四级漫画作文
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漫画式作文写作攻略

2012年12月起,多题多卷中出现的三道写作题均为漫画作文及图表作文,令很多考生猝不及防,顿时乱了阵脚。本文拟从审题、布局和主体段的论证方法三个角度提出四级漫画作文的写作攻略,以帮助考生应对这种比较特殊的写作题型。

第一、读图审题

四级漫画作文中的漫画通常反映一个社会现象或生活哲理,要求考生根据自己对漫画的理解来写作。因此,要写好四级漫画作文,审题格外重要。考生在下笔之前要仔细看漫画,弄清漫画的寓意,这是文章切题的保证。此外,在写作题中,Directions 部分都给出了写作内容的大致方向,这也为考生把握漫画寓意提供了帮助。下面笔者就来逐一梳理2013年6月四级作文的三幅漫画及其传达的寓意。

题目一

Directions: For this part, you’re allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay. You should start your essay with a brief description ofthe picture and then express your views on the importance of reading literature. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.

审题:本题的漫画反映的是一个社会现象。在漫画中,老师把一本厚厚的书交给学生,并对他说:“Just think of it as if you’re reading a longtext-message.”结合题目中的写作指令(express your views on theimportance of reading literature),考生可以得出这幅漫画所反映的社会现象:随着新的电子媒体的出现,文学阅读日渐式微。需要提醒考生的是,漫画中的text-message 象征着当代层出不穷的新媒体,这里并不需要对其做过于狭隘的理解。

Sample 1 The Importance of Reading Literature

As is shown in the picture, when the teacher assigns her student to read a literature book, she tells him to think of it as a long text-message. It reminds me of the importance of reading literature while most people are spending much more time reading text-messages than literary works.

As it is, reading literature is important in that it can not only broaden our horizon but also enrich our mind. To be specific, reading classic works is a real eye-opener, from which we can acquire knowledge of different historical events and cultural traditions. Moreover, the moral outlooks and views of life revealed in great works offer great nourishment and contribute to our growth and wisdom. Take myself as an example, whenever I ’m confronted with obstacles,I will reflect on the books I ’ve read, imagining what the heroes would do if they were in my situation. Then normally I will get the power and overcome the difficulties.

All in all, reading literature regularly as one does text-messages is critical to a more colorful and wiser life.

Sample 2 The Importance of Reading Literature

Literature is acknowledged as the most precious product of human civilization and wisdom, especially by our teachers. So they always ask their students to read as many literary works as possible. Just as the drawing shown above, a teacher gives a literary work to her student, saying: “Just think of it as if you’re reading a long text-message.”

It is of great significance for us to appreciate literature due to the following reasons. Firstly, a good literature can get you to know a life experience through the eyes of someone other than yourself. The more experience you gain, the more knowledgeable you are. Secondly, a good literature allows you to learn about history in a personalized way. The stories told in the works can act as mirrors and help you adjust your own behaviors. Lastly, a good literature is an effective way for relaxation. The beautiful and moving scenes shown in the literature are helpful for one ’s mental health.

In short, literature is indispensable in our life. We, students, should catch our time to read more literature.

题目二

Directions: For this part, you

’reallowed 30 minutes to write a short essay. You should start your essay with abrief description of the picture and then express your views on the importanceof doing small things before undertaking something big. You should write atleast 120 words but no more than 180 words.

审题:本题的漫画中有一对父子。儿子说:“Dad, I ’m a bit worried about disposing of nuclear waste. ”爸爸说:“If you can empty the dustbin here, you can do anything. ”这幅漫画传达的是一个人生道理:想做大事,要先从小事做起。一屋不扫,何以扫天下?如果考生没有从漫画中看出这层意思,也可以结合写作指令(express your views on the importance of doing small things before undertaking something big)看出这一点。

题目三

Directions: For this part, you’reallowed 30 minutes to write a short essay. You should start your essay with abrief description of the picture and then express your views on the importanceof learning basic skills . You should write at least 120 words but no more than180 words.

