写作笔记
初二 记叙文 6889字 166人浏览 COOLrober

原因:because, as, since +句子; because of, due to, owing to, as a result of+n.

结果:so, so that+ 句子;as a result, as a consequence, consequently, therefore, thus, hence 放句首,逗号再加句子

转折:but, however, on the contrary(by contrast), on the other hand, instead, 副词

承接:besides (adv. ), furthermore, in addition, moreover, what’s more(口语), apart/aside from that

结论:in conclusion, in brief, in short, to sum up, overall(小作文) , 举例:for example/instance+句子; such as+N; including+N; Take…as an example./…is a case in point.

类比:similar ly,../likewise,…. ADV

对比:while/whereas/whilst CONJ., by/in contrast ADV

让步:although, though, even if, even though+句子; despite, regardless of, in spite of+n

假设:if, provided that/provided/providing/providing that, unless 除非, otherwise

限定(关于):in terms of, as for, When it comes to, regarding(prep.), concerning(prep.), with respect to, with regard to +N.

观点:in my opinion, personally, from my viewpoint, it seems to me that…, it is clear to me that…, as far as I am concerned

解释:in other words ADV, that is to say, By that I mean, which

means,

but, however, 但是,

词性,

but, 连词,连接两个句子,

However, 副词, 不可以连接句子

I like this movie. But I do not have time.

However,

1. 客观思维

It is justified/reasonable to argue that…

It is ridiculous/absurd to claim that…

It is short-sighted to insist that…

It is widely/generally believed/agreed that…

…变得(越来越)普遍/流行

It is not uncommon these days for sb. to do sth. / that…rural residents

…is becoming increasingly prevalent / pervasive.

…seems to be an increasingly widespread issue.

…has gained a widespread popularity.

The popularity of…is on the rise

…引起广泛关注

An increasing number of individuals are concerned about…/the phenomenon that…

…has drawn widespread attention.

… seems to be an issue of growing concern.

The issue of…has been brought into sharp focus.

There has been mounting concern about

…引起争议

... has triggered/fueled a heated debate.

… has ignited/kindled/sparked a widespread controversy. These days, a much debated issue is whether…

There is no consensus on whether…

The debate over whether… has been raging for some time. 对于…意见不一

People are divided over whether…

Opinions vary/differ widely about …

There are mixed/conflicting/divergent views about …

People

have differing views with regard to the question of

有些人认为…, 然而另一些人认为…

Some people believe that…, while others hold that…

(suggest, state, argue, insist, maintain, claim, advocate…) While it is argued by some that…, ...

提出写作任务 report (补充内容)

In this essay, I will explore the main factors contributing to the problem and the measures.

This essay aims to analyse ….and present some solutions/ make some suggestions

套句:让步的表达:

I accept(相信) that…

I cannot deny the fact that…

It is undeniable that…

… should not be

ignored (neglected/ overlooked/underestimated 低估).

It is true that…

It can be hardly denied that…

Few would deny the fact that…

There is no denying that…

It has to be admitted that…

Admittedly, …

I concede~~~

表明立场其他表达:

I am inclined to side with those who

I am convinced that…

I tend to be in favour of the view that…

It is justified to say that…

In spite of the above arguments, I still agree with

进阶句型:

1. 形容词名词转换

be + 形容词 = be of + 形容词的名词化

be significant =

be difficult =

be heathier =

2. 强调句

It is {被强调部分} that (who) {原句剩余部分}

Michael Jackson popularizes the moon dancing.

It is Michael Jackson who popularizes the moon dancing.

You can learn the language most effectively in the family of native speakers.

It is in the family of native speakers that you can learn the language most effectively.

3. 倒装句

(1)尽管看上去有些奇怪,但父母的关注有时会阻碍孩子的学习进步。

parents’ attention sometimes hinders (阻碍) children’s progress parents’ attention sometimes hinders children’s progress.

