雅思哥作文预测
五年级 记叙文 32767字 741人浏览 yufei131

10天准备雅思口语,从5.5到7心得

作为一个没有英语言国家学习和工作甚至旅游经历的人

作为一个接受中国传统哑巴英语教育的普通中年妇女(不得不承认自己已经跨出“青年”行列,伤心)

作为一个10年前大学毕业后就把英语丢掉了的人

在本次雅思考试中口语得了7分,约等于英国高中生水平,高于部分海龟,非常欣慰自己的奢望成为了现实,现将个人英语基础、雅思口语学习过程、考试技巧记录如下,希望能给类似背景的烤鸭们一个参考。

英语基础:

大学学的工科,非英语或相关专业,1997年大二时七十多分过的四级(在武汉的大学里,这种成绩挺洗的),1998年大三时勉强过的六级(依旧很洗),那时候的大学英语四六级考试只有笔试,没有口语。

小时候丢的是手绢,2000年毕业后丢的是英语。

2007年计划immigrate ,年底把申请表交了上去,之后开始喊喳喳要学英语,一直没真的出海打过渔,只是天天在晒网。晒啊晒,到了2008年底,报了一次雅思,啥都不懂,做了几篇听力和阅读就去考试了,一篇作文都没写过,一个TOPIC 都没有准备过。当时口语裸考成绩为5.5,想来这5.5基本上是靠自己发音清晰占了一些优势,否则按照语言能力来判,5分以下也不一定。

之后还在晒网,有一搭没一搭的,时间都花在郁闷何时开始打渔上,只是看看sitcom

《Friends 》。听说Rosetta Stone练口语不错,就下了一个D 版的美语Rosetta ,半年都没学完那并不多的课程,人太懒,不过过程中发现了自己很多发音不正确,不是美音也不是英音,整个一四不像,于是把原来学校里学的英音痕迹尽量删掉,向学习软件和大片里的美音靠拢。

直到2009年11月14、15日,和一兄弟聊天,兄弟催促我,还不考试等到啥时候,火都烧眉毛了,再不考机会越来越渺茫了,难道不想移了。。。。。。这才促使我去报了12月5号的雅思,算算日子也就剩下20天了,咋搞?

20天要想把一门语言搞出质的飞跃,貌似比让更年期的妇女 be pregnant还难。。。 报名一周后,听力阅读写作这些笔试题还可以照着剑桥真题来做,对口语却一筹莫展,正在犯愁怎么搞这口语的时候,兄弟又给我支招了,说家园有人介绍某外教对练口语不错,可以先上

一堂课试试。病急乱投医,俺也不顾得试课了,直接一口气就买了10节课,舍不得孩子套不住狼,传说老师是雅思口语前考官,管他是不是,上完再说,这样,才开始了我的口语备考历程。10天,每天除了上班之外就在为了口语作业而焦灼。

在此,再次感谢这位加拿大老师,因为相对于国内给自己冠着所谓**雅思专家**雅思名师等等头衔很大的以此类培训为主要收入的人来说,这位老外老师上课费非常的低,拿的课时费还不到本国各省法律限定的最低小时收入,然而老师非常的负责,给我上课的10天里,都在感冒,但是不管预约的是下午还是深夜,没有一节是拉下的,也没有偷工减料的。

当然,也要感谢家园移友HP 兄弟鼓励我报名,和我分享这么好的一条口语备考有效路线。

备考方法:

以 PART 2 为主线,把所有的TOPICS 都准备一遍,接近80个TOPICS ,量很大,要有吃苦的决心、坚持的勇气和坚定的信念。

PART 1 AND 3里的很多问题其实都是别的某TOPIC 的一部分。

所以准备好的标志是:PART2的TOPIC 要能说上2分钟以上。别的不管不管是PART 1 OR 3问到什么问题,就算考试时候紧张或者记得不是太熟而有所遗漏,也要确保每个问题都能从准备过的topics 里找出相应的段落说到半分钟以上,这样PART 1 AND 3就没有问题了。具体步骤如下:

1、搜集TOPICS 及相关问题

到3G 等大的雅思网站看一年内的口语回忆或者整理好的口语题,最好是英文的,不要看中文的,因为在考试的危急时刻,从中文反应到英文需要一点时间,就算没理解错,语言能力会打折扣,更何况有可能因为表述方式的不同,用的单词不熟悉而直接导致听错题目。

2、PART 2准备步骤:

这个步骤最重要,是最容易受挫和打退堂鼓的一步,一定要坚持!!

(1)按照考试步骤先模拟以下PART 2的进程,一定要录音。回过头看看从自己对题目的思路是否正确,写提纲是否够时间,一定要放录音听听自己第一次陈述这个TOPIC 有多结巴和恶心。

(2)完善自己的思路和提纲,听自己的录音确实想吐,那就把需要说的都写下来,顺便练习写作了,TOPIC 的结构:

能带话出来的前言

描述主体

扩展或者举例

总结性后语

主体部分要多用连词及修饰状语,写好后大声快速读几遍,然后丢开写的东西,拿着提纲再次录音2分钟,看看是否满意了,不满意的再读再说再录再听一次。。。如此往复,直至本人满意。不需要去背熟,因为背了会让考官看出来而扣分的,要脑子里有印象接下来说什么内容,能潜意识地继续下一句就可以,偶尔的停顿一秒左右完全是正常的。

(3)经过一两天的TOPICS ,上下班路上、买菜做饭、等车等人时候都可以喃喃自语了,只要心无旁骛,不用在乎别人是否把我当神经病,没有认识的人的时候甚至可以大声一点,用正常的音量,一旦别人知道我是在学习,如果他还取笑我,那么我就认为他不止是一个神经病,而且是一个很肤浅的神经病。

(4)考前两天,把TOPICS 题目打印出来,丢在一堆,顺手捡起一个就说一个,哪个说得太疙瘩的就多说几遍,以免运气不好刚好考到那题。

3、PART 1 AND 3的准备

考前一天,看着步骤1中搜来的英文题目,一个一个地回答,把墙壁当成考官,把题目当成黄世仁或者周扒皮,恶狠狠地想,恶狠狠地答,有时间的话继续录音继续纠正自己。因为有TOPICS 垫底,这时候就发现,内容很多都可以到处挪用的。

如果口语时间比较靠后,笔试后就可以在网上蹲点,把本期口语的记忆题都答一遍,答得越多越熟练,信心越足。

强烈建议:不要找烤鸭互练口语,因为如果想提高水平,只能找水平比自己高的烤鸭练口语,否则找了低的对自己百害而无一利,找了水平相当的没有进步,但是如果找到了水平高的,那么对于对方来说,自己就是拖人家后腿的人,所以,找烤鸭练不如找别的高水平的人练,找一般高水平的人练不如找老外练,找普通老外练不如找曾经当过考官的老外练,因为他们懂得雅思口语是什么,雅思口语什么样是高分的,针对每个人的特点需要进行什么样的调整、纠正与发扬光大才能把口语发挥到最能得到高分的状态。

考试技巧及注意事项:

1、The most important thing in speaking module is to keep talking talking talking until the examinor stops you, otherwise, never stop!

