英语四级考试教案写作
初一 记叙文 31116字 700人浏览 我不过是配菜

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Part 1 English Writing Skills

Compilation Time: Apr . 21, 2017

Implementation Time:Apr . 24--- Apr . 30

Teaching Contents:

Section A: the basic writing information

Section B: the writing skills.

Time allocation: ( 4 periods)

Aims and Requirements:

1. Introduce all of the English writing Samples in the new CET Band 4 and help the freshmen know how to prepare for it.

2.Master the main writing skills of CET Band 4.

Focal Points and Difficult Points:

The writing skills.

Instruction Types:

1. Lecture and explanation.

2. Student-oriented communicative teaching, free discussion and interaction.

Teaching Aids: Multimedia software, CD-ROM

写 作

一、把握命题特点及评分标准

教育部《大学英语四级考试大纲》(2006修订版)明确规定写作部分要求考生达到《大学英语课程教学要求》中的一般要求,即“能完成一般性写作任务,能描述个人经历、观感、情感和发生的事件等,能写常见的应用文,能就一般性话题或提纲在半小时内写出至少120词的短文,内容基本完整,用词恰当,语意连贯。能掌握基本的写作技巧。”

短文写作要求考生在30分钟内根据提纲写出一篇120词以上的短文,本部分的得分占总分的15%,采用总分评分法(Global Scoring ),从内容和语言两个方面对作文进行综合评判。满分为15分,共分五等:14分、11分、8分、5分及2分(注:四级作文在试卷总分中占15%,改卷时按照作文总分15分来评

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二、掌握四级写作常见的写作体裁及写法

为了让考生对四级作文有全面的了解,准确把握四级作文的出题规律,现将近十年的20套作文试题列表分析如下:

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纵观历年大学英语四级考试作文题目,我们不难发现,近年来的四级作文凸显 为了便于考生尽快掌握四级作文的写作方法,在此综合历年四级考试作文真题,重点介绍几类常见的写作类型。 1. 对比选择型

(1)特点及写作要求

对比选择型议论文是大学英语四级考试写作最常见的写作题型。一般来说,这类议论文通常是对一个观点或事物的正反两方面或者两种不同的观点或事物

4 进行对比,从而引出主题,得出结论。在对两种不同的观点或事物进行对比时,主要运用比较和对比两种写作技巧。在四级考试中曾多次出现此类议论文。

(2)写作流程

第一段:简单介绍某一现象或事物。

第二段:分析某一观点或事物的正反两面,或比较两种不同的观点或事物。

第三段:得出结论,或提出自己的看法。

或者

第一段:简单提及某一现象或事物。

第二段:分析该现象或事物的弊端。

第三段:得出结论,或提出自己的看法。

(3)真题分析

【范文】

Should the University Campus Be Open to Tourists?

Nowadays, many well-known university campuses in China have become popular tourist attractions. During holidays, large numbers of tourists can be seen on university campuses,particularly,Peking University and TsingHua University.

Should the university campus be open to tourists? People's opinions vary from one to another.Some maintain that opening university campuses to tourists can not only increase university's financial income but also provide young students a good opportunity to know the university so that they can be encouraged to study harder to realize their dreams.While others argue that opening university campuses to tourists may ruin both their natural and academic environment.

As far as I am concerned,university campuses should not be open for profit as tourist attractions, because it is a place for study and research, not for tourism. Its purity and beauty will be destroyed if it becomes a profitable organization. However,

5 I think university is a property for the whole society so that it can be open to individual visitors so long as the visit does not disturb its order.

【评析】此作文题是一篇典型的对比选择型议论文,而且是最常见的三段式提纲作文。第一段交代背景,即用一两句话描写大学校园成为旅游热点的背景情况。第二段按照提纲要求对大学校园是否应该向游客开放的两种不同观点进行论述。在这一段中,分别对两类人的不同观点以及他们为什么有这样的观点进行剖析。最后一段,作者按照提纲要求做出选择,表明自己的观点和看法,并说明原因。该范文贵在巧思,论述简明扼要,观点鲜明,具有很强的说服力,也符合提纲要求。

(4)参考模板

对比选择型议论文特点鲜明,结构明确,有一定规律可循,下面给出此类议论文的写作模板,供大家参考:

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2. 现象阐释型

(1)特点及写作要求

现象阐释型的作文通常先指明一种现象或提出一种观点,然后对这一现象或观点进行解释,最后得出结论或发表个人见解。

(2)写作流程

第一段:简要描述某一现象或某一观点。

第二段:具体阐释现象或观点的正确性或危害性等。

第三段:表明自己的态度或看法。

或者

第一段:简单描述某一现象或观点。

第二段:具体阐述引起这种现象的或持有这种观点考虑的主要因素。

第三段:对现象或者观点进行评价。

【范文】

On Students Selecting Lecturers

At present, in some colleges and universities, students are allowed to select lectures on their own. It may someday become the main trend when people give more priority to academic freedom.

Students would take three major elements into consideration when making

7 selections. First of all, they will take lecturers' teaching styles into account. Teaching

styles to students' taste would help them learn more efficiently. Moreover, most

students tend to choose lecturers with more experience, because such teachers tend to

know more about how to stimulate and inspire students and will help them master

their subjects with more ease. Last, students also put emphasis on the lecturers'

academic background. From their perspective, teachers with higher academic degrees

may provide more enlightening suggestions.

Everything has both positive and negative aspects, and students' selecting

lecturers is of no exception. It encourages students to be actively involved in the

teaching process, and in the meantime, spurs teachers to improve their teaching

quality. However, it is possible that some students would choose lecturers blindly

without due guidance. And it is not uncommon that some teachers employ some

abnormal devices to attract more students, such as promising higher marks or more

“freedom” of attendance.

【评析】本文是一篇现象阐释型议论文。按照提纲要求,第一段简要说明学

生自选教师的现状;第二段列举选择老师的2-3个主要考虑因素;第三段简要分

析学生自选教师的利弊。该范文内容切题,结构严谨,表意清楚,文字通顺,用

词丰富。

(4)参考模板

【模板二】

At present/ In recent years/ 描写现状或趋势). It

may someday become the main trend (进一步描述这一现

象或观点).

Three major elements/factors would be taken into consideration when (doing

sth.). First of all, _________________________ (主要因素1). Moreover,

8 (主要因素2). Last,__________________________________(主要因素3). From .

Everything has both positive and negative aspects, (这种现象或观点) is of no exception. (这种现象或观点的正确性). 这种观点或现象的危害性).

3. 原因解释型

(1)特点及写作要求

原因解释型作文的重点在于探讨产生某一社会现象或问题的原因。近十年来,原因阐释型议论文在四级考试中出现的并不多。

(2)写作流程

第一段:对某一社会现象进行描述。

第二段:阐释产生这一社会现象的原因。

第三段:发表个人看法,或提出解决思路。

【范文】

It Pays to Be Honest

What is honesty? Honesty means speaking the truth and being fair and upright in act. Regarded as a virtue, it is admired in every country and every culture. The one who lies and cheats is dishonest. Dishonesty is generally looked upon as an evil, and is despised and condemned by everyone.

From the mass media and also with our own eyes, we know that dishonest behavior exists in our society. For example, students copy one another's homework or download illicit paper from Internet to cheat their teachers; businessmen sell fake products to cheat their customers; and even worse there are medical persons who produce fake medicine harming the patient.

However, those people may succeed for a time, but sooner or later, they will bring them nothing but troubles. As an English proverb goes, “Honesty is the best policy.” For one thing, if you want to be trusted and respected by your friends, you

9 must be honest. A liar is always looked down upon and avoided by the people around him. For another, if you want to succeed in your work, the first qualification you should have is honesty. Therefore, whatever your aim is, you must work honestly to attain it.

【分析】本文第一段首先通过下定义确定了文章的中心词“诚实”;第二段举例说明社会上存在的一些不诚实行为,然后引出文章主题:为什么做人应该诚实。

第三段通过使用“for one thing…for another…”列出做人应该诚实的两点原因。文章的最后用一句话又进一步强化主题,即不论要达到什么目的,必须通过诚实的方法获得。

4. 问题解决型

(1) 特点及写作要求

问题解决型的作文通常先说明情况,提出问题,随后提出解决方法或处理方式,最后给予评价。

(2) 写作流程

第一段:描述现状、形势、提出问题。

第二段:提出解决问题的方法。

第三段:简要评价提及的方法,或选择其中一、两种自己认为合适的方法并说明理由。

(3) 真题分析

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【范文】

How to Succeed in a Job Interview?

