英语4.6级必背作文
六年级 记叙文 30635字 792人浏览 刘12345025

1

Topic 1 Crazy for famous brand among college students

大学生名牌热

♦题目要求 Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled Craze for Famous Brand among College Students by commenting on college students’ pursuit for famous b rands. You should write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.

♦精品范文与分析

[1] It ’s quite common to hear college students exchanging information about the brands they like and the products they use. Some students even spend all their pocket money on products of famous brands, regardless of the financial pressure caused.

[2] This craze for famous brand among college students results mainly from two factors. First, brand craze is a reflection of some students’ vanity and superficiality. In their mindset, only by using products of famous brands can they show their capa¬bility and social status. Second, it is the peer pres¬sure among college students that forces some of them to buy products of the same brands as what their classmates purchase, so that they don’t feel in¬ferior to others.

[3] From my point of view, college students should be mature enough to make their own deci¬sions when it comes to the purchase of expensive products of famous brands. What’s more, we should always bear in mind that it is not the famous brand that makes us outstanding, but the knowledge and experience that we gain in our life.

♦写作思路

本文是一篇议论文,讨论大学生中的“名牌热”的现象。文章内容安排如下:

第一段概述现象。 第二段分析原因。

第三段发表自己的看法。 ♦全文翻译

听到大学生互相交流他们喜欢的品牌和使用的产品,这是常有的事。一些大学生甚至花光所有的零用钱去买名牌产品,不管这样做导致的经济压力。

大学生名牌热现象的产生主要有两方面原因。首先,名牌热是一些大学生虚 荣和肤浅的表现。在这些大学生看来,只有使用名牌产品才能显示他们的能力和 社会地位。其次,一些大学生迫于同龄人压力,不得不购买自己同学选购的名牌产品,以便他们不会觉得低人一等。

我认为,当涉及到购买昂贵的名牌产品时,大学生应该成熟地自己做决定。 此外,我们应牢记:使我们卓尔不凡的是我们获取的学识和经历,而不是名牌。

♦亮点词汇

exchange information 交流信息 regardless of 不管 mindset 心态

social status 社会地位

force sb. to do 迫使某人做某事 bear in mind 牢记 pocket money 零花钱

vanity and superficiality 虚荣和肤浅 capability /.keipa'bilati/ n.能力 peer pressure同龄人压力 inferior to...比 差

♦万能句型

1. It ’s quite common to hear...(提出现象句型)听到„„,这是常有的事。

2. The craze for... among... results mainly from two factors. First,... Second,... (分析原因句型)

„„中的“„„热”现象的产生主要有两方面原因。首先,„„。其次,„„。

2

Topic 2 How to Create and Maintain a Topic 7 Harmonious Dormitory Life?

如何背造和维持和谘的宿舍生活?

♦題目要求

Directions :For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled How to Create and Maintain a Harmonious Dormitory Life? You should write at least 150 words following the outline given below.

1. 宿舍生活是大学生活不可缺少的一部分

2. 宿舍生活有很多益处

3. 如何营造和维持和谐的宿舍生活

♦精品范文与分析

[1] Each year, millions of college freshmen leave their families and venture into the unknown to live in dormitories. It is true that dormitory life has become an indispensable part of most students ,college life.

[2] The advantages of dormitory life are self-evident To start with, for many students, living with fellow students from diverse back¬grounds enables them to develop communication skills. Moreover, students can learn from others whose values and customs are different from their own, which helps to broaden their visions.

[3] As college students, we should try hard to create and maintain a harmonious dormitory life. Firstly, we have to adapt ourselves to dor¬mitory life and try to get rid of our bad habits. Secondly, when something annoying arises, we should learn to tolerate each other and try to get along. Dormitory life can be comfortable and re¬warding when we fulfill our responsibilities for the benefits of all the dormitory members.

[1]首段描述事实,说明宿舍生活已经成为大学生活不可或缺的一部 分。 [2]第二段概述宿舍生活的益处:首先,能帮助学生提高沟通能力;其次,可以拓宽他们的视野。

[3]最后提出营造和维持和谐宿舍生治的方法: 适应宿舍生活、改掉坏 习惯、互相宽容。

♦写作思路

本文要求写一篇议论文, 讨论营造和维持和谐宿舍生活的话题。文章内容安排如下:

第一段指出宿舍生活的重要性。 第二段分析宿舍生活的益处。

第三段阐述如何营造和维持和谐的宿舍生活。

♦全文翻译

每年,都有众多大学新生离开家庭,住进大学宿舍,探索未知的事物。确实,宿舍生活已经成为了大多數学生们大学生活必不可少的一部分。

宿舍生活的好处不言自明。首先,对很多学生来说,与不同背景的同学们住 在一起使他们能够提高沟通能力。此外,学生们可以从别人身上学到不同的价值观和生活习俗,这有助于他们拓宽视野。

作为大学生,我们应努力营造和维持和谐的宿舍生活。首先,我们必须调整 自己以适应宿舍生活,尝试把不好的习惯改掉。其次,当有不愉快的状况发生时, 我们应该学着互相容忍,尝试和睦相处。当我们为宿舍中每个成员的利益负起责 任时,宿舍生活就会变得舒服且有价值。

♦亮点词汇

venture into 敢于去做

an indispensable part 不可或缺的一部分

self-evident a.不言自明的 diverse a.多种多样的

communication skill 沟通技巧

broaden one’s vision 拓宽某人的视野 harmonious a. 和谐的 adapt „to „使 适应 get rid of..摆脱

3

annoying a. 不愉快的,恼人的 get along 相处 rewarding a.有益的 ♦万能句型

The advantages of... are self-evident. To start with,... Moreover,...(阐述优缺点

句型)

„„的好处不言自明。首先,„„。此外,„„。

Topic 3 On Drunk Driving 论醉酒驾车 ♦题目要求

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled On Drunk Driving. You should write at least 150 words following the outline given below.

