初一 记叙文 15212字 678人浏览 柏拉图未到



泛指一份数据图表:a data graph / chart / diagram/illustration/table

饼图:pie chart; 表格图:table

直方图或柱形图:bar chart / histogram; 趋势曲线图:line chart / curve diagram 流程图或过程图:flow chart / sequence diagram 程序图:processing/procedures diagram


?The table/chart diagram/graph shows (that)

?According to the table/chart diagram/graph,

?As (is) shown in the table/chart diagram / graph,

?As can be seen from the table / chart / diagram/graph/figures,

?The figures/statistics shows (that)……

?It can be seen from the figures/statistics

?We can see from the figures/statistics


?rapid/rapidly 迅速的,险峻的; sudden/suddenly 突然的

?steep/steeply 急剧的; abrupt/abruptly 急剧的

?dramatic/dramatically 明显的,巨大的 marked/markedly 明显的

?sharp/sharply 明显的,急剧的 steady/steadily 稳固的,坚定不移的 ?gradual/gradually 渐进的,逐渐的 slow/slowly 缓慢的

?slight/slightly 轻微的、略微地; stable/stably 稳定的,稳步的

?significant/significantly 重大的,重要的;

4. 不同情况下的增减表示法

? 增加:increase / raise / rise / go up …… 减少:decrease / fall / drop / grow down …… ? 波动:fluctuate (fluctuation)/ wave …… 稳定:remain stable / stabilize / level off ……

5. 具体描述图表句型

(1). From ..to.., there is a +形容词+名词+in +涉及的主语。

(2). From ..to..,涉及的主语+has +V-ed+副词。

6. 造句:在过去的10年里,计算机的价格已经明显地下降了。

?During the past decade, the price of computers has declined/decreased/fell/dropped markedly/dramatically.

?During the past decade, there is a dramatic/marked/sharp decline/ decrease/fall/drop in the price of computers.


Picture describing (开头)

1. As is vividly depicted/illustrated / displayed in the drawing / picture,。。

2. As is vividly described/demonstrated in the drawing above,。。。

3. We can see from the picture that …

4. As can be clearly seen from the picture, 。。。

5. The picture above lively depicts a scene in which ____

Picture describing (引出讨论)

1. By depicting this image, the drawer intends to /attempts to expose/show us that…

2. This drawing mirrors a common phenomenon:

3. The drawing/ picture is really thought-provoking (发人深思的)/meaningful. It reflects a

phenomenon that in modern times people / parents。。。

4. Obviously,?by?describing?the?pictures?above,?the?author?is?showing?his?attitude?towards。。。

5. It goes?without?saying?that?this?picture?aims?at?revealing?a?current?problem:


I .对比观点题型:要求论述两个对立的观点并给出自己的看法。

? 应用模板: 1.有一些人认为…… 2.另一些人认为…… 3.我的看法……:

There is a widespread concern over the issue that 作文题目. But it is well known that the opinion

concerning this hot topic varies from person to person. A majority of people think that 观点一. In

their views there are 2 factors contributing to this attitude as follows: in the first place, 原因

一.Furthermore, in the second place, 原因二.

People, however, differ in their opinions on this matter. Some people hold the idea that 观点二. In

their point of view, on the one hand,原因一. On the other hand, 原因二. Therefore, there is no

doubt that 观点二.

As far as I am concerned, I firmly support the view that 观点一或二.It is not only because

________, but also because _________. The more _______, the more ________.


06. 12: On the Spring Festival Gala 1. 许多人喜欢在除夕夜观看春节晚会2. 但有些人提出

取消春节晚3. 我的看法

05. 12 Should the University Campus Be Open to Tourists?1各校园正成为旅游新热点2校园是


? 精品范文:

对比观点型1: Where to live—in the City or in the Country都市生活与乡村生活


2) 但有些人喜欢住在农村。


Some people like living in the city because city life has many advantages. They think there are

more job opportunities in cities , life there is more colorful and meaningful than that in the

country , and there are more modern conveniences in cities for people to enjoy.

But other people prefer to live in the countryside. They say life in the countryside is closer to

nature and better for their health,life there is quieter and that country people are more honest than

city people.

I would like to live in a city when I am young to earn enough money and I live in the countryside

when I am old for having a quite life.

对比观点型2: Should Education Be Commercialized? 教育商业化问题




With the fast development of economy, there is a tendency that education is becoming

commercialized. People begin to associate education with money and believe that education can

bring profit.

Different people hold different attitudes towards this phenomenon. Some people think that

education should be commercialized because in market economy everything should be connected with money, otherwise, it can't catch the development of society and will lag behind. On the contrary, some people are against this opinion. They think that the function of education is just to educate young people, help them gain knowledge and help them grow in the right way. If education becomes materialized, it might be misleading.