Nowadays, great importance has been attached to interviews by both the employer and the job-hunter. On the one hand, the interviewer can take advantage of the occasion to learn about the candidates, such as their work experience, education and their personalities, so as to pick out the right person. On the other hand, the interviewee can make use of the opportunity to know the job, including salary, working conditions and opportunities for future development.

Therefore, the job interview is very important to a job-hunter. But how can we succeed in it?Firstly, dress properly and neatly since the first impression is one of the keys to success. Secondly,behave politely and confidently. Don't be too proud, and neither too shy. Show your expertise and abilities to the employer with respect and confidence. Last but not the least, the interviewee ought to be honest about his or her personal as well as academic background, for honesty is the best policy.

To sum up, the job interview is really important, but there is no need to be nervous. As long as you have the ability for the job and put the above principles into practice, you will most probably succeed in it.

【分析】本文是一篇典型的问题解决型作文,与大多数四级作文题目不同的是,本文在提纲中只给出了两个部分的提示,但我们不能机械地只写两段,要根据行文再增加一个结尾。范文第一段根据提纲要求,用几句话简洁地说明了面试对于应聘者和招聘者分别起什么样的作用。第二段根据提纲要求,回答了题目的问题“如何在面试中取得成功”。这一段是全文的重点,范文先用“Therefore, …”承上启下,接着用自问自答的方式引出问题的解决方案。结尾段由“as long as”句型引出建议,语言简练,连接紧凑,思路开阔,整篇文章浑然一体。

(4)参考模板

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5. 应用型

应用文,就是在现实生活中有实际应用功能的文体,比如书信、通知、演讲稿、导游词等。应用文是大学英语四级考试中常见的考查内容,与议论文、记叙文和说明文相比,应用型作文与生活、社会的联系更加紧密,在格式、行文习惯等方面更为讲究。因此,无论写哪些应用型作文,都必须按其各自规范化的、约定俗成的格式来写,不能随意改变格式。下面主要讲述英文书信的构成、写英文书信时应注意的事项。

(1)书信的构成

英文书信一般分为六个部分:信头,信内地址,称呼,正文,结束语,署名。此外信末还可附上附件及再启。

① 信头(Heading)

信头通常包括发信人的地址和发件日期,置于信纸右上角,离信纸的顶头约一英寸,在靠近信纸的中央开始写。地址的写法由小到大。若用印有信头的信笺,则打上发信日期即可。日期写法有英、美两种不同的格式。英国写法为“日、月、年”,美国写法为“月、日、年”。如:

April 19, 2007 (American)

19th April, 2007 (British)

信头分两种:齐头式(Block Style)和缩进式(Indented Style)。

齐头式:

16 Brown St.

Reading

Berks

England

March 6th, 2009

缩进式:

16 Brown St.

Reading

12 Berks

England

March 6th, 2009

② 信内地址(Inside Address)

信内地址包括收信人的姓名、地址,写在左上方,位置比右上方发信人的地址和日期低1-2行,也是分数行从小到大依次书写。私人信件则不拘形式。在收信人名字前须加尊称如Mr., Miss, Sir, Dr.等

③ 称呼(Salutation)

称呼是对收件人的称呼,另起一行写在信内地址下面,在称呼后一般加“,”。如Dear Mr. Green或Dear President Bush。若写给某个单位或不熟悉的人,可用Dear Sir/Madam或Dear Director/Gentleman。

④ 正文(Body)

正文通常包含三部分内容:第一部分用一两句话写明写信的目的或表达问候、谢意;第二部分具体说明所谈事物的细节问题;第三部分是向对方再一次表达你的诚意和感谢等。正文的第一行须离称呼一个行距或两个行距,段首缩进四个字符。

⑤ 结尾谦称(Complimentary Close)

结尾谦称这一客套称呼写在结尾语(正文) 下隔一行处,从正中或偏右处写起。目前,也有人偏左处写起。第一个字母大写,后面加逗号。

Devotedly, Lovingly, Your own, All my love, (用于情人、夫妻之间)

Yours lovingly, Yours affectionately, (用于亲密的家人之间)

Sincerely yours, (用于熟悉的人之间)