1. 尽管政府明令禁止,醉酒驾车仍时有发生

2. 谈谈这种现象的影响

3. 在你看来,应如何进一步杜绝醉酒驾车

♦精品范文与分析

[l] For the past few years, drunk driving has been deemed as the major factor of road accidents. In response, the government has constituted relevant laws to ban it. Today, however, we can easily notice that drunk driving is still a serious problem even though it’s legally prohibited nationwide.

[2] It ’s heart-struck that drunk driving has caused enormous losses to those in¬volved. First of all, those who are hit in the accidents usually get hurt, paralyzed, or even killed, thus making life harder for them and their families. Second, the drunk drivers may also risk their lives, and if not, they cannot escape the punishment they deserved.

[3] It is wise for the government to issue a ban on drunk driving, and carry it out strictly. And I believe there will be less drunk driving if our government educates people through more propaganda. Only when people

are fully aware of the terrible consequences resulted from drunk driving will they stop doing so.

[l]首段说明政府为禁止醉驾所做的努力以及醉驾的 现状,引出话题

[2]第二段分别从被撞者和醉驾者的角度分析醉驾的 影响:被撞者或受伤或殒命;撞人者有生命危险,逃脱不了惩罚。

[3]最后发表个人看法:政府禁止醉驾的举措是明智的,同时希望政府多做宣传,教导人们不要醉驾。

♦写作思路

本文是一篇议论文,要求就醉酒驾车这一话题做阐述。文章内容安排如下:

第—段引出话题。 第二段分析不良影响。 第三段发表看法。

♦全文翻译

过去几年,醉酒驾车一直被认为是导致道路交通事故的主要因素。为了应对这种情况,我国政府制定了相关法律禁止醉酒驾车。然而,今天我们还是很容易出现,即使法律明令全国禁止醉酒驾车,醉酒驾车的情况依然严重。

醉酒驾车给事故中的人们造成了严重的损失,这点非常令人痛心疾首。首先. 在事故中被撞的人通常会受伤、瘫痪、甚至死亡,这会给他们本人和家人的生 茗苦来不幸。其次,醉酒驾车的司机也有生命危险,而即便不是这样,他们也逃脱不了他们应得的惩罚。

在我看来,政府颁布法令禁止醉酒驾车并严格执行是明智的。同时,我相信如果政府更多地宣传教育人们,醉酒驾车的现象会更少。只有当人们完全认识到醉酒驾车带来的可怕后果,他们才会停止这么做。

♦亮点词汇

be deemed as被认为是 relevant laws 相关法律 heart-struck a.痛心的

4

paralyze v.使瘫痪 carry out 执行 result from 由 造成 constitute v. 制定 prohibit v. 禁止 enormous a. 巨大的 issue a ban 颁布法令 propaganda n. 宣传 ♦万能句型

1. For the past few years,... has been deemed as the major factor of...(提出现象句型)

过去几年,„„一直被认为是„„的主要因素。

2. It ’s heart-struck that... has caused enormous losses to those involved. First of all,... Second,...(分析不良后果句型)

„„给相关的人们造成了严重的损失,这点非常令人痛心疾首。首先,„„。其 次,„„o

Topic 4 On Chinese Fever 关于汉语热 ♦题目要求

Directions :For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled On Chinese Fever. You should write at least 150 words following the outline given below.

1. 世界上学习汉语的外国人越来越多

2. 谈谈汉语热的原因

3. 作为大学生,我们应该„„

♦精品范文与分析

[1] It is reported that there are about 40 million people learning Chinese worldwide besides Chinese people, which proves that Chinese is gaining its popularity all over the world .

[2] This phenomenon can be attributed to several main reasons. First, as China continues to enjoy fast economic growth and extensive contact with the rest of

the world, many foreign enterprises wish to expand or develop their business in China, thus employees who can speak Chinese are greatly welcomed. Second, many foreigners see a great future in Chinese market and want to get involved in it. Third, some foreigners are interested in the various values and legends in Chinese culture whose history has been continuous for about 5000 years.

[3] As a college student, I am inspired by the mushrooming of foreign friends’ interests in Chinese. I think we should, therefore, study hard to improve both our mother tongue and English, so that we could make contributions to the spread and prosperity of our language and culture.

