初中英语作文写作技巧
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初中英语作文写作技巧

一、掌握常用过渡性词语

叙事文常用的句子间连接词

at first; at last; in the end…

then / next/ after that…

when / while/as soon as/not… until…

at the same time; at times; once in a while;

so that

To one’s surprise/joy

Luckily/fortunately/unluckily/unfortunately…

in a word/in all

议论文常用连接词

表示并列:either…or; neither…nor; both…and; not

only…but also;

表示递进的:besides; what’s more; what’s worse;

(moreover);

表示原因的:because; for…; because of…; thanks to…; (for

the reason that…);

表示结果的:so; as a result; so…that…; therefore;

表示目的的:so that…; in order that…; (in order) to…; for…; 表示对比的:while; on the one hand + on the other hand;

Each coin has two sides.; prefer…to…;

would rather do…than do…;

表示转折的:however; but;

表示举例的:for example; for instance; such as…; like…;

that is to say…

表示总结的:in all/short; in a word; in brief/ total; last but

not least; last;

表示利弊的:be good/bad for sb.; be harmful to sb.; do

harm to sb.; …have great/much influence on

sb.; sth. benefit sb.; sb. benefit from sth.

affect; have an effect on sb.;

表示喜爱的:love/like/enjoy…; be fond of…; be interested

in…; show great interest in…; lose oneself

in…; put one’s heart into…; be good at; be

poor at; be weak in;

表达个人想法的:

I think/believe…; (as) for me; in my opinion/view; as a student; from the bottom of my heart; personally; 其他:

in general; generally speaking; to be short; to be honest; to tell the truth; as we know; make up one’s mind to do; in a way;

二、记住作文万能句式

I will work hard to make my dream come true.

I hope your dream will come true one day.

It takes sb. +时间+to do…

Sb. spend(某种人称时态)+时间/钱+on sth./ (in) doing sth. It’s important/necessary/useful/useless/common…(for sb.) to v…

It’s nice/kind of sb. to v..

It’s time for sb. to do sth.

It’s a waste of time to…

It’s …years/days since sb. +ved

It’s great fun to do=sb. have great fun doing

It’s a pity that…

It’s an honor to…

I’m/We’re not allowed to …

I’m afraid of making mistakes…

There be …doing…

Great changes have taken place in…

sth is/are well worth v-ing.

It seems/seemed that…

It seems (im)possible to v…

It is said that…

As the saying goes, …

…and …. are different in many ways.

too + adj./adv. to do

There are many differences between … and …

I have made up my mind to …

I am sure that…

I am not sure whether/if…

I would rather …. than …

It doesn’t matter if…

Thank you for v-ing.

If everyone can make a contribution to the earth/ nature/ society, our life will be better and better.

have/look for a chance to do

do outdoor activities

be/get used to (doing) sth.

learn…from…

be proud of/ take pride in…

play an important/active part/role in…

agree with sb. to do sth.

with the help of sb.=with one’s help

(反义:without one’s help)

be/get ready to do sth.= be/ get ready for sth.

pay attention to…

take good care of …

make friends with…

get on/along well with …

wish you successful/success

as time goes by…

graduate from…

looking back to the past three years,…(用现在完成时态) pass the (final) exam

stick to doing

keep you mind on your goals

make up one’s mind to do sth. (on sth.)

make a decision to do

work hard at English

once in a while/ at times/ now and then

from then on

in the future(将来)/ in future(从今以后)

increase our knowledge

in fact/as a matter of fact

in the beginning/ at first

feel like giving up

have trouble/difficulty in (doing) sth.

have (no) time to do

have experience in (doing) sth.

follow one’s advice/suggestions

master some basic … skills

be required to do

ask sb. for help

can’t wait to do

be supposed to do

encourage sb. to do

deal/do with …

work out/solve the problems

all sorts/kinds of…

at home and abroad

one of …

be full of…

learn sth. by oneself

come up with good ideas

be surprised at sth.(to do sth.)

in order to

keep healthy/fit

a good way to v…

keep (on) trying

worry about…/ be worried about…

in one’s spare/free time

be kind/friendly to

be strict with

help others

say thank you to…

have fun/enjoy oneself/have a good time

plenty of +C/U

worry about/be worried about

ask sb. for help/ turn to sb. for help/call sb. for help be popular with…

share sth. with sb.

know little/much about …

作文万能短语

do/try one’s best to v…

be/feel sorry for…

help sb. (to) do sth./ with sth.

