作文
初一 议论文 20441字 57人浏览 桥段972

1. 英语四级开头万能公式一:数字统计

原理:要想更有说服力,就应该用实际的数字来说明。

原则上在议论文当中十不应该出现虚假数字的,可是在考试的时候哪管那三七二十一,但编无妨,只要我有东西写就万事大吉了。所以不妨试用下面的句型:

According to a recent survey, about 78.9% of the college students wanted to further their study after their graduation.

看起来这个数字文绉绉的,其实都是编造出来的,下面随便几个题目我们都可以这样编造:

Honesty

根据最近的一项统计调查显示,大学生向老师请假的理由当中78%都是假的。

Travel by Bike

根据最近的一项统计调查显示,85%的人在近距离旅行的时候首选的交通工具是自行车。

Youth

根据最近的一项统计调查显示,在某个大学,学生的课余时间的70%都是在休闲娱乐。

Five-day Work Week Better than Six-day Work?

根据最近的一项统计调查显示,98%的人同意每周五天工作日。

更多句型:

A recent statistics shows that „

2. 英语四级开头万能公式二:名人名言

有人问了,“我没有记住名言,怎么办? 尤其是英语名言?”,很好办:编!

原理:我们看到的东西很多都是创造出来的,包括我们欣赏的文章也是8,所以尽管编,但是一定要听起来很有道理呦! 而且没准将来我们就是名人呢! 对吧?

经典句型:

A proberb says, “ You are only young once.” (适用于已记住的名言)

It goes without saying that we cannot be young forever. (适用于自编名言)

更多经典句型:

As everyone knows, No one can deny that„

结尾万能公式:

1. 英语四级结尾万能公式一:如此结论

说完了,毕竟要归纳一番,相信各位都有这样的经历,领导长篇大论,到最后终于冒出个“总而言之”之类的话,我们马上停止开小差,等待领导说结束语。也就是说,开头很好,也必然要有一个精彩的结尾,让读者眼前一亮,这样,你就可以拿高分了! 比如下面的例子:

Obviously(此为过渡短语), we can draw the conclusion that good manners arise from politeness and respect for others.

如果读者很难“显而见之”,但说无妨,就当读者的眼光太浅罢了!

更多过渡短语:

to sum up, in conclusion, in brief, on account of this, thus

更多句型:

Thus, it can be concluded that„, Therefore, we can find that„

2. 英语四级结尾万能公式二:如此建议

如果说“如此结论”是结尾最没用的废话,那么“如此建议”应该是最有价值的废话了,因为这里虽然也是废话,但是却用了一个很经典的虚拟语气的句型。

Obviously, it is high time that we took some measures to solve the problem.

这里的虚拟语气用得很经典,因为考官本来经常考这个句型,而如果我们自己写出来,你说考官会怎么想呢? 更多句型:

Accordingly, I recommend that some measures be taken.

Consequently, to solve the problem, some measures should be taken.

写作的“五项基本原则”:

一、长短句原则

工作还得一张一驰呢,老让读者读长句,累死人! 写一个短小精辟的句子,相反,却可以起到画龙点睛的作用。而且如果我们把短句放在段首或者段末,也可以揭示主题:

As a creature, I eat; as a man, I read. Although one action is to meet the primary need of my body and the other is to satisfy the intellectual need of mind, they are in a way quite similar.

如此可见,长短句结合,抑扬顿挫,岂不爽哉?

强烈建议:在文章第一段(开头) 用一长一短,且先长后短; 在文章主体部分,要先用一个短句解释主要意思,然后在阐述几个要点的时候采用先短后长的句群形式,定会让主体部分妙笔生辉! 文章结尾一般用一长一短就可以了。

二、主题句原则

国有其君,家有其主,文章也要有其主。否则会给人造成“群龙无首”之感! 相信各位读过一些破烂文学,故意把主体隐藏在文章之内,结果造成我们稀里糊涂! 不知所云! 所以奉劝各位一定要写一个主题句,放在文章的开头(保险型) 或者结尾,让读者一目了然,必会平安无事!

特别提示:隐藏主体句可是要冒险的!

To begin with, you must work hard at your lessons and be fully prepared before the exam(主题句). Without sufficient preparation, you can hardly expect to answer all the questions correctly.