[1]首段直入主题,概述 汉语学习在世界范围内 流行的现象。

[2]第二段分点阐述汉语 热的成因。在阐述中使用 了 Firsts Second, Third 这样的序数词,使文章条理清晰,层次分明。

[3]最后提出“我”的看 法:应努力学好母语和英语,为母语的传播和繁荣 做贡献。

♦写作思路

本文是一篇议论文,话题是汉语热。文章内容安排如下:

第一段描述汉语热现象。

第二段详细分析导致汉语热现象的原因。

第三段表明自己的看法。 ♦全文翻译

据报道,除中国人之外,全球大约有4000万人在学习汉语,这证明汉语在世界上越来越受欢迎。

这个现象可归因于几个主要原因。首先,由于中国的持续经济增长和与外界的广泛接触,许多外国企业希望扩大或开发中国市场的业务,因而会说汉语的雇员大受欢迎。其次,很多外国人看到了中国市场的巨大前景并且想参与其中。再次, 一些外国人对中国文化中的各种价值观和传说感兴趣,因为中国文化有着 5000年延续不

5

断的悠久历史。

作为大学生,我为外国友人对汉语的极大兴趣所鼓舞。因此,我认为我们应该努力学习,提高自己的母语和英语水平,为我们语言和文化的传播和繁荣做出賁献。

♦亮点词汇

worldwide a. 世界范围(的) gain popularity 变得流行 economic growth 经济增长 continuous a.持续的 mushroom v.迅速增长 prosperity / n.繁荣

attribute... to...把 归因于 get involved in...参与到 中 be inspired by...被 所鼓舞 mother tongue 母语

♦万能句型

1. It is reported that...(提出现象句型)据报道,„„。

2. This phenomenon can be attributed to several main reasons. First,... Second,... Third,...(分析原因句型)这个现象可归因于几个主要原因。首先,„„。其次,„„^再次,„„。

Topic 5 Aging Problem in China 中国人口老龄化问题 ♦題目要求

Directions :For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled Aging Problem in China. You should write at least 150 words following the outline given below.

1. 人口老龄化正困扰着中国

2. 人口老龄化带来的问题包括„„ 3. 应采取怎样的应对措施

♦精品范文与分析

[1] In many countries, the trend that fewer young people and more senior people is

very obvious. China is one of these countries suffering from the aging problem.

[2] The issue of aging has brought about many problems. The first problem to note is that an aging society means slower growth of population and thus a shrinking workforce. Consequently, the productivity of the whole society may be affected. Second, with more and more senior people in a family, it becomes more difficult for the young to take good care of the aged family members. Third, our government may fail to bear the financial burden to sustain the retired population if the situation becomes worse.

[3] In view of the problems listed above, it is urgent that the government adopt some effective measures. For the aging generation, the government can consider extending their retirement age. Meanwhile , family care and community services should be enhanced.

[1]首段概述世界多个国家及中国面临老年化的现象。

[2]第二段列举人口老年化带来的几个问题:劳动力减少;年轻人赡养老人负担重;国家养老压力大。条理清晰,论述完整。

[3]最后一段针对老年化问题提一些解决方法:国家考虑延长退休时间;加强家庭护理及社区服务。

♦写作思路

文是一篇议论文,讨论中国人口老龄化问题。文章内容安排如下:

第一段提出老龄化现象,引出话题。 第二段阐述人口老龄化带来的问题。 第三段提一些解决方法。

♦全文翻译

在许多国家,年轻人口减少、年老公民增多的趋势十分明显。中国也是其中 之一,受着老龄化问题的困扰。

老龄化已经带来了很多问题。第一个要注意的问题是,老龄化社会意味着人口

6

增长速度减缓,因而劳动力减少。如此一来,整个社会的生产力将可能受到影响。第二,由于家里的老年人越来越多,年轻人要照顾好年老的家人就更难了。第三,如果老年化情况恶化下去,政府将无法承受供养退休人口所带来的财政负

鉴于以上所述问题,政府急需采取一些措施应对老龄化问题。针对正步入老年的人群,政府可考虑推迟他们的退休时间。同时,也要加强家庭护理和社区服务。

♦亮点词汇

senior people 老年人 bring about带来,引发 consequently ad. 结果 fail to do sth. 没能做某事 sustain v.供养 extend v. 延长

the aging problem 人口老龄问题 shrinking a. 下降的,缩水的 productivity n. 生产力 financial burden 财政负担

adopt some measures 采取一些措施 retirement age 退休年龄

♦万能句型

The issue of... has brought about many problems. The first problem to note is that... Second,... Third,...(引出问题句型)

„„已经带来了很多问题。第一个要注意的问题是,„„。第二,„„。第三,

Topic 6 Package Tour or Self-service Travel?

跟团旅游还是自助游? ♦题目要求

Directions :For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled Package Tour or Self-service Travel? You should write at least 150 words following the outline given below.

1. 有人喜欢跟团游,有人喜欢自助游

2. 我的选择是„„

♦精品范文与分析

[1] When it comes to travelling, some people like to join package tours while others choose to travel on their own. For me, I prefer self-service travel.

[2] In the first place, self-service travel would probably work out well for most of people because you don’t have to worry about having food you don’t like or staying in a hotel you are not satisfied with. Secondly, you can plan your own route according to your interests, like watching famous artworks at the museum, or just spending time in a local park. In other words, travelling alone is like driving a private car—you can go and stop whenever and wherever you like. Thirdly, self-service travel will be much more impressive, enjoyable and unforgettable as you are doing almost everything by yourself.

