三段式作文法
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2015高考英语作文指导:三段式作文法

所谓三段式就是将一篇书面表达按三段的写作模式谋篇布局。就整体篇章结构而言,如何把握较大的写作空间,三段式的写作模式为最佳选择。三段式的模式写法通常为:

1. 第一段开门见山,提出要解决的问题或观点,或者把时间,地点,人物和主要事件及时点出。

2. 第二段要摆出事实或提出论据,或者把事情发展的经过详细写出来。

3. 最后一段,得出结论或理由。

注意:要学会使用过渡词。过渡词犹如“桥梁”和“粘合剂 ”。恰当地使用过渡词可避免结构松散,层次分明,表意不清等弊端,使文章条理清楚,文字连贯流畅。常用的过渡词有:

递进型: also, (and)besides, what’s more, moreover, furthermore, in addition, even, what’s worse, to make matters worse, not only „but also等;

例:You should go to see her, because she misses you, and what’s more, she needs your help. 你应该去看她,因为她很想念你,更重要的是,她需要你的帮助。

You can’t play computer games too much, because it will do harm to your health. What’s worse, it will waste your time. 你不能过分玩电脑游戏,因为它会损害你的身体。更糟糕的是,它会浪费你的时间。

解释型:that is (to say), in other words, or,namely, if fact, in reality, as a matter of fact等;

例: He will come on National Day, that is (to say), October 1st. 他国庆节,即十月一日来。

转折型:however, but, yet, nevertheless, instead, on the coutrary,on the other hand 等;

例:Mr. Crook didn’t come back at the usual time. instead , he met some friends and stayed out until midnight

列举型:firstly „secondly „finally, on the one hand, on the other hand, for one thing, for another 等

On the one hand, a lot of people going to the US, but on the other hand, a lot of people coming back from there.

一方面,许多人前往美国;另一方面,很多人又从那回来。 I can't stay here for long. For one thing, I've no time. For another, I've no money. 我不能在此逗留太久。首先, 我没时间, 其次, 我没有钱。

举例型:for example, for instance, such as, that is, like, take„ for example等; 因果型:because (of), since, now that, thanks to, due to; thus, therefore, as a result (consequence),so„ that, so that等;

让步型:though, although, in spite of, despite 等;

顺序型:first „next „and then„finally, first„then „after that„finally 等; 并列型:and, both„and, or, either„or, as well as, 等

时间型:afterwards, soon, later, the moment/ immediately/ on doing, hardly„when, no sooner„than 等

例:I had no sooner reached home than it began to rain. 我一到家天就下起雨来(主句用过去完成时,"than" 后面的从句用一般过去时)

No sooner ...than...常放在句首, 表示强调. 这时主句要倒装.

No sooner had I reached home than it began to rain.

hardly ... when 意思为:"还没... 就..."

We had hardly gotten there when it began to rain. 我们还没到那儿, 天就下起雨了. (主句用过去完成时, 从句用一般过去时) 总结型:in a word, to sum up, in short, on the whole, in conclusion 等 见解型:in my opinion, personally speaking, as far as I am concerned, I ’m sure 等

条件型:if, as long as, so long as, on condition that , unless 等.

例:You may take this book away so long as you return it on time .