审题:在本题的漫画中,一位老师正在教一群小学生乘法表,孩子们却面露疑色,其中一个学生向老师表达了大家心中的疑虑No offense, but by the time we’re in the job market, won’t that stuff be outdated?结合写作指令(express your views on the importance of learning basic skills),考生不难看出这幅漫画意在强调学习基本技能的重要性。

第二、谋篇布局

在把握文章的主旨之后,考生就可以构思整篇文章的架构了。四级漫画作文的写作可以分为下面三个段落。

第一段:开门见山,简要描述一下漫画内容,并指出漫画的寓意。描述漫画内容是为了揭示其中的寓意,是手段而不是目的,所以描述要简洁明快,一般来说一句话足矣。需要提醒考生的是,写作的Directions 部分虽然给出了大致的写作主题,但是也要求考生对漫画进行简要描述,因此考生切不可抛开漫画内容直接展开议论。

第二段:表达考生对漫画寓意的看法,这是文章的重心所在。若漫画反映的是现象或问题,分析原因/后果;若漫画反映的是哲理,证明这一哲理的正确性或重要性。比如,就第一道写作题目而言,考生应在第二段阐述阅读文学作品的重要性;就第二道写作题目而言,考生应在第二段论述为什么凡事必须从小事做起;就第三道写作题目而言,考生应在第二段论述掌握基本技能的重要性。

第三段:重申主题,总结全文。考生需要注意的是,结尾段一般并不需要实质性的分析,其主要作用是总结和升华,使文章结构完整。所以结尾段的写作要简明扼要,点到即止。

第三、论证方法

漫画作文的第二段要表达考生对漫画寓意的看法,这是文章的核心段落,也是作文字数达到要求的关键。因此,考生在这一段要浓墨重彩,写深、写透。在写这一段时,考生要尽量摆事实、讲道理,避免空泛的议论。针对这一核心段落,笔者在此推荐以下三种展开议论的常用方法,希望对考生有所启发。

1. 条分缕析

在写作第二段时,考生可以从2~3个方面对观点展开论述,这种写法可使文章显得层次清楚、条理清晰。例如,本次四级作文第一道题目的第二段需要阐述阅读文学作品的重要性,考生就可以从以下两个方面展开:第一,相对于电子媒体,文学阅读更能培养人的想象力;第二,阅读文学作品能够帮助我们更好地了解社会。请参考下面的范文。

There wasa time when children could relish (欣赏/ 也可以使用appreciate 替换)literature. But can enjoy the sounds and action on a TV or computer screen. "So why bother reading?" some ask. The reasonis obvious: It enriches our imagination. When we read apiece of literature, we are living the life of RobinHood or starting an adventure with Tom Sawyer. In addition, literature is the mirror of society. whether it be poetry, drama or fiction. We know thesociety better through literature.

2. 举例论证

如果漫画所传达的是抽象的人生哲理,那么考生在论述时最好能举出具体的事例,尽量避免空洞的说教。比如,就本次四级作文第二道题目而言,考生可以在第二段中举出一些成功人士如何从小事做起的例子。笔者下面提供的范文中用到的是哈兰·桑德斯上校从一个小吃店做起,最后缔造出遍布全球的肯德基快餐帝国的例子,用以证明只有从小事做起,才能成就大事。请看下面的范文。

Everything is smallbefore it is big. A good example is KFC. In 1930 Colonel Harland Sanders beganserving food to his service station customers in Corbin, a city in Kentucky. He fried chicken in his own kitchen andperfected his secret recipe there. From the small roadside eatery, he went on to build an empire of fast food.

3. 类比论证

如果漫画中的寓意不容易通过具体的事例来证明,那么考生还可以使用类比论证的方法,即通过打比方来论证一个抽象的道理。比如,对于本次四级作文的第三道题目,考生可以在第二段中用学习打篮球的过程来打比方。学习打篮球时,只有先学会了投球、运球、传球这些基本技能,才能进一步学习高难度的技能。以此类推,无论做任何事情,只有掌握了基本的技能,才可能取得更大的成功。此外,考生还可以举出统计数字,用具体的研究结果来证明论点。请看下面的范文。

Simple as they mayseem, basic skills serve as the first link in the chain of success. Thisis analogous to learning to play basketball. If shooting, dribbling and passing are not mastered, learning advanced skills will become difficult, if notimpossible. A growing body of research has also documented that such basicskills as reading, writing and computing are highlycorrelated with success later in life.

A 2012 study surveyed 300 CEOs ofFortune 500 companies and found that 87% attributed part of their success tothe basic skills they learned in primary school.

总而言之,考生在写四级漫画作文时要做到以下几点:第一,仔细观察漫画,弄清漫画的寓意,树立文章的论点;第二,安排好文章的结构,以三段布局为宜;第三,掌握常用的主体段展开技巧,进行充分论证。如果能做到这些,那么四级漫画作文就没有那么可怕了。

用于描写漫画、图表的常用句型

1.As the graph depicts , „

2.From the cartoon /picture , we can see that „

3.According to the statistics shown in the first /second graph ,

4.The table shows / indicates / reveals that „

5.It can be seen /concluded from the picture / table / figures that „