[3] Based on the reasons listed above, I would choose to go for a self-service tour rather than a package tour.

[1]第一段引出对两种旅游方式的争论,并给出自己的选择:自助游。

[2]第二段具体阐述自助游的好处:几乎适合所有人、 可以自己安排行程、更有乐趣、记忆会更深刻。

[3]结尾再次强调自己偏爱自助游。

♦写作思路

本文是一篇议论文,讨论出游方式的选择话题。文章内容安排如下:

第一段介绍人们不同的出游方式选择,并表明自己的选择。

第二段具体阐述自己选择的旅游方式的好处。

第三段再次重申自己的选择。

♦全文翻译

7

说到旅游,有的人喜欢跟团游,有的人则选择自助游。就我而言,我比较喜欢自助游。

首先,自助游也许对大多数人都适用,因为你不必烦恼要吃自己不喜欢的食物或者要住自己不满意的酒店。此外,你可以根据自己的兴趣自行安排行程,比如在博物馆欣赏艺术品,或者就把时间花在某个地方公园。换句话说,自助游就像开私家车——可以随时随地出发和停留。最后,因为几乎所有事情都由你亲自 完成,所以自助游将会更让你印象深刻,整个旅途将会更加有乐趣和难忘。

根据以上所述原因,我会选择自助游,而不是跟团游。

♦亮点词汇

When it comes to...说到 时 work out 实行

plan one’s route安排某人的行程 ♦万能句型

1. When it comes to..., some people like to... while others choose to...(引出不同观点句型)

说到„„,有的人喜欢„„,有的人则选择„„。

2. For me, I prefer... In the first place,... Secondly ,„Thirdly,...(发表个人观点并论证句型)

就我而言,我比较喜欢.... 。首先,... 。此外,... 。最后,... 。

TopiC 7 Go to Work or Further one’s Study?

工作还是深造? ♦題目要求

Directions :For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled Go to Work or Further one’s Study? You should write at least 150 words following the outline given below.

1. 临近毕业时,许多大学生面临工作和深造的艰难抉择 2. 一些大学生认为应工作,另一些大学生则认为应深造

3. 我的看法是„„

♦精品范文与分析

[1] Many college students will be faced with a dilemma when approaching graduation: to go to work or further one’s study?

[2] There is no consensus of opinion among college students. Some believe that it is necessary to further their study. With the competition in the job market getting fiercer and fiercer, college graduates today possess little advantage when an increasing number of Masters are competing with them. On the contrary, others hold that it is more advisable to go to work. For one thing, a higher degree is no longer a guarantee of a better job as most companies nowadays attach more importance to one’s working ability instead of a diploma. For another, the job choices left to higher-degree holders may be fewer than those they had as graduates.

[3]In my opinion, to go to work or further one’s study after graduation depends on each individual’s practical situation. If a higher degree is what one need, he can consider further study; otherwise he can begin his job hunting as early as possible.

[1]首段引出主题,即许多大学生毕业时面临两难选择:是工作还是深造。

[2]该段阐述不同学生的不同看法:一些学生认为有必要深造;另一些学生认为投入工作更可取。

[3]该段提出“我”的看法: 毕业后工作还是深造取决于自己的实际情况。

♦写作思路

本文是一篇议论文,讨论大学生毕业后的选择问题。文章内容安排如下:

第一段概述大学生面临的两难选择。 第二段阐述大学生们的不同看法。

8

第三段提出自己的观点。

♦全文翻译

许多大学生在临近毕业时都会面临一个两难的问题:工作还是深造?

大学生们对这个问题的看法并不一致。一些大学生认为有必要深造。随着就业市场的竞争变得越来越激烈,当越来越多的研究生和大学毕业生一起竞争时,大学毕业生几乎没什么优势可言。相反,其他学生则认为毕业后找工作更可取。 一方面,更高的学历已并非一份更好工作的保证,因为现在大部分公司更注重工作能力而非文凭。另一方面,留学深造后拿到更高学历的人的工作机会可能比他们本科毕业时还要少。

在我看来,毕业后是工作还是深造取决于每个人的实际情况。如果需要的是更高的学历,则可考虑深造;否则,则可尽早开始求职。

♦亮点词汇

dilemma n.进退两难的困境 further one’s study 深造 guarantee n.保证 diploma n.毕业证书 approach v. 接近 consensus n. 共识

attach importance to 重视 practical situation 实际情况

♦万能句型

1. There is no consensus of opinions among... Some believe that... contrary, others hold that...(引出两种不同观点句型)

„„的看法并不一致。一些人认为,„„。相反,其他人认为„„。

2. In my opinion, ...(引出作者观点句型)

在我看来,„„。

Topic 8 On New Words Prevailing in

the Internet

论网络新词的流行

♦题目要求

Directions :For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short es entitled On New Words Prevailing in the Internet. You should write at le 150 words following the outline given below.

1. 如今,网络新词很流行,如杯具、给力等

2. 对这种现象有人表示欢迎,有人表示批评

3. 作为大学生,我的看法是„„

♦精品范文与分析

[1] Nowadays, the Internet is flooded with a variety of new words, such as “beiju ”,“geili ” and so forth. While well-received by lots of people, such phenomenon is also widely criticized.

