赛龙舟
初二 其它 2763字 290人浏览 xiaoyanlh

On the 5th day of the 5th lunar month 278 BC, when word came that his

country was defeated, Qu Yuan, the patriotic poet, jumped into the Miluo River. On hearing the news, the people nearby searched for him in their boats. On the same day every year, the Dragon Boat Race was celebrated in memory of Qu Yuan, and so the Dragon Boat Festival came into being.

The dragon boat race has been famous in Shunde since ancient times. In the early period of Qing Dynasty, Guangdong Xinyu•Zhouyu, written by Qu Dajun, records that "Annual dragon boat race was launched in Longjiang,Shunde in May or June. At that time, the river with placid water as dragon boat field should be in moderate size. Any one who won the match in final could return their hometowns and invite all their relations and friends to have a big dinner. It's foretold that the gains were abundant and all the people were happy, as well as the trade and business were rich." Actually the dragon boat match was pop in every town and Bao in the entire county at that time, a stone horizontal inscribed board with Chinese character "Ya Jin Qun Long" is still preserved in Shunde Museum now, which came from Beishui Village, Xingtan in the period of Kangxi of Qing Dynasty. There are two kinds of dragon boat, one is "Wandering Dragon Boat", and the other is "Running Dragon Boat". The

former, also called "Dragon Boat" is particularly used for cruising and showing the dressing with flags and drumming for fun; the latter, called "Light Dragon Boat" is small with the length from 3 oars to 15 oars, focused on racing speed.

In the Song Dynasty, the Dragon Boat Race became popular with the people in Guangzhou, while in the Ming Dynasty, Haizhu Stone became the center of the Guangzhou races.

This year, the 16th Asian Games Dragon Project will be held in Zengcheng and the Dragon Boat Race becomes one of sports and entertainment activities, symbolizing the spirit of patriotism and collectivism.

Dragon Boat Song

The "Dragon Boat Song" is a folk rap art originated from Qing Dynasty and prevailed in the border of Shunde county and Cantonese dialect areas before the fifties of the 20th century, and the one with Shunde's accent is traditional. At that time, the actors always showed this song in teahouses, rural ships or under a big banyan tree by holding the props such as a little wood carving dragon boat, a small gong and tabor, and they were singing while drumming. Most of what they sang is twit and humor stories and good wishes. In the

period of the 1911 Revolution and Anti-Japanese War, "Dragon Boat" was applied to the social drumbeating, the feature-length librettos on Anti-Qing Dynasty, Anti-Japanese and denouncing "Three Evils"(Eroticism, Gambling and Narcotic), had wide social influence.