09高考英语作文写作攻略
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09高考英语作文写作攻略

1. 请用英语写一篇100词左右的短文,简要描述漫画内容,并结合生活实际, 就漫画主题发表感想,题目自拟。参考词汇:公民道德—

civic virtue

【解题指导】

本文要求描述漫画内容,结合生活实际,就漫画主题发表感想。体裁为议论文,人称为第三人称,时态为一般现在时。先读懂漫画含义,抓主体;然后展开合理想象,揭寓意;最后根据实际,谈认识。

【思路点拨】

1.细心审阅画面,包括提示文字,描述漫画。本文写清以下要点⑴随地吐痰;⑵乱扔香蕉皮;⑶孩子手拿《公民道德》,询问“谁丢了公民道德”;⑷发表议论。

2.联系实际,揣摩画面寓意。

3.遣词造句①see sb do sth

②throw sth on the ground

③The boy handing the book, shouted, “Who lose civic virtue?”

④I wish…

4. 根据画面构思,连句成文。

【范文欣赏】

Who Lose Civic Virtue?

One day, a child went home after class. On his way home, he saw some adults spit on the ground. On the other side of the road, a man threw the garbage on the ground after eating a banana. The child found a book Civic Virtue, lying on the ground. So he picked up the book and

shouted, “Who lose civic virtue? ”

The child’s words should make people think more. Now, many people are scared of civic vir tue, and don’t protect public environment at all. I wish this cartoon can wake their virtue and make our life better.

【点评】

1.本文命题新颖,手法独到,走出近几年高考英语写作俗套,以漫画为依据,考查考生对客观世界的感知和认识,从而考查考生的思维想象、观察和明辨能力。

2.采分点突出,标题一语中的,结尾议论得体。文中用了不少的高级词汇和优美语句,如:

…saw some adults spit on the ground, …threw the garbage on the ground,…picked up the book and shouted…, …make people think more, …wake their virtue and make our life better, 等,使文章内容丰富,也体现了作者熟练的语言基本功。

【写作攻略】

1.仔细观察漫画,弄清画面的含义,抓住画面的主体。

漫画写作中,画面的主体往往是人物。要从画面中人物的形体、相貌、服饰等,弄清人物的性别、年龄、身份;从人物的表情、动作,推测人物的思想面貌,以及他在干什么;还要观察周围环境,弄清事件发生的时间、地点以及和事件有关的情况。

2.根据画面内容,进行合理想象,使画面“动”起来,从而形成一个完整的小故事。 画面上的人物,景物,甚至色彩,要求借助于图画提供的形象,联系生活经验进行合理想象,把图上的人物写活,把事情的来龙去脉交代清楚。写人、记事、写景、状物不仅要有色,而且要有声;不仅描绘事物的静态,而且要有事物的动态;不仅要有人物的外貌、神态,而且要有人物的语言行动及人物的思想感情。总之,要把静止的画面“活动化”,要把平面的事物“立体化”。但想象不是盲目的,要有目的,绝不能脱离画面,任意发挥。

3.认真安排内容,布局谋篇。

在写作时,要按照从整体到部分,由远到近等顺序,做到言之有序;要抓住重点,突出中心;在语言表达上,既要有连贯的叙述,又要有形象的描写,达到生动、形象地表达画面的内容。完稿后,再对照漫画反复阅读,认真地加以修改。这样,一篇好的漫画作文就产生了。

漫画作文不仅让学生轻松作文,写下真实的内容,而且它变枯燥乏味的作文为兴趣主动地写作,培养了学生的观察、想象、思维、创新能力。漫画作文不失为高考中的一条新路。

【技巧点拨】

1. 漫画作文属于材料作文中的一种,认真读图,解其内涵,用正确的认识领悟漫画的深刻寓意是成功之本。

2.善于选点。 “选点”就是确定写作的立意点,一幅漫画的寓意可以多角度理解,在审读的时候,要做到理解到位。否则,文章内容头绪众多,是不利于表达的。

3.善于引发。由此及彼地加以联想与引申,在画面意义的基础上联想到另一层新的内容。

4.思维要与漫画的寓意保持一致;情节的发展,人物的刻画要以人物的动作描写和心理描写等来完成,慧眼独到与作者的思想达到一致,因为对于一幅漫画,不是所有人都能读出它的奥妙来。

【即时演练】

2. 阅读下面漫画,先对漫画的内容进行描述,然后对这一现象发表自己的看法。(100词左右)

The boy and the girl in the picture sat on a bench talking merrily while eating a water-melon. When they went away they left the melon’s skin on the bench, making it very dirty. They didn’t want to take any trouble throwing it into the dustbin although it was very near where they were sitting. Instead, they said that there would be someone who should clean the rubbish.

