中国抗日战争胜利
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Mobilizing all forces

Summary :

China's victory in the war of Resistance Against Japan is the main reason that we mobilize all forces to resist the Japanese invasion.

1. The Nationalist Party make cooperation with The Communist Party. In order to won the war, All Chinese take part in the war and make contributions to the war.

2. China got support from some countries which also want against Fascism.

Two party make cooperation

Facing the invasion of Japan, The Nationalist Party make cooperation with the Communist Party. The Nationalist Party launched positive campaign, such as, SongHu war, NangJing war, XuZhou war, WuHang war, while the Communist Party launched opposite campaign, such as Pingxingguan war, Baituan war. Mobilize all forces

The international support

China got support from the other countries. With the development of the situation and war, the United States use atomic bomb. What’s more, the Soviet union and the United States all declared war to Japan.

Summary:

China got final victory at last. In order to won the war, mobilizing all forces is necessary, so we must to found some people or countries which they have same target and benefit with us support us to resist emery.

动员一切力量

1931年的“九一八”事变开始,日本就开始侵略中国局部地方。1937年“七七事变”后,日本开始全面侵华,抗日战争爆发。日本意图在三个月内灭亡中国,但没想到,日本期望的速战速决取得胜利并没有发生。令日本惊讶的是,中国动员了一切里力量来保卫他们的家园。

首先是,面对日本的侵略,中国国内停止内战,国共合作,建立抗日民族统一战线。一切炎黄子孙,不分阶级、党派、民族、地区,不分宗教信仰,不分男女老幼,一齐为抗日战争贡献力量。

此外,中国得到了世界人民的同情和援助。许多国家的政府代表人民的利益强烈谴责日本的侵略行径,并向中国提供大量的物质援助。世界反法西斯同盟World Anti-Fascist Alliance

的帮助壮大了中国抗日战争的力量。

Mobilizing all forces

Japan had launched some wars in China partial place since it started “nine one eight” event in 1931. After the “seven seven” event in 1937, Japan started all-out offensive and in the time, the war against Japan broken out. Japan predicted the conquest of China in three months,however ,the quick decisive victory that Japan expected never happened. To Japan surprise, the Chinese mobilized all forces to defend their homeland.

Firstly ,facing the invasion of Japan, The Nationalist Party make cooperation with the Communist Party. What’s more, they make a common front. All Chinese, no matter grades or parts, no matter races or religion, no matter old man or children, all make contributions to the war.

Furthermore, China got pity and support from people around the world. So many people criticized the invasive behavior of Japan and offered large amounts of supplies to China.

两党合作

Two party made cooperation

中国共产党倡导了第二次国共合作,1935年8月1日即发表《八一宣言》,郑重宣布:“兄弟阋于墙外御其侮”,只要国民党军队停止进攻红军的行动,“红军不仅立刻对之停止敌对行为,而且愿意与之亲密携手共同救国。”从1936年初开始,中国共产党与国民党多次举行国共合作的谈判,到1937年9月23日,国民党中央社发表了蒋介石《对中国共产党宣言的谈话》,标志着第二次国共合作正式形成。抗日战争全面爆发后,中国共产党将红军和南方八省游击队分别改编为八路军和新四军,开赴敌后,开展广泛的抗日游击战争。在敌后战场,取得了平型关大捷、夜袭阳明堡机场、百团大战、黄土岭伏击战等一系列辉煌的战绩,特别是到抗战后期,建立了19块大的抗日根据地,将日本侵略军压缩在铁路线、大城市狭窄的点、线区域,使其濒临失败的边缘,为抗日军民的战略大反攻创造了条件。而在正面战场上,国民党军队则在淞沪会战、徐州会战、武汉会战、长沙会战、赴缅远征作战等一系列重大战役,节节抵抗,沉重地打击了日寇,取得了台儿庄会战、第三次长沙会战、第二次赴缅作战、芷江会战等若干著名的胜利,并在1943年下半年起逐步夺取了抗日战场上的制空权,同样为抗日战场的最后胜利创造了条件。由于抗日统一战线的存在,中国战场上共产党领导的敌后战场,与国民党领导的正面战场紧密配合,将士团结协作,浴血奋战,陷敌于进退唯谷的境地,粉碎了日本军国主义吞并中国的迷梦。Communist Party of China initiated the second KMT-CPC cooperation, August 1, 1935 issued a "Declaration of August," solemnly announced: "Xiong Dixi wall Royal in the insult", as long as the Nationalist army to stop the Red Army offensive

