改革开放三十年变化中英对照
四年级 记叙文 7000字 399人浏览 rossleee

The Changes after The Reform and Opening-up Policy in Transportation Once my grandpa said to me :”you are so lucky. In my time, we were so happy to get a bike. We were afraid to use it ,we were afraid of damaging it. It often took us two or three hours to walk to school . We just walked to everywhere .Now you can take whatever you want .You go to school by bus .I did not dare to think ever .You should treasure it .”Form this words ,I can know so many changes have taken place in China .

30 years ago , it is difficult to go out ,buy tickets and take cars .At that time ,people in the city went out just by bus and bicycle .China has been called “the Kingdom of Bickcles”.People in the countryside are harder to go out .People did not want to look back the memories that it is difficult to wait for the bus .and now traffic is convenient . It is not difficult to go everywhere .We can see a vibrant and modern urban there are a variety of transportation . The well-known cars in the world can pass by inadvertently .The bus lines are added .The double-decker bus appeared .Many cars also installed the mobile TV .When you waved your hand the taxi will stopped immidiately .The number of cars increased at an astonishing speed .Taking buses and taxis are no longer difficult .

The public transportation in urban

For example , in the early 1990s ,it is common that buses only speeded 8km per hour at the downtown main road .But in 2007 ,there are 927 bus lines and 16944 buses in the city .

The rail transportation in the underground city

For example , in 1969 the project of building the underground railway has been finished in beijing .There are 16 stations from Beijing station to Guchenglu station .The operating line is 21km long .on january 15 ,1971 , Beijing metroline began to operate .People bought tickets by the introduction letter and they could go to the bus station to buy it .It was 0.1 yuan to buy a one-way fare .On june 9 ,2008 ,Beijing metro went to the days when checking tickets used the automatic mechine .in 1980 ,there are only 140 frame in the civil aviation and most of them are “sushi” 14 which could only take 20 passengers or 40 passengers made in the 1950s or 1940s .There are only 17 big planes which could take more than 100passengers . There are only 79 airports .in 1980 , the number of transportation of passengers is just 3,430,000 in China’s civil aviation .It runk the 35th in civil aviation of the world .In the first half of 2007 ,the China’s civil aviation industry jumped in the higher level .

Water transportation

In the 1980s ,the bus of changjiang river is important tool to the people in the changjiang river area .Once it appeared the tensional situation that it is difficult to get a ticket for the ship .In 2007 water transportation has transported 22.2 billion tons products .By the end of 2007 there are 9,322 ships which was transporting in the coast in the whole country .there are 180,000 in inland waterway .

Railway trasportation

In 1980 the basic framework of the railway was formed .Till the end of 2006 China was the number one in Asia .In the 1980s there were nearly no private cars in China .To the end of 2007 ,there are 56,970,000 national civil cars .And it included

35,340,000 private buses and 19,580,000 private cars .

Bicycle

In the 1980s ,there were 7,300,000 bicycles in Beijing .And nowadays , riding bicycles is not only a health style which can exercise our bodies ,but also to make contribution to improve the air quality of the city .

Bridge

In 1949 ,we learned and improved the chinese traditional bridge .We built many stone arch bridge .Until the middle of 1960s ,we got a chance to absorb foreign experience of building bridge .We began to build the steel bridge .It made a big improvement in bridge construction .After the reform and opening-up policy, China has changed the way we used to use that bridges were built by the country to the way that you should pay for passing the bridge .Bridge construction entered into a new developed period .China built a large number of long-span new bridges . With the deepening of the reform of the reform and opening-up policy .China’s economic developed rapidly .There are many highways now .That many bridges will be built across major rivers has become the inevitable trend in history .

The reform and opening-up policy makes transportation unprecedented developed .Nowadays there are also a variety of transportation in the countryside .Road are broaden .There are many kinds of buses ,like luxury bus ,pakistan ,medium-sized buses ,taxismotroized tricycles and so on .It is convenient for people to see their relatives ,to go out for business and travel .In the old time ,it took us one or tow days to go to the city .and now it only takes us 5 hours by the luxury bus .it is convenient and comfortable .With the improvement of living standards ,travelling outside ,enjoying the beatiful scenery and enjoying our motherland become new fashion pursuited by people .