[2] Those who are keen on new Internet words find it very interesting and humorous to add fashionable words to their online or daily communication. Furthermore, they believe that new Internet words enrich their vocabulary and expressions, which is in line with modern people’s pursuit for novelty and innovation.

[3] Others suppose those new words are misleading, for it might confuse the younger generation in terms of language study and usage. In fact, with frequent appearance of those words, children tend to be misguided to use them in formal occasions, which is unacceptable currently. Besides, generation gap between parents and children may be widened because children tend to communicate with peers who use the same lan¬guage rather than with their parents.

[4] As a college student, I consider the emergence of those new words as an irresistible trend. Nevertheless, we should be aware that they can only be applied in casual

9

occasions.

[1] 首段阐述现象,并概述人们的不同看法。

[2] 第二段具体阐述网络新词支持者的观点。

[3] 此段具体阐述反对者的意见。 [4] 最后表述个人观点---人们要谨慎使用。

♦写作思路

本文是一篇议论文,讨论网络新词流行的现象,文章内容安排如下:

第一段指出现象,并概述人们的态度。

第二、三段具体阐述正反双方对此现象的不同看法。

最后一段阐明自己作为大学生对此现象的看法。

♦全文翻译

如今,网络上充斥着大量新词,如“杯具”、“给力”等等。这种现象受到很多人的吹迎,但同时也遭到大量批评。

那些喜爱网络新词的人觉得在网上交流或日常沟通中加点新潮词语,很有趣也很幽默。此外,他们觉得网络新词能丰富词汇量及表达方式,符合现代人对新奇事物和创新的追求。但是另一些人则认为这些新词容易引起误解,在语言学习和使用上可能误导年轻的一代。这类词汇的频繁出现,会诱导孩子们在正式场合也使用网络语言,而这在目前是不被接受的。此外,由于孩子们倾向于与懂同种语言的同龄人交流,而不是和(与自己没共同语言的)父母交流,父母和孩子之间的代沟可能因此扩大。

作为一名大学生,我认为这些网络新词的出现是无法阻挡的趋势。然而,我们应该明白它们只适用于非正式场合。

♦点词汇

be flooded with...被充斥着 be widely criticized 饱受批评 be in line with...与 相符 misleading a.误导性的 misguide v. 误导 be aware that...意识到 well-received a.深受欢迎的 be keen on热衷于 novelty n.新鲜玩意

tend to do sth.倾向于做某事

an irresistible trend无法阻挡的趋势 casual occasions非正式场合

♦万能句型

1. Those who are keen on... find it... Furthermore, they believe that... Others suppose... Besides,„(阐述正反双方观点句型)

那些喜爱„„的人觉得„„。此外,他们以为„„。但另一些人则认为„„。此外„„

2. As a college student, I consider... as an irresistible trend.(表明作者观点句型)

作为一名大学生,我认为„„是一种不可阻挡的趋势。

Topic 9 On Social Networks 关于社交网络 ♦题目要求

Directions :For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled On Social Networks. You should write at least 150 words following the outline given below.

1. 社交网络日渐流行

2. 社交网络带来的好处和坏处 3. 如何合理使用社交网络

♦精品范文与分析

[l] The past decades have witnessed a great development in networks owing to the progresses in science and technology. As a

10

result, a variety of networking sites come into our sight, with the social networks being the hottest one.

[2] As is the case with many issues, the so¬cial networks have both positive and negative sides. On the positive side, the social networks provide us an opportunity to make friends, ex¬change ideas and so on,so it almost becomes an inseparable part of our social life. On the negative side, many people, especially students, may spend so much time on the social networks that they neglect their study or work. What’s worse, some people even may use these social networks to spread rumors and fake news.

[3] As I see it , the advantages of the social networks definitely overweigh the disadvantages. The crucial point is how to use the social net¬work reasonably. Firstly, we should not indulge in it. Secondly, the government should perfect the legal system to strengthen the supervision of the social network.

[1]首段先概述网络的蓬勃发展,然后引出社交网站的盛行。

[2]第二段从积极和消极两方面来阐述社交网络带来的利与弊。思路清晰,条理分明。

[3]第三段先表明个人看法,指出社交网络利大于弊,然后说明如何使用合理使用社交网络。

♦写作思路

文是一篇议论文,讨论社交网络话题。文章内容安排如下:

第一段引人“社交网络”这个话题。 第二段分析社交网络带来的利弊。 第三段发表个人看法,阐述如何合理运用社交网络。

♦全文翻译

科技发展让我们见证了最近几十年网络的飞速发展。正因为这样,各种各样的网站映入我们眼帘,而其中社交网站是最热门的。

和许多其他事物一样,社交网络对我们既有正面影响又有负面影响。从正面影响来看,社交网络给我们提供了交朋友、交流思想之类的机会,所以几乎成了我们社会生活不可分割的一部分。从负面影响来看,很多人,特别是学生,在社交网络上花了太多时间以至于忽视了学习和工作。更糟糕的是,一些人利用这些社交网络散布谣言和虚假信息。

