新目标中考看图作文指导
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主题:书面表达之看图看表作文

教学内容:

看图作文要求考生按照所给图画,通过合理的联想将一组画面的内容正确地表达出来。看图作文与其他类型作文的不同之处在于,它除了要求考生有英语语言表达能力,还要求考生有观察能力、分析能力和想象能力。

写好看图作文应注意的事项

1、结合文字提示,正确理解图意。一般情况下,看图作文在提供图画的同时也附带有简要的文字提示,我们可以利用文字提示去正确地理解图意,得到要点。切忌孤立地看图而忽视文字提示。

2. 写作从图画的细节出发。所谓细节,就是指图画中的人物、事件、地点、环境、时间、动作等。依据图画细节,就可以把图画的内容用英语具体而生动地表达出来了。

例题分析(例题1)

同学们,看到下面的四幅图片及相应的报道后,你感到最担忧的是哪两种情形?请简述你担忧的理由并提出建议或希望。

要求:

⒈ 从所给素材中任选两种情形进行阐述,不可多选或少选。

⒉ 条理清楚,意思连贯,语句通顺,标点正确;

⒊ 词数 80 ~ 100。

参考词汇: 建议 suggest v. suggestion n.

气体 gas n. 污染 pollution n.

THE POLLUTIONS

① One third of the world's people don't have enough clean water.

② More and more diseases are caused by polluted air.

③ People are disturbed quite often by kinds of noises.

④ Every person in our city makes about 1.8 kilos of rubbish every day.

这道看图作文题,主题和图片连接得不是很紧密。从考查的形式上来说,虽是看图,实质上却属于提示性的作文。这个作文应该结合个人的观点,选择的余地还是很大的。做这个题应该注意几个方面:

1. 认真读题。注意,题目虽然给了四幅图,但是却只要求写其中的两个就行。

2、题意要求的是阐述个人的观点-最担忧的两种情形。而不是对图片进行描述。

3、结合所给的提示。提示中,对每种污染都进行了阐述,考生可以就这些描述进行写作。

4、注意字数,语法,拼写等,避免错误。

下面是两个例文,大家可以参考一下。

One possible version:

The environment is becoming worse and worse. There are many kinds of pollu tion I worry about. The most serious two are water pollution and air pollution, because people can't live healthily with dirty water and polluted air, nor can animals. More and more diseases are caused by polluted air.

I think factories should not pour dirty water into the river directly or produce more waste gas. We'd better go on foot or by like instead of by car, because more cars mean more waste gas. We should make our world more and more beautiful.

Another possible version:

The first fact I worry about is noise pollution. People can't sleep well if the re is too much noise. That's why so many people prefer to live in the count

ryside rather than live in the noisy city. I suggest all the factories and cars shouldn't make terrible noises. If they make terrible noise that isn't allowed, they will be fined, and we can also produce the cars which can't make terri ble noise.

The other pollution is rubbish pollution. If everyone makes so much rubbish, one day we may live in a world filled with rubbish. Some people throw th e waste paper about. I suggest rubbish should be put into different kinds of dustbins or paper bags.

例题分析(例题2)

右图是Gina 对班上同学的周末活动进行调查后得出的结果,同学们的周末活动真是丰富多彩,想想你和你的同学是如何度过周末的?写一篇名为“Weekend Activities”的文章谈谈你们的周末活动。

要求:1. 语意连贯,句式规范,字迹工整;

2. 短文中请勿使用真实姓名、地点或所在学校名称;

3. 词数60—80; .

注意:开头已给出,但不计入总词数

参考范文:

Weekend Activities

In my class, most of my classmates have colorful weekends. In the morning, we usually study at home. In the afternoon, some of us play sports, some play computer games with friends online; others visit their friends and enjoy staying with them. I like surfing the internet on Saturday afternoon. On Sunday morning, I usually play basketball with my father. That is my favorite time. Girls always like hanging out and going shopping with their friends on Sunday. We are very relaxed on weekends.