Respectfully yours, (用于地位高的人或长辈)

Faithfully yours, (用于对机关的正式函件)

⑥ 签名(Signature)

签名的位置在结束语之下,偏向信纸的右边。信纸上一定要有亲笔签名。即使信纸上已经有打印的签名,仍需在其上方亲笔签一遍。

⑦ 附件(Enclosure)

如果信的正文中谈到有附件,应在左下角注明Enclosure 或Encl 或Encls 。若附件不止一个,则写上2(或3、4等)encls 。例如:

Encl: A copy of my resume

2 Encls: 2 Invoices

3 Encls: 1 Resume

1 Doctor's Certificate

13 1 Photo

完整信件格式图例:

(* 私人信件或非正式信件通常省略信内的寄信人地址、收信人地址和日

(2)英文书信的特点及写作要求

书信的写作格式比较固定,通常不是考试的重点,重点仍然是英语解释或说明一件事情的能力。英文书信主要分为私人信函(personal letter )和公务信函(business letter)。私人信函是写给亲朋好友,与他们互通消息、交流感情的渠道。公务信函包括商务信函、社交信函、事务信函甚至私人事务信函,如申请书、推荐信、祝贺信、邀请信、投诉信、感谢信、求职信、道歉信等。

开头部分:点名写信的意图;

主体部分:展开说明问题、介绍情况或描写事件;

结尾部分:提出愿望或表达感谢、祝福。

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【范文】

A Letter of Reply to a Friend

December 27th, 2003

Dear ×××,

I was glad to receive your letter two days ago. In answer to your question about how to apply for admission to our university, I will give you the following advices. I suggest that you apply for the English major. For one thing, the English major of our university is famous for its modern teaching equipments and prestigious professors. For another thing, generally graduates majoring in English in our university get desirable employment on job markets.

15 There are some requirements for this major. For example, you have to have a good foundation in English. Moreover, you have to pay a higher tuition than students of other majors.

Besides, you have to make some preparation for the test. On the one hand, you should pay attention to enlarging your vocabulary and practicing the grammar. On the other hand, you should practice the listening and oral English persistently. Last but not least, to reach the goal, lots of exercises are necessary.

Yours sincerely,

Liang Chenxia

【分析】这是一封写给朋友的建议信。作者按照题目的要求,较好地完成了写作任务。

第一段建议朋友报考的专业并说明理由。第二段告诉朋友报考该专业的基本条件。第三段对如何备考给出自己的建议。思路清楚,详略得当。

6. 综合叙事型

(1)特点及写作要求

综合叙事型文章是以记人叙事为主要内容、以叙述为主要表达方式的文章。写这类作文要综合记叙、描写和议论等写作方法,既要交代时间、地点、人物、事情的发生、发展和变化,也要分析事情发生的原因或写出个人感受。

(2)写作流程

第一段:引出主题,交待清楚事情发生的背景,如时间、地点及人物等。

第二段:描述事情发生的起因、经过和结果。

第三段:分析事件发生的原因或者写出个人的感受。

(3)真题分析

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【范文】

An Eye-Witness Account of a Traffic Accident

On May 5th, 2003, I witnessed an accident on Wuyi Road on my way to the Pedestrian Street.

It was around one o'clock in the afternoon that I was riding my bicycle. Hardly had I got to a major crossroad when the green traffic light flashed, so I stopped. The traffic light soon turned red, but a middle-aged man, also riding a bicycle, passed me on my right and decided to take a risk. To my surprise, he was followed by three or four people. It was most unlucky for the man who first rushed out and was hit by a taxi running at full speed. With a harsh sound of the emergency brake, the car stopped but the man fell down, mourning and bleeding. The red light was still on at that moment.

In my opinion, the accident was due to the bicycle-rider's breaking the traffic regulation. The taxi driver is also to be blamed — if he had slowed down at the crossroad, the consequence would not have been so serious. How I wish people could be more careful! In that case, such tragedies could become fewer and fewer.

