2014高考英语话题作文写作指导+佳作欣赏(1)
初三 日记 4792字 234人浏览 溪山居客

话题写作(一)

个人情况(personal information)

话题体裁

人物介绍和描述属于说明写作任务,但常通过应用文体裁来设置写作题目,尤其以写介绍信、推荐信等为主。写作格式一般不作要求,但要注意文章的主要内容的谋篇布局。 话题内容

话题属于个人情况(personal information)的描述和介绍该话题来涉及的内容有:

1. 个人信息:名字、年龄、出生时间和地点、外貌特征、个人性格和品质、爱好和兴趣、通讯方式等;

2. 家庭情况:家庭出身、父母的情况等;

3. 学校教育及其学业情况:相关学校、主修专业、学习评价等;

4. 工作和事业情况:从事职业、工作过程特点、主要成就、地位和评价等。在写作过程中,一般是要根据题目要求,选取需要表达的某些重要信息,而非囊括全部内容。 话题词汇

1. 描述个人信息的重要词汇:

Ordinary looking 相貌平平;beautiful/handsome漂亮/英俊; well dressed 穿戴整齐; with thick glasses 戴深度眼镜的; full of energy精力充沛;serious 严肃的;humorous 幽默;patient 耐心的;determined 有毅力的;optimistic 乐观的;warm-hearted 热心肠的;easy-going 温和宽容的;be strict with sb/in sth对„严格的;be relaxed with/get on well with与„相处融洽;

2. 介绍学校教育及其学业的词汇:

graduate from毕业于;be major in 主修;be good at擅长;win the prize获奖

3. 对工作和事业情况描述的词汇:

devote „to „/make contributions to 致力于„;make „lively and interesting 使„生动有趣;be respected 受到尊敬;be popular with „受„喜爱;be much impressed by 对„的印象深刻;be considered as/to be被认为是„;sing high praise for/think highly of高度评价

话题句型

1. 基本信息(利用同位语结构,使文章简洁,通顺):

(1) Born in a poor family, sb., a great novelist, had little school education of no more than…

(2) Sb., the son of a poor family, was born in…on…

(3) Sb., works hard/lives a simple life though he/she was born in a rich family.

2. 外貌和品质(巧用with 作定语)

(1) He is a near-sighted/far-sighted guy with a pair of glasses on his nose.

(2) She is good-looking with long beautiful hair.

(3) He is a tall and thin guy with thick eyebrows, looking very handsome.

3. 教育和学业(尽量用非谓语动词,使文章精炼):

(1) Majored in…,he graduated from…in…and…he went abroad for further studies.

(2) Being good at…,he/she once won the first prize in…competition.

4. 工作和事业(合理使用复合句、倒装、非限定定语从句等润色文章):

(1) Not only is he interested in science, but also he has a gift for music.

(2) So hard does he work that he devotes almost all his lifetime to our human cause.

(3) With great determination, he took 37years to finish the book, which makes a great contribution to…

5. 综合评价(注意运用一些动词、形容词短语):

(1) Sb. set us a good example, so all the people spoke highly of him and all respected him.

(2) We sing high praise for his brave stories, and they will spread all over the world.

(3) Sb. makes great contributions to…,which made him well known…

话题作文

你的美国笔友Peter 暑假期间来中国学习中文,发E-mail 来请求你给推荐一位好老师。请你写一封120-150词的回信,将你校最优秀的语文老师的个人信息和教学情况介绍给他。 写作指导

本话题作文介绍和推荐的是一位语文老师,个人信息描述要简单;要突出其学习和受教育的专业性;重点是其工作特点、主要成就、获得的评价和地位等。

佳作欣赏

Dear Peter,

I am very glad to know that you will come here to study Chinese this summer holidays. Now I recommend one best Chinese teachers to you.

Lin Tao, a head teacher of my class, is an ordinary-looking man. After four years’ study in the Chinese department of Beijing University, he finally realized his dream of becoming a Chinese teacher. With wide knowledge and rich teaching experience, he has a unique teaching methodology to make his class lively and impressive. Further, he is getting along well with his students, which makes him respected and loved as a teacher and a friend as well. In the past few years, he was awarded as a model teacher for many times.

I’m sure you will like him if you come to attend his lectures. I believe you will make great progress in Chinese leaning with his help.

Best wishes!

一试身手

请根据以下提示,用英语写一份介绍“我国著名的跨栏运动员刘翔”的小贴士,参加某英文网站的题为The Greatest Athletes Around the World的大讨论。

注意:介绍部分词数100左右

话题写作(四)

日常活动(Daily Routines)

话题体裁

日常活动描述常用记叙文来记述发生在日常生活中的一些小故事。根据图画内容写日记是最常见的一种形式,有时该类话题的写作也常设计成议论文,讨论某些日常活动的利弊、影响以及对此活动的建议等。

话题内容

该话题属于就日常行为和活动进行介绍、描述或评论。故事内容常与中学生的日常生活和学习息息相关,主要有:日常活动的准备过程,如上学、运动、作息等;日常生活中的某些活动,如打扫卫生、做饭、洗衣,甚至包括洗刷、洗浴等个人卫生等细节描述;用餐活动,如一日三餐,尤其是早餐、野餐以及零食等的讨论;业余时间活动描述,除家庭作业外,还有一些娱乐活动,如看电视、散步、参观旅游、拜亲访友等活动的描述和讨论。写作过程中除了要记述故事的发生、发展、高潮和结局外,还要有自己的心理活动的描述,表达自己的观点,有时还要求提出一些科学合理的建议。

话题词汇

1. 该话题写作一般按事情发生的先后顺序记述故事,所以有时需要借助一些表示先后

顺序的词语,如:at first(起先) ,then(接着) ,later on(以后),afterwards(后来) ,soon(不久) ,finally (最后) ,at last(终于) 等。

2. 日记写作中常有一些有关天气的英文表达,比较复杂的有fine(晴朗) ,hot (热),pretty

warm(相当暖和) ,shower(阵雨) ,thundering(雷雨) ,dense fog(浓雾) ,haily (冰雹),a little rain,later cloudy(小雨转多云) 等。

3. 文章常用一些总结性的词语,如on the whole总体上看;in a word总而言之等。 话题句型

1. 多用主系表结构的句型,注意系动词的多样性,如:be, feel, grow, turn等;

2. 多用There be句型,注意结合分词作定语的结构,如:There is a man standing under the

tree.=There stands a man under the tree.

3. 多用不定式短语作目的状语(处在句首或句末)、结果状语(处在句尾)等,如:To improve

my spoken English, I decided to attend then English corner to be held on the square every Friday evening.

4. 多用分词短语作时间、条件、原因状语等,如:

On hearing the cried for help, I run to the river side and found that a boy was struggling in the water.

5. 多用熟练的复句结构:because; where; when 等引导的原因、时间、地点等状语从句;

which(who)引导的定语从句;so that…, so…that…引导的目的、结果状语从句;以及I’m sure that…,I think that…这类宾语从句等。

6. 文章结尾,常用Though we feel a little tired, we feel very happy.等作为简单的总结。 一试身手

现在几乎家家户户都有电视机,看电视成了人们的业余活动。请根据厦门的提示内容写一篇120词的短文,根据提示发表自己的观点。

1. 电视的作用:娱乐消遣、掌握生活常识、了解知识、开阔眼界、活跃思维等

2. 电视的坏处:长时间看电视会伤害人的身体,影响青少年的视力,影响人们的正常工作

和学习。