2011届高三一模考前作文辅导part3
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2011届高三一模考前作文辅导

一、 记叙文

重点诠释:

1.记叙文是以叙述人物的经历或事物的发展变化的过程为主的一种文体。 2.在记叙文体的高考书面表达中,命题形式主要是提纲式或图表式。 3.通常要求考生以第一人称或第三人称来写作,第一人称主要是写自己的经历,第三人称主要是写他人的经历或事迹。

4.由于记叙文叙述的事情通常发生在过去,因而,其时态主要用一般过去时。 5.记叙文通常是按照事情发展的先后顺序来表达内容的。

写作典例:

请仔细看一下下面的图画,注意图画中的细节:

假设你是李华,在美国探亲。2000年2月8日清晨,你的目击一起交通事故。警察局让你写一份材料,报告当时所见情况。根据下列图画写出报告。

注意:1、目击者应该准确报告事实; 2、词数100左右; 3、结尾已为你写好

剖析:本题图文结合,审题时要重视细节。

1 明确写作要求:

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本题要求写一篇目击者的报告,用第一人称写;

2 认真审图,确认全部信息要点: ①图中的环境条件; ②人物位置(此点对完成本题十分重要); ③人物活动; ④人物表情; ⑤空间结构; ⑥图中的全部附加文字(英语和汉语)。

①时间:2000年2月8日早晨7点15分; ②地点:公园路公园门前; ③我正沿公园路向东走;

④一辆汽车从第3街向右拐,驶入公园路时撞倒了一位过街的老人; ⑤汽车未停,沿公园路向西开走;

⑥汽车是黄色的,车牌号是AC864,司机是一位女性。

One Possible version:

It was 7 : 15 on the morning of February 8, 2000.

I was walking along Park Road towards the east when an elderly man came out of the park on the other side of the street. Then I saw a yellow car drive up Third Street and make a right turn into Park Road. The next moment the car hit the man while he was crossing the road. He fell with a cry. The car didn't stop but drove off at great speed heading west. I noticed the driver was a young woman and the plate number was AC864.

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二、 说明文

重点诠释:

1. 说明文是以说明为主要表达方式,用简洁明了的语言来解释说明事物,阐明事理,从而

给读者提供知识的一种文体。

2. 在高考书面表达中,其主要命题形式为图表式作文,有时也以图画式和提纲式作文来呈

现写作材料。

3. 它要求语言要简明扼要,通俗易懂,说明过程讲究层次性和条理性。

4. 这种文体通常用第三人称,时态以一般现在时为主。

写作典例:

根据以下图画,写一篇英语短文,描述今昔通讯方式的变化,以及这些变化给人们生活带来的影响。(广东06)

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注意:1.词数:100左右

2.生词:通讯:communicate (with sb.) vi.

communication n.

互联网:the Internet n.

案例分析

从材料的呈现方式(两幅图对比)及材料所提供的要求“描述变化及影响”可知,本文应该用说明文体来写作。时态的把握是本文的一大难点,一般情况下,说明文应用一般现在时,但本文描述的是今昔通讯方式的变化,所以在描写过去通讯方式的时候要用一般过去时,例如in the past, people kept in touch with each other mainly by writing letters or using the public telephone 及It used to take several days to hear from each other.在描写过去发生的动作对现在造成的影响时,谓语动词要用现在完成时,例如本文的起始句可用 “Great changes have taken place in the way of communication in people’s life in recent years”及讲述影响的过渡句“with these changes, people’s pace of life has been quickened and people’s work has been made more efficient”.相对来说,本文用第三人称容易把握。

高分范文

Great changes have taken place in the way of communication in people’s life in recent years. In the past, people kept in touch with each other mainly by writing letters or using the public telephone. But now almost everyone has his own mobile phone. People can communicate with each other almost at any place and at any time. What’s more, people have easy access to the Internet, which enables them to send and receive e-mails whenever they like. With these changes, people’s pace of life has been quickened and people’s work has been made more efficient. It used to take several days to hear from each other, but now it takes only several minutes, even if they are in two different continents.