2、PART3里问到QUALITIES 问题的时候,先列举品质,再选择列举中的两三项进行扩展。问到COMPARE 的问题的时候,先列举区别,再展开。问到如何解决什么问题的时候,分成政府应该如何做,媒体应该如何做,学校、公司、家庭、个人等等如何做来回答。

3、考试当中思维停顿的时候不能闭嘴干坐,要用一些没实际意思的短句来争取思考的时间,如well, you know, that is to say...

4、考官给TOPIC 的一分钟里一定要写提纲,否则考官会认为你准备过是在背作文而不是在说话。

5、准备两种叫考官复述题目和一种换表达方式的说法,因为不可避免地可能会碰上有口音的考官或者语速很快的考官,,总用I beg you padon?会让考官觉得语言和词汇的干瘪与无力。

6、多使用连词联系各句子, 表述句子间的关系。

7、无话可说了就for instance, for example... whatever, but don't stop!

8、最后一点辅助提醒:如果不是大牛,需要在乎考官的哪怕一点点正偏差,要衣着得当,最好穿自己得意一点的衣服,好给自己信心; 进入考场后要礼貌,互相问好,请你坐要谢谢,夸你漂亮要谢谢,最后结束要thank you for your time, and , Have a nice day(其实我偶尔觉得考官在我thank you for your time的时候应该给点response like: thank you for your money,your 1450 renminbi means a lot to me because my happy life is based on the fee from you......OK,just kidding.); 要自始至终保持微笑,哪怕考官不阴不阳的脸色也不要被吓到。

英语基础:

大学学的工科,非英语或相关专业,1997年大二时七十多分过的四级(在武汉的大学里,这种成绩挺洗的),1998年大三时勉强过的六级(依旧很洗),那时候的大学英语四六级考试只有笔试,没有口语。

小时候丢的是手绢,2000年毕业后丢的是英语。

2007年计划immigrate ,年底把申请表交了上去,之后开始喊喳喳要学英语,一直没真的出海打过渔,只是天天在晒网。晒啊晒,到了2008年底,报了一次雅思,啥都不懂,做了几篇听力和阅读就去考试了,一篇作文都没写过,一个TOPIC 都没有准备过。当时口语裸考成绩为5.5,想来这5.5基本上是靠自己发音清晰占了一些优势,否则按照语言能力来判,5分以下也不一定。

之后还在晒网,有一搭没一搭的,时间都花在郁闷何时开始打渔上,只是看看sitcom

《Friends 》。听说Rosetta Stone练口语不错,就下了一个D 版的美语Rosetta ,半年都没学完那并不多的课程,人太懒,不过过程中发现了自己很多发音不正确,不是美音也不是英音,整个一四不像,于是把原来学校里学的英音痕迹尽量删掉,向学习软件和大片里的美音靠拢。

直到2009年11月14、15日,和一兄弟聊天,兄弟催促我,还不考试等到啥时候,火都烧眉毛了,再不考机会越来越渺茫了,难道不想移了。。。。。。这才促使我去报了12月5号的雅思,算算日子也就剩下20天了,咋搞?

20天要想把一门语言搞出质的飞跃,貌似比让更年期的妇女 be pregnant还难。。。

报名一周后,听力阅读写作这些笔试题还可以照着剑桥真题来做,对口语却一筹莫展,正在犯愁怎么搞这口语的时候,兄弟又给我支招了,说家园有人介绍某外教对练口语不错,可以先上一堂课试试。病急乱投医,俺也不顾得试课了,直接一口气就买了10节课,舍不得孩子套不住狼,传说老师是雅思口语前考官,管他是不是,上完再说,这样,才开始了我的口语备考历程。10天,每天除了上班之外就在为了口语作业而焦灼。

在此,再次感谢这位加拿大老师,因为相对于国内给自己冠着所谓**雅思专家**雅思名师等等头衔很大的以此类培训为主要收入的人来说,这位老外老师上课费非常的低,拿的课时费还不到本国各省法律限定的最低小时收入,然而老师非常的负责,给我上课的10天里,都在感冒,但是不管预约的是下午还是深夜,没有一节是拉下的,也没有偷工减料的。

当然,也要感谢家园移友HP 兄弟鼓励我报名,和我分享这么好的一条口语备考有效路线。

备考方法:

以 PART 2 为主线,把所有的TOPICS 都准备一遍,接近80个TOPICS ,量很大,要有吃苦的决心、坚持的勇气和坚定的信念。

PART 1 AND 3里的很多问题其实都是别的某TOPIC 的一部分。

所以准备好的标志是:PART2的TOPIC 要能说上2分钟以上。别的不管不管是PART 1 OR 3问到什么问题,就算考试时候紧张或者记得不是太熟而有所遗漏,也要确保每个问题都能从准备过的topics 里找出相应的段落说到半分钟以上,这样PART 1 AND 3就没有问题了。具体步骤如下:

1、搜集TOPICS 及相关问题

到3G 等大的雅思网站看一年内的口语回忆或者整理好的口语题,最好是英文的,不要看中文的,因为在考试的危急时刻,从中文反应到英文需要一点时间,就算没理解错,语言能力会打折扣,更何况有可能因为表述方式的不同,用的单词不熟悉而直接导致听错题目。

2、PART 2准备步骤:

这个步骤最重要,是最容易受挫和打退堂鼓的一步,一定要坚持!!

