高考作文
三年级 记叙文 22239字 421人浏览 落花背后的忧伤

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学校生活是中学生熟悉的话题,是新课标教学的重点之一,新课标人教必修一Unit 1 Friendship 、选修七Unit 1 Living well 和Unit 4 Sharing 等多处涉及此类话题。学校生活是高考写作的高频考点,如2012年上海卷、2012年安徽卷、2012年浙江卷、2012年江苏卷和2011年四川卷等都涉及到校园生活这一话题。本书从此单元开始至后面两个单元将围绕此话题设计晨背内容,按由词到句、由句到篇的认知规律行文,通过逐步阶梯式的训练,做到读写结合,全面提升英语素养,多角度、全方位地攻克命题热点。

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由词连句——背词

汇、学连句,让作文丰满起来

一、话题常用词汇必背

1.常用单词

(1)conflict n .冲突

(2)harmony n . 和谐

(3)quarrel n . 争吵

(4)virtue n . 美德

(5)dormitory n . 公寓

(6)relaxation n . 放松

(7)board v . 寄宿

(8)beat v . 战胜

(9)exercise v . 锻炼

(10)strengthen v . 加强

(11)participate v . 参加

3 (12)exciting adj . 兴奋的

(13)first-class adj . 一流的

(14)compulsory adj . 强制的

(15)competitive adj . 竞争性强的

(16)self-centered adj . 以自我为中心的

(17)calmly ad v . 平静地

(18)wisely ad v . 明智地

2.常用短语

(1)the final exam期末考试

(2)after-class activities 课外活动

(3)be accustomed to 习惯于

(4)make up one's mind 下决心

(5)distinguish oneself 展示自己

(6)build up one's body 增强体质

(7)be beneficial to 对„„有益

(8)get into a bad habit 染上坏习惯

(9)live an ideal life 过着理想的生活

4 二、连词成句并背诵(按括号中的要求,添加适当的词连词成句)

1. the final exam; draw; teacher; urge; study hard (用with 复合结构) 2.avoid; conflict; we; kind; one another; essential; enjoy; a harmonious life (用不定式作目的状语和非限制性定语从句) 3.exercise; a long time; he; run; slowly; sports meeting (用现在分词短语的否定形式作状语)

由句连篇——背佳

5 句、学衔接,让作文流畅起来

一、话题写作佳句必背

1.According to the rules and regulations of our school, it is compulsory for us students to live in the dormitories of our school.

根据学校的规章制度,我们学生必须住在学校的公寓里。

2.For the sake of convenience, there are a large percentage of students boarding with local families in and around the village.

为了方便,有很大比例的学生寄宿在这个村子及其周围地区的家庭中。

3.The English corner gives me a chance to distinguish myself by speaking English fluently.

在英语角里说一口流利的英语给了我一个展现自我的机会。

4.The dream of going to the first-class university attracts us greatly and we have made up

6 our minds to achieve it despite great hardship.

上一流大学的梦想深深地吸引了我们,尽管有很多困难,我们下定决心要实现这个梦想。

二、连句成篇并背诵(选用“for example, in a word, however”过渡词衔接成文)

According to the rules and regulations of our school, it is compulsory for us students to live in the dormitories of our school. However, for the sake of convenience, there are a large percentage of students boarding with local families in and around the village. There are a variety of after-class activities. For example, the English corner gives me a chance to distinguish myself by speaking English fluently. In a word, the dream of going to the first-class university attracts us greatly and we have made up

our minds to achieve it despite great hardship.

润色增分——背范文、

学润色,让作文靓丽起来

7 (2012·江苏高考) 生活中冲突时有发生。假设你班同学苏华和李江打篮球时发生争执,导致关系紧张。请你结合此事,并根据以下提示,用英语写一篇短文,向学校英文报“Happy Teens”专栏投稿。简要描述事情的经过:打篮球、碰撞、争执等等。分析发生冲突的原因:1. 遇事不够冷静 2. „„谈谈避免冲突的做法:(请考生根据自己的经历或感想,提出至少两种做法

)

Conflicts with others are common in everyday life. During the basketball game yesterday afternoon, Su Hua and Li Jiang bumped into each other, while trying to catch the ball (状语从句的省略) .Then they started shouting and yelling, and it turned into a horrible quarrel.

