图表作文
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英语四级图表作文讲解(三篇题目在本文档末尾处)

图表作文也是四(六) 级考试中常见,而且被认为是一种较难的作文形式。图表作文就是把非文字信息(通常为各种图表表示的数字信息等) 转换成文字信息的一种作文。它要求我们用文字来描述非文字性的图表或对图表显示的关系作解释说明。

第一节 图表作文的出题形式和写作要领

一、图表作文常见出题形式

图表作文一般在题目中给出作文的标题和一个或几个统计表格、圆形图、曲线图或条形图,有时还用英文或中文提纲的形式给出提示,要求我们:

1) 用文字描述图表,客观解释图表中所传递的信息,并找出某种规律或趋势;

2) 就图表中所反映的某种趋势或问题分析其原因或后果。

图表作文着重说明事实,常常是通过对图表中所反映的具体数据的说明、分析、比较,对某种事物或现象的事实或变化情况等加以说明,并提出结论或看法。因此,图表作文常常采用议论文体的写作方法。

写好图表作文,关键在于能否读懂图表中所提供的信息,把握各信息间的联系,用准确流畅的语言把这一信息表达出来,并就这一信息发表自己的看法。

二、图表作文的写作步骤

写图表作文时,要注意遵循以下步骤:

1) 认真分析图表的含义,弄清图表中所含的信息及不同信息间的关系; 2) 确定文章的主题思想,构思出文章的基本框架,筛选出能说明图表主题思想的典型数据;

3) 编列文章的提纲;

4) 根据文章的提纲,将各段的提纲内容扩展成段落,然后将各个段落组成文章,注意段与段之间的衔接与过渡;

5) 检查与修改。

三、图表作文的篇章结构

写图表作文时,常采用三段式的陈述方式。文章的第一段往往分析图表中的数据变化反映什么问题或趋势,概述图表所揭示的信息。第二段分析造成这一问题或趋势的原因。第三段则展望未来的情况或提出解决问题的办法或建议。这一结构可以简单地表述为:

第一段:概述图表反映的主题思想(总趋势+极端值+特点,时态)

第二段:分析产生的原因

第三段:展望未来或提出方法或建议

模板一

① 总的趋势 ② 图表具体描述 ③剖析图表所揭示的含义

④理由一 ⑤ 理由二 ⑥理由三 ⑦ 理由四 ⑧总结 ⑨ 前景预测

As can be seen from the table, the past decade has witnessed dramatic changes in①______.

While ②_______. It is obvious from the table that③_________.

What contributed to these changes? I think the reasons are as follows. To start with, ④______. Secondly, ⑤______ . What ’s more, ⑥ _______. Last but not lease, ⑦________.

In conclusion, ⑧_________. Moreover, ⑨ ________.

模板二

①描述图表 ②分三方面解释原因 ③下结论

1) During the period from _______to _______, ________rose from ________to _______, while _______ decreased from _______ to _______.

2) We believe that three reasons can account for this phenomenon. First,____. Second, ____. Third, _____.

3) ___.We are happy to see that things are becoming better and better nowadays. We can imagine that ___.

模板三

①描述图表 ②解释图表 ③补充解释

1) During the period between _______ and ________, ________ declined abruptly from _______ to ________, while ________ increased sharply from ________ to _______.

2) Several reasons can account for this phenomenon. Compared with _________ is much

cheaper and more convenient__________ . Apart from that, _________.

3) However, there are still a number of people who _________, generally for two reasons. On the one hand,________. On the other hand, ________.

范文: Film Is Giving Way to TV

1. 电影观众越来越少

2. 电视观众越来越多,因为……

3. 然而,还是有人喜欢看电影,因为……

1. 图表类型:

table 表格; chart 图表 (diagram图表或图解,示意图; graph图表, 曲线图); column/ bar chart柱状图; pie graph饼图

2. 描述:

show; describe; illustrate; can be seen from; clear; apparent; reveal 显示; represent 表现, 描绘

3. 内容:

figure 数字; statistic统计值; statistics [用作复]统计, 统计数字[资料], 统计表number; percentage; proportion

● 表示数据

上升:increase, rise, ascend, core, surge, go up, climb, mount, level up 下降: decrease, fall, drop, descend, decline, reduce ,lessen, level, down 平稳: stable, steady, remain steady/stable; /maintain/keep/be the same as/similar to ; little/hardly any /no change

波动: fluctuate, fluctuation, rise and falls, up and down

占: occupy, take up, account for, gain

而: while, however, whereas , on the other hand, actually/in fact 相比: by contract, on the contrary, likewise, compared with

最高点: the highest, the top, the summit, the peak, the most

最低点: bottom, less, least, rock bottom最低点

例句 Prices have hit rock bottom. 价格已达最低水平 平均: mean平均值, average

趋势: tendency, trend, inclination 预见: prediction 达到顶峰: mount to 比例:20 per cent , 20% one in three, 1/3

one out of every four, 1/4

有一个稳定的过程: a stable period can be seen 表示 变化程度的词: sudden/suddenly 突然的,意外的 rapid/rapidly

迅速的,飞快的,险峻的

dramatic/dramatically 戏剧性的,生动的

significant/significantly 有意义的,重大的,重要的 sharp/sharply 明显的,急剧的 steep/steeply 急剧升降的

steady/steadily

稳固的,坚定不移的 gradual/gradually 渐进的,逐渐的 slow/slowly

缓慢的,不活跃的 slight/slightly 轻微的、略微地 stable/stably

稳定的

表示范围:

from…to … between…and … for …to …多长时间直到 表示程度: almost adv.