(1)按照考试步骤先模拟以下PART 2的进程,一定要录音。回过头看看从自己对题目的思路是否正确,写提纲是否够时间,一定要放录音听听自己第一次陈述这个TOPIC 有多结巴和恶心。

(2)完善自己的思路和提纲,听自己的录音确实想吐,那就把需要说的都写下来,顺便练习写作了,TOPIC 的结构:

能带话出来的前言

描述主体

扩展或者举例

总结性后语

主体部分要多用连词及修饰状语,写好后大声快速读几遍,然后丢开写的东西,拿着提纲再次录音2分钟,看看是否满意了,不满意的再读再说再录再听一次。。。如此往复,直至本人满意。不需要去背熟,因为背了会让考官看出来而扣分的,要脑子里有印象接下来说什么内容,能潜意识地继续下一句就可以,偶尔的停顿一秒左右完全是正常的。

(3)经过一两天的TOPICS ,上下班路上、买菜做饭、等车等人时候都可以喃喃自语了,只要心无旁骛,不用在乎别人是否把我当神经病,没有认识的人的时候甚至可以大声一点,用正常的音量,一旦别人知道我是在学习,如果他还取笑我,那么我就认为他不止是一个神经病,而且是一个很肤浅的神经病。

(4)考前两天,把TOPICS 题目打印出来,丢在一堆,顺手捡起一个就说一个,哪个说得太疙瘩的就多说几遍,以免运气不好刚好考到那题。

3、PART 1 AND 3的准备

考前一天,看着步骤1中搜来的英文题目,一个一个地回答,把墙壁当成考官,把题目当成黄世仁或者周扒皮,恶狠狠地想,恶狠狠地答,有时间的话继续录音继续纠正自己。因为有TOPICS 垫底,这时候就发现,内容很多都可以到处挪用的。

如果口语时间比较靠后,笔试后就可以在网上蹲点,把本期口语的记忆题都答一遍,答得越多越熟练,信心越足。

强烈建议:不要找烤鸭互练口语,因为如果想提高水平,只能找水平比自己高的烤鸭练口语,否则找了低的对自己百害而无一利,找了水平相当的没有进步,但是如果找到了水平高的,那么对于对方来说,自己就是拖人家后腿的人,所以,找烤鸭练不如找别的高水平的人练,找一般高水平的人练不如找老外练,找普通老外练不如找曾经当过考官的老外练,因为他们懂得雅思口语是什么,雅思口语什么样是高分的,针对每个人的特点需要进行什么样的调整、纠正与发扬光大才能把口语发挥到最能得到高分的状态。

考试技巧及注意事项:

1、The most important thing in speaking module is to keep talking talking talking until the examinor stops you, otherwise, never stop!

2、PART3里问到QUALITIES 问题的时候,先列举品质,再选择列举中的两三项进行扩展。问到COMPARE 的问题的时候,先列举区别,再展开。问到如何解决什么问题的时候,分成政府应该如何做,媒体应该如何做,学校、公司、家庭、个人等等如何做来回答。

3、考试当中思维停顿的时候不能闭嘴干坐,要用一些没实际意思的短句来争取思考的时间,如well, you know, that is to say...

4、考官给TOPIC 的一分钟里一定要写提纲,否则考官会认为你准备过是在背作文而不是在说话。

5、准备两种叫考官复述题目和一种换表达方式的说法,因为不可避免地可能会碰上有口音的考官或者语速很快的考官,,总用

I beg you padon?会让考官觉得语言和词汇的干瘪与无力。

6、多使用连词联系各句子, 表述句子间的关系。

7、无话可说了就for instance, for example... whatever, but don't stop!

8、最后一点辅助提醒:如果不是大牛,需要在乎考官的哪怕一点点正偏差,要衣着得当,最好穿自己得意一点的衣服,好给自己信心; 进入考场后要礼貌,互相问好,请你坐要谢谢,夸你漂亮要谢谢,最后结束要thank you for your time, and , Have a nice day(其实我偶尔觉得考官在我thank you for your time的时候应该给点response like: thank you for your money,your 1450 renminbi means a lot to me because my happy life is based on the fee from you......OK,just kidding.); 要自始至终保持微笑,哪怕考官不阴不阳的脸色也不要被吓到。The chart below gives information about global sales of games software, CDs and DVD or video.

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information. ∙

You should write at least 150 words. ∙ You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

model answer:

The chart shows the changes in the sales of video material / DVDs, games software and CDs around the world in billions of dollars over a three-year period. It can be seen that the sales of videos / DVDs and games software have increased, while the

sales of CDs have gone down slightly.

Between 2000 and 2003, the sale of videos and DVDs rose by approximately 13 billion dollars. In 2000, just under 20 billion dollars worth of these items were sold, but in 2003, this figure had risen to a little over 30 billion dollars.

The sales of games software also rose during this period, but less sharply. Sales increased from about 13 billion dollars in 2000 to just under 20 billion dollars three years later. By contrast, during the same time period, the sale of CDs fell from 35 billion dollars in 2000 to about 32.5 billion dollars in 2003.

Eating sweet foods produces acid in the mouth, which can cause tooth

decay. (High acid levels are measured by low pH values)

Describe the information below and discuss the implications for dental health.

You should write at least 150 words. ∙ Allow yourself 20 minutes for this task.

model answer:

Anyone who has visited a dentist has been told that eating excessive amounts of sweets risks harming the teeth. This is because sweets lower pH levels in the mouth to dangerous levels.

When the pH level in the mouth is kept above 5.5, acidity is such that teeth are unlikely to be in danger of decay. Sweet foods, however, cause pH in the mouth to drop for a time, and the longer pH levels remain below 5.5, the greater the opportunity for decay to occur.

By comparing fruit sugar, cane sugar and honey, which are all common ingredients of sweet foods, we find that cane sugar lowers pH levels for the longest period, thus producing the greatest risk of the three. Approximately five minutes aftfter consuming cane sugar, pH levels drop to as little as pH 3.5. They then begin to rise slowly, but do not rise above pH 5.5 until at least 30 minutes have elapsed. By contrast, fruit sugar, which causes the mouth's acidity to fall to just above pH 4, poses a danger for a shorter period: tooth decay is unlikely 20 minutes after

consumption. Honey appears an even less risky substance. Though acidity falls to about pH 4.75 within five minutes of consumption, it returns to above pH 5.5 in under fifteen minutes.

