摘至 五篇解释类作文
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1 第二段(分析原因) 本段内容概要:人们嫌麻烦,损害某些行业的经济利益,人都自私推卸责任,人们的环保意识不强 environmental protection may bring some inconvenience to ind ividuals’ daily life. efforts to protect the environment will probably damage the economic interests of some industries. the selfishness deeply rooted in human nature is likely to urge individuals to shirk this responsibility to others. citizens are not motivated to take actual actions for the sake of environmental protection.

第三段(解决方案)

本段内容概要:加大宣传以提高公民环保意识,制定相关法律来惩罚污染环境的行为

政府应该给高污染企业提供补偿让他们关门

strengthen our efforts to publicize the importance of environm ental protection and thus promote citizens’ motivation to take actions.enact relevant laws to punish the behaviors of polluting the environment. provide those highly polluted industries with compensations for them to close down. 第四段(结尾) human existence on this planetjoint efforts across the border should be made to rescue the only homeland on which we have survived for millions of years.

第二篇RS (即原因+解决方案的题型)

The rich are becoming richer, and the poor are becoming poorer. Why? How can we solve this problem?

第一段(开头) social equality. The disparity between the wealthy and the impoverished is being enlarged.

第二段(分析原因)

本段内容概要:社会资源分配不均,社会保障/福利系统不完善,家庭背景不同 social resources are allocated unevenly among citizens. public welfare system fails to cover those disadvantaged groups in reality. individuals’ income is always determined by their capabilities. people’s success is also d irectly related to one’s family background.

第三段(解决方案)

本段内容概要:富人应该帮助穷人摆脱贫困,向富人征更多的税,完善社会福利

2 体系/给弱势群体更多的支持,大力推动慈善事业

foster the development of charity organizations and conduct more fund-raising activities. levy higher taxes from the wealthy. provide disadvantaged groups with more support such as free education and medical care. the haves are encouraged to help the poor get rid of poverty.

第四段(结尾)

social solidarity, we take more measures to bridge the disparity between the rich and the poor. If this problem fails to be solved properly, a large number of crisis and dangers will emerge.

第三篇RE (即原因+影响的题型)

We can see more and more images about violence and disasters in TV. Why? What are the effects on individuals and society?

第一段(开头) TV news programs Viewers are exposed to an increasing number of violence and disaster images on TV news programs.

第二段(分析原因)

本段内容概要:吸引观众的眼球,灾难和暴力事件在增多,媒体科技的发展 these images are designed by the media to catch viewers’ attention. the incidences of disasters and violence are on the rise. the development of media technology helps individuals to access what’s happening in the world.

第三段(分析影响)

本段内容概要:引发公众恐慌,误导青少年,犯罪率升高从而导致社会不稳定 violence and disaster images creates panic among the citizens. these images are likely to produce adverse effects on the physical and mental fitness of teenagers. the conviction rate will increase and this may pose a threat to social stability.

第四段(结尾) the government should enact relevant laws to put proper restrictions on the content of media coverage.

3 第四篇RO (即原因+观点的题型)

Some employers think academic qualifications are more important than life experiences and personal qualities. Why? Do you think this is a positive or negative development ?

第一段(开头)

academic qualification Some employers assert that academic qualifications play a more important role in their selection of employees than life experiences and personal qualities.

第二段(分析原因) 本段内容概要:学历越高能力越强,学历更容易评判,社会对学历的过度崇拜 higher academic qualifications mean higher capability. academic qualification serves as a more efficient way to identify talents for employers. the society harbor excessive enthusiasm and trust towards academic qualifications.

第三段(分析利弊)

郑仁强原创 郑仁强原创 it may add fuel to the culture of exam-oriented education and neglect the cultivation of students in other important areas. brain loss is another problem we have to face. this is likely to cause resentment among citizens of lower academic qualifications and pose a threat to social stability.

第四段(结尾)

第五篇RO (即原因+观点的题型)

In the past, buildings often reflected the culture of a society but today all modern buildings look alike and cities throughout the world are becoming more and more similar. What do you think is the reason for this, and is it a good thing or a bad thing ?

Sample answer

Every city has its architectural character, but the similarities between cities are more

4 obvious these days than in the past. In my opinion, one reason for this is the high price of land.

In most large cities, land is scarce and consequently it is very valuable. This has led to the construction of tall buildings which occupy only a small area of land while providing lots of floor space where people can live or work. Buildings of this type are made of concrete and steel and can be built comparatively quickly using prefabricated materials. They do not use local materials, such as stone, timber or brick. In consequence, many cities now look very much the same and you might not know whether you were in Brisbane (布里斯班) , Bangkok or Berlin when you are on the street.

While I realize that we cannot stand in the way of progress, I believe that cities should try to keep some individuality. For example, in Paris it is prohibited to build very tall buildings in the center of the city, as this would spoil the overall appearance of the skyline.

Other cities have chosen to design unique buildings to ensure they look different. The twin towers in Kuala Lumpur(吉隆坡) or the Opera House in Sydney are examples of this approach, and I agree with this kind of initiative.

All in all, although it is regrettable that modern cities look similar, I tend to feel that this is unavoidable. However, it can be argued that, even if the buildings are similar, cities will maintain their own character as a result of cultural diversity, the terrain and the climate, which ultimately determine how people live.