【评析】本文在文章第一段叙述了此次交通事故发生的时间和地点;第二段按照事情发生的先后顺序,详细记叙了交通事故发生的整个经过;第三段对此次交通事故的原因进行了分析,采取夹叙夹议的方式,提醒人们应遵守交通规则,避免类似事故的再次发生。文章语义连贯,内容统一,结构完整。丰富的句式是一大亮点:强调句型、分词结构、虚拟语气、倒装句型使用得当,显示了作者深厚的语言功底。

(4)参考模板

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7. 图表型

(1)特点及写作要求

图表型作文要求根据图表上的数据,找出所反映的某个趋势或某一个问题、现象,并对该问题、趋势所产生的原因进行分析。常见的图表型作文有表格(table )、曲线图(line chart)、条形图(bar graph)、饼形图(pie chart)和图片(picture )。写图表型作文应该做好以下几点:

图表型作文的注意事项:有些考生习惯在第一段罗列所有数据,形式单调,没有重点,篇幅又长,容易让人厌倦,而第二、三段受篇幅和时间限制,未能充分展开。合理的结构安排是:第一段简明扼要,尽量少引数据,重在点明趋势;

二、三段的分析是重点,应展开。

(2)写作流程

第一段:总体说明图表所反映的趋势、问题、现象,并选用典型数据进行说明;

第二段:分析该问题或该现象的原因或后果;

第三段:提出解决问题的办法、建议或进行展望。

(3)真题分析

2002年6月大学英语四级考试真题

Directions:For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic Student Use of Computers. You should write at least 120 words, and base your

18 composition on the chart and the outline given below:

Average number of hours a student spends on the computer per week

1. 上图所示为1990年、1995年和2000年某校大学生平均每周使用计算机的时间,请描述其变化;

2. 请说明发生这些变化的原因(可从计算机的用途、价格或社会发展等发面加以说明);

3. 你认为目前大学生在计算机使用中有什么困难或问题。

【范文】

Student Use of Computers

This chart shows the increase of student use of computers from the year 1990 to 2000. As we can see, in 1990, the average number of hours a student spends on the computer per week is 2. In 1995, however, the number doubles and in 2000, it soars to 20 hours per week.

This significant growth can be attributed to (归因于) several factors. Firstly, the value of computers has been gradually recognized. At first, a computer was considered nothing but an expensive typewriter. Later people found it could process pictures, sound as well as words. Particularly, the latest development of Internet has made computers essential to students who hope to obtain information more quickly. Moreover, since 1990, due to technological advances, computer prices have dropped significantly, which has made computer access more affordable to college students.

It is true that students have benefited a lot from the use of computers. However, on the other hand, problems have also arisen. Some students indulge themselves in computer games so that they ignore their studies. There are also students who even go astray (歧途,迷途) because of the exposure to the pornography (色情资料) on the Internet. Therefore, as every coin has two sides, the computer is a blessing (令人高兴的事物,带来幸福的事物) only when it is used in a proper way.

【评析】按照提纲要求,本文第一段描述图表内容,点明大学生平均每周使用计算机的时间表出现上升的趋势,抓住了变化的特点及主要趋势;第二段分析现象产生的几个主要原因,是全文最重要的一段;第三段首先用一句话总结上文,接着指出了存在的问题。

三、加强写作训练

了解大学英语四级写作考试大纲的内容、评分标准及历年真题范围,掌握出题原则及规律等等,这些固然重要。但是,更为重要的是要在平时的英语学习的过程中做好日积月累的工作。常言道:Practice makes perfect。大凡知名作家都并

19 不是一开始就写出了惊人之作,他们的作品都是在艰苦的写作实践中得到提高和完善的。我们在学习大学英语写作时就更应该多加练习,可以采取英文日记、周记、课文摘要、专题写作等形式来加以训练,还可以找一个writing partner(写作伙伴) 来相互督促、相互学习,共同提高。

四、写作练习:

(1)Directions:For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic Misleading News.You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below in Chinese:

1. 当今社会虚假新闻越来越多

2. 解释出现这种现象的原因

(2)

Directions:For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic Energy Crisis. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below in Chinese:

1. 问题:能源危机

2. 解决办法:厉行节约+新能源开发

3. 我的看法

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(3)

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic My View on the Income Gap. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below in Chinese:

1. 收入悬殊是当前社会的一种现象

2. 人们对此褒贬不一

(4)

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition of at least 120 words on the topic My View on the Negative Effects of Some Advertisements.You should base your composition on the following outline given in Chinese:

21 1. 现在有些不良的商业广告

2. 这些广告的副作用和危害性

3. 我对这些广告的态度

(5)

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic On Overseas Study. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below in Chinese:

1. 有人认为出国留学是个人发展的最佳选择

2. 也有人坚持在国内也能实现自己的理想

3. 我的看法

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(6)

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic Reduce Waste on Campus. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below in Chinese:

1. 目前校园内浪费现象严重

2. 浪费的危害

(7)

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic My First Day on Campus. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below in Chinese:

1. 大学入学的第一天给我留下了深刻的印象

23 2. 第一天的活动

3. 对大学生活充满期待

(8)

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic A Good Major or a Good University. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below in Chinese:

1. 有人认为选择一个好专业很重要

2. 有人认为选择一所好大学更为重要

3. 我的看法

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(9)

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic Should College Students Live on Campus. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below in Chinese:

1. 有些人喜欢住在学校的宿舍,因为……

2. 有些人喜欢住在校外,因为……

3. 我的看法

(10)

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic Try Luck on Lottery. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below in Chinese:

1. 现在不少人热衷于摸彩票

2. 彩票行业所带来的好处

3. 结论

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Pictures and Cartoons

One of the English writing in January 22,2013

On Doing Small Things

We can see from the illustration there is a father talking to his son. Having heard his son’s words “Dad, I am a bit worried about disposing of nuclear weapons”, the father replies, “If you can empty the dustbin here, you can do anything”, pointing the garbage can beside him.

Funny and common as the conversation sounds, it reflects that the father intends to advise his son to do small things before undertaking the big. Unquestionably, doing small things is the first step of success and will lay root for doing something big. By doing something small, we are enabled to accumulate experience, master skills and train ourselves to be more patient. In other words, we can be well prepared for further challenges in the course of fulfilling small things. By contrast, those who set out to do something big will be constantly haunted by disappointment, frustrations or even failures. As when opportunity “something big” appears, they can hardly seize them

26 because of the lack of experience and confidence stems from doing small things. Taking the picture presented above as a case in point, how can the little boy succeed in disposing of nuclear weapons if he even doesn’t know how to empty the dustbin? From my perspective, under no circumstances should we undervalue the power of doing small things. Instead, we should regard small things as the source of experience, skills and the prerequisite of success. “Great achievement only belongs to those who can do small things perfectly.” Aristotle once said.

图画的内容和构图不难:父亲和男孩子的对话,孩子说“ Dad,I am a bit worried about disposing of nuclear weapon. (爸爸,我有点担心清除核武器这个问题)”,父亲则回答“ If you can empty the dustbin, you can do anything. (如果你能把垃圾桶倒掉,你就能做好任何事情)” ,说话间,手指着垃圾桶。

作文的第一段,要进行简单描绘图画内容,这是必须的,也是题目中强制要求的(a brief description of the picture)。描述的时候,只要把父子两的对话移植到第一段,然后把父亲手指垃圾桶的动作描绘一下就可以了,非常简单。

作文的第二段,进行主旨提炼并且论述。这幅图画很容易看出主题,那就是做大事之前,要先做小事(一屋不扫,何以扫天下), 而且题目中其实早就已经透露了主题了 (express your views on the importance of doing small things before undertaking something big.)因此,第二段通篇论述小事做起的重要性就可以了。属于作文三大分类之“积极主题,论述意义”

作文第三段,总结,启发。这一段再次强调小事做起的意义,我们不能低估他的威力。文章最后可以以名人名言作为结尾。

Step2 Analysis of English Writing in CET Band 4

一:形式

1. 有图片,图片要点为:一对父子就一个问题展开讨论;

2,英文提示:a 简要描述图片;b 给出有关于主题“the importance of doing small things before undertaking something big”的观点

二.写作应对

1. 简要描述图片:

简要描述,即,描述图中主题,并引出相关的主题即可,故可以结合考研春季基础班讲义,使用描述句式如下:

A :简单型

As we can see from the picture ,there are two persons, debating about the importance of doing small things before undertaking something big, who are a father and his son.

27 B :复杂型

As is vividly depicted in the picture, two men ,who are a father and his son,are talking about what should be done firstly,the small thing or the big ones.Simple as it is, what the picture conveys to us is thought-provoking.