To be honest (插入语), it was Su's fault but Li was also to blame — they were not calm enough and both said some really mean things. It was winning

8 and losing that they cared too much about (强调句式). As a matter of fact, blocking, pushing and bumping are just part of a tough game.

To avoid such conflicts, we should be kind to one another, which is essential to enjoy a harmonious life (定语从句). It is also a virtue to forgive and forget, especially in such a competitive and stressful society. Instead of blaming each other, we should communicate more and put ourselves in others' place.

Don't be self-centered and try to be considerate. We must learn to handle conflicts calmly and wisely. Only in this way can we lead a harmonious school life (倒装句式) .

Conflicts with others are common in everyday life. Su Hua bumped into Li Jiang (昨

9 天下午在打篮球时,状语从句的省略). Then Li Jiang began to shout to Su Hua, (结果导致一场激烈的争吵,非限制性定语从句) .

When we meet such situation, we should try to keep calm. (相互体谅是必要的,it 作形式主语). It is also a virtue to forgive and forget, especially in such a competitive and stressful society.

Don't be self-centered and try to be considerate. We must learn to handle conflicts calmly and wisely. (只有这样我们的学校生活才能和谐,强调句式

).

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随着社会的发展,网络也进入到了普通的家庭当中,当今网络购物、网上物品交换、网上交友、聊天都越来越受年轻人的青睐,此类话题也成了高考的热点话题之一,如2012年重庆卷和2010年安徽卷都涉及到了这一话题。本书从此单元开始至后面两个单元将围绕这一话题设计晨背内容。

由词连句——背词

汇、学连句,让作文丰满起来

一、话题常用词汇必背

1.常用单词

(1)virus n .病毒

(2)credit n . 信用卡

(3)complaint n . 抱怨

11 (4)recreation n . 消遣

(5)advantage n . 优点

(6)e-mail n . 电子邮件

(7)information n . 信息

(8)convenience n . 方便

(9)communication n . 交流

(10)cyberspace n . 网络空间,

(11)chat v . 聊天

(12)explore v . 探索

(13)exchange v . 交换

(14)download v . 下载

(15)fictional adj . 虚幻的

(16)artificial adj . 人造的

(17)universal adj . 普遍的

(18)intelligent adj . 智能的

(19)technological adj . 科技的

(20)widely ad v . 广泛地

12 (21)actually ad v . 实际上

2.常用短语

(1)instead of 而不是

(2)shop online 网上购物

(3)click on sth. 用鼠标点击

(4)make good use of 充分利用

(5)surf the Internet 上网浏览信息

(6)broaden one's horizons 开阔视野

(7)a technological revolution 技术革命

(8)provide ... with ... 为„„提供„„

(9)download information from the Internet 从网络上下载信息

二、连词成句并背诵(按括号中的要求,添加适当的词连词成句)

1.we, live in, information, age, web, widely, used (用非限制性定语从句)

13 2.whenever, necessary, they, download, all kinds of, information, Internet (用状语从句的省略) 3.e-mail, instead of, letter, make communication, easy (用强调句式) 4.people, be worried about, the safety of paying for goods, use, credit ,when, shop (用现在分词短语作伴随状语和状语从句的省略)

由句连篇——背佳

14 句、学衔接,让作文流畅起来

一、话题写作佳句必背

1.You can shop as you like as the online shops are open 24 hours a day.

你可以随心所欲地每天24小时在网上购物。

2.It is easy to find what you are looking for on the Internet.

在网上找你正在寻找的东西是容易的。

3.Some people are worried about the safety of paying for goods using credit cards when shopping on the Internet.

一些人担心在网上购物时用信用卡为商品付钱的安全性。

4.Once cheated online, you may find it difficult to make a complaint.

一旦你在网上受到欺骗,你会发现很难起诉。

5.We must think twice before we decide to purchase goods sold on the Internet.

