初一 散文 28507字 261人浏览 淘宝路过

1 预测话题 :权利和平等

如果写到动物的保护问题时,可以说:Animals are not created for humans any more than women are created for men, black for white.

在写到政府是否该花钱来发展武器时,可以说:There is no doubt that the advancement of military technologies is one of the greatest dangers to all human rights, including the most basic right to life itself.

在写到环境的重要性时,可以说:All human beings have the fundamental right to an environment adequate for their health and well-being.


When someone turns 18, he or she should be tried as an adult because they have adult rights. Children, however, do not have the same rights as adults do. Then, if a five-year-old child killing someone has been sentenced the death penalty, the trial that determines whether or not someone should be tried as an adult are absurd.


Respect for property is no less important than respect for person. Indeed, respect for property is one species of respect for person. Property is the stuff of personal independence. It is, therefore, an economic foundation of freedom. A society in which respect for property diminishes is one in which freedom diminishes.



176. As a popular saying goes, "everything has two sides." Now the public are benefiting more and more from scientific and technological inventions. On the other hand, the progress of science and technology is bringing us a lot of trouble. People in many countries are suffering from public hazards.

常言道:事情总是一分为二的。如今人们从科技发明中得到越来越多的好处。另一方面,科技进步也给我们带来了许多麻烦。现在许多国家 的人民饱受公害之苦。

177. Let's take cars for example. They not only pollute the air in cities, but make them crowded. Furthermore, they are responsible for a lot of traffic accidents. The noise made by cars disturbs the residents living on both sides of streets all day and night.


178. It is generally believed that the chief reason for the increase in population in developed countries is not so much the rise in birth rates as the decline in d

2 eath rates as a result of the improvement in medical care.


179. There is no doubt that the increase in demand caused the rise in prices. 毫无疑问,需求的增长导致了价格的上涨。

180. Additional social stresses may also occur because of the population explosion or problems arising from mass migration movements-themselves made relatively easy nowadays by modern means of transport.


181. With the opening and reform policy being carried out, thousands upon thousands of foreign visitors are crowding into our country. They are eager to see this old mysterious land with a splendid culture of more than 5,000years.


182. Tourism brings China a lot of benefits. First, it enables the Chinese people to know more about the outside world and promotes friendship and understanding. Second, it is financially beneficial to China, which needs more foreign currencies for its modernization program.


183 Tourism, however, gives rise to a number of problems. For instance, it becomes a burden to inefficient transportation system.


184. Besides, the living standard of the average Chinese is still not high enough to be able to afford the many different sorts of expensed during long distance travels.

此外,中国人民的生活水平还没有高到足以使普通中国人有钱支付长途旅行的各种开支。 185. As for me, with the development of our national economy, all these problems will certainly be solved step by step.


186. A much better and brighter future awaits us.


187. When an opportunity comes, it brings a promise but never realizes it on its own.


188. If you want to achieve something or intend to fulfill one of your ambitions, you must work hard, make efforts and get prepared. Otherwise, you will take no advantage of opportunities when they come to visit you.


189. The difference between a man who succeeds and one who does not lies only in the way each treats opportunities. The successful person always makes adequate preparations to meet opportunities as they duly arrive. The unsuccessful person, on the

3 other hand, works little and just waits to see pass by.


190. In my opinion, there are plenty of opportunities for everyone in our society, but only those who are prepared adequately and qualified highly can make use of them to achieve purpose.


191. Anthropologists have discovered that fear, happiness, sadness, and surprise are universally reflected in facial expressions.


192. The greater the population there is in a locality, the greater the need there is for water, transportation, and disposal of refuse.


193. Long before children are able to speak or understand a language, they communicate through facial expressions and by making noises.


194. Children with parents whose guidance is firm, consistent, and rational are inclined to possess high levels of self-confidence.


195. Television, the most pervasive and persuasive of modern technologies, marked by rapid change and growth, is moving into a new era, an era of extraordinary sophistication and versatility, which promises to reshape our lives and our world.


196. Television is more than just an electronic appliance; it is a means of expression, as well as a vehicle for communication, and as such becomes a powerful tool for reaching other human beings.