三、一二三原则

领导讲话总是第一部分、第一点、第二点、第三点、第二部分、第一点„ 如此罗嗦。可毕竟还是条理清楚。考官们看文章也必然要通过这些关键性的“标签”来判定你的文章是否结构清楚,条理自然。破解方法很简单,只要把下面任何一组的词汇加入到你的几个要点前就清楚了。

5)to begin with, then, furthermore, finally(强烈推荐)

6)to start with, next, in addition, finally(强烈推荐)

7)first and foremost, besides, last but not least(强烈推荐)

8)most important of all, moreover, finally

9)on the one hand, on the other hand(适用于两点的情况)

10)for one thing, for another thing(适用于两点的情况)

建议:不仅仅在写作中注意,平时说话的时候也应该条理清楚!

四、 多实少虚原则

原因很简单,写文章还是应该写一些实际的东西,不要空话连篇。这就要求一定要多用实词,少用虚词。我这里所说的虚词就是指那些比较大的词。比如我们说一个很好的时候,不应该之说nice 这样空洞的词,应该使用一些诸如generous, humorous, interesting, smart, gentle, warm-hearted, hospital 之类的形象词。再比如:

走出房间,general 的词是:walk out of the room

但是小偷走出房间应该说:slip out of the room

小姐走出房间应该说:sail out of the room

小孩走出房间应该说:dance out of the room

老人走出房间应该说:stagger out of the room

所以多用实词,少用虚词,文章将会大放异彩!

五、 短语优先原则

写作时,尤其是在考试时,如果使用短语,有两个好处:其一、用短语会使文章增加亮点,如果老师们看到你的文章太简单,看不到一个自己不认识的短语,必然会看你低一等。相反,如果发现亮点—精彩的短语,那么你的文章定会得高分了。其二、关键时刻思维短路,只有凑字数,怎么办? 用短语是一个办法! 比如:

I cannot bear it.

可以用短语表达:I cannot put up with it.

I want it.

可以用短语表达:I am looking forward to it.

这样字数明显增加,表达也更准确。

1. It must be pointed out that it is one of our basic State policies to control population growth while raising the quality of the population.

2. It is (has been) estimated that the world's population could reach 6 billion by the end of the century.

3. It must be kept in mind that there is no secret of success but hard work.

4. It can be seen from this that there is no difficulty in the world we can overcome. 5. As is known man is the product of labour.

6. It is a common saying that man who has a settled purpose will surely succeed.

7. It is clear that the enemy has no desire for peace.

8. It is hard to imagine how Edison managed to work twenty hours each day.

9. It's hard to say whether the plan is practicable.

10. There is no doubt that you will be helped by others if you have any difficulties.

11. It seems certain that they have made a series of experiments.

12. It is said that bats have been using radar for millions of years.

13. To tell the truth , many mistakes we made could have been avoided.

36. Our goal must be attained. Our goal can unquestionably be attained.

37. Noting can prevent us from realizing the four modernizations.

38. Now in China, more and more families can afford to buy high-grade goods, such as washing machines, TV sets, videocorders.

39. No matter how difficult English may be, you should do your best to learn it.

40. It can be said that without knowledge of science and technology, it is impossible to build socialist modernizations.

提纲式作文

1. 对立观点式

A. 有人认为X 是好事,赞成X , 为什么?

B. 有人认为X 是坏事, 反对X ,为什么?

C. 我的看法。

Some people are in favor of the idea of doing X. They point out the fact that 支持X 的第一个原因。They also argue that 支持X 的另一个原因。

However, other people stand on a different ground. They consider it harmful to do X. They firmly point out that 反对X 的第一个理由。 An example can give the details of this argument: 一个例子。

There is some truth in both arguments. But I think the advantages of X overweigh the disadvantages. In addition to the above-mentioned negative effects it might bring about, X also may X 的有一个坏处。

2. 批驳观点式

A. 一个错误观点。

B. 我不同意。

Many people argue that 错误观点。By saying that, they mean 对这个观点的进一步解释。An example they have presented is that 一个例子。(According to a survey performed by X on a group of Y, almost 80% of them 赞成这个错误观点或者受到这个错误观点的影响) 。