15 我们在网上购物时,必须三思而后行。

二、连句成篇并背诵(选用“what's worse, in my opinion, finally, for one thing, for another, secondly, firstly”过渡词衔接成文)

Online shopping is a new way of shopping. It offers a number of benefits for the shoppers. most important advantage is convenience. You can shop as you like as the online shops are open 24 hours a day, and do not have to queue with other shoppers. is easy to find what you are looking for on the Internet. Internet.

Every coin has two sides, online shopping has its disadvantages, too. can't actually see the products you are buying online, thus the quality may not be ensured. people are worried about the safety of paying for goods using credit cards when shopping on the

16 Internet. cheated online, you may find it difficult to make a complaint. decide to purchase goods sold on the Internet.

润色增分——背范

文、学润色,让作文靓丽起来

(2013·安徽皖南八校第一次联考) 如今网络已经对人们产生了很大影响,对中学生影响尤其之深。有人认为网络的利大于弊,有人认为网络的弊大于利。请以“Advantages and Disadvantages of the Internet”为题,用英语写一篇文章,结合实际情况谈谈你的看法。

Advantages and Disadvantages of the Internet

We have no doubt that the Internet is

17 exercising its power in every aspect of our life (同位语从句). People, old and young, are using it, and we students are no exception.

However, our parents are worried about our surfing the Net, saying the Internet is doing great harm to us after reading about many spoiled children going online (现在分词作伴随状语). In fact, the Internet can do us more good than harm. For instance we students can seek help online when we are faced with difficulties in our studies or when we want to find some useful materials to complete a task. The Internet also provides us with a cheap alternative to communicate with others.

Indeed, there are many students who have been addicted to computer games (定语从句); but that's not the fault of the Internet. We should have control

over ourselves to make good use of the Internet.

Advantages and Disadvantages of the

18 Internet

There is no doubt 在日常生活中,我们通过因特网受益颇多,同位语从句). We can read news, watch films, keep in touch with our relatives, make friends, or play games to get relaxed on the Internet. But every coin has two sides. The Internet also has bad effects on people, especially on teenagers. Things such as violence and cheating, often appear on the Internet seriously polluting their hearts and soul. Consequently, children will gradually lose interest in their studies.

Now, 到了政府该采取有效措施的时候了,it's high time ... 句型). Some websites 不遵守规章的,定语从句) should be made public and closed up. As students,

19 we should protect ourselves by keeping on guard against the bad effects of the Internet. I'm sure we will have a better online environment soon (目的是因特网能够更好地为我们服务,so that 引导目的状语从句).

随着世界经济的发展,环境问题也日益严峻。极端天气越来越多,2012年美国遭遇半个世纪以来最严重的干旱,中国多地也遭遇极端暴雨天气。关注环境成了全世界人民共同的选择。因此,关于环境问题方面的写作也成了高考的高频

20 考点。如2012年和2011年福建卷以及2011年江西卷都涉及到了这一话题。本书从此单元开始至后面两个单元将围绕此话题设计晨背内容。

由词连句——背

词汇、学连句,让作文丰满起来

一、话题常用词汇必背

1.常用单词

(1)action n .行为

(2)desire n . 渴望

(3)harmony n . 和谐

(4)environment n . 环境

(5)existence n . 生存

(6)energy n . 能量; 精力

(7)consider v . 考虑

(8)pour v . 倾倒

(9)harm v . 对„„有害

21 (10)pollute v . 污染

(11)threaten v . 威胁

(12)totally ad v . 完全地

(13)badly ad v . 严重地

(14)effective adj . 有效的

(15)severely ad v . 严重地

(16)low-carbon adj . 低碳的

(17)reusable adj . 可再使用的

(18)renewable adj . 可再生的

2.常用短语

(1)result in 导致

(2)adjust to 适应

(3)in one's view 在某人看来

(4)take measures 采取措施

(5)to make matters worse 使事情更糟糕的是

(6)prevent ... from ... 阻止„„免于„„

(7)form a habit of ... 养成„„的习惯

22 (8)leave ...behind 把„„抛于脑后

(9)be ashamed of 对„„感到羞耻

二、连词成句并背诵〈按括号中的要求,添加适当的词连词成句〉

1.in my view, something, be, done, solve this problem, in no time (用被动语态)

答案:In my view, something must be done to solve this problem in no time.