The implications, then, are that people who insist on eating sweet foods should be aware of the ingredients, and that fruit sugar or honey appear preferable to cane sugar.

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information in the two graphs below. ∙ You should write at least 150 words.

∙ Allow yourself 20 minutes for this task.

model answer:

The pie charts compare the highest level of education achieved by women in Someland across two years, 1945 and 1995. It can be clearly seen that women received a much higher level of education in Someland in 1995 than they did in 1945.

In 1945 only 30% of women completed their secondary education and 1% went on

to a first degree. No women had completed post-graduate studies. This situation had changed radically by 1995. In 1995, 90% of women in Someland had completed secondary education and of those, half had graduated from an initial degree and 20% had gone on to postgraduate studies. At the other end of the scale we can see that by 1995 all girls were completing lower secondary, although 10% ended their schooling at this point. This is in stark contrast with 1945 when only 30% of girls completed primary school, 35% had no schooling at all and 35% only completed the third grade.

In conclusion, we can see that in the 50 years from 1945 to 1995 there have been huge positive developments to the education levels of women in Someland.

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information in the table below. ∙ You should write at least 150 words.

∙ Allow yourself 20 minutes for this task.

model answer:

The table shows how people in different age groups spend their leisure time in Someland over the course of a year. It can be clearly seen that the amount of leisure time available varies considerably across the age groups and that people of different age levels have very different ways of spending their leisure time.

According to the figures, as people age in Someland their social lives reduce. Teenagers and people in their twenties spend on average 500 hours per year on

socialising and 350 hours of that time is with a group of more than 4 people. Although the total hours of socialising in their 30s, 40s, 50s and 60s is fairly constant (between 300-350), socialising with more than 4 people drops

dramatically to 50 hours in the 30s and 40s age groups and only 25 from 50 years old. Group and individual exercise follow a similar pattern.

People of all ages spend a good part of their leisure time on entertainment such as TV/video viewing and cinema. In both cases, teenagers and retired people spend around twice as much time as those who are at working age. Home entertainment ranges from just over a thousand hours for teenagers and retired people and an average of 600 hours for everyone else. Cinema accounts for 100 hours of the teenagers and retired people’s leisure time and 25-50 hours for the rest.

In conclusion we can see there is a significant trend towards solitary and smaller group activities as people grow older and that teenagers and retired people spend a lot more time on entertainment than those of working age do.

The map below is of the town of Garlsdon. A new supermarket (S) is planned for the town. The map shows two possible sites for the

supermarket.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

You should write at least 150 words. ∙ Allow yourself 20 minutes for this task.

model answer:

The first potential location (S1) is outside the town itself, and is sited just off the main road to the town of Hindon, lying 12 kms to the north-west. This site is in the countryside and so would be able to accommodate a lot of car parking. This would make it accessable to shoppers from both Hindon and Garlsdon who could travel by car. As it is also close to the railway line linking the who towns to Cransdon (25 km to the south-east), a potentially large number of shoppers would also be able to travel by train.

In contrast, the suggested location, S2, is right in the town centre, which would be good for local residents. Theorically the store could be accessed by road or rail

from the surrounding towns, including Bransdon, but as the central area is a no-traffic zone, cars would be unable to park and access would be difficult.

Overall, neither site is appropriate for all the towns, but for customers in Cransdon, Hindon and Garlsdon, the out-of-town site (S1) would probably offer more advantages.

The diagram below shows the typical stages of consumer goods

manufacturing, including the process by which information is fed back to earlier stages to enable adjustment.

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the process shown. ∙

You should write at least 150 words. ∙ You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

model answer:

Most consumer goods go through a series of stages before they emerge as finished products ready for sale.

Raw materials and manufactured components comprise the initial physical input in the manufacturing process. Once obtained, these are stored for later assembly. But assembly first depends upon the production planning stage, where it is decided how and in what quantities the stored materials will be processed to create sufficient quantities of finished goods. The production planning stage itself follows the

requirements of the goods' design stage that proceeds from extensive research. After assembly, the products are inspected and tested to maintain quality control l Those units that pass the inspection and testing stages are then packaged,

despatched and offered for sale in retail outlets. The level of sales, which is the end

point of the manufacturing process, helps determine production planning.

A product's design is not only the result of product research, but is also influenced by testing and market research. If the testing stage (after assembly and inspection) reveals unacceptable problems in the finished product, then adjustments will have to be made to the product's design. Similarly, market research, which examines the extent and nature of the demand for products, has the role of guiding product design to suit consumer demands which may change with time. Market research, while influenced by product sales, also serves to foster future sales by devising suitable advertising for the goods.

Thus the reality of consumer goods manufacturing goes well beyond a simple linear production process.

The chart and graph below give information about sales and share prices for Coca-Cola.

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.

You should write at least 150 words. ∙ You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

model answer:

The pie chart shows the worldwide distribution of sales of Coca-Cola in the year 2000 and the graph shows the change in share prices between 1996 and 2001.

In the year 2000, Coca-Cola sold a total of 17.1 billion cases of their fizzy drink product worldwide. The largest consumer was North America, where 30.4 per cent of the total volume was purchased. The second largest consumer was Latin America. Europe and Asia purchased 20.5 and 16.4 per cent of the total volume respectively, while Africa and the Middle East remained fairly small consumers at 7 per cent of the

total volume of sales.

Since 1996, share prices for Coca-Cola have fluctuated. In that year, shares were valued at approximately $35. Between 1996 and 1997, however, prices rose significantly to $70 per share. They dipped a little in mid-1997 and then peaked at $80 per share in mid-98. From then until 2000 their value fell consistently but there was a slight rise in mid-2000.

The graphs below show the numbers of male and female workers in 1975 and 1995 in several employment sectors of the republic of Freedonia.

Write a report for a university teacher describing the information shown. ∙

You should write at least 150 words. ∙ You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

model answer:

The two decades between 1975 and 1995 brought significant changes in the representation of women in Freedonia's work force, according to the graphs.