几乎,差不多 nearly adv.

几乎,密切地

approximately adv. 近似的,大约 just over

刚超过

exactly adv. 正确地,严密地

precisely adv. 正好 精确地;清晰地

● 常用词和短语

significant changes

图中一些较大变化 noticeable trend 明显趋势 during the same period 在同一时期 grow/grew

增长 distribute

分布,区别 unequally

不相等地 pronounced

明显的 average

平均 no doubt

无疑地 corresponding adj.

相应的,通讯的 represent vt.

阐述,表现 overall

体上讲 except

除外 in the case of adv.

在…的情况下 in contrast

相反,大不相同 in conclusion adv.

最后,总之 in comparison

相比之下 inversely adv.

相反地,倒转地 in general

通常,大体上,一般而言 rang from…to

从…到…不等 excessive adj.

过多的,过分的,额外 lower v.

降低,跌落 elapse vi.

(时间)过去,消逝 category n.

种类 government policy

政府政策 market forces 市场规律

measure n. 尺寸,方法,措施 v.估量,调节

forecast n.

先见,预见 表示程度的副词:

1.)程度较大:

considerably dramatically greatly markedly obviously quickly rapidly sharply significantly suddenly

2) 程度较小:

slightly gradually slowly steadily

四、图表作文常用的句型

(1)常用的开篇句型(即概述图表内容时常用的表达法)

① According to the table/pie chart/line graph/bar graph, we can see/conclude that … 根据该表/图,我们可知 ……

② The table/graph reveals (shows/indicates/illustrates/ represents/points out) that … 该表/图表明……

③ As we can see from the table …

As can be seen from the line/bar graph …

As is shown (illustrated/indicated) in the pie chart …

如表/图所示,……

(2) 描述增减变化常用的句型

① Compared with … is still increased by …

② The number of … grew/rose from … to …

③ An increase is shown in …; then came a sharp increase of …

④ In … the number remains the same/drops to …

⑤ There was a very slight (small/slow/gradual) rise/increase in 1990. ⑥ There was a very steady (marked/sharp/rapid/sudden/ dramatic) drop (decrease/decline/fall/reduction) in 1998/ compared with that of last year). 来看一篇范文:

⑴ From the graph, we can see that the number of car accidents in Walton city fluctuated during the year of 1990. ⑵ The first two months of 1990 showed an increasing trend. ⑶ The rate rose to 32 in March but fell to 26 in June. ⑷ From June on, the rate was rising again and reached the peak point 39 in August. ⑸ After

August the rate began to decline remarkably, and eventually dropped to the lowest point 16 at the end of the year. ⑹ Therefore, it’s obvious that car accident in Walton city declined in 1990.⑴主题句/概述表格反映的内容⑵—(5)反映交通事故的变化情况(6)小结:总结表格数据反映的总趋势

⑺There are several reasons for the decline. ⑻ First, a new traffic law was made and came into force. ⑼ It provided that in summer every car must be

air-conditioned. ⑽ As a result, the highest rate in August, when humidity and high temperature make drivers impatient and easily lead to car accidents, dropped steadily. ⑾ Second, new roads were built and some narrow streets were widened, which quickened the flow of traffic. ⑿ Finally, the city administration made great efforts to heighten people’s awareness of observing traffic rules.⑺主题句⑻原因/措施一⑼解释措施一/次要辅助⑽采取措施一后的结果⑾原因/措施二⑿原因/措施三

⒀ With all these new measures, I’m sure the rate of car accidents in Walton city will go on falling this year.⒀总结:展望未来的情况

第二节 图表作文样题与样文举例

样题一:

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic How People Spend Their Holidays. You should write at least 120 words, and base your composition on the table and the outline given below:

1、 根据上表,简要描述1990年、1995年、2000年某城市人们度假方式的情况及其变化;

2、 请说明发生这些变化的原因;

3、 得出结论。

How People Spend Their Holidays

As is clearly shown in the table that there was a dramatic change in the way people spent their holidays between 1990 and 2000. Especially, in 1990, 63% of people spent their holidays at home, while the figure decreased considerably to 24% in 2000. There are three reasons for this phenomenon.

样题二:

The Pursuit of A Master’s Degree a. 根据下图描述某校毕业生毕业意向的变化 b. 分析选择读研的毕业生数目增加的原因 c. 说明选择读研对个人和社会产生的影响

It is illustrated in the pie charts that graduates’ choices after graduation have experienced much change. The number of students choosing to pursue a master’s degree and study abroad grows several times over the decade.

样题三:

Direction: For this part you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic :Cell Phones .You should write no less than 120 words and base your composition on the outline below:

1. 描述上图所示的手机用户数的变化情况

2. 出现这种情况的原因

3. 对此现象作出评价

Cell Phones

As is shown in the chart , cell phones are becoming increasingly popular within China. In 1999, the number of cell phones in use was only 2 million, but in 2002, the number reaches 5 million. And in the year 2005, the number has suddenly soared to 9 million.