四级写作十大必背范文

1、留学

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic Studying Abroad. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below:

1、目前很多中国学生出国留学,

2、出国留学的好处,

3、我的看法。

Nowadays, going abroad for studies is enjoying a striking popularity among adolescents. Importance should be attached to studying abroad.

There are a great many advantages of studying overseas. First and foremost, living and studying abroad offers students a different perspective of the world. On a university campus, international students are likely to encounter their counterparts from various countries and areas and are exposed to diverse ideas and values. What is more, overseas experience is the best opportunity for the real-life use of foreign languages. There is no better opportunity to improve second-language skills than living in the country in which it is spoken.

Generally peaking, it is my view that although going abroad is expensive and perhaps painful, the payoff is worthwhile. In the first place, in addition to knowledge, overseas students can gain precious experiences that those who stay at home will never have. Furthermore, overseas experience, frustrating and painful as it may be, is conducive to the growth of adolescents.

2、就业

Directions: For this part you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic Jobs for Graduates. You should write at least 120 words and base your composition on the outline below:

1、大学生难找工作,

2、原因很多,

3、解决的办法。

Job hunting has always been a headache for college students. Though many graduates are employed right after graduation, some are not. Most serious of all, some still have no idea where to go working even a long time after graduation.

The reasons for this phenomenon are various. On the one hand, a few years ago colleges and universities enrolled so many students in popular majors, such as economy, finance and so on that the number of graduates was greater than the need in the market. On the other hand, most graduates would rather stay in large cities without suitable job to do than go to the country.

28 I reckon this problem can be solved if both colleges and students take measures. First, they should research the market and develop special skills to suit its need. Second, students’ attitude towards employment should be changed. They should go to small cities and country. There they can also give full play to their professional knowledge. In a word, if we pay much attention, the situation can be improved.

3、网络

Directions: For this part you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic Internet. You should write at least 120 words and base your composition on the outline below:

1、互联网使用的现状,

2、大学生是否应该使用互联网,人们的看法不同,

3、我的看法。

In recent years, people are developing an inseparable relationship with Internet. As is known to all, it is convenient for us to click the mouse when surfing on line, either to entertain ourselves or to meet the work’s needs.

On the one hand, no one denies that Internet is currently one of the most useful media in our daily life. As a college student, I get on line every day to exchange information through e-mails with my net friends. But on the other hand, a good many people admit that they are too much addicted to Internet to maintain a regular and wholesome lifestyle.

Thus, it is necessary for us to use Internet in a reasonable way and restrain from overindulgence. After all,Internet is invented to enrich our life, and to improve the efficiency of our work rather than shackle us with a chain.

4、考试

Directions: For this part you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic My Views on Examinations. You should write at least 120 words and base your composition on the outline below:

1、大学都用考试来衡量学生的成绩,

2、考生可能带来的副作用,

3、我对考试的看法。

In most colleges and universities the examination is used as a chief means of deciding whether a student succeeds or fails in mastering a particular subject. Although it does the job quite efficiently, its side effects are also enormous.

To begin with, examinations lower the standards of teaching. Since teachers are often judged by examination results, they are reduced to training their students in exam techniques. No subjects can be taught successfully merely through being approached with intent to take examinations. In addition, the most undesirable effect is that examinations encourage bad study habits. As the examination score is the only criterion for his academic performance, a student is driven to memorize mechanically rather than to think creatively.

29 In fact, few of us admit that examinations can contribute anything really important to the students’ academic development. If that is the case, why cannot we make a change and devise something more efficient and reliable than examinations?

5、老师

Directions: For this part you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic The most unforgettable Teacher I ever Know. You should write at least 120 words and base your composition on the outline below:

1、我生活中最难忘的老师是……

2、为什么他(或她)令我难以忘怀,

3、结论。

In my life I have met a great many teachers who are really worth recalling. But perhaps the most unforgettable one I ever know is my English teacher.

What frequently brings back memories of my school teacher is his special qualities. First of all, he gave us the greatest gift a teacher can offer—an awakening of a passion for learning. He not only led us to an appreciation of the beauty and perfection of English language and literature, but also aroused our great interest in exploring something deeper in this field. Second, I was attracted by his lively wit. I remember that we students always anticipated his class with great eagerness because his lecture were humorously delivered, never failing to provoke chuckles or loud laughs.

