托福考试的小作文
初一 其它 3076字 395人浏览 1062119118ab

托福考试的小作文其实真的很简单, 当然要听力好哦, 点都能听出来才行. 根据两年多的机经来看, 阅读听力各三点, 把六点进行有效排序, 一篇完美的文章可就新鲜出炉啦!

Integrated task:

表示陈述了某种观点的:

Indicate, state, claim, believ e, argue, say, hold, discuss, mention, contend, demonstrate, raise the issue, according to the prof essor/writer…..

表示观点相反的:http://www.qiewo.com

Cast doubt on, refute, rebuke, refuse, question, disagree with, oppose, contradict, on the contrary, differ from

表示支持的:

Support, strengthen, agree with, reinforce, present the same idea

常用表示总结听力和阅读材料观点不同的句子:

1. This directly contradicts what the passage indicates.

2. this entirely opposes the writer’s expectation.

3. this is where the speaker disagrees with the writer.

4. this is another part where experience contradict theory.

模版:OPPOSE 类型:

In the lecture, the professor states that..., which differs from the point of the reading, the passage contends that......

As for the writer, the writer indicates that.......R1.....On the contrary, the instructor argues that L1.....+detail.

In the lecture, the speaker raises the issue that L2+detail ......., yet the reading passage believes that.......R2...

In the lecture, the prof essor says L3.....+detail...., and what the prof essor says opposes the idea of reading which holds th at R3.........

In a word, what is discussed in the lecture entirely opposes the writer’s expectation.

所谓“言简朴实原则”,就是行文不啰嗦,句子应越短越好,如果一个字能说清楚的,就不要用两个字。

例如:A t this point in time,w e should pull together for our goal. (现在我们应该为我们的目标团结一致) 这句话中“At this point in time”表示“现在”,我们完全可以用now 来代替。

In the majority of cases,he likes to ride bike to the office. (他通常喜欢骑单车到办公室) 。很简单的一句话,完全可以写成 He usually likes to ride bike to the office。

平时我们所说的用词多样化和地道并不是体现在这些时间副词或者是完全可以简化的啰嗦句型上,而是指实用性极强的词如动词和形容词,比如:

O riginal :Solv ing trivial problems in the dorm will add your social experience and help you to understand other people's feelings and learn to be kind。

Rev ised : Solv ing trivial problems in the dorm will enrich your social experience and help you to understand other people's feelings and learn to be considerate。

add ,kind 表达的含义都比较宽泛。 add 可以指数量上的增加,也可以指程度的加强,对于“丰富经验、增加知识”这个意思,用enrich 会使表达更准确。 kind 从字面意义上讲是“好的、善良的”,用kind 来形容人无法具体地表现出一个人的性格特征到底怎样,原句中是想表达“考虑周到、体贴入微”的特点,要准确表达这个含义应选择co nsiderate 。

另外,我们常见的一些累赘用词表现在句意的理解上,比如:He has had many years of (actual) experie nce in business。(他有多年经商的经验)actua l 是多余的,因为e xperience 已经有a ctual 的意味了。

We assembled(together) all the parts for our radio. (我们装好收音机的零件)assemble 本身就有togethe r 的意思,因此togethe r 是多余的。

“平等相处原则”的意思是行文不出现明显的带歧视或偏见的字眼,包括男女性别,也要避免区别,以示“平等”。例如:

Many businessmen(businesswomen) feel their jobs are ver y stressful. (许多商人觉得工作压力很大) 这句话写 businessmen 或是businessw omen 都是不妥当的,可以改为 business people或 busine ss executives 或busine ss managers就可以包括男女了。 当然,一些带有种族偏见的字眼,甚至有侮辱的味道(insulting words 或 slur) ,也要尽量避免使用,以免闹出麻烦。例如: 对黑人不要用 Negro ,更不能用Nigger(用 Black 还可以) ,礼貌的说法 是A fro-A merican 或A frican-A merican ;对白人不要用

Honky (这是黑人骂白人的用字) ,正确用法是 C aucasian ,或 w hite people;对犹太人不要用 Hy mies ,应该叫Jew ish 或 Jew ishpeople ;对越南人不要用 Gook ,要用 V ietnamese ;至于墨西哥人、西班牙人及中、南美洲人,包括 Puerto Rico,正确的用法多是Hispanics 或 Latins ,不过据说西班牙人为了维护自己的文化,倒喜欢别人称为 Spaniard 。