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Line chart

Jian7test2 line chart

The graph illustrates changes in the amounts of beef, lamb, chicken and fish consumed in a particular European country between 1979 and 2004.

In 1979 beef was by far the most popular of these foods, with about 225 grams consumed per person per week. Lamb and chicken were eaten in similar quantities (around 150 grams), while much less fish was consumed (just over 50 grams).

However, during this 25-year period the consumption of beef and lamb fell dramatically to approximately 100 grams and 55 grams respectively. The consumption of fish also declined, but much less significantly to just below 50 grams, so although it remained the least popular food, consumption levels were the most stable. The consumption of chicken, on the other hand, showed an upward trend, overtaking that of lamb in 1980 and that of beef in 1989. By 2004 it had soared to almost 250 grams per person per week.

Overall, the graph shows how the consumption of chicken increased dramatically while the popularity of these other foods decreased over the period.

Jian5test1 line

The information given by the line chart is about the percentage of people aged 65 and over from 1940 to 2040 in three different nations (namely, Japan, Sweden and USA).

As we can see from the three-line chart, in 1940, USA had the largest proportion of elderly people aged 65 and more, taking up 10%. It increased to 15% during the next four decades, which was closely followed by a leveling off at 14%. However, it is estimated to see a dramatic increase to just under 25% in 2040. Similarly, the proportion of old people in Sweden was always lower than that of Japan. But, it exceeded the percentage of old people in Japan in 1995 and it is expected to hit 25% 40 years later, although there will be some fluctuation.

On the contrary, the proportion of people aged 65 and more in Japan saw a decrease from 5% in 1940 to about 3% in 1960 and it kept stable for over 20 years. Interesting, it is expected to grow dramatically and exceed that of Sweden and USA, shooting just over 25% in 2040, becoming the country which will house the most percentage of elderly people.

All in all, it is clear to see that there was and will be a clear difference in the proportion of elderly people aged 65 and more in the three countries.

Jian4test2 line pie chart

The line graph and pie chart demonstrate about the utilizing of electricity in England during typical days in winter and summer and how electricity is used in every English home.

As can be seen from the line chart that the demand for electricity fluctuates both during winter and summer. More exactly, during winter, at first, after surging from 35,000 units at zero o’clock to almost 40,000 units at three o’clock, th

e demand plummets to about 30,000 units at nine o’clock. After that, it jumps to 40,000 at 12 o’clock. From this point onwards, this demand levels off at that same figure over the last six hours. then it shoots up again. Finally, electricity demand plunges to that zero o’clock figure. By contrast, during summer, demand for electricity stabilizes at a same figure about 15,000 units, even though with some fluctuations during nine to 15 o’clock and 21 to 24 o’clock.

Then, according to the pie chart, electricity is used for four purposes. More exactly, heating rooms and water accounts for the largest proportion (52.5%) of the electricity used while ovens, kettles and washing machines makes up 17.5% of the total need of the electricity. Lighting, TV and the radio represent the same percentage(15%) as do vacuum cleaners, food mixers and electric tools.

To sum up, the use for electricity was the highest though out the winter. Therefore, it is clearly that heating to warm is the main reason why there were much more electricity was utilized during winter than summer.

Jian6test1 pragram+line-chart

The information given by the three-line graph and the table is about the worldwide use of water and how water consumed in two different nations in 2000.

According to the line graph, all of the three sectors saw an upward trend during the 10 decades. Exactly, agricultural use was consistently more than others, rising from about 500 m³ in 1900 to 3000 m³ in 2000. Before 1950, industrial water use was similar to domestic one, keeping stable at just under 50 m³. However, during the next

five decades, industrial use increased, more sharply than domestic use, to about 1000 m³ in 2000.

As can be clearly seen from the table, Brazil, with 176 million people, had 26,500 ㎡ irrigated land, which was 265 times as much as Democratic Republic of Congo. Water consumption per person hit 359 m³. In contrast, that in Congo was only 8 m³, although there were only 5.2 million people in this nation.

In conclusion, in the 20th century, agriculture was the most important sector of global water use. In addition, Brazil’s water consumption was extremely more than Congo’s.

Jian4test4 line bar

The charts above illustrate the change of the amount of visits to and from the UK and the most prevailing countries that were visited by UK residents in 1999 Firstly, for the line chart, the quantity of visits abroad by UK residents was just a little higher than that of visits to the UK by overseas residents in 1979 after which the figure of visits to the UK had a stable upward trend to approximately 28 millions in 1999. Before around 1986, the amount of visits abroad by UK residents kept increasing with a similar extent to that of visits to the UK. Nevertheless, after that, a dramatic rise emerged and then the upward trend kept steady to more than 50 millions in 1999.