However, what they did violate public morality. If everyone behaves in this way, the world will be a big rubbish dump with files flying round and people will live in a world of diseases.

Besides, dustmen will have a very, very hard job to clean the world we live in.

3.

假如你是李平,就读高三,最近收看了中央电视台《青春中国》某栏目,对你启发很大。片中介绍的情况如下表,请根据表格内容给某英文报社写信,谈谈你的看法。

要求:1,书信内容必须包括表中所有信息,可适当发挥。

2,信的开头已为你写好。

3,词数,120—150左右。

Dear editor,

Recently I have watched the program “Youth china” on CCTV…

____________________________________________________

________________________

yours

Li Ping

Dear editor,

Recently I have watched the program “Youth China” on CCTV. I feel very astonished. In one of the sections, the host shows us some college students had a feeling of being neglected after entering college, as the result that they were in low spirits and didn’t work hard; And that some of them, however, forced themselves to remain the first of his class, worked harder and harder, of course, and at last were upset at it.. What’s worse, even some killed themselves.

In my opinion, maybe one is excellent in the past, but at college many capable people get together. One should keep the balance in his mind and first of all, knowing how to study is the highest of the highest. As a senior 3 student, I think, I should study hard to enter college smoothly and at the same time I should be well prepared in my mind. At last I call on all teachers

and the whole society to guide the students correctly and care for their growing up.

Yours

Li Ping

4.

近年来,在迅速积累财富的过程中,有些厂家和商家为牟取暴利,生产和销售假冒伪劣产品。假如你是校园小记者,请以“Harmfulness of fake products”为题,就你身边情况,根据下表提供情况,向观众作以报道,提醒消费者注意。

注意:1,文章必须包括表中所有内容,可增加细节,以使行文连贯。

2,词数120左右。

3,参考词汇:制假、买假 make and sell fake products

肩负重任shoulder the responsibility of

参考答案:

Harmfulness of fake products

In the race to become rich quickly, some factories and businessmen just think to make money and profits, To make and sell fake products, they don’t allow for the people’s life. Now fake food products come to the markets, causing people poisoned. Food poisoning is an increasing problem in both cities and the countryside. Fake milk powder threatened babies seriously.

I think people should improve the conscience of defence to guarantee the people’s safety and hygiene. On the other hand, the government should strengthen to enforce the law strictly and crack down the conducts of making and selling of fake products. As students we know we shoulder the responsibility of building our motherland, we should work hard to serve the people

heart and soul after growing up.

5.

假如你是校园网络播音员,就新义务教育法向师

生进行宣传:

1. 农村义务教育学段,学校“不收学费,杂费”,反

映了教育的公益性。

2. 学校不得向学生收取其他费用,包括学校活动

和办学支出,校服,卧具等。

3. 新法采取了多种措施,保障儿童平等地接受教

育。

4. 保证了适龄儿童接受教育,促进学生全面发展,保证了教育质量。

One possible version

Dear schoolmates,

Look at the picture in the screen, why are the children so happy? Here is a piece of news! As is shown in the picture, “we all can afford to go to school”. Indeed, the New Laws of Compulsory Education has been published by our government recently. And all rural school students will never be charged for their tuition fees and all other expenses for school, which further shows the public welfare of education.

Now all kinds of measures have been taken to ensure all children of school age, who can go to school free of charge and exams, can receive education equally. The new laws make it a rule that all schools mustn’t collect any fees, such as expenses on school activities, school uniforms, beddings and so on. The performance of the new laws of compulsory education can ensure all school age children to receive education, promote the development of all students and improve the quality of education.