2.not only ... but also ..., they, harm, themselves, cause trouble, others (用倒装句式) 3.the first thing, we, do, consider, whether ... or ..., good, others, our society (用定语和宾语从句)

答案:The first thing we should do is to consider whether it is good to others or our society.

4.time, us, take measures, prevent ... from ..., earth, get warmer (用it 作形式主语)

23 ①It's_time_for_us_to_take_measures_to_prevetime for sb. to do sth.)

②It's_high_time_that_we_took_measures_to_phigh

time that ...) 由句连篇——背

佳句、学衔接,让作文流畅起来

一、话题写作佳句必背

1.We have been cutting down too many trees, which causes birds and animals to lose their natural habitats.

我们一直在砍伐过多的树木,这使鸟类和动物失去了它们自然的栖息地。

2.Water sources have become so badly polluted that some of the water is unfit to drink or to use.

24 水资源已经被污染得如此严重,以至于一些水已经不适合饮用或使用。

3.It's high time that we paid much attention to protecting our environment.

到了我们应该高度重视环境保护的时候了。

4.If we human beings don't take action to protect the earth from now on, we'll have nowhere to live in the future.

从现在起,如果我们人类不采取措施保护地球,我们在将来将没有地方生存。

二、连句成篇并背诵(选用“therefore, meanwhile, as far as I'm concerned, besides, for example”过渡词衔接成文)

Our environment is getting worse and worse. trees, which causes birds and animals to lose their natural habitats. and cities are

25 sources have become so badly polluted that some of the water is unfit to drink or to use. high time that we paid much attention to protecting our environment. If we human beings don't take action to protect the earth from now on, we'll have nowhere to live in the

future.

润色增分——背

范文、学润色,让作文靓丽起来

(2012·福建高考) 假定你是某中学生英语报的小记者,以下漫画内容是你的所见所闻,请根据要求写一篇英语短文投稿。

内容要点:

1.描述漫画内容;2. 发表个人感想。

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Mind Your Behavior in Public Places

Last Sunday, I went sightseeing with my friends in the Fairy Lake Park. The park was full of freshness and beauty of spring, with the sun shining and birds singing (with复合结构). When I was enjoying the fantastic scenery around, something unpleasant caught my eye. A young couple in a boat were eating, talking and laughing loudly as if they were the only people in the world (虚拟语气). What's worse, they spat and even threw rubbish into the lake, totally ignoring the noticeable sign “No Littering” nearby (现在分词作伴随状语). What a shame !

Such behavior left me deep in thought. If all

27 visitors to the Fairy Lake Park do as the couple did, the lake will be severely polluted and soon turned into a huge dustbin. I think all of us should mind our behavior in public places. Only in this way can we live in more comfortable and beautiful surroundings (倒装句式) .

Mind Your Behavior in Public Places

ast Sunday, I went sightseeing with my friends in the Fairy Lake Park. The sun shining and birds singing, (我正在欣赏奇特的风景,这时某些让人不愉快的事情引起了我的注意,be doing ... when 句式). A young couple sat in the boat, (吃着、喝着、谈笑着,现在分词作伴随状语) .To make matters worse, they spat and even threw rubbish into

28 the lake. They had left the sign “No Littering” nearby behind. 他们的所做所为,宾语从句). In order to protect the environment, for one thing, we must overcome our desires. For another, the government should take effective measures. (只有这样,我们才能与大自然和谐共处,倒装句式

).