Although it is nearly two years since I attended his last class, he is the talk of our old classmates, and I know part of him has already stayed in my heart.

6、求学信

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a letter applying for admission into a college or university. You should write at least 120 words according to the outline given below in Chinese:

1、 入学条件,

2、 学费和奖学金,

3、 住宿情况。

Dear Sir or Madam,

I am a Chinese student who wishes to apply for admission into your prestigious university. My plan is to start my course next term, and I would be grateful if you would be kind enough to provide me with certain essential information.

First, what qualifications do I need to follow a course of study at your university? I already have a bachelor’s degree from Beijing University, but I wonder if there are any further academic requirements. Second, how much are the tuition fees? Although I intend to be self-supporting, I would be interested to hear if there are any scholarships available for international students. Third, what is the situation regarding accommodation?

I look forward to your reply, and to attending your esteemed institution.

Yours faithfully, Li Ming

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7、邀请信

Directions: You want to invite some friends to a party. Write an invitation letter to them individually:

1、邀请参加晚会,

2、说明举办晚会的原因,

3、将安排哪些活动。

Dear Snoopy,

I am greatly honored to formally invite you to participate in Mr. Guo Jing’s wedding ceremony with Ms. Huang Rong to be held at Beijing Grand Hotel from 8 to 10 p.m. on April 1, 2007.

As you are a close friend of us, we would very much like you to attend the celebration and share our joy. The occasion will start at seven o’clock in the evening, with the showing of their wedding ceremony. This will be followed by a dinner party. At around ten, we will hold a small musical soiree, at which a band will perform some works by Bach and Strauss.

If you do not have any prior appointment on April 1, we look forward to the pleasure of your company.

Yours sincerely, Li Ming

8、投诉信

Directions: You live in a room in college which you share with another student. You find it very difficult to work there because your roommate always has friends visiting. Write a letter to the Accommodation Officer at the college.

1、要求下学期换一个新房间,

2、解释原因,

3、要求单间。

Dear Sir or Madam,

I am writing to inform you that I wish to move into a new room next semester. I would prefer a single room, as I find the present sharing arrangement inconvenient. I must explain that the reason for my dissatisfaction is my roommate’s inconsiderate behavior. For one thing, his friends are constantly visiting him; for another, he regularly holds noisy parties. In these circumstances, I find it difficult to concentrate on my studies, and I am falling behind in my assignments.

I am sure you will agree that the only solution is for me to move into a room of my own. Therefore, I would be grateful if you could find a single room for me, preferably not in the same building but as near to the college campus as possible.

Yours faithfully, Li Ming

31 9、致辞

Directions: Write a speech on the opening of a conference of no less than 120 words. In your speech, you should:

1、进行自我介绍,

2、详细介绍大会内容,

3、结束语。

Good morning, ladies and gentlemen,

welcome to Beijing! To begin with, I would like to make a brief introduction to myself. I am the president of Motorola (China) Electronics Ltd.

The following is my introduction to the conference. First, it is my great honor to be here with all of you and declare open the Conference of International Trade Cooperation. Second, on behalf of our company, I would like to express my heartfelt welcome to all the guests and delegates. Last, I believe our cooperative efforts are sure to be productive.

I wish all of you enjoy yourselves during this conference and hope the above information will help you. If you have any question for me, please feel free to ask at any time. Thank you for your attention.

10、告示

Directions: The Students’ Union of your department is planning a Chinese Speaking Contest. Write an announcement which covers the following information:

1、比赛目的、时间、地点,

2、参赛者的要求,

3、裁判和奖励的细节。

You should write about 120 words. Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use Department of Chinese Language and Literature at the end of the announcement. Chinese Speaking Contest

February 3, 2008

To improve students’ ability to speak Chinese and enrich after -class activities, the Students’ Union of Department of Chinese Language and Literature is organizing a school-wide Chinese speaking contest to be held on Saturday next week (10 February) at the Students’ Auditorium. Those who are interested in taking part in it may sign up with the monitor of their classes before Tuesday next week. Five professors will be invited to be judges. The first six winners will be given awards. Everybody is welcome to be present at the contest.

The Students’ Union

Department of Chinese Language and Literature

Assignments:

Ask students to do the exercises in the book.

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