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In a word, people have an easier life nowadays.

三、 应用文

书信

日前,针对学生的零用钱(pocket money)的消费方向,你对你们市某中学的高中和初中的部分学生进行了问卷调查.得出数据如下表。现请你用英文给某报社编辑写一封信,反映这一情况,并呼吁中学生树立正确的消费观。

注意:1.书信中不必一一列举具体数字,只要抓住主要问题和数据说明问题即可。

2.字数:120~150字。开头已给出.不计人总词数。

Dear editor.

Recently a survey has been done to find out how middle school students spend their pocket money .

___________________________________________________________________________

Dear editor,

Recently a survey has been done to find out how middle school students spend their pocket money. In this survey, both junior students and senior students spend most their money on books, sacks and playing games, still some money goes to clothes, banks, sports, and so on. The survey shows that about 44% of seniors prefer books to sacks (37%)and playing games (31%).On the other hand, only 32% of juniors will spend their pocket money buying books, while over a half buy sacks and 44% spend on playing games. Both seniors and juniors would not waste too much money in clothes or put it in banks.

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I think too much sacks will not only makes us put on weight but also does herm to our health. In addition, if we play games without limit, we'll lose much precious time, which results in low grades. Furthermore, the money is hard-earned. I hope we students value our money as well as our time.

通知

1.假如你校学生会(Students’ Union)要举办一次英语演讲比赛(contest),请你用英语写一篇书面通知,以便张贴到布告栏上。通知须包括以下内容:

1. 比赛目的:提高学生的英语口语水平

2. 比赛时间:2002年11月20日下午4点

3. 比赛地点:四楼阶梯教室(auditorium )

4. 评比办法:由五位老师做评委其中包括Mr.Smith

5. 奖项设置:一等奖1名,二等奖3名,三等奖5名

6. 报名办法:到各班班长处报名

注意:1. 不要逐条翻译说明内容,通知必须用短文的形式;

2. 词数100个单词左右。

【参考范文】

NOTICE

In order to improve the students’ spoken English, an English speaking contest will be held by the school Students’ Union in the auditorium on the fourth floor at 4:00 p.m. on November 20,2002.Five teachers, including Mr.Smith, have been invited to be judges. One first prize, three second prizes and five third prizes will be given to the excellent speakers. Anyone who is willing to take part in the contest, please go to your monitor and sign your name for it. All are welcome to be present at the contest.

Students’ Union

日记

你的一天活动安排如下,请你据此写一篇日记。

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交换:exchange vt. 2003年11月25日 星期六 晴

Nov. 25 Saturday fine

About fifty American students came to visit our school today.

We gathered at the school at 8 o'clock to give them a warm welcome. Then we had a get-together in the reading room in our library. Our headmaster told them something about our school. And then we talked with each other and exchanged gifts. From nine thirty we showed them around our school. They visited our classroom building, the lab building, the factory run by our school, and the swimming pool. A friendly basketball game started on the sports ground at then thirty. At twelve o'clock all American students left our school.

In the afternoon my classmates and I went to some shops. We chose and bought some books and tapes.

I was busy but happy today.

演讲稿

1.假如你是一名导游,陪同某外国旅游团游览长城。车抵长城,下车前你准备对大家作必要的介绍和交代。请拟一份讲话稿。讲话稿必须包括以下内容:

1. 简单介绍长城(世界上最长的城墙,有两千多年的历史,是世界奇观之一);

2. 在长城逗留两个半小时,11点离开;

3. 游览车在入口处等候,记住车号,准时返回;

4. 贵重物品随身携带,下车前关上车窗;

5. 游览时注意安全,祝大家玩得愉快。

注意:不要逐句翻译,字数100个单词左右。

【参考范文】

Ladies and gentlemen,

Here we are at the foot of the Great Wall. It is the longest wall in the world and has a history

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of over 2 000 years. It is one of the wonders of the world. We’ll stay here for two hours and a half, that is to say, we’ll leave at 11 o’clock. The bus will be waiting for us at the entrance. Please remember our bus number and be back on time. Besides, please take your valuable things with you and shut all the windows before you get off. Be careful while you are on the Great Wall.