In my opinion ,for example ,in wuhan there are so many buses ,we can go everywhere .The main problem is that there are so many people in wuhan .We can get into the bus easily ,but it is difficult to get a seat .But compared with the old time ,we are so lucky because we can take bus ,taxi and so on .and in the old time people is difficult to go to other places .Then can only rode bicycles and walked .With the development of China ,transportation will be more convenient .Our living standards will be improved and we will live a easier life .It will come true soon .

改革开放后的交通的变化

曾经,我爷爷对我说:“你们很幸运。我们那时候有辆自行车就很高兴了。我们还不敢用它怕把它弄坏。我们天天去学校要用2、3个小时。我们到哪里都是走的。现在你们想坐什么就坐什么,还坐车去学校。我们以前想都不敢想。你要好好珍惜啊!”从他的话中,我知道发生了很多变化。

30年前的中国,出门难,买票难,乘车难。那时,城里人都只是骑自行车和走路。中国曾被称为“自行车的王国”。农村人出门就更难了,难等车成了许多人不想回想的往事。现在,我们看到现在都市一片生机勃勃,交通工具花样繁多,世界上的品牌轿车都会不经意间走过。公交路线增加了,公交车辆出现了双层巴士,许多车上还安装了移动电视。出租车招手即停,私家车更是以惊人的速度在增长。在乡村,坐公交车和的士也不是难事了。

城市公共交通

在上世纪九十年代初,在市中心的主要马路上公交车的时速仅仅8公里的状况很普遍,而到了2007年,全市有公交路线927条,公交车辆16944辆。

地下城市轨道交通

1969年,北京地下铁道建成,从北京站到古城路站共设16座车站,运营线长21公里。1971年1月15日,北京地铁路线开始运行。售票办法,凭介绍信,也可在车站购票。单程票价为1角。2008年6月9日,北京地铁进入自动售检票时代。

民用航空

1980年全国民航只有140架运行飞机,且多数是20实际50年代或40年代生产制造的苏式伊尔14里二型飞机,载客量仅20多人或40多人,载客量100多人以上的大型飞机只有16架,机场只有79个。1980年,我国民航全年旅客运输量仅343万人,列世界第35位。2007年上半年,中国民航工业上了一个新的台阶。

水路运输

上世纪80年代,长江客运是沿江地区老百姓出行的重要工具,曾经出现一票难求的紧张局面。2007年国内水路运输共运输2202亿吨货物。截至2007年底,全国拥有沿海运输船舶9322艘,内河运输船舶18.02万艘。

铁道运输

1980年底,全国铁路网骨架基本形成,到2006年底,我国居亚洲第一位。 私家车

八十年代,国内几乎没有私家车,至2007年底,全国民用汽车拥有量达到5697万辆,其中,私人轿车1522万辆,私人轿车1522万辆。

自行车

八十年代,北京有自行车730万辆,而如今,骑自行车不仅是可以锻炼身体的健康生活方式,而且也为城市空气质量的改善作出了重大的贡献。

桥梁

1949年,我国学习和发展了中国传统桥梁技术,开始修建钢桥,使桥梁建设有了较大的发展。改革开放后,我国改变了以前由国家建桥的方法,开始过桥收费。桥梁事业进入了一个新的发展时期,建造了许多跨大江大河的跨径桥梁。随着改革开放的深入,我国经济的快速发展,也有了很多高速公路,建造跨径桥梁已经成为社会发展的必然趋势。

改革开放使交通建设空前的大发展。现在交通纵横交错,四通八达。在乡村,路面扩宽。车辆种类繁多,有豪华大巴,中巴,大中小型客车,的士,公共汽车等。人们外出探亲、出差办事或旅游,既方便又快捷。以前到市里要1、2天才能到,现在乘豪华大巴只要5小时,既快捷又舒适。随着生活水平的提高外出旅游享受大自然风光,欣赏祖国锦绣河山,成为人们追求的新时尚。

我认为,例如,在武汉,有很多公交车,我们可以去任何地方,主要问题就是武汉人太多,我们上车很容易,但坐到座位很难。但是和以前相比,我们已经很幸运了,我们可以坐汽车和的士等。以前人们很难去其他地方,他们就走和骑自行车。随着中国的发展,交通会越来越方便,我们的生活水平也会提高,可以生活的容易一些,这些很快就会实现的。