重要类型作文写作技巧
高二 议论文 14121字 543人浏览 comcn003

英语各类型作文写作技巧

写作原则

内容简单化

结构模式化(主题句-分论点-总结)

语言要包装

错误要回避

典型的对比观点选择题的文章逻辑结构: 四段结构

I :(1)引出将要评论的事物或者是观点;可以用问句开头How should people ……

(2)简明扼要的提出人们在这个问题上的两种不同看法。

II :(1)提出一种观点或优点;

(2)本段的支持性分论点;

(3)本段总结(可以省略)。

III :(1)承上启下的过渡句;

(2)提出另一种观点或缺点;

(3)本段的支持性分论点

(4)本段总(可以省略)。

IV :(1)平衡两种看法;

(2)给出自己的观点。

用My View On Fake Commodity改写Brain Drain

第一段

My View On Fake Commodity

The prevalence of fake commodities has been a big problem in our society. Almost every day newspapers carry articles pertaining to fake commodities. Although measures have been implemented to deal

Fake are harmful on many levels. People sell fake to make a quick profit which undermines the economy and fake goods can also be dangerous to one’s health. The effect is a general mistrust among consumers toward sellers and the free market in general. In addition, many fake commodities have been exported overseas which has resulted in a poor reputation for goods coming out of

There are several ways to address this problem. Laws and regulations

should be implemented/made/worked

out to ban the manufacturing and distribution of fake goods. At the same time, consumers should be educated to enhance the awareness of identifying these fake goods. With tough laws and an educated public, fake goods will become a thing of the past.

My View on Brain Drain

The prevalence of brain drain has been a big problem in our society. Almost every day in newspapers carry articles pertaining to brain drain. Although measures have been implemented to deal with this problem, it still remains a serious threat.

contribute to brain drain. For one thing, a large number developed countries for favorable living and working conditions which are essential to research and work.

Sophisticated equipment also makes it easier to gain academia achievements. For another, a great many top universities in developed countries offer higher rewards and greater opportunities which contribute to their success in career.

Brain Drain and technicians have swarmed into developed countries promising students. And there are no indications that they will be back home before long. Our country has paid the expenses of training them but lost them. How is due to those favorable working and living conditions which are essential to research work. Sophisticated equipment makes it easier for one to gain academic achievements. Our competent scientists abroad are offered higher

rewards and greater opportunities which contribute to their success in career.

It seems that it isn't impossible to solve the problem and attract the scientists and the like back home as long as to the intellectual's deserving treatment and effective measures are taken to provide them with excellent pay and agreeable conditions.

There are several ways to address this problem. be implemented to control. At the same time, people with outstanding academic performing should be educated to gain their willingness of coming back. With tough laws and an educated public, brain drain will become a thing of the past.

万能理由 (Omnipotence):

1、方便:convenient/convenience

2、效率:efficient/efficiently/efficiency

3、节省和浪费:save time/money/space; economical, thrift waste time/money/space; costly, lavish

4:人的心理健康:independent, cooperative, competitive, considerate, confident, creative, sociable, perseverance; selfish, isolated, conservative

5、人的身体健康:health, disease, strong, strength, energetic

6、娱乐:colorful, pleasure, joy, recreation, pastime, entertainment, relax, tired, boring, lonely, exhausted,

7、环境:environment, pollute, poisonous, dirty

8、安全和危险:safe, danger, risk, threat

9、经验:experience, social experience, enter the society

10、人际:humane, fair, unfair, help, assist, freedom, freely

基本表达(Basic Elements of English Writing): 越来越:be increasingly + adj.,

be on the rise,

the growing number of

人们普遍认为:it

is generally/widely believed/held/agreed/ that

许多问题:a host of / a number of problems

引起人们注意: sth. has attracted increasing public attention/awareness

意识到:there is a growing awareness/realization of/that, awaken sb. to the fact/danger

适应新的形势/变化:adapt/adjust/accommodate oneself to new environment/change

获得成功:achieve/accomplish success

提出观点/建议:advance / put forward / come up with the arguments/ideas/suggestions; It is advisable that sb. Should do…

作出努力:make tremendous/persistent/sustained efforts to do sth., take great pains to do(with work/study) 影响学习/工作:interfere with studies/work

产生影响:have/exert a profound influence on life/personality, have a dramatic/undesirable effect on 剥夺机会/权利:deprive oneself of the chance/right/opportunity

取代旧的方式:substitute for/take the place of the old way

采取措施:take effective steps/measures to

满足要求:meet/satisfy/accommodate the demand of 补偿损失:compensate for/make up for the loss/damage 解释某现象:account for/explain the phenomenon

控制我们的环境:take/gain increasing control over our own environment

躲避危险/挑战:shy/run away from the dangers/challenge

文章主体句式(Body):

一、原因 结 果

There are probably

+[many\several \three]+[reasons \causes]+ for this dramatic +[increase\decline\change]+ in...