电视不仅仅是一件电器;它是表达的手段和交流的载体,并因此成为联系他人的有力工具。 197. I am always amazed when I heard people saying that sport creates goodwill between the nations, and that if only the common peoples of the world could meet one another at football or cricket, they would have no inclination to meet on the battlefield.


198. One of the great early writers wrote that: Work is the grand cure of all the maladies and miseries that ever beset mankind. If this is true, then the present situation should make us wonder whether the measure that the average worker is obliged to retire at the age of 50 is reasonable.

一位伟大的作家曾写到:工作是医治人间一切病痛和疾苦的万应良药。 如果是这样的话,那么现在的状况应使我们想一想,强迫普通工人在50岁退休是否合理。

199. "The people who get on in this world are the people who get up and look for circumstances they want, and if they cannot find them, make them." Such is the remark made by Bernard Shaw, a great writer. This view has been shared now by more and m

4 ore people.


200. Adler is correct in this assertion that education does not end with graduation. 阿得勒这句话很正确,教育不能随着毕业而结束。


Since cities have changed a lot, the size of the cities has grown enormously. Discuss the causes and consequence of the enormous size of cities.

Nowadays, the maps of cities are updated frequently. With the development of city, more and more suburbs become parts of the city. When the cities in the world are amplifying constantly, people discuss the topic hotly, the causes and consequence of the enormous cities. Different people have different answers by their respective views.

In my opinion, the evolution of society and the development of economy result in the growth of the vast size of cities. Since the number of population in every city is increasing continually, people need a large amount of space to live in. With the progress of the technology, the output of crops rises sharply. Fewer and fewer farmers are required, as a result, more and more villages urbanize. The growth of the cities brings us many huge changes.

There are more job opportunities in the cities. For instance, China will hold the Olympic Games in Beijing in 2008. The government is amplifying the size of Beijing to build new gyms in order to hold it excellently. Obviously, people in the cities could gain a lot of new jobs.

Of course, the enormous size of cities also has bad effects. Pollution is becoming more and more serious all over the world with the amplification of the cities. For example, the poisonous gas sent off by factories and automobiles has made the air unhealthy for people to breathe. Water waste keeps pouring into rivers and lakes; as a result, many water species are dying out. Furthermore, more people the city have, more rubbish we can find.

In a word, since each coin has two sides, we should be acquainted clearly with the reasons why the size of the cities has grown enormously and what it will bring us. Thus, we could make full use of the positive effects and overcome the negative effects.


Individual greed and selfishness has been the basis of the modern society. Someone think that we must return to the olds, more traditional values of respect for the family and the local community in order to create a better world to live in. To what e

5 xtent do you agree or disagree?

We are in a selfish world today. We are so busy looking out for number one, so saturated by our own problems, our own issues and our own little and often petty concerns that we failed to see how all could grow and being benefited by working together as a team. As far as I am concerned, the reason of the individual greed and selfishness were actually caused by the faster and faster development and more and more competition of the society.

Some people yearn to return to the old and traditional values of respect for the family and the local community in order to create a better world to live in. According to them , people were more honest and warm-hearted and the manner of traditional treating each other was simple and selfless in the past.

Personally , I do not support this view . Even in the past, greed and selfishness existed in our society. These two factors never disappeared since human have instinctive material needs, individual wants and desires would swell surely with the advances of life and society. Moreover, old tradition has its own limit and could only adapt for a certain period. I believe that the key point here is to create a better world is the way of formulating moral criteria and improving the spiritual education. For example, religions play a significant role in respect for the family and the community.

To sum up, selfishness and greed cannot be avoided and eliminated, because they exist, more or less, in everyone's heart, even sometimes they contribute to the prosperity. To control them depends on the well basic education from every part of our society, such as family, communities, academic institutions, etc.


The government should control the amount of violence in films and on television in order to decrease the violent crimes in society. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this issue?

It is widely acknowledged that the amount of violence in films and on TV is one of the direct causes that lead to our high crime rate in our society. The voice of demanding the government to control violent scenes in media has been much louder than before. Personally, I totally agree with this voice, for it is the most effective way to reduce violent crimes in the real world.

First and foremost, violence on TV or in films is often portrayed as extreme as possible in order to attract audiences. This will definitely set a bad example for t

6 hose immature audiences, who, lacking correct parental guidance, are most likely to copy the violent behaviours and commit real violent crimes.