There might be some element of truth in these people’s belief. But if we consider it in depth, we will feel no reservation to conclude that 与错误观点相反的观点。There are a number of reasons behind my belief. (以下参照辩论文的议论文写法) 。

3. 社会问题(现象) 式

A. 一个社会问题或者现象。

B. 产生的原因

C. 对社会和我们生活的影响

D. 如何杜绝。(如果是问题的话)

E. 前景的预测。

Nowadays, there exists an increasingly serious social/economic/environmental problem. (X has

increasingly become a common concern of the public). According to a survey, 调查内容说明这种现象的情况。(或者是一个例子) 。

There are a couple of reasons booming this problem/phenomenon. 下面参照辩论式议论文的写法。

X has caused substantial impact on the society and our daily life, which has been articulated(表达) in the following aspects. 参照辩论式议论文的写法。

A dozen of measures are supposed to take to prevent X from bringing us more harm. 参照辩论式议论文的写法。

Based on the above discussions, I can easily forecast that more and more people will „„..

一、主题作文及图画作文的模板:

These days 现象 often hits the headlines of newspapers and has been brought into focus of the public. Just as the picture shown that„ (如果是图画作文可以写出具体的现象或问题,也可以一句话描述图画:As is vividly illustrated above, in the +地方 +动词(be, come, run, walk, jump, sit, stand, lie, crouch, float等)+主题词,非谓语动词/非限制性定语从句,独立主格/非限制性定语从句。) Indeed, it is widely accepted /

acknowledged that it has gained increasing popularity among people in all walks of life/ college students. Those who are in favor of 现象 maintain that 描述观点1. In their view, 阐释观点1. On the contrary, those who are against 现象 hold/ point out that 描述观点2. Besides, 阐释证实观点2 . (第二段可以根据文章来分析原因,影响,优点或缺点等。)

It is high time we put an end to the undesirable phenomenon of„ (虚拟语气的句子) 然后再分条来说明措施。On the one hand, „ on the other hand, „ I believe we humans can overcome this difficulty and we will have a brighter future.

改革之后,图画作文考的比较多,无论是图画作文还是主题作文,上面的结构是可以通用的,考生可以重点记下图画作文与主题作文的句型。

二、图表作文各段的通用模板:

As is seen from the graph/chart, we can draw a conclusion that the number of „„.decreased. Of these, the number of „„.decreased the most, from „. in 1985 to „.. in 2000(根据图表写年代). On the contrary, the number of „„.increased.

There are numerous reasons accounting for the phenomenon and I would like to explore a few of the most important ones here. Above all (To begin with), „„.. In addition (What is more), „„„

In my personal sense, it is imperative for us to take steps to reverse the disturbing trend

illustrated in the charts. First and foremost,„„.Last but not least,„„„Owing to +主题, not only can we accumulate wealth, but also establish our career, fit into society and even attain social status.

1. 表示原因

1)There are three reasons for this.

2)The reasons for this are as follows.

3)The reason for this is obvious.

4)The reason for this is not far to seek.

5)The reason for this is that...

6)We have good reason to believe that...

例如:

There are three reasons for the changes that have taken place in our life.Firstly,people’s living standard has been greatly improved.Secondly,most people are well paid, and they can afford what they need or like.Last but not least,more and more people prefer to enjoy modern life.

注:如考生写第一个句子没有把握,可将其改写成两个句子。如:Great changes have taken place in our life. There are three reasons for this.这样写可以避免套用中的表达失误。

2. 表示好处

1)It has the following advantages.

2)It does us a lot of good.

3)It benefits us quite a lot.

4)It is beneficial to us.

5)It is of great benefit to us.

例如:

Books are like friends.They can help us know the world better,and they can open our minds and widen our horizons.Therefore,reading extensively is of great benefit to us.

3. 表示坏处

1)It has more disadvantages than advantages.

2)It does us much harm.

3)It is harmful to us.

例如:

However ,everything divides into two.Television can also be harmful to us.It can do harm to our health and make us lazy if we spend too much time watching television.

4. 表示重要、必要、困难、方便、可能

1)It is important(necessary,difficult ,convenient , possible)for sb.to do sth.

2)We think it necessary to do sth.

3)It plays an important role in our life.