在我看来,社交网络的利肯定是大于弊的。关键是如何合理运用社交网络首先,我们不可沉迷其中。其次,政府应完善法律系统,加强对社交网络的监督。

♦亮点词汇

witness v. 见证

science and technology 科学技术 an inseparable part不可分割的一部分 fake news虚假新闻

overweigh v. 比... 更重要

strengthen supervision 加强监督 owing to归功于

spread rumors散布摇言 indulge in...沉迷

♦万能句型

1. The past decades have witnessed a great development in... owing to...(阐述现象句型)

„„让我们见证了最近几十年„„的飞速发展。

2. As is the case with many issues,„have both positive and negative sides. On the positive side,... On the negative side,...(陈述利弊句型)

和许多其他事物一样,„„对我们既有正面影响又有负面影响。从正面影响来

11

看,„„。从负面影响来看,„„。

3. As I see it,...(发表个人观点句型) 在我看来, 。

Topic 10 Study Home or Abroad? 在国内上学还是出国留学? ♦题目要求

Directions :For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled Study Home or Abroad? You should write at least 150 words following the outline given below.

1. 如今越来越多学生选择出国留学 2. 有人对此表示赞同,也有人认为在国内上学益处更多

3. 我的看法是„„ ♦精品范文与分析

[1] Nowadays more and more students choose to study in such developed countries as the U.S.A., the U.K., France, etc. Concerning this phenomenon, people hold different views.

[2] Many people hold that it is advisable to study abroad as studying abroad enables overseas learners to grasp advanced knowledge in developed countries. Besides , many domestic enterprises are willing to provide preferential treatment to those with overseas learning experience. On the contrary, others believe that studying home does more good to students in that many domestic universities nowadays are as advanced as foreign ones, which ensures the quality of their graduates. Moreover, they emphasize that when studying in one’s own country, students can gain more insights into the ongoing economic and social situation, which adds more weight to them in their job hunting.

[3] In my view, it is not where we go studying but what we can learn that matters. As long as students are provided with an access to more knowledge and valuable experiences, the place where they go studying

doesn’t really matter.

[1]首段开门见山描述留学热潮,由此引出下文,即对此现象,人们看法不一。

[2]该段承接上文,着重阐述对人们对上述现象的两种不同看法论述有条不紊,层次分明。

[3]最后提出“我”的看 法:只要能学到东西,在哪学习并不重要:

♦写作思路

本文是一篇议论文, 话题是在国内上学还是出国留学。文章内容安排如下:

第一段概述现象。

第二段阐述对此现象的两种不同观点。

第三段发表自己看法。

♦全文翻译

现在越来越多学生选择去美国、英国、法国等发达国家留学。人们对这种现象有不同看法。

很多人认为出国留学是一种可取的做法,因为留学学生可以学习发达国家的先进知识。此外,很多国内公司都愿意给予有留学经验的人优惠待遇。相反地,其他人认为在国内学习对学生更有好处,因为现在许多国内大学和外国大学 一样先进,这能确保毕业生的质量。另外,他们强调,如果学生在自己的国家学习,他们能对国内不断变化的经济和社会形势更为了解,这更有利于他们将来找 工作。

在我看来,重要的并不是我们去哪里学习,而是我们可以学到什么:只要学生能获取更多的知识和宝贵经历,去哪里学习并不重要。

♦亮点词汇

developed country 发达国家

enable sb. to do sth.使某人能孩某事 grasp v. 抓紧,获得

domestic enterprises 国内公司

12

be willing to do sth.愿意做某事 preferential treatment 优惠待遇 gain insights into对... 有深刻理解 ongoing a. 正在进行的 add weight to...使 更有利

be willing to do sth. 愿意做某事 preferential treatment 优惠待遇

♦万能句型

1. Nowadays more and more... choose to...(提出现象句型)

现在越来越多„„选择„„。

2. Concerning this phenomenon, people hold different views. Many people hold that... On the contrary, others believe that...(引出不同观点句型)

人们对这种现象有不同看法。很多人认为„„。相反地,其他人认为„„。

Tnnir 11 Creating a Low-carbon Society

创建低碳社会 ♦题目要求

Directions :For this part ,you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled Creating a Low-carbon Society. You should write at least 150 words following the outline given below.

1. 近年来人们提倡低碳生活 2. 这样做的原因

3. 作为大学生,我们应该„„

♦精品范文与分析

[1] In recent years, low-carbon lifestyle is vigorously advocated around the world. Each and every action conducive to the reduction of carbon dioxide is bound to catch people’s attention.

[2] Why does such phenomenon occur? For one thing, frequent disastrous global climate changes, which have threatened human health, security and survival, aroused people’s attention. We have realized that our infinite desire and excessive consumption of

high-carbon products are immensely increasing carbon dioxide emissions, thus worsening global climate. For another, low-carbon lifestyle encouraging people to lower consumption of resources and energy helps to realize sustainable development in our society.

[3] As college students, we can exert our efforts to reduce carbon emissions by doing some simple things. For example, never use disposable chopsticks or cups; turn off the lights when we are leaving the classroom or dormitory; make full use of every piece of paper and so on. If everyone keeps a low-carbon lifestyle, we can make a big difference, as every little makes a mickle.