In terms of the bar chart, Turkey was the most unpopular country visited by UK residents and the number of Britain toTurkey was just one forth of that to Fra

nce that was the most prevailing country in Britain in 1999. Meanwhile, Spain who has the second biggest amount of Britain visitors was also very popular, while that of Greece was just one third of the amount in Spain. USA had just a little bigger data than Greece, which was just 4 millions.

Overall, visits abroad by UK residents and visits to the UK both have upward trends. And France and Spain was more popular than the other three countries when British choose to travel oversea

Program

Jian6test2 pragram

The table above demonstrates some relevant information about the changes of average distance in miles travelled per person per year in Britain from 1985 to 2000.

Obviously, the average distance of all modes of travel shows an increasing trend. Car, which is the main transport method for Englishmen both in 1985 and 2000, dramatically rises with a growth of approximately 1600 miles. Simultaneously, the average distance in miles of long distance bus in 2000 has become more than twice of that of 1985, while the figure of taxi, which is the most unpopular in 1985, almost thripled in 2000. As for train and the other modes the figure also increased with quite degrees.

However, with the figures of the majority of all modes of travel rising, walking, as well as bike which is the mostoriginal mode of travel declines slightly. Meanwhile, the figure of local bus dropped notably from 429 to 274.

Overall, every mode of travel altered with various degrees between 1985 and 2000. The total average distance in miles rises undoubtedly, however.

Jian7test1 pragram

The information given by the table is about the proportion of buyer expenditure on different items in five different nations in 2002

As can be seen from the table, in the five nations, most of consumer expenditure went into food, drinks and tobacco. The percentage of the item in Turkey was the highest (32.14%). It was followed by Ireland (28.91%), while that of Italy, Spain and Sweden accounted for around 16% respectively, twice as little as that of Turkey.

Clothing and footwear was the second most popular spending item. In Italy, its consumers had 9% cost for the item, while that in other countries only took up less than 7%. In contrast, expenditure on leisure and education had the smallest percentage, taking up 4.35% in Turkey, about four times higher than that in Spain and doubled that in Ireland. Italy’s consumers and Sweden’s buyers alike had 3.2% cost for this item.

In conclusion, based on what have been analyzed above, it is clear that although consumers in different country had different spending habits, food, drink and tobacco was always the most important buying item in 2002.

Jian4test1 pragram

The graph demonstrates the percentages of different kinds of households living in

poverty in Australia in 1999.

As can be seen from the table that there are seven categories of families whose living conditions were in poverty——single aged person, aged couple,single with no children people, couple with no children people, sole parents,couple with children and all households. More exactly, to start with, the figure for sole parent represented was the biggest about 21% of the total number, which is similar to the number(19%) of single with no children. Besides, all households and couple with children had alike percentages of 11% and 12%. By contrast, the proportion for aged person was the smallest one about 4%. Similarly, aged people and couple with no children were about 6% and 7%, respectively.

Therefore, we can see from the picture that the reason why families became poverty was mainly related to if have children and the numbers of parents who brought the major income.

Jian5test3 pragram

The table above illustrates the details regarding the subway systems of six different cities.

London has the longest history of underground railway system that opened in the year 1863among the six cities. London is followed by Paris whose underground system opened in 1900. Paris was followed by the cities of Tokyo, Washington.DC and Kyoto. The youngest subway system was located in Los Angeles who owned its subway in 2001.

In terms of the scale of underground railway system, London, definitely, has the largest one which almost doubles the Paris’s. However, the smallest system that is just 11 kilometers of route was set up in Kyoto. And the size of Kyoto’s is more than 30 times less than that of London.

Surprisingly, Tokyo which has only 155 kilometers of route serves the greatest number of passengers per year(1927 millions passengers ).Paris has the second largest amount of passengers per year, which is 1191 millions passengers. The smallest number of passengers was served in the smallest system in Kyoto, however.

Overall, the subway systems in different cities vary a lot in the three aspects of the open date, the size and the number of passengers per year.

Bar chart

Jian4test3 bar chart

The bar chart illustrates the proportion of male and female holding different levels of the qualification in Australia in 1999. These qualification can be divided into two groups---one where the proportion of male outnumber that of female and the other where the reverse is the case.