Next , media, such as TV or film, is considered as the correct information source regulated by the government. It should be reporting and reflecting true phenomena in the society. Violence, as one of the facts in the real world, certainly has to be reported. However, excessive violence is offering misleading information to the public, which will exert detrimental influence to the society. For example, teenagers will regard those killers and murderers in the films and on TV as role models and copy their behaviours. It is recently reported in the news that a seventeen-year-old killed all his family members, one sister and two parents out of hatred and jealousy. In the real world, we are often reminded of the harm and hurt that violence in fictional world has brought us.

In a word, our society is preoccupied by the violent scenes and plots at present. What the government has to do immediately is to take effective measures to control the amount of violence in media. Only in this way, can our society enjoy high level of security and peace.


Crime is without doubt a huge problem in every country in the world. There are certain countries, cities, towns and districts where the crime rate is extremely high and such places are very dangerous places to be. Without doubt these areas desperately need new government policies and a shift in actions by the police to remedy a desperate situation. These places tend to be areas of high unemployment and poverty. If the focus were placed on finding and creating jobs in these places the crime problem would improve. Instead governments go for easy options such as increasing the lengt

hs of prison sentences. This treats the results of crime, not it's causes.

Nevertheless , such places are few and far between. The vast majority of places in the world are perfectly safe places to live. People who are afraid to leave their homes do so largely for two reasons. Firstly, they were unfortunate enough to be victim of a crime. Secondly, and most importantly, they hear about crime everywhere: TV, radio, papers. In some areas crime stories take up a huge percentage of news. If you hear about crime all the time, you begin to believe its everywhere. This is simply not the case.

Crime has been around since man first appeared on earth and will continue to be here till we leave. Of course there are measures governments could take to improve the situation but they can't eradicate crime. What measures should be taken depend on ones political opinions.


[雅思题目]Some reports have discovered the incidence of violence foryoungwomen is in

creasing. Give possible reasons and recommendationstothe situation.

7 分析女性犯罪越来越高的原因

It is reported that the proportion of young femalecriminalunfolds a steady increasing trend, and women crime,especially theyoung females delinquency has become a serioussocial problemindeed. Young women, as the most peaceable parts ofhuman, arealways regarded as the last aim by the police office. Whythey goastray is mainly due to the two following reasons: one istheir owncharacter peculiarity, the other is from socialpressure.

As far as the former, for one thing, the female is sensitivetothe trifles and sentimental to the reins and loves.Sensitivityoften puts them to the edge unnecessarily and formsextreme ideas,which frequently leads to direct criminal.Frangibility ofsensibility makes them so depressed and despairedthat they have ahigh probability to do the illegal behavior whenthey slip down inloves.

As for the latter reason, the social pressure comesoftraditionally sexual discrimination and survival competition. Itisno denying the fact that the contemporary including the womenareconfronted with the more severe competition than theirancestorswere, and in addition to this point, females still have tostrugglewith the deep-booted discrimination.

When young women make their debut in the society, all kindsofcrises, trouble and pressure lay them into flat, which compelsthemto avenge and relieve their feeling with lawless methodsinunassisted situation. Ponderance of young female criminalrevealslong-term negligence to the females inner and outercircumstance.It is almost impossible to change females nature, sothe societyshould take more care of women, especially for the youngwomen. Forexample, some psychological courses and the methods ofsolvingproblem are effective measures to adjust the mood of women.In themeantime, prejudice to women should be out of the socialstage andfair, equal and friendly atmosphere should be set up,which canhelp women to take part in the formal and rationalcontention.Additionally, the society should approbate thefemalesindispensable position of community and encourage them toshowtheir special aptitude and intelligence.

Undisputablely, the rising criminal rate of young womenhasrelation to both females themselves and irrationalsocialphenomena. Care and equity are the best way to solvethisincreasing problem, after all, they are less aggressive


In recent years, more and more advertisements have been flooding into our lives. Some advertisements exert negative effects on the youth. Therefore some people suggest that advertisements be banned. Do you agree or disagree with this? Give your reasons.