例如:

Computers are now being used everywhere,whether in the government,in schools or in business.Soon, computers will be found in every home,too.We have good reason to say that computers are playing an increasingly important role in our life and we have stepped into the Computer Age.

5. 表示措施

1)We should take some effective measures.

2)We should try our best to overcome(conquer)the difficulties.

3)We should do our utmost in doing sth.

4)We should solve the problems that we are confronted(faced)with.

例如:

The housing problem that we are confronted with is becoming more and more serious.Therefore,we must take some effective measures to solve it.

6. 表示变化

1)Some changes have taken place in the past five years.

2)A great change will certainly be produced in the world’s communications.

3)The computer has brought about many changes in education.

例如:

Some changes have taken place in people’s diet in the past five years.The major reasons for these changes are not far to seek.Nowadays,more and more people are switching from grain to meat for protein,and from fruit and vegetable to milk for vitamins.

7. 表示事实、现状

1)We cannot ignore the fact that...

2)No one can deny the fact that...

3)There is no denying the fact that...

4)This is a phenomenon that many people are interested in.

5)However ,that’s not the case.

例如:

We cannot ignore the fact that industrialization brings with it .the problems of pollution.To solve these problems, we can start by educating the public about the hazards of pollutionThe government on its part should also design stricter laws to promote a cleaner environment.

1.Along with the advance of the society more and more problems are brought to our attention, one of which is that....

1. 随着社会的不断发展,出现了越来越多的问题,其中之一便是____________。

2.As to whether it is a blessing or a curse, however, people take different attitudes.

2. 然而,对于此类问题,人们持不同的看法。(Hold different attitudes 持不同的看;Come up with different attitudes 有不同的看法)

3.As society develops, people are attaching much importance to....

3. 随着社会的发展,人们开始关注............

4.People are attaching more and more importance to the interview during job hunting

4. 求职的过程中,人们慢慢意识到面试的重要性。

5.As to whether it is worthwhile ....., there is a long-running controversial debate. It is quite natural that people from different backgrounds may have divergent attitudes towards it.

5. 关于是否值得___________的问题,一直以来争论不休。当然,不同的人对此可能持不同的观点。

6.In the process of modern urban development, we often find ourselves in a dilemma.

6. 在都市的发展中,我们往往会陷入困境。

7.Recently the phenomenon has aroused wide concern, some people are in alarm that....

7. 最近,这种现象引起了人们的广泛关注,有人开始担心______________。

8.The human race has entered a completely new stage in its history, with the increasingly rapid economic globalization and urbanization, more problems are brought to our attention.

8. 人类进入了一个历史的崭新的阶段,经济全球化、都市化的速度不断加快,随之给我们带来了很多问题。

9....... plays such an important role that it undeniably becomes the biggest concern of the present world, there comes a question, is it a blessing or a curse?"

9._______显得非常重要而成为当今世界所关注的最大的问题,这是无可厚非的。不过,问题是:" 我们该如何抉择?"

10.Now we are entering a new era, full of opportunities and challenges,

10. 现在我们正在进入一个充满机会和挑战的新时代。

11.People from different backgrounds would put different interpretations on the same case.

11. 不同行业的人对同一种问题的解释不尽相同。

12.The controversial issue is often brought into public focus. People from different backgrounds hold different attitudes towards the issue.

12. 这中极具争议性的话题往往很受社会的关注。不同的人对此问题的看法也不尽相同。

13.When asked ..., some people think..... while some prefer...

13. 说到______,有人认为________,而另一些人则认为__________。

14.Just as the saying goes: "so many people, so many minds". It is quite understandable that views on this issue vary from person to person.

14. 俗话说,"" 。不同的人对此有不同的看法是可以理解的。

15.To this issue, different people come up with various attitudes.

15. 对于这个问题,不同的人持不同的观点。

16.There is a good side and a bad side to everything, it goes without saying that...

16. 万事万物都有其两面性,所以,勿庸置疑,____________。

17.When it comes to ..., most people believe that ..., but other people regard ...as „..

17. 提到_________问题,很多人认为_________,不过,一些人则认为______是____.

18.When faced with...., quite a few people claim that ...., but other people think as...