The former group is consists of Skilled Vocational Diploma, Postgraduate Diploma and Master Degree which were held by more men than women. The lowest post school level witnessed the biggest gender difference (80%). What’s more, the percentage of male holding Postgraduate Diploma (70%) was more than double of that of female (30%). At the higher level of education, the chart also showed that the men with Master’s Degree clearly outnumbered women (60% and 40% respec

tively).

As for the other group, females occupied the leading position in Undergraduate Diploma and Bachelor’s Degree. The smallest gap between the percentage of male and female occurred at the Bachelor’s Degree (only 10%). By contrast, the proportion of men with Undergraduate Diploma (35%) was just half of that of women (70%). In addition, it is very interesting that the total percentage of men and women with Undergraduate Diploma is over 100% in this country.

Jian5test2 bar chart

The information given by the bar charts is about the major causes of study among students in different age group and the amount of support they acquired from employers.

The first graph shows that there is a gradual decrease in study for career reasons with age. Nearly 80% of students under 26 years, study for their career. This percentage declines by 10% -20% every decade. Only 40% of 40-49 year olds and 18% of over 49 year olds are studying for career reasons. Conversely, there are only 10% of under 26 yr olds studying out of interest. The figure increases till the beginning of the fourth decade, and increases in late adulthood. However, 70% of over 49yr olds study for interest, about 4 times as many as that for career.

The second graph shows that employer support is maximum (about 60%) for the under 26yr students. It drops rapidly to 32% up to the third decade of life, and

then increases in late adulthood up to about 44%. It is unclear whether employer support is only for career-focused study, but the highest level is for those students who mainly study for career purposes.

All in all, it is clear to see that there is an obvious difference in the distribution of reasons for study according to age group and most employers would like to give younger staff members time off and fees to continue academic study.

Jian7test3 bar chart

The information given by the bar chart is about changes in average housing prices in five cities from 1990 to 2000, compared with that in 1989.

According to the chart, during the period from 1990 to 1995, the average prices of houses in three cities decreased significantly by 5% in New York and 7.5% in Tokyo and London. However, the housing prices increased slightly in two cities Madrid and Frankfurt by 1.5% and 2% respectively.

As far as the next period is concerned, it is clear that the average house prices decreased only in Tokyo by 5%. In contrast, the average house prices increased in the rest of cities. In New York, it rose considerably by 5%. Likewise, housing price in Madrid had a rise of 4%. In addition, Frankfurt also experienced an increase of 2%.

All in all, it is clear to see that there are a wide range of differences in house prices between the five cities which illustrated in this chart.

Jian6test4 bar chart

The information given by the bar charts is about the changes in the numbers of marriage and divorce in US from 1970 to 2000, and the marital status of American

adults in the two separate years.

According to the first chart, the number of marriages saw a downward trend during the three decades. It dropped from 2.5 million in 1970 to 2 million in 2000. In terms of the number of divorces, it was always lower than that of marriages. The data of divorces reached a record high (nearly 1.5 million) in 1980 when it was followed by a gentle decrease to only 1 million in 2000.

As we can see from the second chart, in 1970, married people had the largest proportion which was 70%, while the divorced group had the the smallest percentage, nearly 65 times lower than the former group. Interestingly, the proportion of never married people and that of widowed ones alike were similar (around 10%). In 2000, although the number of married people dropped to 60%, it was still the most one. Widowed citizens also decreased a bit and became the fewest group. Moreover, the percentage of never married people and that of divorced ones alike experienced an increase, to 20% and 10% respectively.

In conclusion, after the year 1980, both the number of marriages and that of divorces witnessed a decline, while the percentage of never married people and that of divorced individuals had a gentle increase.

Pie chart

Jian7test4 pie chart

The charts compare the sources of electricity in Australia and France in the years 1980 and 2000. Between these years electricity production almost doubled, rising from 100 units to 170 in Australia, and from 90 to 180 units in France.

In 1980 Australia used coal as the main electricity source (50 units) and the remainder was produced from natural gas, hydro power (each

producing 20 units) and oil (which produced only 10 units). By 2000, coal had become the fuel for more than 75% of electricity produced and only hydro continued to be another significant source supplying approximately 20%.

In contrast, France used coal as a source for only 25 units of electricity in 1980, which was matched by natural gas. The remaining 40 units were produced largely from oil and nuclear power, with hydro contributing only 5 units. But by 2000 nuclear power, which was not used at all in Australia, had developed into the main source, producing almost 75% of electricity, at 126 units, while coal and oil together produced only 50 units. Other sources were no longer significant.

Overall, it is clear that by 2000 these two countries relied on different principal fuel sources: Australia relied on coal and France on nuclear power.