In 1975, for example, some 300 000 men and 250 000 women worked in the

communications sector. Twenty years later, though the number of men remained unchanged, the number of women rose to 550 000.

A similar situation was seen in the wholesale and retail trade sector, where the

number of women rose from about 550 000 in 1975 to almost 800 000 two decades later. The number of men in this sector remained stable over the period, at around 700 000.

Women also made gains in both the finance/banking industries and in the

defence-related public sector. Whereas some 125 000 women worked in finance and banking institutions in 1975, the number increased to 450 000 by 1995. The number of men grew only marginally from 425 000 to 480 000 over the same

period. In defence, the number of men declined from 225 000 to 200 000, while the number of women rose from 25 000 to over 100 000.

Two sectors that retained stable employment numbers for both men and women were manufacturing, which had about 300 000 women and 650 000 men in both surveyed years, and the public sector (non-defence), which employed 650 000 women and 850 000 men.

Thus, women appear to have made gains in the Freedonian work force but not at the expense of men.

The table below shows social and economic indicators for four countries in 1994, according to United Nations statistics.

Describe the information shown below in your own words. What

implications do the indicators have for the countries? ∙ You should write at least 150 words.

∙ Allow yourself 20 minutes for this task.

model answer:

A glance at four indicators of economic and social conditions in four countries, Canada, Japan, Peru and Zaire, in 1994 reflects the great differences that exist between wealthier and poorer nations.

The table shows that Japan and Canada had annual incomes of $15 760 and $11 100 per person, respectively. These figures were overwhelmingly greater than the corresponding figures of $160 in Peru and $130 in Zaire.

Health indicators, too, reflected overall levels of affluence in the four nations. Life expectancy at birth, for example, was higher among the more economically developed countries. Japan reported the highest life expectancy, 78. This was

followed by Canada, 76; Peru, 51; and Zaire, 47; This suggests that richer societies are able to put more money into health care than poorer ones.

The amount of calories consumed daily per person roughly followed the same

ranking. Canadians each consumed some 3 326 calories per day while the Japanese took 2846 calories. The corresponding figures for Peru and Zaire were 1927 and 1749, respectively.

Literacy rates among adults, too, were higher in wealthier countries, no doubt a reflection of ability to invest in education. Canada and Japan both reported literacy rates of 99%, while Peru claimed 68%. Zaire, the least economically developed of the four countries, had a literacy rate of 34%.

The data appear to confirm the often cited link between national wealth and health and education standards.

The diagram below shows the average hours of unpaid work per week done by people in different categories. (Unpaid work refers to such activities as childcare in the home, housework and gardening.)

Describe the information presented below, comparing results for men and women in the categories shown. Suggest reasons for what you see. ∙

You should write at least 150 words. ∙ You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

model answer:

The diagram reveals that the number of hours per week spent in unpaid work is unequally distributed between men and women.

In households where there are no children, women are reported to work some 30 hours per week in such tasks as housework and gardening. Men's contribution to these unpaid jobs averages a considerably lower 18 hours.

When children enter the household, however, the inequality becomes even more pronounced. In families of 1 - 2 children, men maintain approximately the same number of hours of unpaid work as in childless households, but the number of hours

women work in the home rises to 52 per week, much of it, on doubt, due to childcare responsibilities.

Interestingly, when there are three or more children in the household, men are found to work even fewer hours around the house than before the appearance of the third child. Whereas women's unpaid hours rise to approximately 56 per week, the corresponding figure for men, 16, actually represents a decrease.

The data suggest that the increased presence of women in the paid work force has yet to lead to an increased role for men in the home.

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information below. ∙

You should write at least 150 words. ∙ You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

model answer:

The pie charts show changes in American spending patterns between 1966 and 1996.

Food and cars made up the two biggest items of expenditure in both years. Together they comprised over half of household spending. Food accounted for 44% of spending in 1966, but this dropped by two thirds to 14% in 1996. However, the outlay on cars doubled, rising from 23% in 1966 to 45% in 1996.

Other areas changed significantly. Spending on eating out doubled, climbing from 7% to 14%. The proportion of salary spent on computers increased dramatically, up from 1% in 1996 to 10% in 1996. However, as computer expenditure rose, the percentage of outlay on books plunged from 6% to 1%.

Some areas remained relatively unchanged. Americans spent approximately the same amount of salary on petrol and furniture in both years.

In conclusion, increased amounts spent on cars, computers, and eating out were made up for by drops in expenditure on food and books.

The table below shows the sales at a small restaurant in a downtown business district.

Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

You should write at least 150 words. ∙ You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

model answer:

Gaining work experience prior to graduation helps university students to succeed in getting their first job. For this reason, some universities insist that all students

must complete a Work Experience Requirement. Completing the following six stages results in the requirements’ fulfillment.

The process begins with the Application stage. A student reviews an approved list of workplaces and submits applications to places where he would like to work. Next is the Approval stage. When a student receives an acceptance letter, he gives it to the professor for approval. The third stage, Schedule, requires a student to arrange his work schedule. The student should work at least 10 hours/week over 20 weeks. Reports are next. The student must complete a Weekly Report Form and turn it in to the professor every Friday.

The fifth stage, Evaluation, takes place during the final work week. A student participates in an evaluation meeting with his work supervisor, who submits an Evaluation Form. The last stage requires that a student submit a Final Report before the last week of spring semester.

By following these stages and subsequently submitting the final report, the student receives credit from the university.

The diagrams below give information about the Eiffel Tower in Paris and an outline project to extend it underground.

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown. ∙

You should write at least 150 words. ∙ You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

model answer: The Eiffel Tower is situated close to the Seine River in Paris. It is a metal structure that is 1,063 feet high and weighs 7,417 tonnes. The tower has been a tourist attraction since 1889, when it was built, and there are 1,665 steps that can be climbed in order to reach the two viewing platforms.

There are now plans to build below the foundations of the tower. These plans include the development of five underground levels that will incorporate the tower's ticket office, shopping facilities, a cinema and museum and two floors of underground parking.

Although details have yet to be finalised, the principle is that the five floors will be connected by two vertical passenger lifts on either side of the tower. In addition, the floor immediately below the tower, which is planned to house the ticket office, will also consist of a large atrium with a glass ceiling so that visitors can look directly up at the tower itself.

