:

(1) 咖啡屋(Bolton Coffee)见面取消

(2) 此事已告知Susan

(3) 尽快回电

Mrs Wilson,

I ’m going out shopping , and won ’t be back until about 5:00 pm. I have

taken with me the two books you asked me to return to the City Library. At about 1 o’clock this afternoon, Tracy called, saying that she couldn’t meet you at Bolton Coffee tomorrow morning as she has something important to attend to. She felt very sorry about that, but said that you could set some other time for the meeting. She wanted you to call her back as soon as you are home. She has already told Susan about this change.

Li Hua

写作模版:

1. 便条必须包括以下几个要素

Date:便条日期 Salutation: 称呼 Body:正文 Signature:署名

2. 常用句子

I shall feel obliged if you will favor me with a call at your earliest convenience. 如您方便,请早日来来电,我将不胜感激。

Upon receiving this note, please come to my office.见条后,请立即来我办公室。

Mr Li is in urgent need of your service.李先生急需你的帮助。

I ’m very grateful to you for your kind invitation and I’m sure to come to see your concert.承蒙邀请观看你们的音乐会,我一定按时到场。

Please accept this little present as a small token of my esteem for you.奉上这小小的礼物,以表达我对你的崇高敬意。

3. 结束语

I trust my absence will not cause you any serious inconvenience. 希望

我的缺席不会给你带来太大的不便。

Please favor me with an early reply.敬请回复。

I hope that the matter will be dealt with as soon as possible.我希望此

事能及早处理。

日记:日记常用来记述自己一天的生活中所发生的有意义的事情或用来抒发自己对当天某些事情的感受以及自己将来的打算。

(13高考陕西卷)假定你是李华。请根据写作要点写一篇周记,记述你周末帮助家人做家务的一次经历。

写作要点: 1. 做家务的理由;

2. 做家务的过程;

3. 你的感受。

I ’ m an 18-year old middle school student. I have been busy with my study and seldom helped my parents with the housework. Feeling quite sorry for that, I begin to think about what to do to help.

Last Sunday, when my parents went out shopping, I suddenly got an idea: why not give the rooms a thorough cleaning? Firstly I collected all the books, newspapers and other things scattered in the rooms and put them in place. Then I wiped the dust off all the furniture. After that, I swept and mopped the floors. At this very moment, my parents came back and were quite surprised to see all the rooms tidy and floors shining. My mother gave me a hug and I could see satisfaction in her eyes. Tired as I was, I never felt so happy.