Along with the rapid progress of society, the advertising industry has undergone remarkable development. Every day we are surrounded by all kinds of ads and commerc

8 ials, which have a profound influence on our daily lives. As a result, there arises a fierce debate concerning the proposal that we should ban all kinds of advertisements.

On one hand, some people are in favor of the idea that advertisement should not be banned; instead it should be further developed. They are of the opinion that advertisement is a good channel which helps promote the exchanges of information. In an era of information, everyone can benefit a lot from the advertisements, not only the manufacturers but the customers. Moreover, the advertisement enables people to catch up with the amazing advance in all fields. From the mushrooming advertisements, people get to know some newest products and the trend of consumption. Thirdly, advertising, to some extent, is not only an industry but an art. Many advertisements are elaborate works of art full of ingenuity and originality, which render great spiritual pleasure to the viewers and add to the picturesque cityscape. In a word, the advertisement is a blessing for modern people.

Despite the benefits advertisement has brought us, many people strongly condemn it, saying that they have been fed up with all kinds of rubbish ads. They call for a comprehensive ban on the advertisement based on the following reasons. First of all, a majority of advertisements are fictitious and misleading, causing confusion in people’s daily life and even leading to the injury and death of some customers. Secondly, they bring many inconveniences and troubles to us. For example, are you pleased with a mailbox stuffed with unwanted ads or a wonderful film on TV being interrupted frequently? Furthermore, the non-standard use of language in advertisement brings about irreparable damage to the integrity and purity of our language. Consequently, it will exert a disastrous impact on the literacy of our younger generations. In some people’s eyes, the advertisement is just a Genie out of the bottle.

To be frank, it is quite impossible for people to reach an absolute consensus on most controversial issues. To my mind, a total ban on advertisement is not an ideal and practical choice. How can we imagine all advertisements vanishing overnight? The demerits should by ano means make us lose sight of the benefits advertisements have brought to us. A more workable and rational attitude should be adopted; that is, to eliminate the false and retain the true. Always bear in mind the old saying:“never throw away the baby with bath water.”

2012年雅思考试话题作文预测及参考范文:机器翻译还学外语吗 With the rapid development of modern science, computers havebeenplaying a more important role in our daily liv

es. It is suchaworldwide trend that there is no exception for Chinese.

Many people regard the computer as the magic machine. It cansolvemany problems quickly and efficiently, and best of all, itcantranslate all kinds of languages. By using the computer you canjustput ail the original versions into it and then you will getthe fasttranslation. So some parents raise doubts about thenecessity fortheir children to learn foreign languages so hard anymore.

9 At first thought, it seems that the computers can really helpusto do so. But if you look in- sue the matter deeply, you may findadifferent answer. First of all, machines can never replacemankind.Computers are created by man and are controlled by humanbrains. Wecan never rely too much on machines; otherwise we willbecome theslave of them one day. On the contrary, we need to enrichourknowledge as much as possible so that we can catch up with thefastpace of the world. It is very necessary to learn more languagessoas to upgrade our abilities to follow the progress oftheworld.

And furthermore, it will do good to children if they learnmorelanguages. Both their brain and their thinking modules canbenefitfrom it. When they grow up, they can easily accept variouskinds ofcultures and communicate with foreigners, which canfavorablyenhance the mutual understanding and developinternationalbrotherhood.

So, we can clearly see that, though computers can begoodtranslators, people still need to learn more languages with aviewto improving their abilities and facilitating theirfuturecommunication with people from othercultures.


An argument occasionally these days is that some peopleoftenthink machine translation can take place of the childrensstudy ofa foreign language. As far as I am concerned, I canttotally agreewith this opinion.

It first comes to the point that machine translation is nothighefficiency. The human language is so complex that nowadays nosuchmachine can translate one language to another sufficientlyandtotally. The machine can only provide some words or piecesofhalf-baked sentences. So we human beings, especially children,maynot rely on this kind of machine, at least recently.

On the other hand, if the real machine that the whole sentencecanbe translated completely turn to reality, children should notbetaught not study a foreign language. The reason is thelanguage(especially speaking) is made up of not only the grammarand wordsbut also tones and mood. And when children are studying alanguage,he is not discovering an unknown area, but wild his logicandideation. Additionally, even if the machine will be out of workoneday occasionally in future, he can talk with otherforeignersfreely.