operations, "the Red Army not only immediately on the cessation of hostilities, but also willing to work together to save the country close. "From early 1936, the Chinese Communist Party and the Kuomintang-Communist cooperation in the KMT has held talks to September 23, 1937, the KMT Central News Agency published the Chiang Kai-shek" on China's Communist Manifesto's talk ", marking the official formation of the second KMT-CPC cooperation. Anti-Japanese War broke out, the Chinese Red Army and the Communist Party of the eight provinces in southern guerrillas reorganized as the Eighth Route and New Fourth Army, respectively, marched behind enemy lines, to carry out a wide range of anti-Japanese guerrilla war. Battlefields behind enemy lines made Pingxingguan victory, a night raid yangmingbu airport, Hundred Regiments, and a series of ambushes Huangtuling brilliant record, especially in the late war, the establishment of 19 large anti-Japanese base areas, the Japanese invaders compressed in railway lines, major cities, the narrow point, line area, so near the brink of failure, the strategy for the Japanese army and people create the conditions for a large counterattack. In the frontal battlefields, the KMT forces in the Battle of Shanghai, Battle of Xuzhou, Wuhan Battle, Changsha Battle, went to Burma expeditionary combat a series of major battles, steadily resistance, a heavy blow to the Japanese, made Taierzhuang Campaign, the first Third Battle of Changsha, the second went to Burma, Zhijiang Battle of several other famous victory, and in the second half of 1943 and gradually won the Japanese air superiority on the battlefield, the same as the anti-Japanese war created conditions for the final victory. Because the presence of anti-Japanese united front, the Chinese Communist Party leadership on the battlefield battlefields behind enemy lines, with the KMT leadership closely with the front battlefield, soldiers solidarity and cooperation, bloody battles, the enemy in retreat CD valley trapped situation, shattered the fond dreams of the Chinese annexation of Japanese militarism .

国际援助

从1937年至1944年,美、苏、英、法等国向中国贷款分别约10.478亿美元,1.5亿英镑,10.3亿法郎。 全国抗战的头四年,对华主要援助国是苏联。苏联共贷给中国国民党政府4.5亿美元,以供其购买苏式装备,据苏方统计,从1937年10月至1940年,苏联向中国提供了1235架飞机,82辆坦克,1600门火炮,14000多挺轻重机枪,86万发炮弹,1.1亿发子弹,165000颗航弹,2050辆卡车以及其它物资。 苏联还派出了6个飞行中队的志愿航空队,协助国民政府建设空军和参加对日空战,苏联的物质援助持续到1941年3月。在军事行动上,苏军长期陈兵东北的中苏边境,牵制了大量日军,便利了中国的抗战。1945年8月9日,苏军发起远东战役,歼灭了日本数十万精锐之师的关东军,更是以直接的军事行动援助了中国。美国是在第二次世界大战中援华最多的国家,美国的第一笔援华贷款始于1938年12月15日,大笔的援华物资和贷款是在1941年后到的。美国帮助国民党重建了空军,并派第14航空队直接参加中国战区的作战;此外,还向国民党军队提供大量的美械装备和美式训练。1945年苏联对日宣战,美国向日本的广岛和长崎分别投放了一颗原子弹。

From 1937 to 1944, the United States, Soviet Union, Britain, France and other countries loans to China of about $ 1,047,800,000, 1.5 million pounds, 1.03 billion francs. First four years of war the country, the major donor countries of the Soviet Union to China. The Soviet Union the Kuomintang government to lend a total of $ 450,000,000 for the purchase of Soviet-style equipment, according to the Sudanese side to statistics, from October 1937 to 1940, the Soviet Union provided China with 1,235 aircraft, 82 tanks, 1,600 artillery pieces, 14,000 very light machine guns, 860,000 rounds of artillery shells, 110 million rounds of ammunition, 165,000 bombs, 2,050 trucks and other goods. Soviet Union has also sent six volunteer Air Force flying squadron to assist the building of the National Government to participate in the Japanese air force and air combat, the Soviet Union's material assistance until March 1941. Military action, the Soviet long-Chen Bingdong north of the Sino-Soviet border, to contain a large number of Japanese troops to facilitate China's War of Resistance. August 9, 1945, the Soviet Far East campaign was launched to wipe out hundreds of thousands of Japanese elite division of the Kwantung Army, a more direct military action assistance is China. The United States is the most aid to China in World War II, the United States in the first aid loan began in December 15, 1938, large amounts of supplies and aid to China in 1941 after lending to. Reconstruction of the U.S. Air Force to help the Kuomintang and the 14th Air Force sent directly involved in the combat theater of China; In addition, the Nationalist armed forces provide a lot of U.S. equipment and American training.

August 15, 1945, Japan signed the surrender, China finally achieved victory. The face of war is essential to mobilize all forces, the Japanese thought it would be easy to overcome the disunity of China, did not expect, in the face of foreign enemies, the Chinese people will unite not only the mobilization of all available national unity, but also achieved international assistance. For China, the mobilization of all forces is the winning way.

The Soviet Union declared war on Japan in 1945, the United States on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan were put in the atomic bomb.

1945年8月15日,日本签订投降书,中国最终取得战争的胜利。面对战争,动员一切力量是必不可少的,日本本以为会很容易战胜一盘散沙的中国,没想到,面对外敌,中国人民会团结一致,不仅动员国内一切可团结的力量,还取得国际的援助。对于中国,动员一切力量是必胜之道。

August 15, 1945, Japan signed the surrender, China finally achieved victory. The face of war is essential to mobilize all forces in Japan that can easily

overcome the disunity of China, did not expect, in the face of foreign enemies, the Chinese people will unite not only the mobilization of all available national unity, but also achieved international Assistance. For China, the mobilization of all forces is the winning way.