18. 提到_________问题,仅少数人认为________,但另一些人则认为_________。

19.There is a public controversy nowadays over the issue of .... There who criticize ..argue that ...., they believe that ...,but people who favor .., on the other hand, argue that...

19. 目前,_______问题争议较大。批判_______的人认为_______,他们认为_______,不过,另一方面,赞同_______的人则认为_________。

20.Some people are of the opinion that..

20. 有些人认为_____________。

21.Many people claim that...

21. 很多人认为_____________。

22.A majority of 绝大多数 A large number of 很多人

23.Some people contend that ... has proved to bring many advantages (disadvantages)

23. 有些人认为________有很多有利之处(不利之处) 。

24.Those who argue for ... say that ...economic development of the cities.

24. 觉得_____的人认为,______ 城市的经济发展。

25.Some people advocate that ....

25. 有些人在坚持认为_________。

26.They hold that ... 他们认为_________。

27.People, who advocate that ..., have their sound reasons (grounds)

27. 坚持认为______的人也有其说法(依据) 。

28.Those who have already benefited from practicing it sing high praise of it.

28. 那些从中受益的人对此大家褒奖。

29.Those who strongly approve of ... have cogent reasons for it.

29. 强烈认同_______的人有很多原因。

30.Many people would claim that...

30. 有人会认为___________。

31.People who support ... give some or all of the following reasons.

31. 那些支持_________观点的人列出了如下原因:________。

32.But others hold the view that ...但是,另外一些人则认为_______。

32. 观点的用词:Attitude, opinion, 与其搭配的动词以及词组:Take, have, come up with,set forth, put forward 等。

33.But on the other hand, there are also quite a few people who strongly advocate that..,.

33. 不过,另一方面,也有少部分人坚持认为_______________。

34.But people who are ..., on the other hand , maintain that...

34. 不过,另一方面,________的人认为__________。

35.However, there are a large number of people who hold a different view concerning this case.

35. 然而,很多人对此有不同的看法。问题用词:Issue, phenomenon,后接介词, on, over等。

36.However, some others argue that... 然而,另一些人则认为_________。

37.However, there are also some others who contend that...然而,也有人认为__________

38.But other people set forth completely totally different argument concerning this case.

38. 不过,对于此,另一些人则持完全不同的观点。

39.Some people examine this issue from another angle.

39. 有的人用另一角度来看这一问题。

40.On the other hand, there are also many opponents who strongly ...

40. 另一方面,也有很多反对的人,他们认为_____________。

41.According to my personality and fondness, I would prefer ... rather than...

41. 根据我的个性以及兴趣,我选择_______而不会选择__________。

42.Personally, I side with the latter (former) opinion...

42. 就我个人而言,我支持后者(前者)___________。

43.Personally, I am in favor of the former point of view.

43. 就我个人而言,我较同意前一种看法。

44.To my point of view 我认为

45.To my mind, the advantages far overweigh the drawbacks(disadvantages, shortcomings)

45. 我认为,优点胜过缺点。

46.For my part, I stand on side of the latter opinion that..

46. 就我而言,我较赞同后一种观点________________。

47.As far as I am concerned, I am inclined to be on the side of the latter view.

47. 在我看来,我较同意后一种观点。

48.After a thorough consideration, for my part, I am in favor of the latter view that...

48. 经过深思熟虑,我较支持后一种看法,亦即________________________。

49.If asked to make a decision, I would prefer...

49. 如果真的需要作出选择,我宁愿____________。

一. 段首句

1) 关于„„人们有不同的观点。一些人认为„„

There are different opinions among people as to 省略.Some people suggest that 省略.

2) 俗话说„„,它是我们前辈的经历,但是,即使今天,它在许多场合仍然使用。

There is an old saying省略.It is the experience of our forefathers,however,it is correct in many cases even today.

3) 现在,„„,它们给我们的日常生活带来了许多危害。首先,„„;其次,„„。更为糟糕的是„„。

Today, 省略,which have brought a lot of harms in our daily life.First,省略,Second, 省略.What makes things worse is that 省略.

4) 现在,„„很普遍,许多人喜欢„„,因为„„,另外„„。

Nowadays,it is common to 省略.Many people like 省略because 省略.Besides, 省略.