Frankly, the loss of language sensitivity is much popularthesedays. Many peoples speaking and grammar is terrible.Childrenoften study wrong speaking from annoying TV programs anduntrainedbroadcasters. The invention of translation machine willmake itworse. The problem whether to teach the boys and girlsforeignlanguages or not needs to be treated seriously.

10 In a word, in modern society the translation machine isstealingour sensitivity of the language. People should do somethingtoprevent the loss of language ability, especially inthechildhood.


Many old building are protected by law because they are part of a nation's history. However , some people think knocked down to make way for new ones because people need houses and offices. How important is it to maintain old buildings? Should history

stand in the way of progress?

Old buildings sometimes conflicts with social advancement. Appealing as it is in the eyes of business people, tearing down old architect to make room for real-estate development is not a wise idea in many ways.

The primarily reason is that old buildings, like our native language, forms our cultural identity and keep a unique record the history of a country. From this aspect , old buildings are considered very valuable as one of the symbols of the culture of a nation. For instance, the traditional Chinese residence in Beijing, Siheyuan , are once seen as the remains of the Old World, and were destroyed by people shortly after the founding of People's Republic of China. Until recently did the people and policy makers as well realize that it is an inexcusable and stupid idea to commit such a terrible deed because old buildings, once gone, are not restorable. But their economic values and aesthetic appeals have just caught the attention of Chinese people.

Moreover , old buildings, if planed and preserved properly, could coexist with modern real-estate development. In France, aged buildings bring millions of dollars of revenue for the government and amazed thousands of tourists. Yet no one thinks the high-rising office buildings and apartment buildings make the old architect a sore of the eye. By contrast, the new learn from the old, a fact that makes them more attractive.

We admit that not all old buildings should be treated equally and some of them do need to be torn down for various reasons such as safety and new buildings. However , we should not be too blind to see their value too. If only the real and practical factors are being considered, the country will be sorry for its loss in years to come.

As we have discussed, old buildings are part of a country's history and are valuable in many ways. We should plan well and be wise enough to see their value. But the same time, we should also do our best to find solutions to make the old and the new coexist in harmony.

2012年雅思(Ielts)考试写作范文:The child’s education problem


11 The Children Problem

Children are said to be “flowers of our Motherland”. In our country, children are taking very good care of. Special laws have been issued to protect children. Thousands of schools have been set up to make education available to all children. The party and the government pay due attention to the growth of children because they represent our bright future.

Nowadays, the“one child per family” policy had been practiced all over the country. So far the policy has been showing positive effects. For example, parents have more time and energy to look after their children, and as a result, children become healthier and more intelligent. However, the“one child per family” policy also has some side-effects. For instance, a number of parents have gone too far in raising their children. They try to satisfy every demand of their spoiled kids, thus turning them into“flowers in the nursery” that cannot bear any hardship or difficulty. It is time we should discuss and study the problem of education children. (169 words)

2012年雅思(Ielts)写作优秀范文:活到老 学到老

In the past people thought that education was only for young people. Now, it is believed that education is for a person’s whole life. Do you agree? State with you own

experience and specific details.

Education is an indispensable part in a person’s life. It illuminates human knowledge and culture, improving the development of science and technology. Education is not only for young people, it should be proceeding in people’s whole life.

Children begin to receive education at an early age in the kindergarten, where they could learn some basic knowledge about our nature and acquire some living skills. When they go to primary schools and secondary schools, they study mathematics, language, physics and other subjects, which are fundamental and essential for their further study and education. When they go to university, they can study the subjects which they are interested in, making preparation for their future career. University is a place where most learned people carry out research and study. There students have seas of knowledge and skills to learn. But university education is not the terminal of a person’s study life.

For one reason, our society is developing at an amazing speed along with the improvement of science and technology. If people stop studying after graduation from university, they can not keep abreast with the steps of social development and easy to be eliminated in the fierce competition. Take the development of IT as an example. The dazzling information technologies come to the fore every day. If a person does not learn the latest knowledge, they would not be able to develop new technology and products. Therefore, a person should learn new knowledge for the whole life.

As the saying goes, “Never too late to learn”. To fit in with the development of society, a person must study during his whole life. Otherwise, he will lag far behind the others.