通过对近几年高考英语书面表达的总结和分析,书面表达的内容通常在考生熟悉的话题

29 范围内,不一定是太热点的话题,而是以考生身边学习、生活的内容为主题,这样考生会觉得有话可说。如2012年湖南卷、2012年北京卷、2011年天津卷和2010年重庆卷都涉及到日常生活这一话题,本书从此单元开始至后面两个单元将围绕此话题设计晨背内容。

由词连句——背词

汇、学连句,让作文丰满起来

一、话题常用词汇必背

1.常用单词

(1)consideration n . 考虑,体贴

(2)deed n . 行为,事迹

(3)activity n . 活动

(4)hesitation n . 犹豫

(5)dignity n . 尊严

(6)assistance n . 帮助

30 (7)offer v . 提供

(8)congratulate v . 祝贺

(9)remind v . 提醒

(10)persevere v . 坚持不懈

(11)advocate v . 提倡

(12)overcome v . 克服

(13)inspire v . 鼓励,激励

(14)harmonious adj . 和谐的

(15)regretful adj . 后悔的

(16)independent adj . 独立的

(17)outgoing adj . 外向的

(18)meaningful adj . 有意义的

(19)confident adj . 自信的

(20)unfortunately ad v . 不幸地

(21)strongly ad v . 强烈地

2.常用短语

(1)give up 放弃

31 (2)rather than 而不是

(3)belong to 属于

(4)be familiar with 对„„熟悉

(5)have a talent for 在„„有天赋

(6)remind sb. of ... 使某人想起„„

(7)call on sb. to do sth. 号召某人做某事

(8)receive many awards for 因为„„获得很多奖

二、连词成句并背诵(按括号中的要求,添加适当的词连词成句)

1.as we all know, attend, such an activity, really, meaningful (用动名词短语作主语) 2.see, the old man, stand, I, offer, my seat, him, without, hesitation (用现在分词作状语和宾语补足语)

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3.his behavior, remind, us, the traditional Chinese virtues, help, others (用it 作形式主语)

4.inspire, her dream, she, continue, study, by oneself, rather than, give up (用过去分词短语作状语)

由句连篇——背佳

句、学衔接,让作文流畅起来

一、话题写作佳句必背

1.There is no doubt that such a deed should be encouraged.

毫无疑问这种行为应该得到鼓励。

2.It has been one of the traditional Chinese

33 virtues to help those in trouble.

帮助处在困难中的人一直是中华传统美德。

3.It is our duty to make our world a more harmonious place to live in.

使我们的世界成为一个更和谐的生活的地方是我们的职责。

4.I strongly advocate that all of us should learn from him and always be ready to help others.

我极力提倡我们大家应该向他学习并且成为一名乐于助人的人。

二、连句成篇并背诵(选用“in a word, for another, for one thing”过渡词衔接成文)

Li Hua often helps the blind man cross the street. There is no doubt that such a deed should be encouraged. has been one of the traditional Chinese virtues to help those in trouble. is our duty to make our world a more harmonious place to live in.

34 strongly advocate that all of us should learn from

him and always be ready to help others.

润色增分——背范文、

学润色,让作文靓丽起来

(2012·湖南高考) 生活中,你自己或他人曾有过物品不慎丢失而又找回的经历,其间有烦恼、有惊喜、有感慨„„请就此写一篇英语短文。

主要内容包括:1) 丢失的物品;2) 物品失而复得的经过;3) 你的感想。

When my best friend went abroad, he sent me a book as a gift, which always reminded me of him (定语从句). Unfortunately, my book was gone after I came back from the school playground.

You can't imagine how regretful I was to take the book there (宾语从句). I had planned to

35 take it back after I played basketball. I searched everywhere for it, but without result. I sat in the classroom, feeling sad and wondering how I could do to get my lost book back (现在分词作伴随状语). Just at that moment, a boy in the next class came to me. When he was approaching me, I found there was something in his hand that I was familiar with. It was just my book. He told me he found the book when he took exercise on the playground and learned that it belonged to me. No one could tell how important it was to me (宾语从句) .

I appreciate his kindness and consideration so much. I will learn from him and be a person who

is always ready to help others.

I still remember a day last term when I was in our school library. I lost my glasses,

36 (没有眼镜我什么也看不见,“介词+which ”引导的定语从句) .

