2014年6月四级作文辅导
初一 散文 9033字 148人浏览 下雨天非打伞

图片、漫画作文写作要点

首先给出一幅图画(一般是一个或是两个,很少出现三副图的时候),要求考生首先描述图画的大致情况,然后要求考生对图画进行适当的阐释(解释、说明和分析),最后要求考生给出自己的建议、观点、原因等等。

一、步骤与技巧

1. 仔细观察、认真研究图画, 力求达到正确理解。然后充分发挥想象力想象事情发生的情景, 弄清画面所反映的真实内涵或蕴含的某种哲理。

2. 找出图中事物之间的内在联系。如果所给的图画是多幅图画, 就要分析画与画之间的内在自然联系及画中人物、事物、事情发生的逻辑关系。

3. 扩大视野、拓宽写作思路。如仅给出一幅画, 应设法从有限的画面空间扩大视野、充分发挥联想。画面是没有文章

的文章, 要根据画面情景、人物表情、环境等大胆、丰富地联想。看图作文不可能是单纯描绘性作文,需要你从图片当中提取出图片所反应出来的问题或话题然后论证,其实大部分看图作文都可以最后演变成议论文。

4. 反复阅读所给的关键词。关键词是试题设计者根据画面的内容、范围定下的基调, 考生应仔细阅读这些关键词, 以此为线索从中悟出试题设计者要阐述的中心思想。

5. 草拟提纲。依据以上步骤草拟出写作提纲。看图作文情景复杂, 又是画面又是关键词。考生根据情景的发展和已给出的关键词, 综合考虑先写什么, 后写什么, 哪儿需要在短文中重点写, 哪儿需扼要阐述, 分几段等, 这些问题在动笔前都必须通篇考虑, 统筹安排。这样才能顺利写作, 迅速完卷。

6. 组织材料、丰富短文。提纲拟好之后, 利用" 涌泉式思维" 将同话题有关的信息记录下来并细化归纳。

7. 抄写作文。这一步骤看似多余, 实际上是必不可少的。书写要规范, 抄写好作文后, 如果时间允许的话, 就要将自己所写的作文通篇读一两遍, 检查一下是否有语句不通顺的地方, 是否有笔误以及丢失的信息等。最后呈现在评卷教师面前的应该是一份干干净净、整整齐齐, 主题突出、语言流畅, 用词恰当的习作。 二:图片作文模板: It seems to me that the cartoon / drawing is sending a message about ____________(图画内容),which

reveals ____________(稍作评价).In my view, ____________ (表明个人观点)。 Apparently, ____________(将个人观点和图片内容相结合,得出观点。)For one thing, ____________(从社会角度论证).

For another thing, ____________(从个人角度说明). For example, ____________(自己、朋友或他人,只要自己知道或听过的例子).Last but not least,

____________(从反面角度谈论). As a result, the case from this picture is urging us to _____________(建议或措施).Only in this way can we ____________(展望结果).

In conclusion / To my understanding,

____________(再次表明观点或态度). We should ____________(进一步说明个人的观点).

三:图片作文常用句型:

第一段:

1、 As is vividly showed in the picture/pictures也可以用drawing/drawings tells /tell) us that 这个图片的大致反映的意思。

2、 Recent years people in 地名(比如中国、北京、美国等等)have witnessed the fact that 描述图片里的现象, And it is very common/usual to see that in recent years.

第二段:解释,说明和分析图片

1、 The implied meaning of the picture(注意,同上进行单复数的处理) should be taken into consideration seriously. First/To begin with, 揭示涵义/原因/结果1,Second/What’s more, 揭示涵义/原因/结果2。 Last but not least/Finally, 揭示涵义/愿意/结果3(如果有的话)。And the social problem(如果是现象的话可以用phenomenon) has arisen the great concern/ care of our whole society/world/all the people.

2、There may/might be three(也可以是两个) factors which contribute to/are responsible for/explain/can make clear the 图片解释的现象。 First of all, 原因1。

And then the second reason is that 原因

2。The last reason,I think, is that原因3。

第三段:给出自己的看法和想法以及解决问题的办法。

1、 In my view/point of view (或者说as for me),We should take some measures as follows to deal with the problems followed in the picture. First, we should 具体的措施1.And then we have to /must具体的措施2.Only in these ways,can we solve the problem of 具体的问题。

2、It is true that these unique/social points can/could together remind us that we should take some measures to solve it. 采取的措施1和2. Only in this way can we 实现的目标!

图片作文范文:

2.Directions:

For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay. You should start your essay with a brief description of the

picture and then express your views on the importance of learning basic skills . You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.

We can see that in this picture, a teacher is teaching some pupils to deal with arithmetic questions, but some of them think that learning these mathematical skills is useless. They argue that by the time they are in the job market, these skills will be outdated. As to whether it

is

important to learn basic skills, people hold different views.

As far as I know, it is very essential for one student to acquire basic skills. At first, mastering basic skills well can lay a solid foundation for learning advanced skills. Basic skills are a floor, not a ceiling. Students must learn them first so that they can move on to various advanced skills. What’s more, learning basic skills helps to improve confidence and enhance self-esteem. Individuals with basic skills are likely to be more confident and active. All in all, if we want to keep progressing, it is key to learn basic skills well. By mastering basic skills and learning new things, we will have a bright future!