5) 任何事物都是两面性,„„也不例外。它既有有利的一面,也有不利的一面。

Everything has two sides and 省略is not an exception.It has both advantages and disadvantages.

6) 关于„„人们的观点各不相同,一些人认为„„,在他们看来,„„

People's opinions about 省略vary from person to person.Some people say that 省略.To them,省略.

7) 人类正面临着一个严重的问题„„,这个问题变的越来越严重。

Man is now facing a big problem省略which is becoming more and more serious.

8)„„已成为人的关注的热门话题,特别是在年轻人当中,将引发激烈的辩论。

省略has become a hot topic among people,especially among the young and heated debates are right on their way.

9)„„在我们的日常生活中起着越来越重要的作用,它给我们带来了许多好处,但同时也引发一些严重的问题。 省略has been playing an increasingly important role in our daily life.It has brought us a lot of benefits but has created some serious problems as well.

10) 根据图表/数字/统计数字/表格中的百分比/图表/条图形/成形图可以看出„„。很显然„„,但是为什么呢? According to the figure/number/statistics/percentages/ in the chart/bar graph/line/graph, it can be seen that省略.Obviously, 省略,but why?

二. 中间段落句

1) 相反,有一些人赞成„„,他们相信„„,而且,他们认为„„。

On the contrary,there are some people in favor of 省略.At the same time ,they say省略.

2) 但是,我认为这不是解决„„的好方法,比如„„。最糟糕的是„„。

But I don't think it is a very good way to solve省略.For example,省略.Worst of all,省略.

3)„„对我们国家的发展和建设是必不可少的,非常重要的。首先,„„。而且„„,最重要的是„„

省略is necessary and important to our country's development and construction.First,省略.What's more,省略.Most important of all,省略.

4) 有几个可供我们采纳的方法。首先,我们可以„„。 There are several measures for us to adopt.First,we can 省略.

5) 面临„„,我们应该采取一系列行之有效地方法来„„。一方面„„,另一方面„„ Confronted with省略,we should take a series of effective measures to省略.For one thing,省略For another,省略.

6) 早该拿出行动了。比如说„„,另外„„。所有这些方法肯定会„„。

It is high time that something was done about it.For example,省略.In addition.省略.All these measures will certainly省略.

7) 然而,正如任何事物都有好坏两个方面一样,„„也有它不利的一面,像„„。

However,just like everyone has both its good and bad sides,省略also has its own disadvantages,such as 省略.

8) 尽管如此,我相信„„更有利。

Nonetheless,I believe that省略is more advantageous.

9) 完全同意„„这种观点(陈述) ,主要理由如下: I fully agree with the statement that省略because 省略.

三. 结尾句

1) 至于我,在某种程度上我同意后面的观点,我认为„„

As for as I am concerned,I agree with the latter opinion to some extent.I think that省略.

2) 总而言之,整个社会应该密切关注„„这个问题。只有这样,我们才能在将来„„。 In a word,the whole society should pay close attention to the problem of省略.Only in this way can省略in the future.

3) 就我个人而言,我相信„„,因此,我坚信美好的未来正等着我们。因此„„

Personally,I believe that省略.Consequently,I'm confident that a bright future is awaiting us because省略.

4) 随着社会的发展,„„。因此,迫切需要„„。如果每个人都愿为社会贡献自己的一份力量,这个社会将要变得越来越好。

With the development of society,省略.So it's urgent and necessary to省略.If every member is willing to contribute himself to the society,it will be better and better.

5) 至于我(对我而言,就我而言) ,我认为„„更合理。只有这样,我们才能„„ For my part,I think it reasonable to省略.Only in this way can we省略.

6) 在总体上很难说„„是好还是坏,因为它在很大程度上取决于„„的形式。然而,就我个人而言,我发现„„。 It is difficult to say whether省略is good or not in general as it depends very much on the situation of 省略-.However,from a personal point of view find省略.

7) 综上所述,我们可以清楚地得出结论„„

From what has been discussed above,we may reasonably arrive at the conclusion that省略.

8) 如果我们不采取有效的方法,就可能控制不了这种趋势,就会出现一些意想不到的不良后果,所以,我们应该做的是„„

If we can not take useful means,we may not control this trend,and some undesirable result may come out unexpectedly,so what we should do is...