Have a good time!

The Seaside Swimming Pool

说明书

武汉第三制药厂(Medical plant) 研制了一种新药,药品已被外商订购。制药厂请你为该厂产品写一份说明书,请根据提示完成。

1.本药品为中药,对心脏病疗效显著。

2。用量:每日三次,一次两粒(pi11);发病时可加服1~2粒。可长期服用。

3.服药后如感身体不适请停服。小孩和孕妇(Pregnant)禁服。

4.本药品应放在阴凉干燥处。

5.使用本药品还应严格听从医生的指导。

注意:1.说明书必须包括以上所有要点,但不要逐条翻译。 2.词数100左右。

A New Kind of Medicine

Wuhan No.3 Medical Plant has invented a new kind of medicine. It is very good for heart trouble (disease). It should be taken three times a day and two pills once. It can also be taken one or two more pills if needed. This kind of medicine can be used for a long time. It's dangerous for children and the pregnant. They mustn't take this medicine. If you are not feeling well after taking the medicine, you should stop taking it. This medicine should be kept in a cool and dry place. It's better to follow the doctor's advice before taking it

四、 议论文

重点诠释:

1. 议论文是以议论为主要表达方式的一种文体,它通过摆事实,讲道理的方式来辩明是非

曲折,从而表达出作者的观点。它常由论点,论据和论证三部分构成。

2. 在近几年的高考书面表达中,其主要命题形式是以表格式和提纲式来呈现写作材料的。

3. 它要求语言必须简练,准确,要尽可能避免使用口语,多用书面语,可适当使用名言警

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句;以议论为主,辅之以叙述,说明和描写等手法。

4. 写作时要围绕中心论点展开议论,即论据和论证要围绕论点展开。根据题目要求,有时

需要从正反两面来论述,可增强论证的力度。最后,可得出结论,照应开头,形成一个有机的整体。

5. 写作时常以三段式的形式展开议论。

写作典例:

暑假即将来临,你班同学就假期计划进行讨论,提出了不同看法,请根据提示写一篇英语短文,并谈谈你的看法。

注意:1。词数120左右(不含已写好部分)

2.短文必须包括表中所列要点,可根据内容分段表述;

3.可适当增加细节以使行文连贯;

4.参考词汇:眼界horizon(view)

案例分析

这是一篇典型的议论文体的写作,它以表格的形式提出了论点(呆在家中的优点和缺点以及外出旅游的优点和缺点)和论据,还以文字提示形式提出了话题(假期计划)及需要考生自由发挥的部分(你的看法),自己的看法可选择上述中的任何一种,并就此发表个人的见解。本文的重点是表格中两种方式的优,缺点,根据题目的特点,以三段式的形式来写作比较好。

根据内容,尽管讨论已经发生,但它是就一般的暑假假期计划而进行的讨论,没有特定的时间界定,因而考生应以一般现在时和一般将来时为主。相当一部分考生用一般过去时进行论述,这会失掉较多的分数。从题目所给的开头可知应用第一人称来写。

范文:

The summer holiday is coming. Our class have a discussion about what to do during the holiday.

Some are in favor of staying at home. They think it’s both convenient and comfortable. What’s more, they can save money for other purposes. But they will lose the chance of getting to

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know the outside world. However, others prefer to go out for traveling since it can increase their knowledge and broaden their horizons. But they will spend more money and meet some difficulties while traveling.

In my opinion, it would be much better to stay at home, for I can do what I like, such as reading books, watching TV, and helping my parents with the housework.