大作文:

注:A 类G 类可以通用。

重点预测题:

1、

Nowadays, there is a trend that reports of media focus on problems and emergencies rather than positive developments. Some people think it is harmful to individuals and to society. To what extent do you agree or disagree?(近似命中11.7澳洲A 类大作文)

2、Some people think that robots are very important to human’s future

development. Others think that they are dangerous and have negative effects on society. Discuss both opinions and give your personal view.

3、

Do you think how important it is for people to want success in life ? Is ambition a positive or negative characteristic?

4、 In modern world, it is no longer necessary to use animals for food or use animal products, for instance, clothing and medicines. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

//Some people think it is necessary to use animals for testing medicines intended for

human use. Others, however, think it is cruel to do that. Discuss both of these views and give you own opinion.//Some people think that it is acceptable to use animals for the benefit of humans. Others, however, believe that it is wrong to exploit animals for human purposes. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

5、

Many people believe that teachers should take the responsibility for the students to judge what is right and wrong and behave well, others feel that teachers should only teach academic subjects. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.(命中10.24北美A 类大作文一字不差)

6、 Students from rural areas often find it difficult to access university education. Some people think that universities should make it easier for them to access higher education. To what extent do you agree or disagree?(10.26新增)

6、 Many people believe that the human society has developed into a throw-away society, which is filled with plastic bags and rubbish. What are the causes and solutions? (命中9.26国内A 类原题变形)

6、 The government money should be invested in teaching science rather than other subjects so as to help a country make progress and develop. To what extent do you agree or disagree?(9.28新增)

7、 Some people think that the government should decide the subject for students to study in university. Others believe that students should be allowed to apply for the subject they prefer. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

8、Nowadays ,full-

time university students tend to focus on their studying. Some people think it is essential for university students to be involved in other activities. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

9、

There are many advertisements directed at children, such as snacks, toys and other goods. Parents argue that children are under pressure. Advertisers claim that the advertisements provide useful information. Discuss the both sides and give your own opinion.

10、

The spread of multinational companies and resulting increase of globalization pr oduces positive effects for everyone. To what extent to you agree or disagree?

11、 Some people think that the main purpose of schools is to teach children to be a good citizen or worker rather than to benefit them as individuals. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

12、 Nowadays, not enough students choose science subjects in university in many countries. What are the reasons for this problem? What are the effects on the society?

13、

Most of the urgent problems can only be solved with international cooperation. T o what extent do you agree or disagree?(命中10.8澳洲A 类原题,一字不差)

13、 As countries develop, their populations tend to live individually or in small family units. In your opinion, what is this cause and what are the effects on society. (10.12新增)

14、

Some people think that social skills are as important as academic qualifications. T o what extent do you agree or disagree?(几乎命中10.10北美A 类原题,再次近似命中11.21国内A 类大作文)

14、 Some people believe that studying in a college or university is the best way for students to prepare for their future career. Others think they should leave school as soon as possible to develop their career through work experience. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.(11.7国内A 类考了读大学前找工作的利弊)

14、A long-distance flight consumes the same amount of fuel and causes the same amount of pollution as a car does in several years. Some people think that to

reduce environmental problems, we should discourage non-essential flights, such as tourist air travel, instead of limiting the use of cars. To what extent do you agree or disagree?(11.23新增)

15、

Advertising encourage people to buy in quantity rather than promoting its quality. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

16、Some teachers say students should be organized into groups to study. Others argue students should be made to study alone. What is your opinion?(命中10.31北美A 类大作文原题,一字不差!)

18、

In many countries, there are 24 -hour TV programs. Is it a positive or negative de velopment?

19、

Some people say that governments should spend money on measures to save la

nguages that are used by few speakers, while others believe it's a waste of financial resources. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

20、

In most countries,prison is an effective solution to the problem of crime. Some people think it is a more effective solution to provide education for those who violate the law. To what extent do you agree or disagree?//Some people think that all the lawbreakers should be taken into the prison, while others believe that there are better alternatives, (for example, doing some work or learning some skills in the community).Discuss both views and give your opinion.(9.3国内A 类考了是否能通过措施防止犯罪,9.26香港A 类考了罪犯是否应该在监狱里接受教育)

20、 Anyone can post information on the Internet. Some people say most of what we read on the Internent is inaccurate. To what extent do you agree or disagree?(9.28新增)

21、

Individuals can do nothing to improve the environment. Only governments and large companies can make a difference. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion? (10.10国内A 类考了政府是否应该解决环境污染和住房问题)

22、 Some people say watching TV is bad for children in all ways, others say it is good for children to get knowledge.Discuss both views and give your opinion.(将 watching TV替换为computer games便基本是10.24国内A 类大作文原题)

23、 Some children think that some subjects such as mathematics and philosophy are too difficult for them to study at school, so they should be made optional rather than compulsory. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

24、

In countries where there is a high rate of unemployment, most pupils should be offered only primary education. There is no point in offering secondary education to those who have no hope of finding a job. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?//A large number of young people are leaving shool and can not find a job. what problems will youth unemployment cause in individual and for society?what measures should be taken to reduce the level

of unemployment among young people?

25、

Some people think that men and women have different qualities. Therefore, some

certain jobs are suitable for men and some jobs are suitable for women. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

26、 More and more people want to buy famous brands with clothes,

cars and other items. what are the reasons? Do

you think it is a positive or negative development?

27、Some people think that parents have a great influence on their children, others believe that the media is a bigger influence. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

28、Advertising encourages in quantity not in quality. To what degree you agree or not agree?

29、

Some people think that schools should select pupils according to their academic abilities, while others believe that it is better to have pupils with different abilities study together. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

30、

In some countries, young people are not only richer but also safer and healthier than ever before. However, they are less happy. What do you think are the causes of this? What solutions can you suggest?//

Some people think personal happiness is directly related to economic success, while others believe this depends on other factors. Discuss both sides and give your own opinion.(基本命中11.14澳洲A 类原题)

31、 If a product is good and can meet people’s needs, people will buy it.

Advertising in the media is no more than a form of entertainment. Do you agree or disagree? (11.16新增)

32、

In the past, buildings often reflected the culture of a society but today all modern

buildings look alike and cities throughout the world are becoming increasingly similar. What do you think is the reason for this? And is it a good thing or a bad thing?

