书信体作文
初一 说明文 6378字 174人浏览 lf200506

1 6. 书信体作文写作模式及应用文(情景作文)体裁的写作

主要考过这几种类型:

Ø 书信

(1)告知信/ 建议信

2004年1月 四级作文真题

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a letter in reply to a friend's inquiry about applying for admission to your college or university. You should write at least 120 words according to the outline given below in Chinese:

1. 建议报考的专业及理由;

2. 报考该专业的基本条件;

3. 应当如何备考。

4.

2001年6月四级作文真题

Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a letter.

Suppose you are Zhang Ying. Write a letter to Xiao Wang, a schoolmate of yours who is going to visit you during the week-long holiday. You should write at least 120 words according to the suggestions given below in Chinese.

1. 表示欢迎

2. 提出过度假安排的建议

3. 提醒应注意的事项

(2)综合信

2002年1月四级作文真题

Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic:

A Letter to the University President about the Canteen Service on Campus You should write at least 120 words, and base your composition on the outline given in Chinese below:

假设你是李明,请你就本校食堂的状况给校长写一封信,内容应涉及食堂的饭菜质量、价格、环境、服务等,可以是表扬,可以是批评建议,也可以兼而有之。

Ø 综合叙事型

2003年9月四级作文真题

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic The Day My Classmate Fell Ill (or Got Injured). You should write at least 120 words according to the outline given below in Chinese:

1. 简单叙述一下这位同学生病(或受伤)的情况;

2. 同学、老师和我是如何帮助他/她的 ;

3. 人与人之间的这种相互关爱给我的感受是……

2003年6月四级作文真题

Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write an eyewitness account of a traffic accident. You should write at least 120 words according to the outline given below in Chinese:

假设你在某日某时某地目击一起车祸,就此写一份见证书。见证书须包括以下几点:

1. 车祸发生的时间及地点;

2. 你所见到的车祸情况;

3. 你对车祸原因的分析。

Ø 演讲致辞型

2 2005年1月四级作文真题

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a campaign speech in support of your election to the post of chairman of the student union. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below in Chinese.

A Campaign Speech

1. 你认为自己具备是什么条件(能力,性格,爱好) 可以胜任学生会主席工作,

2. 如果当选你将会为本校同学做什么?

2004年6月

Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic A Brief Introduction to a Tourist Attraction. You should write at least 120 words according to the outline given below in Chinese.

1. 欢迎词;

2. 一天的行程安排;

3. 对旅客即将访问的地点进行描述。

2005年6月

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay [IN honour of teachers on the occasion of Teacher's Day]. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below:

1. 向老师表达节日祝贺

2. 从一件小事来回忆老师的教诲和无私的奉献

3. 我如何回报老师的关爱

2006. 1

信函的开篇:

1. 自我介绍的句式(正式信函需要):

I am … / My name is …, a sophomore of … Department / majoring in …

2.说明写信原因/目的的句式:

1) I am writing to you to say something about …/ to complain about…/ to tell you that I am a witness of the traffic accident on …

2) I’d like to inquire about some information about …/ I am writing to you in the hope that I may obtain…

3) I am writing to apologize to you for … / I regret to inform you that I am unable to do …

4) I’d like to take this opportunity to express my deep appreciation of your kind help.

5) I got to know from the newspaper that your company is advertising for a secretary / a

salesman

6) I am greatly interested in your graduate program and wish to apply for admission. / I am

writing to ask for admission to your department. It’s my long-cherished dream to pursue my study in your honored department.

7) I am pleased to invite you to participate in … to be held from …to … in our school. / I

3 am

so happy that you would like to spend the holiday together with me.

结束语的句式:(不同内容不同写法)

1) We are looking forward to a day when the problem will be solved. / We shall appreciated

it if our suggestions will be accepted / taken into consideration.

2) I shall appreciate it if you can give me an early reply. / Your early response will be highly

appreciated.

3) I am so sorry to have put you to so much trouble. Again, I sincerely hope that you will

kindly accept my apologies.

4) My appreciation to you for your … is beyond my words. I wish I could repay it some day.

5) I hope you would take my application into account favorably and entitle me to an

interview.

6) I will certainly feel honored if I could be admitted to your university.

7) I hope you won’t decline my invitation. / Would you please let me know as soon as possible

if you can accept my invitation? Look forward to your reply.

7. 连接手段/过渡词:

1. 用于举例的过渡词:

for example, for instance, such as, to illustrate, a case in point; take … for example / Take, for example, …;

2. 用于比较和对比的过渡词:

similarly, in the same way, equally important, in/by contrast, in contrast to, on the contrary, instead, on the other hand, unlike, however, yet, likewise, whereas / while, in comparison with, compared with

3. 用于表示因果关系或分析原因的过渡词:

due to, owing to, as a result, therefore, so, thus, consequently, accordingly, as a consequence, for this reason, that’s why..

4. 用于表示层次递进的过渡词:

first, (second, third, etc.), to begin with … / to start with, besides, moreover, in addition, finally, last but not least; first of all, next, after that; for one thing… for another…, in the first place … in the second place …, what’s more, …

5. 用于表示让步转折的过渡词:

although, in spite of, despite, even if/even though, regardless of, by contrast, conversely, on the other hand, nevertheless, rather than

6. 用于表示结论的过渡词:

in conclusion, to sum up, in short, in brief, in a word

写作步骤:

1. 审题:准确理解题目要求和相关提示,确定写作重心和范围。

2. 构思:列出每段提纲,在草稿纸写下所能想到的观点和关键词。选择合适的框架:按

比较容易表述的观点以及你熟悉的模式来写。

4 3. 动笔写文章:平时积累一些“套句”、过渡连接词,考试时将已经构思好的观点和想法

填入其中,略加润色,即可形成以一篇好习作。

4. 检查修改:不要随便增加观点或增减句子。应检查:

1) 是否有语法错误,词法错误, 是否正确的句子(主谓齐全、一致,时态、语态,用

词准确、拼写)

2) 句式是否有变化

3) 每段内容是否都紧扣主题

4) 是否运用了过渡性词语,句子之间、段落之间是否有逻辑性和连贯性

补充:

2005年12月作文题:

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled Should the

University Campus Be Open to Tourists? You should write at Least 120 words

following the outline given below :

1.名校校园正成为旅游新热点

2.校园是否应对游客开放,人们看法不同

3.我认为„„

2006年6月17日作文题:

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a poster recruiting volunteers. You

should write at least 120 words following the outline given below.

1. 校学生会将组织一次暑期志愿者活动,现招募志愿者。

2. 本次志愿者活动的目的,内容、安排等。

3. 报名条件及联系方式。

2006年6月24日作文题:

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic of

students selecting their lectures. You should write at least 120 words following the

outline give below:

1、有些大学允许学生自由选择某些课程的任课老师。

2、学生选择老师时所考虑的主要因素是„„

3、学生自选任课老师的益处及可能产生的问题。