【过手练习】

话题1

你们学校最近就“一个好朋友的标准”做了一次问卷调查,调查结果如下图(阴影部分)。

请你以“What a good friend should be like”为题,用英语为你们学校的校报写一篇短文,报道此次调查结果并谈谈自己的看法。

………………

注意:1. 词数:80-100(开头已给出的内容不计入总词数);

2. 内容必须包括上图中的要点,可适当发挥;

3. 文章条理清楚、意思连贯、语句通顺;

4. 文中不得出现真实的地名、校名和人名。

What a good friend should be like

Recently, we did a survey in our school on what a good friend should be like. _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

【答案】参考范文一:

What a good friend should be like

Recently, we did a survey in our school on what a good friend should be like. About seven percent/ only a few/ Less than ten percent of the students prefer their friends should be beautiful or handsome. About forty-eight percent/ Less than half/ Nearly half of the students think that their friends should be hardworking and good at their lessons. Sixty-seven percent of the students hope their friends should be fond of singing and dancing, and also they should be good at sports. Ninety-five percent/ Almost all of the students agree that their friends should be not only lively, kind and helpful but also honest. Good friends should trust each other and share joys. I think to be honest is the most important for us all.

参考范文二:

Recently, we did a survey in our school on what a good friend should be like. Nearly all (95%) of the students think a good friend should be kind, helpful and honest. He or she should trust you and be willing to share joys with you. Sixty-seven percent of the students would like their friends to be fond of singing and dancing. Besides, they hope their friends are good at sports. Forty-eight percent of the students agree that a good friend must be hard-working and do well in lessons. Of course, there are some (7% / less than 10%) caring about appearance. They prefer to choose those with beautiful faces and slim figures as their good friends.

I don’t think a good friend has to be beautiful or handsome. I think honesty is the most important. …

话题2

上星期,学校就学生的作业量问题要求各班召开家长会进行讨论。以下是你班家长的观点:多数家长认为作业多有好处,而部分家长则认为作业过多对孩子的成

(2)词数80左右;短文的开头已给出(不计入总词数) 。

Last week our class had a parents' meeting. At the meeting, all the parents talked about whether doing a lot of homework was useful or not. Many parents thought that doing much homework was useful.

【答案】One possible version:

Last week our class had a parents' meeting. At the meeting, all the parents talked about whether doing a lot of homework was useful or not. Many parents thought that doing much homework was useful. They thought by doing a lot of homework, the students could review what they had learned. It would also help to develop the students' minds and stop them playing computer games.

But a few parents thought that too much homework was useless. Because doing much homework

took a lot of time and thus students could not have a good rest. What's more, they could not do the things they liked.

In my opinion, doing some suitable homework is necessary and helpful. 话题三

假设某英文报“我爱写作”栏目为了配合创建“学习型城市”,正在举办专题英语征文比赛。请你根据下表所列的内容要点,以“Lifelong Learning”为题,用英语写一篇短文,参加比赛。

注意:

1.词数90左右。短文的开头已为你写好,不计入总词数;

2.短文须包括所有要点,不要逐词翻译,可适当发挥,使短文连贯、通顺;

3.短文不得出现真实的人名、校名等相关信息。

Lifelong Learning

When you finish high school or university ,is learning done? The answer is“no.”In many countries,people continue learning an their lives.

【答案】

One possible version:

Lifelong Learning

Why is lifelong learning important? You go to school and learn.You study.Y take tests .But learning doesn’t only happen in school .And learning doesn’t stop when you finish high school or university .You are learning all the time .For example ,learning can happen when you go to a museum.It can also happen when you read a book.Y learn when you play a sport or when you take a trip.Learning is life! We never st learning .Every day ,you can improve yourself by learning something new.

【课时作业设计】

任务:

任选过手练习里的一个话题进行写作练习