33、 Every year several languages die out. This is not important because life will be easier if there are fewer languages in the world. To what extent do you agree or disagree? (11.23变更)

34、Governments should spend money on the repairs and maintenance of old buildings. Do you agree or disagree?

35、Governments should control the amount of violence in the media. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

次重点预测题:

1、Some people claim that public museums and art galleries will not be needed because people can see historical objects and works of art by using a computer. Do you agree or disagree with this opinion?

2、More and more companies are allowing employees to work at home. Do you think this is a positive or negative development?

3、 Some animal species such as dinosaurs and dodos become extinct because of natural processes. So, it is not necessary to try and prevent this from happening. Do

you agree or disagree?\\There are many extinct species in the world nowadays. Some people say we should protect these animals from dying out,while others say we should concentrate more on problems of human beings. Discuss both opinions and give your personal view.

4、In many countries prices of airplane tickets have dropped. Is it positive or negative situation? Write about your personal experience or

knowledge.\\Air travel is cheap these days, allowing ordinary people to travel further. Some people say that airfare should

be increased because this leads to environmental problems. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

5、 Nowadays the trend of human beings to copy from one another is shown in the popularity of fashion in clothes and other consumer goods. To what extend do you agree or disagree?

6、

Many developing countries are currently expanding their tourist industries Why is this the case? Is it a positive development?

7、

Nowadays many parents are sending their kids abroad to acquire good education. Discuss the advantages and the disadvantages of this trend. Give your own opinion. (9.19澳洲A 类考了国际交换生的利弊,近似命中)

8、

Team activities can teach more skills for life than those activities which are played alone. To what extent do you agree or disagree?(近似命中11.14国内A 类A 卷大作文)

8、 More and more people are moving from rural areas to cities in search of a better life, but city life has its own problems. What are these problems? Suggest some solutions. (11.16新增)

9、In some countries boarding schools are getting more popular. Is it a positive or negative development? What are the reasons behind it?

10、

In many cities, planners have separated schools, homes, shops, offices in specific areas which were widely separated from each other. Do you think advantages of this policy overweigh disadvantages to the city residents?

11、It is believed that secondary school children should study international news as one of their school subjects. Others think that this is a waste of valuable school time. Discuss both views and give your opinions.(命中9.26澳洲A 类原题变形) 12、

Some believe advertisement is useful and informative. Others think it is false and only helps to raise prices. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

13、

A tendency of news reported in the media about problems and emergencies rather than positive developments is more harmful to the individual and to society. Do you agree or disagree?

14、

Some people think news has no connection to people's lives, so it is a waste of time to read the news on the newspaper and watch television news programs. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

15、 Some people think the main benefit of international cooperation is in

protection of the environment, while others think that the main benefit is in the world business. Discuss both views and give your opinion.\\Solving environmental problems should be responsibility of one international organization instead of state or national governments. Do you agree or disagree?

16、some people think male leaders always lead us to violence and conflict, but female leaders are better than male leaders to give us the better governed and more peaceful society. Do you agree or disagree?

17、

Advertising industry has a huge influence on the society. Do you think positive effects of advertising outweigh negative effects?

18、Professional workers like doctors, nurses and teachers make a greater

contribution to society and so should be paid more than sports and entertainment personalities. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

19、Some people think we should keep all the money we earn and not pay tax to the state. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

20、The number of people who watch foreign films is much more than people who watch local films, describ the reasons and should the government provide financial support to the local film industries?

21、

Some people give more importance to artists (painter,writers, musicians) in the c urrent age of rapidly developing technology and science. What do you think? Do people prefer arts to technology in your view?(10.31国内A 类考了是否应该资助艺术家)

21、Many parents today do not spend enough time with their children. What are the causes of this? Suggest some solutions.(11.2新增)

22、

Some people think parents should read or tell stories to their children, others say it is not important and can be replaced by watching TV and movies instead. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

23、Competition versus cooperation and group work for students. Do the disadvantages outweigh the

advantages?//Competitiveness is seen as a positive feature by

manymodern societies. What impact does it have on an individual? Is it a positive or a negative quality?

24、More and more people are becoming seriously overweight. Some people say that the price increase of fattening foods will solve this problem. To what extent do you agree or disagree?(9.19国内考了素食主义,近似命中)

25、 Most of the schools are planning to replace sports and exercise classes with more academic sessions. What is your opinion on this change? How is this change will affect children’s life in your view?

26、The exposure of international media such as films, TV and magazines has impacts on local culture. What do you think of the impacts have been? Do you agree that the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?

27、Nowadays, children play less with others and this has an impact on their

development. What are the reasons for this? Does it have a good or a bad effect on children?

28、Consumers are faced with increasing numbers of advertisements from

competing companies. To what extent do you think are consumers influenced by advertisements? What measures can be taken to protect them?

29、Some people think the foreign visitors should be charged more than the local visitors when they visit the cultural and historical attractions in another country. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

30、

Since money for postgraduate research is limited, some people think financial su pport from the government should be only provided for scientific research rather

than the research for less useful subjects. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

31、

We live in cities or towns which have museums displaying objects of artistic, historic and cultural value, but people do not visit them.

How do you think people do not visit museums in their local areas?

What is the importance of museums to the society?

32、

Leisure is a growing industry. People no longer entertain themselves as they used to because

the use of modern technology has made them less creative. Do you agree or disagree? (近似命中10.10澳洲A 类原题)

33、 Some people think that national teams and individual men and women should be financially supported by government. However others argue that

national teams and individual men and women should be funded by

non-government sources (business, companies). Discuss both of the views and give your own opinion.

34、It ’s better for students to study at university rather than study at home with their parents. Do you agree or disagree?

35、Lifestyles and culture in many countries is becoming similar,is it positive or negative?

36、 In some countries, the parents expect children to spend long time in studying both in and after school and have less free time. Do you think it has positive or negative effects on children and the society?

37、

Many people think the government of the country should decide which subjects the students should study, when others think students should be able to apply to the subject they preferred. Discuss both sides and give your own opinion.