二、比 较 对 照

[There is no doubt that,]+ it has

[its\both]+[drawbacks\disadvantages\negative

effects]+[as well as\and]+[merits\advantages\positive effects]...

三、例 证

例:We may cite\ take\ +[a single\a common\another]+ example of...; There are probably many examples supporting my point of view, but this one will suffice.

四、事 实

No one can +[deny\doubt\ignore\overlook]+ the bare fact

that...

五、数 据 调 查

A+[recent\nationwide]+[survey\investigation]+[conducted\taken]+[by authorities\by officials]...

六、权 威(专 家)

As one

[scientist\writer\doctor\psychologist]+[wrote\commented\pointed out\noted], ...

七、分 析

It seems

[quite\almost]+[(un)likely\(in)credible\(in)conceivable]+ that...

How I Finance My College Education

1. 上大学的费用(tuition and fees)可以通过多种途径解决

2. 哪种途径适合于我(说明理由)

for college students. also acquire the money completely by yourself, doing a full-time job in summer for most of it and earn the rest in your spare time in college, by doing a part-time job.

注:1. 第一句引言。

2. 太多you can重复使用,缺乏变化

In my opinion, I prefer the last way. Having acquired most of the tuition and fees from my parents, I needn't worry too much about the money and can concentrate on my study; on the other hand, a part-time job in my spare time makes my campus-life colorful. I can make a lot of friends, improve my abilities and learn lots of knowledge. So, I choose this way to cover my tuition and fees. 缺点:缺少一致性\发展性\连贯性

How I Finance My College Education? Previously in China, a university education was funded by the government. This situation is changing and students must now finance their own education. As a result, students are now faced with the question "how to pay for my college education"?

There are several possible ways to raise the money to pay for fees and tuitions. Parents are a source for college funding, as is the case with most students. Scholarships are also available for students with outstanding academic performance. Because scholarships are competitive, they are not available to every one. Students can also take out a loan from the bank. Banks can provide loans to many students can take on part-time jobs to help finance their education. In cities such as Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou, there are many part-time job opportunities for students both on and off campus.

Personally, I believe a scholarship is the best way to fund an education as it not only pays for fees and tuition, but also encourages studying hard.

注:

1. source 来源,TV program is main source of my pleasure. 电视是我欢乐的主要来源

2.available 重要词汇,Are you still available? 你还单身吗?

3.take part-time job 打工,还可以用hold temporary

job

4.on and off 校园内外

谚语格言类文章逻辑结构

Directions:

For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic Haste Makes Waste. You should write at least 150 words and you should base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below.

1. 为什么" 欲速则不达" ?

2. 举例说明。

Paragraph I:(1)点明要阐释的谚语或名言(general);

(2)用自己的话解释这一谚语或名言的意

思,有时有正反两面的逻辑(specific)。

Paragraph II:(1)作者对该谚语或名言的观点态度,

即文章的论点句;

(2)支持性的细节分论点,举例子论证(至

少两点,有时有正反两面的逻辑);

(3)本段总结(可以省略)。

Paragraph III:总结全文,定下结论(通常为阐明其现

实或更深远意义)。

Haste Makes Waste

By "Haste makes waste", it means that one should do everything step by step. Even simple operations can important stages in the process. One should make full preparations before beginning a task.

Take English study for example. Without a good command of pronunciation, we can never hope to speak in an understandable way. Similarly, if we do not learn to spell properly and to acquire a basic grasp of grammar, we will never succeed in writing good composition. to make achievements in our studies or work, or indeed in any other aspect of our lives. At every step, review what has been achieved and assess the problems ahead before moving to the next step. And remember, Rome was not built in a day.

注:spoilt=spoiled 被毁坏;Spare the rod, spoil the child. 棍棒出孝子laying a solid foundation 打下坚实的基础

.

图表题:

三图一表--柱状图(Bar Graph)、线形图(Line Graph)、饼状图(Pie Graph)、表格(Table)

图表题文章写作逻辑结构:

Paragraph I:(12)描述图表:必要数据支持(细节性)。

Paragraph II:(1)提出自己理由和观点;(2)细节性分论点(支持自己观点)。

Paragraph III:(1)预测未来和提出解决方法;(2)总结全文和表达作者自己观点。

Car Accidents Declining in Walton City

car accidents in Walton City varies with the seasons. From January to March last year it 68%, rate; and from June to August there was a of

and this makes us optimistic that car accidents are declining in Walton City.