In my opinion, education should keep its original principle, that is, to educate people. Too much commercialization in education can be harmful to the individuals and the society in the long run.

II 、问题对策题型: 要求考生列举出解决问题的多种途径

? 应用模板:1. 问题现状 2. 问题出现的原因/具体陈述问题某一方面 2. 怎样解决

Currently, there is a widespread concern over (the issue that) 作文题目 .It is really an important concern to every one of us. As a result, we must spare no efforts to take some measures to solve this problem.

As we know that there are many steps which can be taken to undo this problem. First of all, 途径

一. In addition, another way contributing to success of the solving problem is 途径二.Above all, to solve the problem of 作文题目, we should find a number of various ways. But as far as I am concerned, I would prefer to solve the problem in this way, that is to say, 方法.

?CET 典型例题:

2010.6 Due Attention Should Be Given to Spelling 1.如今不少学生在英语学习中不重视拼写2. 出现这种现象的原因3. 为了改变这种状况,我认为…

09. 12 Create a Green Campus1.建设绿色校园十分重要 2. 绿色校园不仅指绿色环境 3. 为了建设绿色校园我们应该

? 精品范文:

问题对策1:Energy Resources

1)中国能源丰富 2)但能源消耗速度惊人 3) 如何避免能源危机

As the third largest county in the world, China is rich in various energy resources. Take coal for example ,China is the largest producer of coal in the world.

China is the world's most populous country and has a rapidly growing economy. Together with strong economic growth, China's demand for energy is surging rapidly, and so is its energy consumption. Apart from soaring demand for resources in the economy, another important reason behind huge energy consumption is the relatively low efficiency of energy consumption. Energy wastage is still a serious problem.

To avoid an energy crisis in the future, the government must take certain measures. First, emphasize that energy saving is the common responsibility of the entire society. Second, develop reusable energy resources like solar energy. We have reason to be optimistic in this respect. 问题对策型2: Pollution Problem Concerning China

1)中国的污染的现状2) 造成污染的原因3. )解决的办法

It is reported that ten big cities in China are being ranked among the top twenty cities with the highest pollution index in the world. This means it is high time we did something to bring the situation under control.

Many factors are contributing to the deteriorating situation: industrial wastes pumped into the air, the lakes and rivers; an increasing number of automobiles crowding into the streets; the widespread use of plastic bags etc.

In my view, strict laws and regulations must be implemented to check pollution. Industries that

release wastes without permission should be heavily fined. Cars should be equipped to minimize the exhaust they release into the air. And the use of plastic bags and disposable meal boxes should be banned. What's more, the media should play an important role in implanting a sense of environmental consciousness into people's mind. If everybody works toward a common goal of making the environment better, we can create a cleaner and better world for us and for the coming generations.

III 、说明利弊题型: 这种题型往往要求先说明一下现状,再对比事物本身的利弊,有时也会单从一个角度(利或弊)出发,最后往往要求考生表明自己的态度(或对事物前景提出预测) ? 应用模板:1. 说明事物现状 2. 事物本身的优缺点(或一方面)3. 你对现状(或前景)的看法

Nowadays many people prefer A because it has a significant role in our daily life. Generally, Generally speaking, it is widely believed there are several positive aspects as follows. First ________(A的优点之一). Besides ____________(A的优点之二).

But every coin has two sides. The negative aspects are also apparent. One of the important disadvantages is that ________(A的第一个缺点).To make matters worse,____________(A的第二个缺点).

结尾段1: Through the above analysis, I believe that the positive aspects overweigh the negative ones. Therefore, I would like to ________(我的看法).

结尾段2:To sum up, we should try to bring the advantages of __讨论议题____ into full play, and reduce the disadvantages to the minimum at the same time. In that case, we will definitely make a better use of the ____讨论议题___.

结尾段3:From the comparison between these positive and negative effects of A, we should take it reasonably and do it according to the circumstances we are in. Only by this way, ________(对前景的预测)

?CET 典型例题:

08.6 CET4 Recreational Activities

1. 娱乐活动多种多样

2. 娱乐活动可能使人们受益,也可能有危害性

3. 作为大学生,我的看法

? 精品范文:Media and Shopping

1) 当今,各种媒体非常发达,人们通过媒体购物相当普遍

2) 媒体购物给人们带来很多方便,同时也暴露出其弊端

3) 我的看法

With numerous technological advances, various kinds of media have been well developed. As a result, an increasing number of people are fond of purchasing goods with the help of media, such as newspaper, radio, TV and the Internet.

As we know, every coin has two sides. On the one hand, it saves much time, money and effort to purchase goods through media since you don't have to go to shops in person. Besides, you can choose what you want from an enormous variety of goods on display. On the other hand, you may be cheated sometimes by the false information and suffer a considerable loss.