One rainy afternoon, I came to the school library, hoping to kill time. Unfortunately, I left my glasses on the desk. The moment I noticed it, I returned, (结果却发现图书馆关门了,结果状语). The next day when I went back to the library, I found they were gone. I was very worried. My head teacher told me to put up a notice outside the lost and found office. My classmates also helped me and some of them even put up a notice on their backs (上面写着无论是谁发现并且归还了眼镜都将收到一份特殊的礼物,现在分词作后置定语). A short while later, a teacher in the office called me and told me the good news. I eventually found my “two windows”. No

37 one could tell (当时我是多么高兴,宾语从句).

From this experience, I learned that on the one hand, I should be careful enough in future, on the other hand, “Many hands make light work.”

对个人情况描述的话题是中学生熟悉的写作话题,同时,也是使用较广泛的话题。比如:交友、网上购物、出国留学、参加比赛、未来求职等都会用到,所以此类话题也是近几年高考的高频考点之一。如2011年辽宁卷、2011年上海卷和2011年新课标全国卷等都涉及到这一话题。本书

38 从此单元开始至后面两个单元将围绕此话题设计晨背内容。

由词连句——背词

汇、学连句,让作文丰满起来

一、话题常用词汇必背

1.常用单词

(1)career n . 职业

(2)income n . 收入

(3)favourite n . 最喜欢的人/物

(4)position n . 岗位

(5)attraction n . 有魅力之物

(6)hobby n . 业余爱好

(7)personality n . 个性;性格

(8)candidate v . 求职者

(9)advertise v . 刊登

(10)experience v .经历

39 (11)talent adj . 聪明的

(12)helpful adj . 有益的

(13)excellent adj . 优秀的

(14)creative adj . 富有创造力的

(15)self-confident adj . 自信的

(16)good-tempered adj . 性格好的

(17)well-educated adj . 受到良好教育的

(18)open-minded adj . 思想开放的

2.常用短语

(1)be fit for 适合

(2)apply for 申请

(3)outdoor activity 户外活动

(4)graduate from 毕业于„„

(5)be familiar with 对„„熟悉

(6)gain scholarship 获得奖学金

(7)show interest in 对„„表现出兴趣

(8)be experienced in 在„„方面有经验

40 (9)win a gold medal 获得金牌

(10)be admitted into a key university

考上重点大学

二、连词成句并背诵(按括号中的要求,添加适当的词连词成句)

1.I, show interest in, photography, it allow, me, record, beautiful moments (用原因状语从句) 2.he, be good at, write, may, helpful, work (用which 引导的非限制性定语从句) 3.take part in, all kinds of, outdoor activities, one of my hobbies (用动名词短语作主语) 4.I, international trade ,major in, after, be

41 admitted into a key university (用强调句式)

由句连篇——背佳

句、学衔接,让作文流畅起来

一、话题写作佳句必背

1.I write this letter to apply for the position that you have advertised in China Daily of April 2nd.

我写这封信的目的是申请你刊登在4月2日《中国日报》上的那个工作岗位。

2.I feel that I am fit for it very much for both my education and experience.

鉴于我的教育和经验,我感觉非常适合它(这份工作) 。

3.I love sports and enjoy perfect health, which may be important to the volunteer work.

42 我喜欢运动而且非常健康,这一点对志愿者工作来说非常重要。

4.A lot of my friends are football fans and I'm familiar with the tourist attractions in Weihai.

我的许多朋友都是球迷而且我非常熟悉威海的旅游景点。

二、连句成篇并背诵(选用“last but not least, and, what's more”过渡词衔接成文)

I write this letter to apply for the position that you have advertised in China Daily of April 2nd. education and experience. love sports and enjoy perfect health, which may be important to the volunteer work. fans and I'm familiar with the tourist attractions in Weihai.

43 润色增分——背范

文、学润色,让作文靓丽起来

(2011·辽宁高考) 假定你是李华,将于今年七月从新星外语学校毕业。你从报纸上得知B & B 公司要招聘一名英文秘书,你很感兴趣。请给该公司写一封求职信,包括下列要点:

1.年龄;2. 学习情况及英语水平;3. 兴趣和特长;4. 性格特点。

Dear Sir/Madam,

I learned from the newspaper that your company needs an English secretary. I'm really interested in this position and hope I can work for you.

