缩写是在保留原文体载
初三 散文 1100字 59人浏览 smandwkl

缩写是在保留原文体载、题材、主要内容、结构顺序,人称角度的前提下概括原文内容、压缩篇幅使之成为一篇内容简明、语言简练、中心突出的短文。缩写时须把握的一个原则是:我们要对原文内容高度概括,而不是对原文内容的改写或评论、议论,因此切不可添加自己的主观看法、发表自 议论。如果上一原则不可随意加,那么与此相关的另一原则是不可随意减。缩写时一定要准确完整地把握原文,主干枝叶分清楚,有关主题的主干切不可任意肢解删减,我们要删去或简写的是无关大局的细节,切不可随便摘取其中部分要点了事。

缩写要注意语言。首先,要在准确理解原文的基础上,对原文要点用自己的话进行改写(paraphrase),不要在原文中生硬摘取连缀成句。如一篇原文中有这样的描写:We moved out of the city slowly behind a long line of cars, but at last we came to a quiet country road and after some time, stopped at the lonely farm这么长的句子说明了一个事实:路上出游的车很多,得过很久才能找到一个安静的地方。我们可用自己的话表达原句:There were a lot of cars on the road so it took us a long time to find a quiet place. 或We spent so much time finding a quiet place, for there were so many cars on the road. 其次,缩写语言要简练。我们可以将多个简单句变成一个紧凑的复合句。如:Newton thought about so many problems that he was often absentminded. he frequently forgot to have his meals. 一句可以紧缩为Newton was so absentminded that he often forgot to have his meals. 使语言简练的另一手段是将小句(clause)变成短语。如:When the child saw his mother, he cried loudly. 可变为Seeing his mother, the child cried loudly. 再如,As far as the weather is concerned. 可简化成as for the weather等等。