38、 In many countries, average life expectancy has been increasing. What

problems will this cause for individuals and for society as a whole? Suggest some solutions. (10.26新增)

已命中题(未改变原题序号):

34、

Some people believe that the government spends too much money on developing space

exploration technology. There are many others financial needs that the governm ent should address instead. To what extent do you agree or disagree?(530北美A 类考了太空探索影响人们的生活)

35、

Many people believe that university students should pay tuition fees in full themselves, because they gain education for their own benefit and not for the society. To what extent do you agree or disagree?(命中澳洲613A 类大作文原题一字不差) 1、

Some people think planning future is a waste of time and people should focus on the present. To what extent do you agree or disagree?(命中430澳洲区A 类大作文,430澳洲和国内大作文不一样)

1、 Today, the qualities of life of people in big cities are worse. What are the causes of this problem? Any measures should be taken to solve it?(国内613A 类考了由于城市交通和住房问题鼓励企业搬往郊区,与此题相通)

6、

In some countries old people are highly valued, while in some cultures young people are highly valued. Discuss both views and give your opinion.(1.10A 类考了年轻

人和老年人谁当领导,4.11A 类大作文考了老年人和年轻人竞争产生的问题和解决办法,

6.18澳洲A 类考了是否应该回归家庭和社区的老传统价值观,9.12澳洲A 类大作文原题) 8、

News media are important in modern society. Why are they so important? Are their influences generally positive or negative?(命中欧洲考区4.25A 类大作文原题,一字不差)

9、 In the future,

there will be a higher proportion of older people than younger people. Is it a positive or negative development?//In many countries, the proportion of old people is steadily increasing. Does this have more positive or negative effects on the society?(命中8.1澳洲A 类原题)

10、 Some countries and individuals try to deal with the problem of animal extinction. Others think it is more important to deal with problems of human

beings.Discuss both views and give your own opinion.(命中欧洲区4.18A 类大作文原题,一字不差)

10、

Some people believe that some unpaid community service should be a compulsory part of high school programmes (e.g. working in a charity, improving the relationship of neighbourhood or teaching sports to children) To what extent do you agree or disagree?(近似命中7.4国内A 类大作文原题)

30、

With the increase in the use of mobile phones and computers, fewer people are writing letters. Some people think that the traditional skill of writing letters will disappear completely. To what extent do you agree or disagree? How important do you think is letter-writing?(3.28考了电脑和手机对青少年读写能力的影响,10.24欧洲A 类考了越来越少的人手写)

12、

Some people think the technology makes life complex, so we should make the life simpler without using the technology. To what extent do you agree or disagree?(2.7G 类考了电脑对生活的利弊分析)

12、

People aim to achieve the balance between their work and lives. But few people a chieve it. What are the causes of the problems? How to overcome it?(命中321北美雅思A 类大作文原题一字不差,9.3澳洲A 类亦考了本题一字不差!)

12、

As part of education ,students should spend a period of time studying and living in a different county to learn language and culture .Do you agree or disagree?(8.13国内A 类考了如何提高对其他国家文化的理解)

14、

Some people think that young people should follow traditions of their society, and others think young people should be free to behave as they will. Discuss both v

iews and give your opinion.(6.18澳洲A 类考了是否应该回归家庭和社区的老传统价值观,7.4澳洲A 类考了老传统对现代年轻人生活的影响)

18、

Some people believe that governments should make investment in building public libraries in every town, while others think it is a waste of money because we have access to information via Internet. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion. (7.11北美考了因为图书馆能提供书籍,所以人们不应该浪费有限的资金来提供昂贵的计算机媒体,命中原题变形)

19、

Some people think developing countries should invite foreign companies to open

branches, offices and factories to promote their economies. Others say that they should keep the foreign companies out and depend more on their own local companies. Describe both views and give your opinion.(命中北美725A 类大作文原题一字不差!)

25、 Some people think that older school children should learn wide range subjects and develop knowledge, but other people think that they should only learn a small number of subjects in details. Discuss both views and give your opinion.(命中欧洲613A 类大作文原题,10.8国内A 类再中原题)

32、People can perform everyday tasks, such as shopping and banking as well as business transactions, without meeting other people face-to-face. What are the e

ffects of this on an individual and the society as a whole?(近似命中澳洲723A 类大作文)

28、

In the last, lecture lectures were used as a way of teaching large numbers of student, but now with the development of technology for education, many people think there is no justification for attending lectures. To what extent do you agree or disagree? (命中530欧洲区A 类大作文原题,一字不差!530澳洲A 类考的是学校教学重要还是网络教学重要,近似命中。)

2、 People continue to commit crimes even after being punished for it. Why do you think this happens? How can crime be stopped?(命中5.16澳洲A 类加试大作文原题,一字不差)

4、Schools don’

t give proper health education to young people. Do you agree or disagree with this statement? Give your own opinion and examples based on your experience.(命中430澳洲区G 类大作文,430澳洲和国内大作文不一样)

6、Young people who commit serious crimes, such as a rubbery or a violent attack should be punished in the same way as adults. To what extent do you agree or disagree? (命中4.25雅思A 类大作文原题,而且本题在4.24晚10点于哥的新浪微博@人人网雅思哥 作为突击题发布,6.18加试国内A 类考的是青少年犯罪的原因和处罚) 13、

In some countries young people at the age of eighteen are considered adults and

can drive a car, vote and get married, while other countries don’

t allow it. What age do you think is the best to be considered an adult? Give reasons and examples from your own knowledge and experience.(2.12A 类考了是否认同提高年龄底限来让驾驶更安全,近似命中)

14、

Some people believe that cell phones should be for personal use only; others, ho wever, feel cell phones should be used mostly for work. Discuss both views and give your opinion.(2.14A 类考了在某些特定区域禁止使用手机,近似命中,10.24澳洲A 类再次考到本题,稍有变化)

16、

Nowadays companies and other organizations are requiring their employees to wear a uniform. Think about jobs where uniform is important. What are the advantages and disadvantages of wearing a uniform?(命中澳洲723G 类大作文原题,一字不差!)

17、Tourism brings benefits to a country but it also may have harmful effects. How can a country ensure that tourism benefits its development?(命中530国内雅思A 类原题变形)

21、 Television has had a significant influence on the culture of many societies. To what extent do you think it has positively or negatively affected cultural

development? (4.11G 类大作文电视是否让生活变得有趣,近似命中)