I'm 20 years old and will be graduating from Xinxing Foreign Language School this July. I'm an excellent student,among the top 5 in my class of 50

44 students. Having learned English for years (分词的完成式作原因状语), I have a good command of spoken and written English, as well as computer. I have been one of the editors of the newspaper of our school for the past few years. In my spare time, I read a lot, especially poems. I enjoy music very much too. Being an active young person (现在分词作原因状语), I like sports and outdoor activities. Besides, I'm easy to get along with and I like to make friends. The most important thing is that I like office work very much (表语从句). I'm sure I can do it well.

I'm looking forward to your reply.

Sincerely yours,

Li Hua

Dear Sir/Madam,

I learned from the newspaper that your

45 company needs an English secretary. I have shown great interest in this position, hoping I can work for you.

I'm a student of 20, who will graduate from Xinxing Foreign Language School this July. I'm confident in applying for this position, for my talent in English, especially my spoken (作为一名优秀的学生,现在分词作原因状语), I'm always among the top 5 in my class of 50 students. Besides, I take a fancy to read, and poems are my favorite, (从而使我拥有了丰富的想象力和智慧,现在分词作结果状语). (当通过阅读体验丰富多彩的人生的时候,状语从句的省略), I have formed a habit of noting down (在计算机上

46 我体会到的东西,宾语从句) and I type very fast. 作为一个活跃的年轻人,介词短语作状语), I prefer sports and outdoor activities. In addition, I'm good-tempered and always ready to help others. 你若给我这次机会我将不胜感激,it 作形式宾语). I'm looking forward to your reply. Sincerely yours,

Li Hua

个人情感方面的话题是新课标的教学重点,

47 也是中学生所熟悉的话题,它与学生的实际生活密切相关,因此也是高考的高频考点,如2012年广东卷、2011年浙江卷、2009年安徽卷、2009年江西卷和2009年陕西卷都涉及到这一话题。本书从此单元开始至后面两个单元将围绕此话题设计晨背内容。

由词连句——背词

汇、学连句,让作文丰满起来

一、话题常用词汇必背

1.常用单词

(1)situation n . 处境

(2)mood n . 情绪

(3)influence n . 影响

(4)difficulty n . 困难

(5)determination n . 决心

(6)encouragement n . 鼓励

48 (7)perseverance n . 毅力

(8)respect v . 尊敬,

(9)control v .控制

(10)admire v . 钦佩;欣赏

(11)retired adj . 退休的

(12)heart-to-heart adj . 贴心的

(13)former adj . 以前的

(14)aggressive adj . 有进取心的

(15)outstanding adj . 杰出的

(16)ambitious adj . 有雄心壮志的

(17)unexpectedly ad v . 未料想到地

2.常用短语

(1)catch up with 赶上

(2)adapt oneself to 适应„„

(3)be engaged in 从事于„„

(4)at home and abroad 在国内外

(5)play a role in 在„„当中起作用

49 (6)set an example to 给„„树立榜样

(7)owe ... to ... 把„„归功于„„

(8)make contributions to 为„„作贡献

(9)reward sb. with sth. 用某物奖赏某人

二、连词成句并背诵(按括号中的要求,添加适当的词连词成句)

1.I, not, know, how, adapt oneself to, new environment (用特殊疑问词和不定式连用作宾语)

答案:I don't know how to adapt myself to the 2.how, we, control, mood, become, especially, important (用主语从句)

答案:How we control our moods becomes 3.she, with, determination and perseverance, set a good example to, us (用介词短语作状语)

答案:With great determination and

50 4.Yao Ming, be engaged in, charity, become, a famous person, at home and abroad (用过去分词短语作状语)

答案:Engaged in charity, Yao Ming becomes a

由句连篇——背佳

句、学衔接,让作文流畅起来

一、话题写作佳句必背

1.The problem you are facing is common among us teenagers.

你面临的问题在我们青少年中是常见的。

2.It should be wise not to do anything that may hurt your mom's feelings.

你应该足够明智,不做伤害你母亲感情的事情。

3.It's advisable to have heart-to-heart talks with your mom.