29雅思基础写作
初三 记叙文 7538字 443人浏览 970903a

Writing Handout: 9

Vocabulary

Patient

hospital medicine doctor cure junkfood

fitter overweight exercise illness live absence

suffer exist healthcare luxury expensive cosmetic surgery

Practice 2:Complete the texts with the words from the box.

Nowadays, many children are (1) ....................... .There are many reasons for this; somepeople blame the amount of (2).......................that is available, and others claim it isbecause children don't get enough (3) ........................ The reality is that childhood obesityis probably a combination of both poor diet and lack of exercise.

Doctors have been trying to find a (4).......................for the common cold for manyyears. A cold, which is a relatively harmless (5)....................... can occur at any time ofthe year and may mean that a person cannot work for up to a week. There are many(6) .......................for treating colds. However, they cannot cure them.

It is often claimed that exercise keeps people (7).......................and healthier, and a recentstudy has shown that this is true. People who do at least 40 minutes of exercise a week,for example jogging or swimming, are less likely to become (8) ....................... and aremore likely to (9)....................... to old age.

Practice 3: Complete the sentences with phrases a-d. Then underline all the result clauses.

1. If doctors find a cure for the common cold,

2. ....................................................................if they eat too much junk food.

3. If people exercise every day ..........................

4. ..........................................................................if hospitals aren't free.

a Children might become overweight

b people will have fewer absences from work

c they may live longer

d People may suffer

Practice 4: Use these notes to write full sentences with the second conditional. Keep the information inthe order given.

1.

Doctors receive better training. Patient care improve.

2.

Junk food not exist. People not be overweight.

3.

People live longer. All diseases cured.

4.

Hospitals free. More people live longer.

5. No doctors. A lot more illness.

Part 2: Skill development

Practice 2.1: Read the essay paragraph and underline the cause and effect sentences. Then label eachcause (C) and each effect (E).

A country which has free healthcare has a healthier population. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Healthcare should be free in every country because it helps improve the health of thepopulation. Some things such as computers, cars or holidays are luxuries which the cost of healthcare should not stop people from going to the doctor. If poor peoplehave to pay for healthcare, they might not visit the doctor when they are ill. If healthcarebecomes more expensive, there may be some negative effects in the future. For example,if only rich people can afford healthcare, they may be much healthier and may live longerthan poor people. The result of this could be an unequal and divided society.

Practice 2.2: Complete another paragraph from the same essay using the phrases from the box.

However, free healthcare does not always result in a healthy population. For example, ifpeople choose to have an unhealthy lifestyle,

(1) .......................................................................Some people believe that

(2).........................................................................., they should notreceive free healthcare. In addition, healthcare comes in many forms and some of theseforms of healthcare may not be essential. Most doctors think that if people want cosmeticsurgery just to improve their appearance, (3)...........................................................................However, doctors think that the government should pay for some forms of cosmeticsurgery.

Practice 2.3:You can use other structures to describe causes and effects. Notice the order of the causesand effects and the blue words in the sentences below.

effect cause

Many people die from smoking due to lung damage and diseases such as cancer.

cause effect

Due to lung damage and diseases such as cancer, many people die from smoking.

effect cause

People can become fat because they eat too much bad food.

cause effect

Because people eat too much bad food, they can become fat.

Complete the sentences for the essay below using the phrases from the box, then mark each cause (C) and each effect (E).

Obesity is a common problem in many societies. What are the main causes of obesity and what are the effects?

1. People have become accustomed to junk food (C), so ..................................... .

2. Because young children spend too much time watching television ......................................................

3. Many people have office jobs which do not involve any physical activity. As a result,they......................................................

4. Because...................................................................children do not know how to cook for themselves.

5.

Due to the availability of cheap fast food, ...............

6. Governments earn a lot of money from fast-food companiesbecause........................................................

their parents do not teach them they do not eat enough vegetables. aren't active enough. people do not shop for fresh food, they do not get enough exercise, they tax them heavily.

Practice 2.4: Underline three mistakes with linking words in this text.

Exercise is an important part of a healthy life. If people don't exercise, they will becomeunhealthy. Nowadays, many people don't get enough exercise they havejobs where they sit down all day. Additionally, life is easier. In the old days, people had towash clothes by hand or make their own bread. Result, they were more active in their lives.Also, people didn't have cars in the old days, because they had to walk everywhere. Thismeant that people were active in their daily life. Now, due cars and machines which makelife easier, people don't do as much. As a result, they become more unfit.

Practice 2.5: Read the essay title, then match the causes to the effects in the table. Write the headings‘Causes’ and ‘Effects’ in the correct places.

Modern technology is a threat to the health of people all over the world. What are the maineffects of modern technology on our health?

1. Children spend too much time sittingplaying video games.

2. Using social media is a common hobbyfor many people nowadays.

3. Ready meals are easy to buy.

4. Office jobs involve too much timeworking with computers.

5. People in the street listen to musicthrough headphones.

a) People can develop wrist problems orback pain.

b) They cannot hear cars coming and mayget run over.

c) They do not move enough so theybecome overweight.

d) People don't cook fresh food any more.

e) Face-to-face activities such as sports areless popular.

Practice 2.6: Use some of the causes and effects from the table above to write a paragraph for the sameessay. Write approximately 60-80 words. Start your paragraph like this:

Many health problems today may be caused by modern technology. For example……………

Part 3: Exam practice

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

Governments should introduce healthcare which prevents illness rather than cures it. Howfar do you agree with this statement?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledgeor experience.

Write at least 250 words.