[1]首段引出话题:全世界大力提倡低碳生活。

[2]该段承接上文,分析原因:第一,全球性气候 变化引起人们的注意;第二,有利于实现社会 的可持续发展。

[3]最后指出大学生也能采取措施,做到低碳生活每一天。

♦写作思路

本文是一篇议论文,讨论关于低碳生活的话题。文章内容安排如下:

第一段提出现象。 第二段分析原因。

第三段说明大学生可以怎么做。

♦全文翻译

近年来,全世界大力提倡低碳生活方式。每一个有利于减少二氧化碳排放的行动都会受到人们的关注。

为什么会出现此种现象呢? 一方面,频繁发生的灾难性全球气候变化威胁着人类的健康、安全和生存,这引起了人们的关注。我们已经意识到,自己无止尽的欲望和无节制的高碳产品消耗正在大量增加二氧化碳气体的排放,从而使全球气候恶化。另一方面,鼓励人们减少资源和能源

13

消耗的低碳生活方式有利于全社会实现可持续发展。

作为大学生,我们可以通过一些简单的事情做出努力,减少二氧化碳的排放。比如,不使用一次性筷子或杯子;离开教室或宿舍前熄灯;充分利用每一张纸等。正所谓“积少成多”,如果每个人都坚持过低破生活,就可以起非常大的作用。

♦亮点词汇

vigorously ad.有力地,大力地 advocate v. 主张,提倡 be conducive to 有助于 be bound to 一定会 disastrous a. 灾难性的 survival 幸存

arouse one’s attention 引起 的关注 infinite a.无限的

excessive consumption 过度消费

carbon dioxide emission 二氧化碳排放 sustainable development 可持续发展 exert efforts to 尽力做

disposable a. 一次性使用的 make full use of 充分利用

every little makes a mickle 积少成多

♦万能句型

1. In recent years, „is vigorously advocated around the world.(提出现象句型) 近年来,全世界大力提倡„„。

2. Why does such phenomenon occur? For one thing,... For another,...(分析原因句型)

为什么会出现此种现象呢? 一方面,„„。另一方面,„„。

3. As college students, we can exert our efforts to...(发表作者观点句型)

作为大学生,我们可以尽力去„„。

Topic 12 On Energy Conservation 关于节约能源 ♦题目要求

Directions :For this part, you are

allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled On Energy Conservation. You should write at least 150 words follow¬ing the outline given below.

1. 近年来不少国家出现能源短缺现象

2. 导致此种现象的原因 3. 如何节约能源

♦精品范文与分析

[1] In recent years, many countries , especially industrial countries, are faced with different levels of energy shortage.

[2] Why does such phenomenon occur? The primary reason is the increasing demand for energy because of the development of modern industries. Another important reason is that many people tend to ignore that energy reserves in the world are limited. For this reason, the excessive use and waste of energy is common, thus accelerating the exhaustion of the valuable energy.

[3] In order to ensure that our descendants could find sufficient resources to support themselves, It is time that effective measures be taken for energy conservation. Most importantly, technologies should be improved to reduce the energy usage in industries. What’s more, people should try hard to save energy in their daily life. For example, the lights should be turned off if nobody is in the room, and the air conditioners should be set at no lower than 26 degree in summer. All in all, it is time that people do something to conserve energy.

[1]首段直指各国面临能源短缺的现象。

[2]第二段承接上文,引出能源短缺现象出现的原因分析。条理很分明。

[3]第三段发表个人看法,提节约能源建议:如发展技术,减少工业中能源的用;人们在日常生活中注意节约能源。

14

♦写作思路

本文是一篇议论文, 讨论节约能源的问题。文章内容安排如下:

第一段提出现象,引出话题。 第二段分析原因。

第三段提意见,给建议。

♦全文翻译

近年来,很多国家,尤其是工业国家,都面临着不同程度的能源短缺问题。

为什么会出现此种现象呢?最主要的原因是现代工业的发展带来对能源需 求的不断增长。另一个重要原因是许多人往往忽视世界能源储藏量有限这一事 实。由此导致的结果是,人们过度使用能源、浪费能源的现象很常见,这就加速了珍贵能源的消耗。

为确保我们的后代能找到足够的能源支撑自己,是时候采取有效措施节约能源了。最重要的一点是发展技术,以减少工业中能源的使用。另外,人们应在日常生活中努力节能。比如:没人在房间的时候就关灯,空调在夏天设置在26度以 上。总之,人们是时候为节约能源做点什么了。

♦亮点词汇

industrial country 工业国家 primary reason 主要原因 excessive use 过度使用

exhaustion of energy 能源枯竭 descendant n. 后裔,子孙 energy shortage能源短缺 energy reserve 能源储备 accelerate v. 加速 ensure v. 确保

♦万能句型

1. Why...? The primary reason is... Another important reason is...(分析原因句 型)

为什么„„?最主要的原因是„„。另一个重要原因是„„。

2. In order to..., it is time that effective

measures be taken for... Most importantly,... What ’s more,...(引出解决方法句型)

为了„„,是时候采取有效措施„„了。最重要的一点是„„。另外,„„。

Topic 13 How to Reduce Damage Caused by Natural Disasters?

如何减少自然灾害带来的损害?

Directions : For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled How to Reduce Damage Caused by Natural Disasters? You should write at least 150 words following the outline given below.