【解题指导】

1. 文章主要内容为宣传新义务教育法,可确定体裁说明文,时态一般现在时,第三人称。

2.

表达过程要紧扣新义务教育法主要内容,即提示要点,可适当发挥,但不能偏离主

题。

3. 注意使用学过的词汇,句型和适当的过渡词语,予美化,点缀。

【范文亮点】

1. as is shown in the picture, …

2. …can afford to do sth

3. …charge sb for sth…

4. …take measures to do sth

5. …make it a rule that…

6.…receive education, promote the development of all students and improve the quality of education.

6.

以“建设和谐社会’’为主题,根据下面表格所给出的要点提示,用英语为同学们写一封倡议书。提示:

要求:1,词数120左右。

2,内容可适当发挥,注意表明你的态度。

One possible version

As high school students, what should we do?

First of all, we should love our motherland. Let’s take a great interest in the development of our hometowns and take an active part in our school and activities.

Secondly, let’s fill the world with love. We should show our respect for old people, our parents and our teachers. We should also care for each other and help those in need. More importantly, all of us must be faithful and honest in our daily life.

Finally, let’s work together to save energy and protect our natural environment, including animals, trees, flowers and grass.

As for myself, I will study even harder and try my best to do all the above. Dear fellow students, let's start fight now and spare no effort/efforts to do a little bit every day, every hour, and every minute!

7.

“建设社会主义新农村”成为热点话题。请你根据下列提示,以“New Socialist

Countryside in the Future”为题描绘一下未来“建设社会主义新农村”的蓝图。

字数 :120左右

参考词汇:义务教育—compulsory education医疗保障系统—medical care system One possible version

New Socialist Countryside in the Future

science and technology, laws and management. Many farming techniques will have been modernized. With the help of scientists, farmers will use the latest technologies to increase agricultural production without harming the environment. As a result, the yearly income of the farmers will be increased and their housing conditions will be improved as well. People in the new countryside will enjoy a clean, tidy and orderly living condition. What’s more, the

government will provide free compulsory education for rural kids and also perfect medical care system for farmers.

As students, we should study hard to be well prepared for the future construction of the new socialist countryside, thus making our country more beautiful and powerful.

8.

国家正在提倡建设" 节约型社会", 你将以"How to build an economized society"为题向21世纪报投稿。文章应包含以下要点, 可适当发挥, 谈谈自己的一些想法或做法。

要点提示:

注意:1.词数:100左右. 短文标题, 开头已为你写好, 但不计入总词数;

2. 内容可适当发挥, 注意行文连贯.

How to build an economized society

One possible version

How to build an economized society

Our government is aiming to build an "economized society". I think it is every citizen's duty to work hard to achieve this goal. To build an economized society, we must keep the following points in our minds. Firstly, make sure that the lights and the electric fans are turned off when there is no one left in the room. Set the room temperature at above 26℃. Remember to turn off the computer when you are not using it. Secondly, try to form the habit of turning off the tap after it is used. Use basins when washing faces or vegetables, so that the water can be used again to clean toilets or water flowers. Thirdly, it will be good enough to use a basket instead of a plastic bag when you go to the market. As we know, a basket can be reused many more times.

In a word, we should try our best to build an economized society.

9.

近日,你班在“知荣明耻”教育活动中,召开了一次关于学生荣辱观的主题班会,请你

根据下表内容,用英语写一段文,給校报“八荣八耻大家谈”栏目投稿。

注意:1. 词数100左右。发言稿的开头已给,不计入总词数。

2. 内容可适当发挥,注意行文连贯。

One possible version

be frank, some students don’t respect their teachers or parents. Some don’t take their students seriously and cheat in exams. Still some litter around, making the school dirty.

It’s really a pity to see all this in our school. We think it honorable to obey the law and rules and care much about our school. It’s also worthy of praise to study hard. On the other hand, it’s shameful to break school rules, to be selfish or to make little effort to achieve success.

To improve the present situation, what shall we do in future? Firstly, set ourselves a goal and work hard to achieve our ambitions. Secondly, respect others and think more of them than of ourselves. In addition, we should try hard to keep the environment clean