in/during class

before/after class

teach sb. to do sth.

wish you successful/success

as time goes by…

graduate from…

looking back to the past three years,…(用现在完成时态) pass the (final) exam

stick to doing

keep you mind on your goals

make up one’s mind to do sth. (on sth.)

make a decision to do

work hard at English

once in a while/ at times/ now and then

from then on

in the future(将来)/ in future(从今以后)

increase our knowledge/ enlarge our vocabulary in fact/as a matter of fact

in the beginning/ at first

feel like giving up

have trouble/difficulty in (doing) sth.

have (no) time to do

have experience in (doing) sth.

follow one’s advice/suggestions

master some basic … skills

be required to do

ask sb. for help

can’t wait to do

be supposed to do

encourage sb. to do

deal/do with …

work out/solve the problems

all sorts/kinds of…

at home and abroad

one of …

be full of…

learn sth. by oneself

come up with good ideas

be surprised at sth.(to do sth.)

in order to

keep healthy/fit

a good way to v…

keep (on) trying

worry about…/ be worried about…

in one’s spare/free time

be kind/friendly to

be strict with

help others

say thank you to…

have fun/enjoy oneself/have a good time

plenty of +C/U

worry about/be worried about

ask sb. for help/ turn to sb. for help/call sb. for help be popular with…

share sth. with sb.

know little/much about …

do/try one’s best to v…

be/feel sorry for…

help sb. (to) do sth./ with sth.

in/during class

before/after class

teach sb. to do sth.

三、熟悉写作步骤:

1 审题:审清作文体裁(类型)时态、人称等细节;

2 列提纲(文章结构框架):分几段,以及每段大体内容; 3 写作:在提纲的基础上补充要点;

4 复查:2遍——1遍看查拼写、语法、标点等问题;2遍不出

声读查,靠语感检查语句是否通顺、连贯等;

5 誊抄:不允许做任何的更改。

总之做到三审:体裁、时态、人称;

三思:词汇—>短语—>句式;

三查:要点、拼写和语法、连贯。

作文一般框架:文章分3段:

(1)综述:概括性强,最多2句话引入主题;

(2)正文——主要内容:层次性强,一定要有过渡型连接词。

最多展开3 个方面,每个方面最多2句话;

(3)结尾:紧扣主题,2句话内结束,尽量升华。

四、学会列作文提纲:

例一:利弊型作文——Microblog 的利与弊

Para1: (综述)with the development of internet… more and more popular…

Para2: (利)First, convenient, anywhere, any time; Second, share … with…; Last, express views free, money-free…

Para3: (弊)However, one coin has two faces. On the one hand, a waste of time——affect study; On the other hand, not safe ——stolen, hurt feelings

Para4: (个人)As a student, make good use of it.

例二:计划安排型作文——谈假期安排

Para1: (综述)graduate from…, holiday is coming, plan for this holiday

Para2: (正文)Firstly, study comes first. make preparations for the first senior year; Secondly, visit tourist attractions; Last but not least, do sports to build up my body.

Para3: I am sure I’ll have a meaningful holiday. (I’m looking forward to the coming holiday.) (I can’t wait to enjoy my summer vocation.)

例三:图表、数字比例型作文

(提出讨论或调查的事实)Last week, our class had a class meeting on (how to)… Here are the results.

(表达出不同看法或观点)Most students think … While … 20% of them choose to…. Another 15 believe… There are also some… saying that… (表达个人看法) As a student, I agree to…

例四: 说明利弊型作文

Nowadays … is becoming more and more popular.

It has many advantages . First, 优点1… Besides, 优点2…

However, every coin has two sides. It also brings us bad influences.

On the one hand, 缺点1… On the other hand, 缺点2… In my opinion,个人观点 …

例五:不同观点型

We made a survey about whether we should …提出矛盾问题. Different people hold different ideas.

Some believe …正方观点. First, 原因1… Besides, 原因

2…

While others don’t agree. They think…反方观点. On the one hand, 原因1… On the other hand, 原因2…

As for me,个人观点 …

例六: 解决问题型

Recently, the … problem has been more and more

serious. …should do something to solve it.

Firstly, 方法1… Secondly, 方法2… Finally, 方法3… I am sure if everyone can make a contribution to …, the … will become better and better.

掌握了以上的写作方法和技巧,经过反复的写作磨练,我相信,参加中考的学子们一定会在中考中写出一篇能够展示内心世界的美丽的英语作文。

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