As far as I am concerned, shopping via media brings great benefits to our life and economy on the whole. At the same time, we need strengthen supervision over the information released via media. In this way, we can get more benefits from shopping via media and reduce the possible harm to a


IV 、阐述主题题型: 要求从一句话或一个主题出发,按照提纲的要求进行论述. 应用模板 1. 阐述名言或主题所蕴涵的意义. 2. 分析并举例使其更充实.

The good old proverb ________(名言或谚语)reminds us that ________(释义). Indeed, we can learn many things form it.

First of all,________(理由一). For example, ____________(举例说明). Secondly,________(理由二). Another case is that ________(举例说明). Furthermore , ____________(理由三).

In my opinion, ________(我的观点). In short, whatever you do, please remember the say____A. If you understand it and apply it to your study or work, you’ll necessarily benefit a lot from it.


? 咨询信:写信目的+介绍背景+询问详情+表示谢意,期盼回复

1. I am writing you this letter for some material on listening and reading, and I would be grateful if you could do me a favor in this matter .2.I wonder if you could tell me some details about books on reading comprehension. In addition, I would be pleased if you can inform me of the way of the way of payment. I would prefer paying in cash for it is more convenience. If possible, would you please tell me when and in what way I can receive my books. I would be interested should mail service is available.3.I would appreciate your assistance in this matter. Should you have any question, please feel free to contact me .Look forward to your reply .

? 求职信:自我介绍、说明求职原因+表示个人能力、经历或求职动机等+希望取得面试机会、表示感谢

1. I am writing you this letter to show my keen interest in the post of assistant manager which you advertised in the newspaper for , as is indicated in the enclosed resume, my major and experiences closely parallel your requirement. I would be grateful if you could take a consideration of my application.2. I have always been a top student in my specialized area. I am sure such courses as business management and literature will lend me an edge in the fierce competition in the job market. Another point I want to draw your attention is that I have been taking an active part in a variety of campus activities. In the process, my teamwork spirit has been enhanced and my interpersonal skills improved. 3. I would appreciate your consideration of my application .Should you have any question; please feel free to contact me. Look forward to your reply.

? 申请信:介绍自己、提出请求+说明原因及其他事项+期盼回复

1. I am writing you this letter to apply for a scholarship in your university in order that I would pursue my graduate study for the Master’s Degree in your university .I would be grateful if you could take a consideration of my application .2. I have passed CET6 and kept on learning English all these years. So I do not think I will have many problems in language during my study all these years. ….3. I would appreciate your consideration of my application .Should you have any question, please feel free to contact me .Look forward to your reply .

? 邀请信:发出邀请+说明事由+说明活动地点、时间+表示期待、感谢

1. I am writing you this letter to invite you to attend tea party/ art festival dinner party/conference/convention/art festival. I would be grateful if you could take part in …2. I am impressed with your good command in …/brilliant academic attainment in …3. I would appreciate your attendance in the party. Should you have any question ,please feel free to contact me .Look forward to your reply .

? 感谢信: 表示感谢+说明感谢的原因+再次表示感谢

1. I am writing you this letter to extend my thanks to you for your kindness /hospitality to me during my stay in London. 2. Originally I only want to call on you and gave my father’s regards to you. But you insisted that I stay in your house during my visit to London and took good care of my life as if I were a family member of you. You really added greatly to my convenience and pleasure of the whole trip. 3. Thank you again for your kindness and I hope that I will have the opportunity to return your charming hostility.

? 致歉信: 表示歉意+说明理由+提出弥补措施+再次致歉、请求原谅

1. Kindly excuse me for my not being able to keep my promise to see you off at the railway station tomorrow morning because of some emergency happened. 2. My brother, who works in a company near our university, suddenly fell ill and was taken to hospital by this morning. As his friends and colleagues are all occupied by their work and he has no relatives in this city other than me, I have to go to hospital right away and take care of him. It will take a few days for him to recover, and so I’m afraid that I cannot go to the station to see you off tomorrow. 3. I am really sorry and I hope you will be back soon. Besides, please give my regards to our friends.

? 投诉信: 提出投诉+具体投诉内容+要求

1. I am writing you this letter to draw your attention to the most undesirable attitude and manner of a particular member of your staff /quality of the product. 2. A week ago,_________________. The product ran well at first .But there was fly in the ointment, that is, _________broken down…3. This problem has affected our normal life/my feelings. I hope you attach importance to this matter, and help settle it as soon as possible.

? 通知:语言注意点通知必须用简练、准确的语言传递信息。如果包含对某项活动、主要参与人或组织者等的介绍,语言应大方得体,重点突出,切忌长篇大论。 Notice/Announcement

The Foreign Language Department takes pleasure in announcing its annual Foreign Language Literary and Artistic Report Performance, which is to be held in the University Auditorium on December 30, 2005, at 2:00 p.m. The program includes chorus, solo, dance, recitation and skit. All the teachers and students are warmly welcome.