图表作文写作要点

一、步骤与技巧

1) 认真分析图表的含义,弄清图表中所含的信息及不同信息间的关系;

2) 确定文章的主题思想,构思出文章的基本框架,筛选出能说明图表主题思想的典型数据;

3) 编列文章的提纲;

4) 根据文章的提纲,将各段的提纲内容扩展成段落,然后将各个段落组成文章,注意段与段之间的衔接与过渡;

5) 检查与修改。

二、注意要点

图表作文一般在题目中给出作文的标题和一个或几个统计表格、圆形图、曲线图或条形图,有时还用英文或中文提纲的形式给出提示,要求我们:

1) 用文字描述图表,客观解释图表中所传递的信息,并找出某种规律或趋

势; 2) 就图表中所反映的某种趋势或问题分析其原因或后果。

图表作文着重说明事实,常常是通过对图表中所反映的具体数据的说明、分析、比较,对某种事物或现象的事实或变化情况等加以说明,并提出结论或看法。因此,图表作文常常采用议论文体的写作方法。 写好图表作文,关键在于能否读懂图表中所提供的信息,把握各信息间的联系,用准确流畅的语言把这一信息表达出来,并就这一信息发表自己的看法。

三、图表作文写作模板 According to the bar chart / pie chart / line graph displays the changes in the

number of____________(图表整体趋势). There was an increase in ____________(图表细节).

At the point of ____________,

____________reaches its peak value of ____________(数据或变化). What has caused these changes? There are mainly three reasons. Firstly, ____________ (原因一).Secondly, ____________(原因二). The number of ____________ increased over the period. ____________ rose by _________ from ________ to

________________. And there . In conclusion / We can safely draw the conclusion that ____________(结论). Therefore, ____________(进一步谈论更多个人想法).

四:图表作文常用句型

(1)常用的开篇句型(即概述图表内容时常用的表达法)

① According to the table/pie

chart/line graph/bar graph, we can

see/conclude that … 根据该表/图,我们可知 ……

② The table/graph reveals (shows/indicates/illustrates/

represents/points out) that … 该表/图表明……

③ As we can see from the table … As can be seen from the line/bar graph …

As is shown (illustrated/indicated) in the pie chart …

如表/图所示,……

(2) 描述增减变化常用的句型

① Compared with … is still increased by …

② The number of … grew/rose from … to …

③ An increase is shown in …; then came a sharp increase of …

④ In … the number remains the same/drops to …

⑤ There was a very slight

(small/slow/gradual) rise/increase in 1990. ⑥ There was a very steady

(marked/sharp/rapid/sudden/ dramatic) drop (decrease/decline/fall/reduction) in 1998/ compared with that of last year). ①描述图表 ②分三方面解释原因 ③下结论

1) During the period from _______to _______, ________rose from ________to _______, while _______ decreased from _______ to _______.

2) We believe that three reasons can

account for this phenomenon. First,____. Second, ____. Third, _____.

3) ___.We are happy to see that things are becoming better and better

nowadays. We can imagine that ___.

1. 图表类型:

table 表格; chart 图表; diagram 图表或图解,示意图; graph图表, 曲线图; column/ bar chart柱状图; pie graph饼图

2. 描述:

show; describe; illustrate; can be seen from; clear; apparent; reveal 显示; represent表现, 描绘

3.内容:

figure 数字; statistic统计值; statistics [用作复]统计, 统计数字

[资料], 统计表number; percentage; proportion

● 表示数据

上升:increase, rise, ascend, core, surge, go up, climb, mount, level up 下降: decrease, fall, drop, descend, decline, reduce ,lessen, level, down 平稳: stable, steady, remain steady/stable; /maintain/keep/be the same as/similar to ;

little/hardly any /no change

波动: fluctuate, fluctuation, rise and falls, up and down

占: occupy, take up, account for, gain

而: while, however, whereas , on the other hand, actually/in fact

相比: by contract, on the contrary, likewise, compared with

最高点: the highest, the top, the summit, the peak, the most

最低点: bottom, less, least, rock bottom 最低点

例句Prices have hit rock bottom. 价格已达最低水平

平均:average

趋势: tendency, trend, inclination 预见: prediction

达到顶峰: mount to

比例:20 per cent , 20%

one in three, 1/3

one out of every four, 1/4

有一个稳定的过程: a stable period can be seen

表示 变化程度的词:

sudden/suddenly 突然的,意外的 rapid/rapidly 迅速的,飞快的,险峻的

dramatic/dramatically 戏剧性的,生动的

significant/significantly 有意义的,重大的,重要的

sharp/sharply 明显的,急剧的

gradual/gradually 渐进的,逐渐的 slow/slowly 缓慢的,不活跃的 slight/slightly 轻微的、略微地

表示范围:

from…to … between…and …多长时间直到

表示程度:

almost adv. 几乎,差不多 nearly adv. 几乎,密切地 approximately adv. 近似的,大约

● 常用词和短语

significant changes 图中一些较大变化

noticeable trend 明显趋势 during the same period 在同一时期 grow/grew 增长

distribute 分布,区别

五:图表作文范文

Direction: For this part you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic :Cell Phones .You should write no less than 120 words and base your composition on the outline below:

1. 描述上图所示的手机用户数的变化情况

2. 出现这种情况的原因

3. 对此现象作出评价

Cell Phones

As is shown in the chart, cell phones are becoming increasingly popular within China . In 1999, the number of cell phones in use was only 2 million, but in 2002, the number reaches 5 million. And in the year 2005, the number has suddenly soared to 9 million.

There are many factors contributing to this development . To begin with, a cell phone has no wires and can be carried everywhere easily. What ’s more, a cell phone is something wonderful that we can have fun with news, games, music and chat through sending short messages. The last one, the drop in price and the simultaneous improvement in the functions have made it possible for an average person to make use of cell phone. The wide use of cell phones has make them more and more indispensable in people’s daily life. The many functions of

the cell phone have made certain people reluctant to separate themselves from their cell phone.

• Write an essay of 120-180 words based on the following drawing. In your essay, you should

1) describe the drawing briefly,

• 2) explain its intended meaning, and ,

• 3) give your comments