1. 人类经常面对可怕的自然灾害 2. 为减少自然灾害造成的损害,我们可以„„

♦精品范文与分析

[1] Human beings are often faced with natural disasters such as eaithquakes, floods, hurricanes, and tsunamis which cause serious losses. It ’s important for us to work out effective measures to reduce dame and casualty.

[2] What can we do concretely? First, prevention is vital. Protecting the environment is a top priority to prevent natural disasters while reducing carbon emissions is a good measure to prevent global warming. Second, be well-prepared. Improvement in early warning systems, such as technique of earthquake prediction, is very important for people to survive in disasters. Third, the government should perfect the coping mechanism in disaster management. Stronger coordination is needed among all governmental departments and nongovernmental organizations so that we can better deal with all kinds of natural disasters.

[3] To sum up, besides thinking of relief after a disaster, making full prevention, preparation and planning ahead of time are very essential to reduce damage and casualty.

15

[1] 首段提出灾害频发的现象,呼吁采取有效措施应对自然灾害。

[2] 第二段以设问开头,引人思考,随后从三方面逐一分析可有效应对自然灾害的措施:保护环境预防灾害;改进灾害预警系统;改进政府灾难处理机制等。

[3] 结尾总结全文,必须全方面防范和治理自然灾害,才能减少损失。

♦写作思路

本文是一篇议论文, 讨论如何减少自然灾害造成的损失。文章内容安排如下:

第一段提出现象,呼吁人们采取应对措施。

第二段具体阐述采取哪些措施减少灾害损失。

第三段总结全文。

♦全文翻译

人类经常遇到各种自然灾害,例如:地震、洪水、飓风和海啸。这些灾害常导致巨大的损失。采取有效措施减少损害和伤亡对我们来说非常重要。

我们具体可以做些什么呢?首先,预防至关重要。保护环境是预防自然灾害的头等大事,而减少二氧化碳排放量是防止全球变暖的好方法。其次,做好充分准备。预警系统比如地震预报技术的提升,对于人们在灾难中逃生非常重要。再次,政府应完善灾难管理应对机制。各政府部门和非政府组织之间更好的协同合作是必须的,以便我们能更好地应对各种自然灾害。

总而言之,除了考虑灾后的安抚工作之外,充分的事前预防、准备和计划对于减少损失和伤亡非常必要。

♦亮点词汇

be faced with 面临着 work out制定出

concretely ad. 具体地

top priority应优先考虑的事

global warming 全球变暖 coping mechanism 应对机制 coordination n.调节,协调

make full preparation 做好充分准备 ahead of time 提前 tsunami n. 海啸

damage and casualty 损失和伤亡 carbon emmission 碳排放

♦万能句型

1. What can we do concretely? First,... Second,... Third,...(引出解决方法句型)

我们具体可以做些什么呢?首先,„„。其次,„„。再次,„„。

2. To sum up,„(做总结句型) 总而言之, 。

Topic 14 To Work for a Large Company or a Small One?

去大公司还是小公司工作? ♦题目要求

Directions :For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled To Work for a Large Company or a Small One? You should write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.

♦精品范文与分析

[1] These days young graduates, more often than not, are left with one question: to work for a large company or a small one? When asked about this question, people vary in their opinions.

[2] As far as I am concerned, I prefer to work for a large company. First, a large company has more market share and higher market value, so it is in a better financial state. This often means better benefit packages and job security for its employees, compared with that of a small company. Second , a large company is in a better position to improve employee ’s skills and develop his or her potential. Third , large company can provide

16

its employees with more professional training and better instructions, which is meaningful for the employee’s career development.

[3] In conclusion , in view of the advantages a large company boasts, I have made up my mind to work for a large company.

[1]首段提出毕业生面临的两种选择,并表明人们对此看法不一。

[2]第二段发表个人观点,表明更愿意去大公司工作, 随后列举去大公司工作的好处以论证自己的选择。思路清晰,条理清楚。

[3]结尾段再次重申自己的选择。收尾自然。

♦写作思路

本文是一篇议论文,讨论去大公司还是小公司工作的话题。文章内容安排如下:

第一段说明现象,引出话题。 第二段表明自己的选择并论证。 第三段重申自己的选择。

♦全文翻译

如今,年轻的大学毕业生时常面临一个问题:去大公司工作还是小公司工作?当被问到这个问题时,人们的观点各不相同。

就我而言,我更愿意去大公司工作。首先,大公司市场份额更大, 市场价值更高,因而财政状况更好。这往往意味着大公司能比小公司为员工提供更多的福利待遇和更大的工作安全感。其次,大公司更能提高员工的技能、开发员工的潜力。再次,大公司能够为员工提供更多的专业培训和更好的指导,这对员工的职业发展是很有意义的。

总之,考虑到大公司拥有的诸多优势,我决定要去大公司工作。

♦亮点词汇

more often than not 时常 financial state 财政状况 job security工作安全感

develop one ’s potential 开发某人的潜力

♦万能句型

1. As far as I am concerned, I prefer to „First ,„Second ,„Third ,„(表明个

人观点并论证句型)

就我而言,我更愿意„„。首先,„„。其次,„„。再次,„„。

2. In conclusion,„(做总结句型) 总之,„„。