一句话搞定9分作文学生用
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一句话搞定9分作文

一、必备词汇及词组:

sharp 急剧的,猛烈的; witness 目击,看见,经历; steady 稳定的,持续的; conduct 进行,执行; decade 10年期; slight 轻微的,微不足道的; survey 调查; a proportion of 比例; according to 根据; carry out 执行,进行

二、必备句型:

1.(According to a recent survey conducted by CCTV/China Daily/the Students’ Union),the /steady increase/decrease in...(from...)to ...

例1.(2008.6)According to a recent survey conducted by CCTV,the past decade has witnessed a sharp increase in the kind of recreational activities nowadays people take up to an astonishing number of 2,490,ranging from horse riding to Kara OK,from Internet games to skating.

根据最近CCIV 所做的调查,过去几十年见证了娱乐活动种类的急速增长,其种类达到惊人的2490种,从骑马到卡拉OK ,从电脑游戏到滑板,应有尽有。

2.(Take...as an example) ,the past 5 years has witnessed a sharp /steady increase /decrease in...(from...)to ...

例1.(2007.12)Take Beijing Normal University as an example,the past 5 years has witnessed a sharp increase in the number of selective courses from 4 to 129.

以北京师范大学为例,过去的五年巾,选修课的数量急剧增长,从4种增长到129种。

3/China Daily/School Union,a high/slight proportion of...as high as 86.5/8.37 percent...

例1.(2007.6)According to a recent survey conducted by School Union,a high proportion of students as high as 86.5 percent admit that they practice and improve their English in our activities in a relaxed and comfortable way.根据最近学生会进行的一项调查显示,高达86.5%的学生承认,参加社团活动能让他们以轻松愉悦的方式练习并提高英语。

三、积极准备应用文功能词汇

四、积极准备校园生活话题和社会热点话题的主题词汇

历年四级作文真题其话题范围(不管是应用文还是提纲式命题作文) 主要是与学生息息相关的校园生活话题和社会热点话题,因此,预备一些与其相关的主题词汇变得尤为意义重大.

(一) 社会热点话题

(二) 校园生活话题

三、积极使用一些高分词汇和短语

我们在表达一些熟悉的意义时,经常习惯于使用一些大家都能想到的表达,其实我们可以用一些意义相近但是用词或结构出色的词或短语来表达,这样文章才会有新意、有吸引力。

一) 高分词汇

1.increasingly 逐渐地,越来越……(优于“more and more”)

2.thought-provoking 发人深省的(比用deep 好)

3.be inclined to do sth倾向于,往往(比用always 出彩)

4.prevalent 流行的(优于popular)

5.witness 目击(优于see)

6.convey 传达,告诉(比用tell 精彩)

7.overjoyed 狂喜的(比用glad 好)

8.triumphant 胜利的,成功的(强于successful)

9.abundant 丰富的,充裕的(优于enough 和much)

10.apparent 显然的(比用obvious 好)

11.vigorously 巨大地,有力地(强于greatly)

12.advantageous 有利的(优于good 等表达)

13.rocket 急速上升(比用increase 出彩)

14.deteriorate 恶化(比用worsen 精彩)

15.trigger 引发(优于cause)

(二) 高分短语

1.a boom迅速增长(比用rapid development出彩)

2.a great variety of各种各样的(优于all kinds of)

3.alleviate the pressure缓解压力(alleviate比reduce 准确)

4.Be + adj.= be of great/vital + n.

如:be of great importance(优于be important)

5.be willing to 非常乐意

6.make remarkable achievements取得非凡的成就(remarkable 优于我们习惯用的great)

7.strike a balance between…and…在……和……之间保持平衡(strike优于keep)

8.Superior to优于(优于better than)

9.take advantage of利用(比用use 好)

10.be in a dilemma[ di'lemə, ,dai- ]左右为难(比用don't know how to make the choice更加言简意赅)

11.be in unfavorable situations处于困境中(比用be in trouble 更精彩)

12.commit oneself to sth.致力于,尽努力去做(比用try one's best to 出彩)

13.be competent in有能力,能胜任(优于be good at)

14.be confronted with面临,面对(强于be faced with)

15.meet one's Waterloo 惨败,失败(强于be defeated)

四、积极使用连接词

连接问在保持文章的连贯性方面发挥着重要作用,下面就简单地列举些常见的连接词,以供构建框架时使用。

1.表示举例的连接词

for example,for instance,such as,take ...for example,a case in point, take ...as an illustration , to illustrate, namely , in other words,that is,especially ,in particular

2.表示列举的连接词

first(1y),second(1y),third(1y);to begin with;for one thing, for another;on the one hand,On the other hand;in the first place,in the second place

3.表示递进关系的连接词

moreover ,furthermore ,what's more,in addition,besides ,also ,next ,and

4.表示因果关系的连接词

so ,consequently ,as a result,since ,therefore ,accordingly ,because(of),thanks to,due to ,owing to,for this reason,hence ,thus ,on account of, on that account, on the grounds of , therefore

5.表示总结和结论的连接词

in general,generally speaking,in fact,in effect,at last,finally , in a word,in conclusion, in short, in brief, on the whole, all in all, in summary, as a general whole, to sum up , to conclude, in my opinion,as for as l am concerned,in my view,in my viewpoint,as for me, to some extent, in a way

6.表示条件的连接词

if ,provided ,provided that,granted that,unless ,of course,to be sure

7.表示让步的连接词

although ,even though,even if,however ,nevertheless ,yet ,in spite of,despite ,admittedly ,after a11,still

8.表示对比转折关系的连接词

but ,however ,otherwise ,in contrast,by contrast,on the contrary,similarly ,likewise ,like ,conversely ,rather than,instead ,on the other hand,equally(important),nevertheless ,yet ,unlike ,still ,in the same way,compared with,compared to

9.表示时间顺序的连接词

at the present time,at the same time,presently ,soon ,beforehand ,in due time,at this point,until now,later ,meanwhile ,once ,afterwards ,at times,sooner or later,up to the present time,then ,during ,eventually ,at last,finally ,currently

10.表示空间顺序的连接词

nearby ,opposite to,to the left/right ,in the middle,adjacent [ ə'd ʒeis ənt ] 毗连的to ,next to,across ,alongside ,in front of,at this point

11.表示强调的连接词

anyway ,especially ,even worse,particularly ,obviously ,above a11, no doubt, indeed, needless to say, to be sure, surely, more often than not,unquestionably ,in fact,as a matter of fact,actually ,most important of a11,after a11

五、积极使用程度副词和评论性副词

程度副词主要用来增强语气,强调客观事实;而评论性副词则起到客观评述的作用。它们都能使文章更为简洁、地道。

(一) 程度副词

1.If l am fully prepared,I’1l apply for the test without hesitation.

2. This is an extremely difficult task.

3. Some elder people enjoy Beijing opera immensely.

4. Although he's over eighty, his mind is still remarkably alert.

5. Your composition has improved tremendously.

6. Virtually all the members were in agreement with the proposal.

7. She has not been sufficiently stretched at school this term.

8. We utterly failed to convince them.

9. He immersed himself totally in his work.

10. His attitudes were shaped partly by early experiences.

11. Most people thoroughly disapprove of that opinion.

二、评论性副词

1. Above all, do not be proud to ask for advice.

2. They unfortunately turned out to be the victims of the event.

3. Undoubtedly, more hasty, less speed.

4. Without exception, everything needs a procession.

5. There is no denying that diligence will lead to success.

6. At present, piracy is becoming unprecedentedly visible in China.

7. The youngsters optimistically believe they will have a promising future.