There are three reasons for this improvement. First, new traffic regulations have made drivers more careful, second, more people are using bicycles for transportation, and third, in the later part of the year good weather made the roads safer to drive on.

This year, major roads have been repaired and the number of public buses has been increased. Moreover, a traffic safety campaign has made all the local people more aware of the dangers of unsafe driving. So, I am confident that there will be even fewer car accidents in Walton in the future.

(好的方面,未来光明;坏的方面,尽量避免)

注:1.According to the graph 如图所示,还可以说成 As can be seen from the graph;As is indicated from the graph.

increase by 上升了 increase to 上升到

2.steep rise 陡然上升,steady decrease 缓慢下降

2002年6月真题范文:

Topic: Student Use of Computers (at least150 words)

<Average number of hours a student spends on the computer per week>

As is shown by the bar graph, the average number of hours a student in a certain university spends on the computer per week increased dramatically over the period from 1990 to 2000. In 1990, it was less than two hours. And in 1995, it hit/reach four hours. And in 2000, the number soared to nearly twenty hours, which is over ten times than that of 1990.

Obviously computers are becoming increasingly could account for the rise. In the first place, computers

facilitate us in various aspects of life. Also, the rapid development of the Internet enlarges our demands for using computers. We can easily contact friends in remote places through the Internet. In the second place, the prices of computers are getting lower and lower, which enable more students to purchase them.

However, many problems also arise in students’ use of computers. One problem is that some students spend too much time sitting in front of their computers; as a result, their health is affected. The other problem is that some students chat or play video games for a long time on computers, wasting a lot of their precious time. So it is suggested that these students make a scientific and positive use of the computers. Anyway, the age of Internet has come, we hold a firm belief that the students will benefit substantially as long as computer and Internet are used properly.

信件

私人信件(Personal Letters );公文信函(Business Letters )

信内格式:

日期Date (Aug 5, 2003)

称谓 (Dear Sir or Madam\To whom it may concern), Body 部分顶格写,段落之间要空格。

署名左下角Sincerely Yours,

Li Ming

书信题写作五点基本结构

开门见山说意图

咨询建议一二三

不同内容可分段

感谢客气不可少

期盼回信成老套

(一)开 头 段:

1、告知对方你的身份(假如对方不认识你) Dear Sir/Mr. Prometheus,

I am a student at your college, majoring in Philosophy.

I am a … at your …

My name is …, I am ….

2、问候收信人(假如他/她是你的朋友) Dear Prometheus,

I hope everything is fine.

(二) How are things going with you?

How are you getting on with your study……?

3、解释写信的原因

(1)致谢:

I deeply appreciate your courtesy and I hope to reciprocate your favor when the opportunity arises.

/ I am greatly indebted to you for (the double) you have gone to on my behalf.

/ Thank you for your letter about studying in Canada. / I am writing to you to express my heartfelt gratitude. / I am writing to tell you how grateful I am for……. / I would like to thank you most sincerely for…….

(2)抱怨:

I am writing to complain about the poor service at your dining-room.

/ I am writing to express my dissatisfaction with/at … / I wish to make a complaint about…….

/ I am writing to draw your attention to……. / I am afraid I have got a complaint about…….

(3) 致歉:

/ I am writing to you because I am unable to……. / I am terribly sorry that…….

/ I would like to express my apologies for not being able to…….

(4)询问:

I would be grateful if you would be so kind as to provide me with certain essential information regarding the following aspects.

I would like to obtain/request/seek/inquire about some information about…

/ I am writing to ask if you can do me a favor.

/ I would like some detailed information on/about……

(二) 结 尾 段:

1、发出请求

(1) Please give this matter your immediate attention.

(2)I would very much appreciate it if……as soon as possible.

(3)Please render me some valuable advice which is conducive to my final decision.

2、提供帮助

(1)I hope these ……will be helpful, and pleas e feel free to contact me for more information.

(2)……will be taking over responsibility for you and if you should need any assistance, she/he will be pleased

to help you.

3、再次表示歉意或感激

(1)Thank you for your kind assistance.

(2)Please accept my heartfelt thanks and deepest gratitude, now and always.

(3)I am sorry that I cannot……, and trust that you will understand.

(4)In addition, let me apologize for any inconvenience I may have caused.

(5)I shall feel obliged by a reply at your earliest convenience.

(6)Once again, I am sorry for any inconvenience caused.

4、期盼回信

(1)I look forward to your prompt response.

(2)Looking forward to a prompt reply.

(3)I expect to hear from you very soon.

(4)I hope to receive your reply shortly.

(5)I am already eagerly awaiting your reply to this first letter.