尽管这个观点听起来比较合理,但是我们绝对不能忽视手机的弊端。 disadvantages of the mobile phone.

句型:adj. as it may seem/sound, …+句子

尽管……但是……

尽管互联网很吸引人(attractive),但是人们不应该对它过度依赖。 Attractive as the Internet may seem, people should not rely it too much.

Rely on, depend on

Overly, excessively

(2)老师绝对不能体罚学生。

Under no circumstances should teachers punish students physically.

句型:Under no circumstances should sb. do sth.

某人绝对不能做某事

(3)只有这样,儿童肥胖才能得到控制。

Only in this way can children obesity be controlled.

句型:Only in this way / Only by doing so can…

只有这样,某人、某物才能……

4. 虚拟语气

If .... be->were/ V+ed...., (then).... would/could/might + V. .... 如果政府把大部分公共资金投资在艺术上,那么其他社会项目的开支就会减少。

If the government invested a larger proportion of public funds in the arts, then the spending on other social programs would reduce.

如果人们过于依赖(rely on)电脑,那么人们可能会变得对他人冷漠(indifferent)。

If people overly/excessively relied on the computer, then they might be indifferent to others.

5. 双重否定

not+否定(adj. )

其实,电脑对于孩子也并非一无是处。

In fact, the computer is not entirely useless for children.

网络教育也不乏存在一些优点。

On the other hand, studying alone is not without its advantages

短期内提高学习成绩不是不可能。

Improving academic performance is not unrealistic.

住在大城市的老年人感到孤独,这很常见。

It is not uncommon to see that elderly people living in a big city feel lonely.

1. be not entirely useless

2. be not without its downsides

3. be not unrealistic

4. it is not uncommon to see that…

5. 插入语 (补充)

(1) such as

Cellphones are usually equipped with multi-functions, such as

video viewing, chatting and games, catering for different people's needs.

such as/for example,

(2) coupled with (and)

The excessive consumption of energy resources, coupled with wide use of disposable packages, has posed a threat to the environment.

(3)to some extent,

Fast food, to some extent, poses a threat to people's health. Cars, to some extent, cause damage to environment.

Globalization, to some extent, promote local economy.

6. 分词状语后置, 结果状语

相同主语+递进关系

Corporal punishment infringes upon children’s human rights, leaving a negative impact on their physical and mental well-being.

7. 非限制性定语从句

Corporal punishment infringes upon children’s human rights, which leaves a negative impact on their physical and mental well-being.

重要句型:

1.(can) have/exert/impose a beneficial / negative/detrimental effect on...

汽车使用的增加对环境有负面影响

2. ..... be + important /essensial / detrimental / beneficial to sth

运动对健康有益

3. It is difficult/important/possible for sb to do sth

sb find/consider it difficult to do sth

在当今社会,大学生找收入高的工作很困难

4.(have) pose a threat to /present a challenge to / cause damage to ...

网购的普及对实体店(retail store)产生了威胁

prevalence=prevail

5.Sth enable/allow使什么能够发生/prompt (促使)/cause/require sb to do sth.

出国学习可以增长知识

6.Somebody/somthing lay emphasis on/give importance to/pay closer attention to something

新政策着重强调犯罪率的降低

crime rate

7.Something play a vital role in/form an important part of/ hold the key to (prep. ) sth

子类在前 总类在后

解决环境问题的关键在于减少汽车的使用

8.Somebody is likely/willing/unwilling/able/tend to do sth 来自穷人家庭的孩子更有可能好好学习

poor/deprived/less economically well-off

9.Something has made it difficult/easy for somebody to do something

拥挤的交通使人们很难准时上班

traffic congestion/heavy traffic/traffic jam

10.Something has provided somebody with opportunities to do sth

电脑和网络的普及为学生提供了远程教育的机会

distant education/ tele-education

11. ...choose/fail/decide to do sth

选择出国的学生通常能得到一个满意的工作